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История науки и техники

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Сегодня научно-технический прогресс сформировал взаимовлияние и неразрывную связь этих когда-то развивавшихся независимо (науки и техники) направлений. Информационные материалы по ним разбросаны по разным темам. Тег позволит легче ориентироваться в этом потоке информации. Дополнительно в него попадут направления, находящиеся на стыке наук. В дальнейшем под ним можно создавать теги с подтемами.

Связанные файлы

М.: Молодая гвардия, 1931. — 128 с. Когда машина за нас. Андроиды. Слышащие роботы. Видящие роботы. Автоматы, управляемые по радио. Век автоматов.
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М.: Книга, 1964. — 384 с. + 6 вкл. Оформление и рисунки художника Е.В. Викторова. Книга рассказывает о книгопечатании с момента появления самого первого оттиска. Авторы обращаются к историческому прошлому разных народов, пытаясь найти истоки великого изобретения. Появление печатного станка, способы печати и литография, первые печатники России и мира, шрифты, художественное...
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Минск: Вышэйшая школа, 2010. — 336 с. — ISBN 978-985-06-1770-5. В кратких очерках изложена история становления и развития врачевания, генетики, микробиологии, вирусологии, иммунологии, физиологии. Представлены 409 деятелей науки, из которых более 50 - лауреаты Нобелевской премии. Для студентов вузов, учащихся общеобразовательных школ, лицеев, гимназий, преподавателей и всех...
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Алма-Ата: Кайнар, 1984. — 184 с. Книга содержит познавательные сведения о многообразных свойствах микробов, используемых на благо человека в различных отраслях народного хозяйства (получение хлеба, спирта, белка, витаминов, антибиотиков и других веществ). Рассказывает о первых шагах ученых в открытии мира микробов, о роли микроорганизмов в круговороте веществ в природе и «лечении»...
  • 2,36 МБ
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Алма-Ата: Кайнар, 1984. — 184 с. Книга содержит познавательные сведения о многообразных свойствах микробов, используемых на благо человека в различных отраслях народного хозяйства (получение хлеба, спирта, белка, витаминов, антибиотиков и других веществ). Рассказывает о первых шагах ученых в открытии мира микробов, о роли микроорганизмов в круговороте веществ в природе и «лечении»...
  • 12,84 МБ
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М.: Военное Издательство Министерства Вооруженных Сил Союза ССР, 1948. — 152 с. В этой интереснейшей книге рассказывается о возникновении, развитии и боевой деятельности самых крупных военных кораблей. В популярной форме даются некоторые сведения об устройстве современного линейного корабля и способах управления его механизмами и вооружением. Обилие чётких и доходчивых иллюстраций...
  • 1,88 МБ
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М.: Яуза, 2018. — 209 с. — ISBN 978-5-04-096603-5. В конце XIX столетия французский флот поражал большим количеством кораблей, построенных по совершенно различным проектам. Но чаше всего среди них встречались созданные инженером Шарлем Эрнестом Уэном, главным конструктором броненосцев флота Третьей республики. Именно на его кораблях проходили апробацию многочисленные технические...
  • 16,41 МБ
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Москва; Ленинград: Издательство АН СССР, 1936. — 418 с. Рассказ американского инженера, стоявшего у истоков советской золотодобывающей промышленности, о своей жизни и работе на приисках России и Казахстана в 1928-1937 гг., уникальное свидетельство непростого времени «На золотом фронте», выходила только на русском языке, выбыла из обращения вскоре после публикации, поскольку...
  • 16,29 МБ
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Л.: Недра, 1981. — 161 c. Издание второе, переработанное и дополненное. Книга в общедоступной форме знакомит с историей открытия и добычи алмазов с древнейших времен и с последними достижениями в поисках и разработке месторождений этого минерала. Приводятся старые легенды об алмазе. Рассказывается о способах превращения алмазов в бриллианты и о видах бриллиантовой огранки. Описаны...
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М.: Недра, 1986. — 142 с. Авторы этой книги — горный инженер по технике разведки и геолог-разведчик — знакомят молодежь с одной из ведущих технических профессий в геологоразведочном деле — с работой первых помощников геолога: бурильщиков и буровых мастеров. Рассказывают о роли бурения скважин в различных отраслях народного хозяйства. Прослеживают развитие техники бурения от...
  • 1,42 МБ
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М.: Детская литература, 1979. — 142 с., ил. Книга об алмазе - минерале, играющем большую роль в материальной жизни общества. Читатель получит представление об алмазных месторождениях, о производстве искусственных алмазов, о том, как используется этот удивительный камень в технике и промышленности. Царь камней Все началось с ...канители Трубка «Мир» Две столицы Сизифов труд...
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Москва: Мысль, 1971. — 142 с.: ил. Пустыня Сахара была когда-то житницей античного мира, а всего тысячу лет назад Северный океан не был ледовитым. Гря- зевые вулканы, младшие собратья великих огнедышащих гор, извергаются в соответствии с взаимным расположением в космическом пространстве Солнца, Луны и Земли. Энергия , питающая полярные сияния, черпается из энергии вращения...
  • 8,99 МБ
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М.: Недра, 1977. — 128 с. В книге отражена история открытия и эксплуатации месторождений золота. Рассказано о чеканке монет из этого металла,а также об использовании его в качестве платежного средства. Материал изложен в популярной форме, он сопровождается фотографиями редких и уникальных монет. Книга рассчитана на геологов, историков, нумизматов, а также на широкий круг...
  • 125,63 МБ
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М.: Недра, 1976. — 96 с. В книге в научно-популярной форме дается обзор древнейших находок меди на земном шаре и ее использования человеком, в первую очередь как платежного средства и монетного материала. Авторы прибегают к привлечению данных о монетном деле главным образом для уточнения хронологии развития прикладной геологии. Охвачен период от первого знакомства с медью...
  • 22,22 МБ
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М.: Детская литература, 1988. — 123 с. — (Горизонты познания). Все пристальней начинаем мы приглядываться к нашей планете. Проникнуть в земные недра нелегко. Еще труднее восстанавливать события, происходившие задолго до появления человека на Земле. Авторы этой книги - академик Б.С.Соколов и писатель Р.К.Баландин - рассказывают об изучении неведомых глубин земной коры и...
  • 27,77 МБ
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СПб.: Написано пером, 2016. — 312 с. — ISBN 978-5-00071-481-2. Книга представляет собой попытку дать панораму процесса открытия и освоения месторождений полезных ископаемых и влияния, которое оказали эти открытия на социально-экономическую историю человеческого общества. Описание сопровождается рассказом о судьбе первооткрывателей. В значительно мере она опирается на известные...
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СПб.: Написано пером, 2016. — 312 с. — ISBN 978-5-00071-481-2. Книга представляет собой попытку дать панораму процесса открытия и освоения месторождений полезных ископаемых и влияния, которое оказали эти открытия на социально-экономическую историю человеческого общества. Описание сопровождается рассказом о судьбе первооткрывателей. В значительно мере она опирается на известные...
  • 10,80 МБ
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Москва: Советская Россия, 1971. — 192 с. О традиционных методах и средствах доставки информации, ведущих свое начало с глубокой древности, и о том, как они кардинально изменяются под влиянием научно-технической революции, каковы горизонты их завтрашнего дня - об этом пойдет разговор в книге. Оглавление В мире коммуникаций Фантастика перестала быть фантастикой? Новые и старые...
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Электронное издание Москва 2013 63 стр. В книге собрана история компьютерной техники, начиная от самых первых и заканчивая самым новейшим. А также история операционных систем. Оглавление. История возникновения компьютера. Аналитическая машина Чарльза Бэббиджа. Первые компьютеры. Компьютеры с хранимой в памяти программой. Развитие элементной базы компьютеров. Появление персональных...
  • 3,67 МБ
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СПб.: БХВ-Петербург, 2002. — 384 с.: ил. — ISBN 5-94157-138-0. В книге прослеживается история и эволюция компьютерного мира, которую можно условно разделить на несколько периодов: период, предшествующий компьютерной эпохе; период создания первых компьютеров и появления первых языков программирования; период становления и развития компьютерной индустрии, возникновения компьютерных...
  • 65,31 МБ
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М.: АСТ; Corpus, 2013. — 576 с. : ил. Писатель и популяризатор науки Джеймс Глик рассказывает о том, как наше отношение к информации изменило саму природу человеческого сознания. Его книга — увлекательное и напряженное путешествие по истории информации и связи от языка, на котором говорили африканские барабаны, к изобретению алфавитов, от первых попыток кодирования к электронным...
  • 25,75 МБ
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М.: Стройиздат, 1993. — 140 с. Книга, впервые вышедшая во Франции, представляет собой распространенный в зарубежной архитектуре жанр воспоминаний и размышлений, позволяющий проникнуть в творческую лабораторию мастера архитектуры, увидеть как бы изнутри его трудности и достижения профессиональной деятельности. Книга посвящена основным теоретическим и практическим проблемам...
  • 155,29 МБ
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Пер.с фр. М.В. Предтеченского; Под ред. А.Н. Шукуровой. — М.: Стройиздат, 1993. — 136 с.: ил. Перевод. изд.: Espaces d'une vie/Ricardo Bofill — Editions Odile Jacob, 1989. — ISBN 5-274-01762-2. Книга, впервые вышедшая во Франции, представляет собой распространенный в зарубежной архитектуре жанр воспоминаний и размышлений, позволяющих проникнуть в творческую лабораторию...
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Опубл.: Дзеви, Б. Из книги «Уметь видеть архитектуру» / Бруно Дзеви // Мастера архитектуры об архитектуре / под общ. ред. А. В. Иконникова, И. Л. Маца, Г. М. Орлова. – М., 1972. – С. 466 – 488.
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Москва: Издательство Bсесоюзной Академии Архитектуры, 1936. — 140 с.: илл. — (Архитектурные пропорции. Выпуск 1).
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М.: Центрополиграф, 2003. — 400 с., ил. В книге представлена общая картина развития архитектурных стилей, анализируются основные архитектуро-композиционные проблемы, дана характеристика наиболее выдающихся произведений мирового зодчества - от эпохи доклассового общества (XII тыс. до н.э.) до периода восточных деспотий (V век н.э.) Обширный материал памятников мусульманской...
  • 32,80 МБ
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М.: Центрополиграф, 2003. — 540 с., ил. В книге представлены различные теории и методы развития мирового зодчества. Даны обширные сведения об архитектуре эпохи античности Греции, Рима, Византийской империи и двух ее наиболее крупных школ - константинопольской и восточной, а также архитектуре Киевской Руси, Грузии, Армении, Болгарии, Сербии.
  • 26,21 МБ
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Москва: Центрполиграф, 2003. — 400 с. — ISBN 5-9524-0111-2. Классический труд по истории всемирной архитектуры – самое полное и подробное исследование важнейших памятников мирового зодчества. Самое полное и подробное исследование важнейших памятников мирового зодчества. Книги Н.И. Брунова посвящены памятникам мировой архитектуры, от эпохи доклассового общества и восточных деспотий...
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М.: Центрполиграф, 2003. — 400 с. ISBN 5-9524-0111-2 Классический труд по истории всемирной архитектуры — самое полное и подробное исследование важнейших памятников мирового зодчества. Самое полное и подробное исследование важнейших памятников мирового зодчества. Книги Н.И. Брунова посвящены памятникам мировой архитектуры, от эпохи доклассового общества и восточных деспотий до...
  • 12,39 МБ
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М.: Центрополиграф, 2003. — 400 с., ил. В книге представлена общая картина развития архитектурных стилей, анализируются основные архитектуро-композиционные проблемы, дана характеристика наиболее выдающихся произведений мирового зодчества - от эпохи доклассового общества (XII тыс. до н.э.) до периода восточных деспотий (V век н.э.) Обширный материал памятников мусульманской...
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Москва: Центрполиграф, 2003. — 540 с. — ISBN 5-9524-0112-0. Классический труд по истории всемирной архитектуры – самое полное и подробное исследование важнейших памятников мирового зодчества. Книги Н. И. Брунова посвящены памятникам мировой архитектуры, от эпохи доклассового общества и восточных деспотий до Ренессанса. Автор излагает различные теории и методы развития мирового...
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М.: Центрполиграф, 2003. — 540 с. ISBN 5-9524-0112-0 Классический труд по истории всемирной архитектуры — самое полное и подробное исследование важнейших памятников мирового зодчества. Самое полное и подробное исследование важнейших памятников мирового зодчества. Книги Н. И. Брунова посвящены памятникам мировой архитектуры, от эпохи доклассового общества и восточных деспотий до...
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М.: Искусство, 1988. — 252 с. Все мы убеждены в том, что необходимо охранять наше архитектурное наследие, в первую очередь - наиболее выдающиеся в художественном отношении памятники. Это тем более относится к такому уникальному, неповторенному, неповторимому и общепризнанному, с точки зрения его архитектурно-художественной ценности, зданию, как Покровский собор на Красной...
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В двух томах. Пер. с франц. А. А. Сапожниковой. Под ред. А. Г. Габричевского. — М.: Изд-во Всесоюз. акад. архитектуры, 1937. — 470 с., 8 л. ил. Редко кто из современных теоретиков- и историков архитектуры, затрагивая ее наиболее глубокие и сложные проблемы, не упоминает имени Виолле ле Дюка. И не без основания: этот человек был одновременно талантливым архитектором, вдумчивым...
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В двух томах. Пер. с франц. А. А. Сапожниковой. Под ред. А. Г. Габричевского. — М.: Изд-во Всесоюз. акад. архитектуры, 1938. — 337 с., 10 л. ил. Вторая книга «Бесед об архитектуре» существенно отличается от первой книги как по своей тематике, так и по характеру литературного изложения. Если первый том посвящен преимущественно проблемам истории архитектуры и содержит ряд этюдов...
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2-е изд. — М.: Высшая школа экономики, 2016. — 472 с. — (Исследования культуры). — ISBN 978-5-7598-1372-9. Цель книги искусствоведа Сергея Кавтарадзе — максимально простым и понятным языком объяснить читателю, что такое архитектура как вид искусства. Автор показывает, как работают механизмы восприятия архитектурного сооружения, почему зритель получает от него эстетическое...
  • 6,11 МБ
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М.: Высшая школа экономики, 2015. — 468 с. — (Исследования культуры). — ISBN 978-5-7598-1205-0. Цель книги искусствоведа Сергея Кавтарадзе – максимально простым и понятным языком объяснить читателю, что такое архитектура как вид искусства. Автор показывает, как работают механизмы восприятия архитектурного сооружения, почему зритель получает от него эстетическое удовольствие....
  • 45,53 МБ
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М.: Высшая школа экономики 2015. — 468 с. — (Исследования культуры). — ISBN 978-5-7598-1205-0. Цель книги искусствоведа Сергея Кавтарадзе – максимально простым и понятным языком объяснить читателю, что такое архитектура как вид искусства. Автор показывает, как работают механизмы восприятия архитектурного сооружения, почему зритель получает от него эстетическое удовольствие. Книга...
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М.: Знание, 1991. — 160 с. История Всемирных промышленных выставок XIX-XX вв. С 1851 по 1985 г. состоялось 40 всемирных выставок. Каждая из них была как бы визитной карточкой времени, потому что демонстрировала достижения культуры, науки и техники своего времени в разных странах и давала как бы обобщенную картину мирового состояния в этих областях. Путь от первой Всемирной...
  • 148,70 МБ
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М.: Знание, 1991. — 160 с. История Всемирных промышленных выставок XIX-XX вв. С 1851 по 1985 г. состоялось 40 всемирных выставок. Каждая из них была как бы визитной карточкой времени, потому что демонстрировала достижения культуры, науки и техники своего времени в разных странах и давала как бы обобщенную картину мирового состояния в этих областях. Путь от первой Всемирной...
  • 5,10 МБ
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М.: Работник Просвещения, 1927. — 52 с. Глина в природе и на службе у человека.
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Курс лекций. — Санкт-Петербург, 2005. — 936 с. Подробно рассматривается всеобщая история археологической мысли и история мировой археологии. Для ранних ступеней развитие археологии рассматривается по периодам, начиная с середины XIX века — по школам. Этот курс отличается от обычной историографии тем, что его центральная тема — не история археологии вообще с её открытиями и...
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СПб.: Издательство СПбГУ 2011. — 688 с. ISBN 978-5-288-05166-1 (Т. 1) ISBN 978-5-288-05165-4 Монография является первым трудом по истории мировой археологии на русском языке, объединившем все ее отрасли от первобытных времен до наших дней. Развитие направлений показано в тесной связи с историей антропологии, искусствоведческими, филологическими и культурологическими аспектами....
  • 60,58 МБ
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СПб.: Издательство СПбГУ, 2011. —624 с. ISBN 978-5-288-05167-8 (Т. 2) ISBN 978-5-288-05165-4. Монография является первым трудом по истории мировой археологии на русском языке, объединившем все её отрасли от первобытных времен до наших дней. Развитие направлений показано в тесной связи с историей антропологии, искусствоведческими, филологическими и культурологическими аспектами....
  • 39,55 МБ
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Thames & Hudson, 2014. — 240 p. An illuminating and evocatively illustrated tour of forty of the greatest cities that shaped the ancient world and its civilizations, from China and Mesoamerica to Europe and Ethiopia Today we take living in cities, with all their attractions and annoyances, for granted. But when did humans first come together to live in large groups, creating an...
  • 48,46 МБ
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М.: Издательство Института Гайдара, 2017. — 490 с. — ISBN 978-5-93255-469-2. Под ред. и с введением С. Мэсидо; с коммент. Р. Сифорда, Дж.Д. Спенса, К. М. Корсгаард, М. Этвуд; пер. с англ. Н. Эдельмана. Опираясь на данные археологии, антропологии, биологии и истории, Иэн Моррис, автор бестселлера «Почему властвует Запад... по крайней мере, пока еще», предлагает убедительное...
  • 9,64 МБ
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М.: Наука, 1966. — 156 с. Древние авторы к числу семи чудес света чаще всего относили египетские пирамиды, висячие сады Вавилона, храм Артемиды в Эфесе, статую Зевса Олимпийского, мавзолей в Галикарнассе, Колосс на о. Родос и Александрийский маяк. Из них до настоящего времени сохранились только пирамиды. В настоящей книге каждому из этих чудес посвящена специальная глава, в...
  • 15,58 МБ
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М.: Наука, 1966. — 156 с. Древние авторы к числу семи чудес света чаще всего относили египетские пирамиды, висячие сады Вавилона, храм Артемиды в Эфесе, статую Зевса Олимпийского, мавзолей в Галикарнассе, Колосс на о. Родос и Александрийский маяк. Из них до настоящего времени сохранились только пирамиды. В настоящей книге каждому из этих чудес посвящена специальная глава, в...
  • 8,54 МБ
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М.: Наука, 1999. — 390 с.: ил. — ISBN 5-02-008569-3; "Феномен средневекового урбанизма" - первый том (из четырёх задуманных) - посвящён наиболее общим проблемам истории городов как общественного явления. В издании город рассматривается как системообразующий элемент средневековой цивилизации. Книга открывается обширной вводной статьёй и включает очерки о возникновении средневековых...
  • 6,36 МБ
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М.: Наука, 2000. — 354 с. — ISBN 5-02-008570-7. В книге показаны многообразие и специфика занятий в городе: торговля (ее форма и методы, социальная психология купцов, их место в обществе), ремесла (технология, организация, образ жизни ремесленников), интеллектуальная и ду­ховная деятельность города (наука и техника, социальные типы городских “интеллектуалов”, роль монашества в...
  • 24,65 МБ
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Челябинск: Урал Л.T.Д., 2000. — 413 с. Популярная энциклопедия, посвященная старинным и современным мерам, денежным единицам и единицам измерений, проиллюстрированная описаниями исторических условий их появления. Значительное место в книге отведено Международной системе единиц СИ. Книга рассчитана на учащихся и студентов, на самый широкий круг читателей, она может быть помощником...
  • 34,98 МБ
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Челябинск: Аркаим, 2004. — 344 с. — ISBN 5-8029-0424-0. Это второе, расширенное и дополненное издание "Занимательной энциклопедии мер, единиц и денег". В издании в хронологическом порядке описан путь к системе СИ, развитие метрологических идей, казусы и чудеса, сопровождавшие это развитие. На протяжении всей книги в сносках, помимо традиционных ссылок на печатные издания,...
  • 102,23 МБ
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Leiden: Brill Academic Pub, 2014. — 268 p. During their active lives, scientific instruments generally inhabit the laboratory, observatory, classroom or the field. But instruments have also lived in a wider set of venues, as objects on display. As such, they acquire new levels of meaning; their cultural functions expand. This book offers selected studies of instruments on display...
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New York: Broadway Books, 2006. - 289 p. René Descartes (1596–1650) is one of the towering and central figures in Western philosophy and mathematics. His apothegm “Cogito, ergo sum” marked the birth of the mind-body problem, while his creation of so-called Cartesian coordinates have made our physical and intellectual conquest of physical space possible. But Descartes had a...
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Springer, 2012. — 551 p. The life-long inventor, Lee de Forest (1873-1961) invented the three-element vacuum tube used between 1906 and 1916 as a detector, amplifier, and oscillator of radio waves. Beginning in 1918 he began to develop a light valve, a device for writing and reading sound using light patterns. While he received many patents for his process, he was initially...
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Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014. — 200 p. — (How Things Worked). — ISBN 1421413574. Home Fires tells the fascinating story of how changes in home heating over the nineteenth century spurred the growth of networks that helped remake American society. Sean Patrick Adams reconstructs the ways in which the "industrial hearth" appeared in American cities, the methods that...
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New York: Polity, 2012. — 256 p. A compelling history of science from 1900 to the present day, this is the first book to survey modern developments in science during a century of unprecedented change, conflict and uncertainty. The scope is global. Science's claim to access universal truths about the natural world made it an irresistible resource for industrial empires,...
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Springer, 2013. — 315 p. This book is a study of the scientific revolution as a movement of amateur science. It describes the ideology of the amateur scientific societies as the philosophy of the Enlightenment Movement and their social structure and the way they made modern science such a magnificent institution. It also shows what was missing in the scientific organization of...
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Springer, 2008. — 514 p. Professor Joseph Agassi has published his Towards an Historiography of Science in 1963. It received many reviews by notable academics, including Maurice Finocchiaro, Charles Gillispie, Thomas S. Kuhn, Geroge Mora, Nicholas Rescher, and L. Pearce Williams. It is still in use in many courses in the philosophy and history of science. Here it appears in a...
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Éditions UNESCO, 2004. — 272 p. Sommaire Genèse et essor de la science arabe La transmission du savoir antique La philosophie Les mathématiques L’astronomie Les sciences physiques et naturelles La médecine et la pharmacologie Les sciences géographiques et historiques État des lieux et perspectives Lexique Quelques mots et noms d’origine arabe Bibliographie Index général
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New York: Chelsea House, 2008. – 112 pp. — (Great historic disasters) Newspapers called it The Wonder Ship, The Millionaire’s Special, The Biggest Ship in the World, The Last Word in Luxury, and The Unsinkable Ship. This ship was the White Star Line’s latest ocean liner: Titanic. At approximately 882 feet in length and 46,000 tons, it was the largest steamship the world had ever...
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London: The Women’s Press, 1986. — 124 p. This work reaffirms women's substantial contributions to scientific knowledge throughout the ages, revisiting names such as Hypatia of Alexandra, astrologer and philosopher Hildegaard of Bingen, Lady Mary Montegu - who developed inoculation against smallpox, the chemist Marie Levoissier, Caroline Hershel - a renowned astrolomer, Ada...
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Allen Lane, 2010 — 336 p. — ISBN-10: 9781846141614 In Pathfinders: The Golden Age of Arabic Science, Jim al-Khalili celebrates the forgotten pioneers who helped shape our understanding of the world. For over 700 years the international language of science was Arabic. Surveying the golden age of Arabic science, Jim Al-Khalili reintroduces such figures as the Iraqi physicist Ibn...
  • 37,75 МБ
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N.-Y.: McGraw-Hill book company, 1910. — 338 p. Авторское предисловие: "The advancement in heat engines during the past four years has been such as to make it desirable to publish a new edition of this text. Among the new subjects treated are the Stumpf Uniflow Engine, the Humphrey Gas Pump, and recent developments in steam turbines and gas engines. It has been found also...
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Springer, 2005. — 248 pp. The seventeenth century marked a critical phase in the emergence of modern science. But we misunderstand this process, if we assume that seventeenth-century modes of natural inquiry were identical to the highly specialised, professionalised and ever proliferating family of modern sciences practised today. In early modern Europe the central category for...
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Greenwood Press, 2005. — 267 p. — ISBN: 0–313–32314–3 Designed as an introduction to the age of the scientific revolution, this book offers readers and researchers an appealing mix of narrative chapters, biographical sketches of key figures, and annotated primary documents. An overview of the period introduces the topic, and is followed by chapters on Astronomy and the Cosmos;...
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University of Minnesota Press, 1983. — 342 p. Mathematician Henri Poincaré was boarding a bus when he realized that the transformations of non-Euclidian geometry were just those he needed in his research on the theory of functions. He did not have to interrupt his conversation, still less to verify the equation in detail; his insight was complete at that point. Poincaré’s...
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. — 338 p. This book examines the ways in which studies of science intertwined with Cold War politics, in both familiar and less familiar “battlefields” of the Cold War. Taken together, the essays highlight two primary roles for science studies as a new field of expertise institutionalized during the Cold War in different political regimes. Firstly, science...
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Jointly by Sandia Corporation and the Authors, 2017. — 676 p. — (Shock Wave and High Pressure Phenomena) — ISBN: 3319333453. This book presents a history of shock compression science, including development of experimental, material modeling, and hydrodynamics code technologies over the past six decades at Sandia National Laboratories. The book is organized into a discussion of...
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Bloomsbury Academic, 2017. — 314 p. The British Industrial Revolution has long been seen as the spark for modern, global industrialization and sustained economic growth. Indeed the origins of economic history, as a discipline, lie in 19th-century European and North American attempts to understand the foundation of this process. In this book, William J. Ashworth questions some of...
  • 3,73 МБ
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New York: Doubleday, 1982. — 1004 p. — ISBN 0-385-17771-2. Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology is a history of science by Isaac Asimov, written as the biographies of over 1500 scientists. Organized chronologically, beginning with Imhotep (entry "[1]") and concluding with Stephen Hawking (entry "[1510]"), each biographical entry is numbered, allowing for...
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Boston:, Houghton Mifflin, 1960. — 197 p. — ISBN 978-0395065617. A collection of twenty-six brief biographies of such pioneers in science as Archimedes, Gutenberg, Newton, Faraday, Darwin and Einstein. Isaac Asimov here describes the astonishing achievements of that small group of scientists who have broken through to new worlds for mankind. Working for the most part alone in...
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NY: Avon Books, 1972. — 380 p. — ISBN 978-0380009428. A brilliant introduction to the chemistry of life. In this distinguished as well as highly lucid guide to the dynamics of modern biology, Isaac Asimov deftly explores the most recent discoveries in this constantly surprising field of inquiry. In the first part, he explains the mechanics of the inanimate world, the significance...
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NY: Ace Books, 1969. — 160 p. The twentieth century has been the greatest age of technological development in the history of man. The changes, however, have been fast and furious — so much so that no one person can follow and grasp them all. It is a lively and informative survey of some of the most important of these extraordinary developments— exploring subjects ranging from the...
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NY: Basic books, 1972. — 945 p. Asimov tells the stories behind the science: the men and women who made the important discoveries and how they did it. Ranging from Galilei, Archimedes, Newton and Einstein, he takes the most complex concepts and explains it in such a way that a first-time reader on the subject feels confident on his/her understanding.
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Springer International Publishing, 2016. — 161 p. — ISBN 9783319435725. От Химии до Сознания. This book reflects on the significant and highly original scientific contributions of Hans Primas. A professor of chemistry at ETH Zurich from 1962 to 1995, Primas continued his research activities until his death in 2014. Over these 50 years and more, he worked on the foundations of...
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University of Toronto Press, 2016. — 280 p., 17 Fig. — (UCLA Clark Memorial Library Series, Book 24). — ISBN: 978-1442630246. For many years, scholars have been moving away from the idea of a singular, secular, rationalistic, and mechanistic “Enlightenment project.” Historian Peter Reill has been one of those at the forefront of this development, demonstrating the need for a...
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Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2005. — 171 p. This book introduces students to cultural studies of science and technology. It equips students with an understanding of science and technology as aspects of culture, and an appreciation of the importance of thinking about science and technology from a cultural studies perspective. Individual chapters focus on topics including...
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DK Publishing, Inc., 2005. — 72 p. — ISBN-13: 978-0-7566-1075-3 (PLC) ISBN-13: 978-0-7566-1076-0 (ALB) Relaunched with 8 pages of expanded text! A unique and fascinating introduction to the amazing variety of inventions, both ancient and modern: from simple machines such as wheels, gears, pulleys, and levers, Eyewitness Invention charts the developments of weights and measures,...
  • 48,44 МБ
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Oxford University Press, 2003. - 224 pp. A widespread sympathy for a neglected figure of seventeenth-century science is being displaced by something more positive - a mixture of astonishment at the extraordinary range and diversity of his talents, esteem for the originality and acumen of his science, admiration for his administrative capability and civic integrity, and...
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L.: The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2008. - 227 p. Dr. Bennett traces the growing awareness of the importance and the significance of the concept of feedback in engineering and treats in detail the technical developments that contributed to this awareness. There follows an account of the development of steam and hydraulic servomechanisms and their application to...
  • 11,90 МБ
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New York: Chelsea House, 2008. – 128 pp. — (Great historic disasters). On the evening of october 7, 1871, a famous author and world traveler named George Francis Train was giving a lecture in Chicago when he suddenly stopped, overcome by an eerie premonition, or warning. Looking solemnly out at the packed auditorium, he said, This is the last public address that will be delivered...
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The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1953. — 107 p. This little book has been written at the suggestion of the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning. That body was the successor of the Academic Assistance Council which was formed in 1933 by heads of British Universities and learned Societies to assist scholars and scientists and investigators "who, on grounds of religion,...
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NY:,National Geographic 2009 — 304 p. —ISBN: 978-1-426-20420-3 Sometime about 30,000 years ago, somebody stuck a sharp rock into a split stick—and presto! The axe was born. Our inquisitive species just loves tinkering, testing, and pushing the limits, and this delightfully different book is a freewheeling reference to hundreds of customs, notions, and inventions that reflect human...
  • 126,60 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 2002. — 351 p. Preface page. Acknowledgements. On analytic philosophy. On meaning. On objectivity. On belief. On synchronic explanation. On diachronic explanation. On distortions. Conclusion. Bibliography. Index.
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London: Routledge, 2018. — 346 p. Translated by Ann M. Hentschel In the history of brain research, the prospect of visualizing brain processes has continually awakened great expectations. In this study, Cornelius Borck focuses on a recording technique developed by the German physiologist Hans Berger to register electric brain currents; a technique that was expected to allow the...
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Springer, 2007. — 251 pp. The Accademia del Cimento (1657-1667) was the first institution in Europe purporting to use an experimental method in its scientific inquiries. According to some recent accounts, the Cimento belonged to a new culture of knowledge making that abandoned the practice of constructing theories in favour of a programme that simply accumulated ‘matters of fact’,...
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London: Bloomsbury, 2018. — 257 p. Digital Architecture Beyond Computers explores the deep history of digital architecture, tracing design concepts as far back as the Renaissance and connecting them with the latest software used by designers today. It develops a critical account of how the tools and techniques of digital design have emerged, and allows designers to deepen their...
  • 17,62 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 2009. — 688 p. This book in the highly respected Cambridge History of Science series is devoted to the history of the life and earth sciences since 1800. It provides comprehensive and authoritative surveys of historical thinking on major developments in these areas of science, on the social and cultural milieus in which the knowledge was generated, and...
  • 6,81 МБ
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NY: Sterling, 2015. — 528 p. —(Sterling Milestones). — ISBN 978-1-4549-0810-4. Engineering is where human knowledge meets real-world problems—and solves them. It's the source of some of our greatest inventions, from the catapult to the jet engine. Marshall Brain, creator of the How Stuff Works series and a professor at the Engineering Entrepreneurs Program at NCSU, provides a...
  • 29,44 МБ
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Sterling, 2015. — 528 p. Engineering is where human knowledge meets real-world problems—and solves them. It's the source of some of our greatest inventions, from the catapult to the jet engine. Marshall Brain, creator of the How Stuff Works series and a professor at the Engineering Entrepreneurs Program at NCSU, provides a detailed look at 250 milestones in the discipline. He...
  • 29,27 МБ
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Sterling, 2015. — 528 p. Engineering is where human knowledge meets real-world problems—and solves them. It's the source of some of our greatest inventions, from the catapult to the jet engine. Marshall Brain, creator of the How Stuff Works series and a professor at the Engineering Entrepreneurs Program at NCSU, provides a detailed look at 250 milestones in the discipline. He...
  • 70,57 МБ
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Harvard University Press, 2015. — 350 p. Scientists at War examines the ethical debates that severely tested the American scientific community during the Cold War. Sarah Bridger highlights the contributions of scientists to military technologies and strategic policymaking, from the dawning atomic age in the 1940s through the Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars) in the...
  • 1,71 МБ
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Dorling Kindersley, 2014. — 255 p. — ISBN 978-1-4654-2038-1 1000 Inventions & Discoveries explores the brilliant ideas and innovations that have shaped our world. Whether you're a budding inventor yourself or love gizmos and gadgets this amazing guide is packed with the inventions and discoveries that changed our lives! Find out who came up with the idea, how they were...
  • 35,11 МБ
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Dorling Kindersley Limited, 2000. — 64 p. — ISBN 0-7894-6186-2 (pb); ISBN 0-7894-4887-4 (hc). Packed with superb color illustrations and fascinating facts, this highly informative guide explores all aspects of technology, from ancient artifacts to the latest advances in computer-aided design. Clearly annotated photographs and diagrams give an invaluable insight into the tools,...
  • 40,76 МБ
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The Edwin Mellen Press. Ltd., USA, 2013. – 392 p. – ISBN: 0773445374. This volume brings together a surprising number of scholars from different disciplines who all contribute to the plethora of insights that lead to early nineteenth century science in Germany. Many books have looked at early nineteenth century science through the lens of the whole of Europe. This book takes a...
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Oxford University Press, 2015. — 531 p. Historically, the scientific method has been said to require proposing a theory, making a prediction of something not already known, testing the prediction, and giving up the theory (or substantially changing it) if it fails the test. A theory that leads to several successful predictions is more likely to be accepted than one that only...
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Springer, 2017. — 310 p. — (Archimedes, Vol. 52) The Romance of Science pays tribute to the wide-ranging and highly influential work of Trevor Levere, historian of science and author of Poetry Realised in Nature , Transforming Matter , Science and the Canadian Arctic , Affinity and Matter and other significant inquiries in the history of modern science. Expanding on Levere’s many...
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Springer, 2005. — 228 p. — (Archimedes, Vol. 11) The rapidity with which knowledge changes makes much of past science obsolete, and often just wrong, from the present's point of view. We no longer think, for example, that heat is a material substance transferred from hot to cold bodies. But is wrong science always or even usually bad science? The essays in this volume argue by...
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Springer, 2012. — 458 p. — (Archimedes, Vol. 30) — ISBN 10 9400726260, ISBN 13 9789400726260. New essays in science history ranging across the entire field and related in most instance to the works of Charles Gillispie, one of the field's founders. Charles Gillispie Publications by Charles Coulston Gillispie. A Professional Life in the History of Science (by Charles Coulston...
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Frank Cass & Co., 1971. - 235 pp. Forty years ago this year, the IInd International Congress of the History of Science and Technology was held in London. The Congress of 1931 was overshadowed by the world-wide crisis. It could easily have passed unnoticed, yet it was destined to become a milestone in the historiography of science, and to make a profound and indelible impression...
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Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. – 785 pp. Welcome to a complicated book that I think will be easy to read and use. Most histories of science or technology present a highly selected story of the most important discoveries. The History of Science and Technology takes a different approach. While there are narrative accounts of more than a hundred different topics –– these are the...
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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004 - 784 p. ISBN10: 0618221239 ISBN13: 9780618221233 (eng) In this age of genetic engineering and global warming, it is more important than ever to understand the history and current trends of science and technology. With so much information out there, though, it’s hard to know where to start. That’s where The History of Science and Technology ? the...
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Hachette Book Group ,2009. — 926 p. — ISBN 978—0—316—09191—6. Preface. The Way We Are. In the Light of the Above. Point of View. Matter of Fact. Infinitely Reasonable. Credit Where It's Due. What the Doctor Ordered. Fit to Rule. Making Waves. Worlds Without End. Bibliography.
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The Macmillan Company, 1959. — 261 p. Introduction. The Historical Importance of a Theory of Impetus. The Conservatism of Copernicus. The Study of the Heart down to William Harvey. The Downfall of Aristotle and Ptolemy. The Experimental Method in the Seventeenth Century. Bacon and Descartes. The Effect of the Scientific Revolution on the Non-Mechanical Sciences. The History of the...
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Yale: Yale University Press, 2012. — 271 p. Science is fantastic. It tells us about the infinite reaches of space, the tiniest living organism, the human body, the history of Earth. People have always been doing science because they have always wanted to make sense of the world and harness its power. From ancient Greek philosophers through Einstein and Watson and Crick to the...
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NY: Munn & Co. Publishers, 1900. — 544 p. It is simply a cursory view of the century in the field of invention, intended to present the broader bird’s-eye view of progress achieved. The volume may find an accepted place in the literature of the day, as presenting in compact form some comprehensive and coherent idea of the great things in invention which the Nineteenth Century has...
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NY: Munn & Co. Publishers, 1900. — 544 p. It is simply a cursory view of the century in the field of invention, intended to present the broader bird’s-eye view of progress achieved. The volume may find an accepted place in the literature of the day, as presenting in compact form some comprehensive and coherent idea of the great things in invention which the Nineteenth Century has...
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NY:,Munn & Co. Publishers, 1900 — 544 p. It is simply a cursory view of the century in the field of invention, intended to present the broader bird’s-eye view of progress achieved. The volume may find an accepted place in the literature of the day, as presenting in compact form some comprehensive and coherent idea of the great things in invention which the Nineteenth Century has...
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MIT Press, 2004. — 358 p. Nineteenth-century Britain saw an explosion of periodical literature, with the publication of over 100,000 different magazines and newspapers for a growing market of eager readers. The Victorian periodical press became an important medium for the dissemination of scientific ideas. Every major scientific advance in the nineteenth century was trumpeted...
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San Antonio: Trinity University Press, 2018. — 256 p. — ISBN-10: 159534862X; ISBN-13: 978-1595348623 Laika began her life as a stray dog on the streets of Moscow and died in 1957 aboard the Soviet satellite Sputnik II. Initially the USSR reported that Laika, the first animal to orbit the earth, had survived in space for seven days, providing valuable data that would make future...
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The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1970. - 136 pp. In the history of science and philosophy and the philosophy of nature the name of Robert Hooke has been largely ignored. If he is occasionally mentioned, it is usually in one of two ways: either he is briefly referred to in passing, or, he is viewed through the eyes of some later giant in the history of science and philosophy such as...
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New York: Springer, 2018. — 202 p. The 18th and 19th centuries saw the emergence of new intermediary types of knowledge in areas such as applied mechanics, fluid mechanics and thermodynamics, which came to be labeled as engineering science, transforming technology into the scientific discipline that we know today. This book analyzes how the Scientific Revolution of the 16th and...
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London: Routledge, 2017. — 297 p. Are science and technology independent of one another? Is technology dependent upon science, and if so, how is it dependent? Is science dependent upon technology, and if so how is it dependent? Or, are science and technology becoming so interdependent that the line dividing them has become totally erased? This book charts the history of...
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Brill, 2007. — 625 p. This book offers an analysis of the status and function of the Anglo-Saxon prognostics in their manuscript context, a study of their introduction to and transmission in Anglo-Saxon England, and, for the first time, a comprehensive edition of prognostics in Old English and Latin.
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Hong Kong University Press, 1996, 300 pages. This book re-examines the nature of early Chinese work in natural science, on the basis of original records analysis and artifacts discovered in recent decades by archaeological explorations of China's past. Contents: Early Chinese work on physics of motion. Early Chinese work on acoustics. Early Chinese work in astronomy. Early...
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London: Headline Book Publishing, 2016. — 1290 p. The story of science is a fascinating one and, whatever the difficulties it needs to be told. Science and history continue to be evolving human endeavours, constructed and written about in different ways. Concepts that are mainstream in one century have been nonsense in another. ‘Scientific truth’, like most of human activity,...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. — 301 p. For centuries, laymen and priests, lone thinkers and philosophical schools in Greece, China, the Islamic world and Europe reflected with wisdom and perseverance on how the natural world fits together. As a rule, their methods and conclusions, while often ingenious, were misdirected when viewed from the perspective of modern...
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Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. — 340 p. In this first book-length historiographical study of the Scientific Revolution, H. Floris Cohen examines the body of work on the intellectual, social, and cultural origins of early modern science. Cohen critically surveys a wide range of scholarship since the nineteenth century, offering new perspectives on how the Scientific...
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Amsterdam University Press, 2010. - 784 pp. Once, the concept of ‘the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century’ was innovative and inspiring, yielding what is still the master narrative of the rise of modern science. That narrative, however, has turned into a straitjacket—so often events and contexts just fail to fit in. Even so, in Floris Cohen’s view neither the early,...
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Oxford University Press, 1998. — 128 p. Charles Babbage, "the grandfather of the modern computer," did not live to see even one of his calculating machines at work. A dazzling genius with vision extending far beyond the limitations of the Victorian age, Babbage successfully calculated a table of logarithms during his years at Cambridge University, allowing mathematical...
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Washington, D.C.: The Smithsonian Institution Press, 1968. — 312 p. It had no instrument panel with push-button controls. It was not operated electronically or jet-propelled. But to many 19th-century people the sewing machine was probably as awe-inspiring as a space capsule is to their 20th-century descendants.The sewing machine became the first widely advertised consumer...
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Washington, D.C.: The Smithsonian Institution Press, 1968. — 312 p. It had no instrument panel with push-button controls. It was not operated electronically or jet-propelled. But to many 19th-century people the sewing machine was probably as awe-inspiring as a space capsule is to their 20th-century descendants.The sewing machine became the first widely advertised consumer...
  • 12,40 МБ
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Washington, D.C.: The Smithsonian Institution Press, 1968. — 312 p. It had no instrument panel with push-button controls. It was not operated electronically or jet-propelled. But to many 19th-century people the sewing machine was probably as awe-inspiring as a space capsule is to their 20th-century descendants.The sewing machine became the first widely advertised consumer...
  • 8,34 МБ
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Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016. — 320 p. — (Johns Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology). — ISBN 9781421421230. Faxed is the first history of the facsimile machine—the most famous recent example of a tool made obsolete by relentless technological innovation. Jonathan Coopersmith recounts the multigenerational, multinational history of the device from its origins to...
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Cambridge University Press, 2002. - 157 pp. Elisabeth Crawford's study departs from the commonly held notion that universalism and internationalism are inherent features of science. Showing how the rise of scientific organizations around the turn of the century had centered on national scientific enterprises, Dr. Crawford argues that scientific activities of the late-nineteenth...
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Random House, 2004. — 551 p. — ISBN 978—0—307—43253—7. Introduction —The Moment of Transition One —Measuring the World: Eratosthenes' Measurement of the Earth's Circumference Interlude —Why Science is Beautiful Two — Dropping the Ball: The Legend of Leaning Tower Interlude —Experiments and Demonstration Three —The Alfa Experiment: Galileo and the Inclined Plane...
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Cambridge University Press, 1992. — 454 p. The greatest ambition of any moderately successful nineteenth-century French scientist was to become a member of the Academy of Sciences. Science under Control is the first major study, in any language, of this elite institution, in a period which began with such influential figures as Laplace and Cuvier and extends to the time of...
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Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2018. — 389 p. Not since the printing press has a media object been as celebrated for its role in the advancement of knowledge as the scientific journal. From open communication to peer review, the scientific journal has long been central both to the identity of academic scientists and to the public legitimacy of scientific knowledge. But...
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Springer, 2016. — 306 p. This book explores a wide range of topics relating to scientific and religious learning in the work of Bishop Robert Grosseteste (c. 1168–1253) and does so from various perspectives, including those of a twenty-first century scientists, historians, and philosophers as well as several medievalists. In particular, it aims to contribute to our understanding...
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Manchester: Spear&Jackson Limited, 1961. —77 p. More than half a million years ago, man took a tremendous step. That step helped to distinguish him forever from the less intelligent and unselfconscious animal world: he began to make hand tools. Because they were of such great antiquity, many of our familiar hand tools had already attained a late stage of development in classical...
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University of Chicago Press, 2011. — 460 p. Observation is the most pervasive and fundamental practice of all the modern sciences, both natural and human. Its instruments include not only the naked senses but also tools such as the telescope and microscope, the questionnaire, the photographic plate, the notebook, the glassed-in beehive, and myriad other ingenious inventions...
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New York: Zone Books, 1998. — 511 pp. A rich exploration of how European naturalists used wonder and wonders (oddities and marvels) to envision and explain the natural world. Wonders and the Order of Nature, 1150-1750 is about the ways in which European naturalists from the High Middle Ages through the Enlightenment used wonder and wonders, the passion and its objects, to envision...
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Taylor & Francis, 1995. - 322 pp. This text celebrates, in four volumes, the bicentenary of the "Philosophical Magazine" and chronicles the history of scientific development as chonicled in its pages. Each volume previews a 50 year period and contains not only classical works but also papers of an amusing controversial nature. Commentaries preceding each part set the papers in...
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Pantheon, 2017. — 640 p. — ISBN-10: 1101871555, ISBN-13: 978-1101871553. At a time when Steve Jobs was only a teenager and Mark Zuckerberg wasn’t even born, a group of visionary engineers and designers—some of them only high school students—in the late 1960s and 1970s created a computer system called PLATO, which was light-years ahead in experimenting with how people would learn,...
  • 11,88 МБ
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Boston: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1992. — 224 p. In this volume, seven historians of science examine the historical creation and meaning of a range of scientific textual forms from the seventeenth to the late nineteenth centuries. They consider examples from the fields of chemistry, medicine, physics, zoology, physiology, and mathematics, exposing the rich possibilities...
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Panama City: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2014. - 411 p. Proceedings of sessions honoring the 100th anniversary of the Panama Canal at the ASCE Global Engineering Conference 2014, held in Panama City, Panama, October 7-11, 2014. Sponsored by the History and Heritage Committee of ASCE. The history of the Panama Canal began nearly 500 years ago with the discovery by the...
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Ithaka: Cornell University Press, 2000. — 440 p. Sixteenth-century Aristotelianism was the culmination of four centuries of commentary and criticism. Physiologia is one of the first books to provide an accessible and comprehensive guide to that tradition in natural philosophy. In an incisive and readable treatment, Dennis Des Chene illuminates the continuities and disruptions...
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Feminist Press at CUNY, 2010. - 312 pp. Why are the fields of science and technology still considered to be predominantly male professions? The Madame Curie Complex moves beyond the most common explanations—limited access to professional training, lack of resources, exclusion from social networks of men—to give historical context and unexpected revelations about women's...
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John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2004. - 235 pages. A mind-bending excursion to the limits of science and mathematics. Are some scientific problems insoluble? In Beyond Reason, internationally acclaimed math and science author A. K. Dewdney answers this question by examining eight insurmountable mathematical and scientific roadblocks that have stumped thinkers across the centuries,...
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Wiley, 2004. - 240 pages. A mind-bending excursion to the limits of science and mathematics. Are some scientific problems insoluble? In Beyond Reason, internationally acclaimed math and science author A. K. Dewdney answers this question by examining eight insurmountable mathematical and scientific roadblocks that have stumped thinkers across the centuries, from ancient...
  • 1,08 МБ
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Ballantine Books, 1992. — 448 p. — ISBN: 0-345-37316-2. A one-volume reference to the history of ideas that is a compendium of everything that humankind has thought, invented, created, considered, and perfected from the beginning of civilization into the twenty-first century. Massive in its scope, and yet totally accessible, A History of Knowledge covers not only all the great...
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Oxford University Press, 1996. - 386 pp. Robert Hooke's hypotheses concerning the origin of terrestrial features were of major importance to the development of geology. This book interprets Hooke's Lectures and Discourses of Earthquakes, and Subterraneous Eruptions (1667-1694). The volume consists of the original text of the Discourses transposed into modern type and paired...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. — 250 p. When Isaac Newton died in 1727 without a will, he left behind a wealth of papers that, when examined, gave his followers and his family a deep sense of unease. Some of what they contained was wildly heretical and alchemically obsessed, hinting at a Newton altogether stranger and less palatable than the one enshrined in Westminster...
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Profile Books Ltd, 2008. XVIII, 270 p. — ISBN 978 1 86197 306 1. The first proper global account of the place of technology in twentieth century history, this brilliant, thought-provoking book will radically revise our understanding of the relationship between technology and society. Whereas standard histories of technology give tired old accounts of the usual inventions -...
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Springer, 1996. — 471 p. The articles in this collection were all selected from the first five volumes of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences between 1979 and 1985. The Journal was established in 1979 as a comprehensive theoretical publication concerning the history, philosophy and sociology of the natural sciences. It began...
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Harper Collins e-books, 2009. 297 p. — ISBN:0061358436. A remarkable compendium of wild schemes, mad plans, crazy inventions, and truly glorious disasters Every phenomenally bad idea seemed like a good idea to someone. How else can you explain the Ford Edsel or the sword pistol—absolutely absurd creations that should have never made it off the drawing board? It Looked Good...
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MIT Press, 2003. - 483 pp. Founded in 1540, the Society of Jesus was viewed for centuries as an impediment to the development of modern science. The Jesuit educational system was deemed conservative and antithetical to creative thought, while the Order and its members were blamed by Galileo, Descartes, and their disciples for virtually every proceeding against the new science. No...
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Springer, 2006. — 309 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 12) The present volume offers the most comprehensive synthesis to date of the fecundity of early modern universities, their receptivity to novel scientific ideas, and their contribution to the critical dialogue that vitalized the emergent European scientific community. The "soul" of the early modern university was its well-rounded,...
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McGill-Queen's University Press, 2017. — 368 p. — (McGill-Queen's Studies in the History of Ideas). — ISBN-10 0773550100; ISBN-13: 978-0773550100. In 1984, Noel Swerdlow and Otto Neugebauer argued that Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) explained planetary motion by using mathematical devices and astronomical models originally developed by Islamic astronomers in the thirteenth and...
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Dorling Kindersley Limited, 2010. — 256 p. — ISBN 9781405356831. Ideas that Changed the World combines the quality and breadth of a modern design museum with the high standards of a DK reference title. Stunning photography and beautifully written stories work together to give the reader a unique experience. We don't just show you what's ground-breaking about a space suit, we...
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Cambridge University Press, 2017. — 300 p. — ISBN 1107169437. This book sheds new light on the problematic relationship between theory and practice in ancient Greek and Roman culture. Various fields of knowledge are discussed, including agriculture, architecture, the art of love, astronomy, ethics, mechanics, medicine, and pharmacology. The main focus is on the interaction between...
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Springer, 2000. — 404 p. For the history of science, 1543 is - by virtue of general consent and plain historiographical logic alike - the veritable annus mirabilis of the sixteenth century. It is not simply the fact that Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium eoelestium ( On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres ) and Vesalius' De humani eorporis fabriea ( On the Fabrie of the...
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I.B. Tauris, 2011. — 256 p. Long before the European Renaissance, while the western world was languishing in what was once called the 'Dark Ages', the Arab world was ablaze with the knowledge, invention and creativity of its Golden Age. This is the story of how Islamic science, which began with the translation of Greek manuscripts into Arabic in eighth-century Baghdad, preserved...
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I.B. Tauris, 2011. — 256 p. Long before the European Renaissance, while the western world was languishing in what was once called the 'Dark Ages', the Arab world was ablaze with the knowledge, invention and creativity of its Golden Age. This is the story of how Islamic science, which began with the translation of Greek manuscripts into Arabic in eighth-century Baghdad, preserved...
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Columbia University Press. 2019. — 496 p. The New School for Social Research opened in 1919 as an act of protest. Founded in the name of academic freedom, it quickly emerged as a pioneer in adult education - providing what its first president, Alvin Johnson, liked to call "the continuing education of the educated". By the mid-1920s, the New School had become the place to go to...
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Columbia University Press. 2019. — 496 p. The New School for Social Research opened in 1919 as an act of protest. Founded in the name of academic freedom, it quickly emerged as a pioneer in adult education - providing what its first president, Alvin Johnson, liked to call "the continuing education of the educated". By the mid-1920s, the New School had become the place to go to...
  • 9,35 МБ
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Times Books, 2001. - 379 pp. There is politics in everything, including the most prestigious awards in science; here's the inside story, told by a historian of science currently living in Norway. When Alfred Nobel left the bulk of his fortune to found a series of prizes in the arts and sciences, he must have foreseen some of the infighting that would rage around his bequest. To...
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Springer, 2013. — 308 p. — (International Archives of the History of Idea 208). This volume examines the New Science of the 17th century in the context of Baroque culture, analysing its emergence as an integral part of the high culture of the period. The collected essays explore themes common to the new practices of knowledge production and the rapidly changing culture...
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University of Chicago Press, 2013. — 333 p. In Baroque Science , Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris present a radically new perspective on the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. Instead of celebrating the triumph of reason and rationality, they study the paradoxes and anxieties that stemmed from the New Science and the intellectual compromises that shaped it and...
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Springer, 2014. — 191 p. This volume comprises studies of the early modern drama of motion and transformation of knowledge. It is unique in taking its global nature as fundamental and contains studies of the theme of motion and knowledge in China, Europe and the Pacific from the 16th to the 18th century. People living around the turn of the 17th century were experiencing motion in...
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Princeton University Press, 2011. — 353 p. This book gathers wide-ranging essays on the Italian Renaissance philosopher and cosmologist Giordano Bruno by one of the world's leading authorities on his work and life. Many of these essays were originally written in Italian and appear here in English for the first time. Bruno (1548-1600) is principally famous as a proponent of...
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Springer, 1991. — 259 p. Antiquity was conceived of, put to use, and reassessed in various ways in natural philosophy and what might broadly be termed metaphysics in the period between Copernicus and Newton. The papers in this collection deal with questions about the symbolic and polemical uses of antiquity, with antiquity as a fund of ideas or as a source of evidence, and above...
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Oxford University Press, 2010. - 505 pp. Understanding the emergence of a scientific culture - one in which cognitive values generally are modelled on, or subordinated to, scientific ones - is one of the foremost historical and philosophical problems with which we are now confronted. The significance of the emergence of such scientific values lies above all in their ability to...
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Oxford University Press, 2006. - 563 pp. Why did science emerge in the West and how did scientific values come to be regarded as the yardstick for all other forms of knowledge? Stephen Gaukroger shows just how bitterly the cognitive and cultural standing of science was contested in its early development. Rejecting the traditional picture of secularization, he argues that science...
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Springer, 1999. — 224 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 2) The articles in this volume examine particular cases of 'reception' in ways that emphasize pressing historiographical and methodological issues. Such issues arise in any consideration of the transmission and appropriation of scientific concepts and practices that originated in the several `centers' of European learning, subsequently...
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Springer, 2007. - 188 pp. The present volume, compiled in honor of an outstanding historian of science, physicist and exceptional human being, Sam Schweber, is unique in assembling a broad spectrum of positions on the history of science by some of its leading representatives. Readers will find it illuminating to learn how prominent authors judge the current status and the future...
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London: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1984. — 904 p. Bringing together a wealth of previously scattered information, this classic work traces the history of techniques and analyzes its relationship with other areas of knowledge.-Parts 1 and 2 provide historical coverage, from prehistory to the twentieth century, of man's attempts to master his environment. Part 3...
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London: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1986. — 532 p. Bringing together a wealth of previously scattered information, this classic work traces the history of techniques and analyzes its relationship with other areas of knowledge.-Parts 1 and 2 provide historical coverage, from prehistory to the twentieth century, of man's attempts to master his environment. Part 3...
  • 4,63 МБ
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London: Routledge, 2005. — 383 p. How do we objectively measure scientific activities? What proportion of economic activities should a society devote to research and development? How can public-sector and private-sector research best be directed to achieve social goals? Governments and researchers from industrial countries have been measuring science and technology for more than...
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Springer, 2014. — 176 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 33) This book revises the picture of the teacher and educator of princes, Vittorino Rambaldoni da Feltre (c. 1378, Feltre -- 1446, Mantua), taking a completely new approach to show his work and life from the individual perspectives created by his students and contemporaries. From 1423 to 1446, Vittorino da Feltre was in charge of a...
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Монография. Chicago, 2001, 432 pp. Since its publication in 1989, Console and Classify has become a classic work in the history of science and in French intellectual history. Now with a new afterword, this much-cited and much-discussed book gives readers the chance to revisit the rise of psychiatry in nineteenth-century France, the shape it took and why, and its importance both...
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University of Minnesota Press, 2016. — 347 p. Galileo’s dictum that the book of nature “is written in the language of mathematics” is emblematic of the accepted view that the scientific revolution hinged on the conceptual and methodological integration of mathematics and natural philosophy. Although the mathematization of nature is a distinctive and crucial feature of the...
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Монография Cambringe and London, The MIT Press, 2013, 229 p. When have you gone into an electronics store, picked up a desirable gadget, and found that it was labeled “Made in Russia”? Probably never. Russia, despite its epic intellectual achievements in music, literature, art, and pure science, is a negligible presence in world technology. Despite its current leaders’ ambitions...
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Sebastopol, CA; "O’Reilly Media", 2009, -544 p. The history of science is all around us, if you know where to look. With this unique traveler's guide, you'll discover 128 destinations around the world where breakthroughs in science, mathematics, or technofogy occurred—or are happening now. See the world's. Largest science museum in Munich; watch Foucault's pendulum swinging...
  • 25,72 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 2007. — 361 p. Natural philosophy encompassed all natural phenomena of the physical world. It sought to discover the physical causes of all natural effects and was little concerned with mathematics. By contrast, the exact mathematical sciences were narrowly confined to various computations that did not involve physical causes, functioning totally...
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San Francisco: Maker Media, Inc, 2016. — 144 p. — ISBN-13 978-1680450606. William Gurstelle begins his remarkable journey through history with this volume, Early Makers. Each chapter examines a remarkable individual or group of people from the past whose insights and inventions helped create the world we live in. What sets this series apart from other history books - including...
  • 41,19 МБ
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San Francisco: Maker Media, Inc, 2016. — 178 p. — ISBN-13 978-1680450668. Industrial Revolutionaries is the second volume in William Gurstelle's unique exploration of history's great inventors. Each chapter revisits the life and times of one of the forward-thinking revolutionaries who helped create the world we live in. You will not only learn about their great inventions, you'll...
  • 58,89 МБ
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San Francisco: Maker Media, Inc, 2016. — 194 p. — ISBN-13 978-1680450729. Makers of the Modern World is the third volume of William Gurstelle's unique, hands-on journey through history. Each chapter examines a remarkable character from the past, one of the people whose insights and inventions helped create our modern world. What sets this series apart from other history books -...
  • 49,99 МБ
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Paris: Les Éditions Ophrys, 1974. — 796 p. La crise épistémologique des sciences humaines La science de l'homme jusqu'au XVIIe siècle. La science de l'homme dans l'antiquité. La synthèse théologique de la culture médiévale. La renaissance et les origines des sciences humaines : l'age des ambiguïtés. Vers l'anthropologie mécaniste La naissance du mécanisme et la légende...
  • 3,81 МБ
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New York: State University of New York Press, 1994. — 214 p. This book shows how the universal quantification of science resulted from the routinization of commercial practices that were familiar in scientist's daily lives. Following the work of Franz Borkenau and Jacob Klein in the 1930s, the book describes the rise of the mechanistic world-view as a reification of relations of...
  • 17,03 МБ
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Massachusets: The MIT Press, 2014. — 584 p. The bicycle ranks as one of the most enduring, most widely used vehicles in the world, with more than a billion produced during almost two hundred years of cycling history. This book offers an authoritative and comprehensive account of the bicycle's technical and historical evolution, from the earliest velocipedes (invented to fill the...
  • 9,59 МБ
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Duke University Press, 2014. — 342 p. Beautiful Data is both a history of big data and interactivity, and a sophisticated meditation on ideas about vision and cognition in the second half of the twentieth century. Contending that our forms of attention, observation, and truth are contingent and contested, Orit Halpern historicizes the ways that we are trained, and train...
  • 3,26 МБ
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Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995. — 352 p. Thomas Hankins and Robert Silverman investigate an array of instruments from the seventeenth through the nineteenth century that seem at first to be marginal to science--magnetic clocks that were said to operate by the movements of sunflower seeds, magic lanterns, ocular harpsichords (machines that played different colored...
  • 66,03 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 1985. — 161 p. — ISBN 978-0-521-24349-0. Preface. The Character of the Enlightement. Mathematics and the Exact Sciences. Experimental Physics. Chemistry. Natural History and Physiology. The Moral Sciences.
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Icon Books, 2009. — 481 p. This is a powerful and a thrilling narrative history revealing the roots of modern science in the medieval world. The adjective 'medieval' has become a synonym for brutality and uncivilized behavior. Yet without the work of medieval scholars there could have been no Galileo, no Newton and no Scientific Revolution. In "God's Philosophers", James Hannam...
  • 982,32 КБ
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Washington: Regnery Publishing, Inc, 2011. — 481 p. Maybe the Dark Ages Weren't So Dark After All… Here are some facts you probably didn't learn in school: People in the Middle Ages did not think the world was flat–in fact, medieval scholars could prove it wasn't; The Inquisition never executed anyone because of their scientific ideas or discoveries (actually, the Church was the...
  • 4,59 МБ
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Oxford University Press, 2003. - 342 pp. The Nobel Prize is by far the highest recognition a scientist may receive and the only one with which the general public is familiar. Its prestige has reached improbable heights. At the same time a lot of myth surrounds the Nobel Prize, and this is compounded by the fact that people tend to view scientists with some bewilderment.This book...
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Cambridge University Press, 2007. - 300 pp. Peter Harrison provides a new account of the religious foundations of scientific knowledge. He shows how the new approaches to the study of nature that emerged in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were directly informed by theological discussions about the Fall of Man and the extent to which the mind and the senses had been damaged...
  • 2,09 МБ
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University of Chicago Press, 2011. — 416 pp. When and where did science begin? Historians have offered different answers to these questions, some pointing to Babylonian observational astronomy, some to the speculations of natural philosophers of ancient Greece. Others have opted for early modern Europe, which saw the triumph of Copernicanism and the birth of experimental science,...
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Dorling Kindersley, 2012. — 360 p. — ISBN 978-1405375696. Full of great tales of achievement and ingenuity, Engineers celebrates 80 of the greatest engineers that ever lived and the stamp they have left on the world. Learn all about how their projects have changed the course of history and added to human progress from the men who built the Great Pyramid in Egypt to the...
  • 43,45 МБ
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Libraries Unlimited, 2007. — 273 р. Discovery! The very word sends tingles surging up your spine. It quickens your pulse. Discoveries arc the moments of "Ah- ha! I understand! " and of "Hureka! I found it!". Everyone longs to discover something—anything! A discovery is finding or observing something new—something unknown or unnoticed before. It is noticing what was always there...
  • 1,62 МБ
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Daniel R. Headrick, 2009, 161 p. ISBN 978-0-19-515648-5, Oxford University Press, Inc. "The history of humans and technology is a long one, going back millions of years to the use of stones as tools and to their fash-ioning into more efficient devices through skillful flaking. An-cient peoples discovered the use of fi re as a survival technology, only much later devising...
  • 4,51 МБ
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First published 1897. — Cambridge University Press, 2009. — 520 p. Archimedes lived in the third century BC, and died in the siege of Syracuse. Together with Euclid and Apollonius, he was one of the three great mathematicians of the ancient world, credited with astonishing breadth of thought and brilliance of insight. His practical inventions included the water-screw for...
  • 3,50 МБ
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New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 2002. — 326 p. — ISBN: 0486420841 Complete works of ancient geometer in highly accessible translation by distinguished scholar. Topics include the famous problems of the ratio of the areas of a cylinder and an inscribed sphere; the measurement of a circle; the properties of conoids, spheroids, and spirals; and the quadrature of the parabola....
  • 26,86 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 2009. - 476 pp. During the first part of the twentieth century, German science led the world. The most important scientific institution in Germany was the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, including institutes devoted to different fields of scientific research. These researchers were not burdened by teaching obligations and enjoyed excellent financial and...
  • 2,01 МБ
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New York: Momentum Press, 2014. — 120 p. Cultural Influences in Engineering Projects will focus on a dual objective of discussing culture within the project environment and how project managers can leverage development of a unique project culture to foster a higher probability of project success. To achieve this dual focus the book first establishes a foundation discussion of...
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London: Fitzroy Deadborn Publishers, 2000. - 1000p. The Reader's Guide to the History of Science looks at the literature of science in some 550 entries on individuals (Einstein), institutions and disciplines (Mathematics), general themes (Romantic Science) and central concepts (Paradigm and Fact). The history of science is construed widely to include the history of medicine and...
  • 36,11 МБ
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Routledge, 1996. — Transferred to Digital Printing 2007. — 464 p. — ISBN 0–415–15291–7. In this comprehensive history, Donald Hill opens a window on medieval and classical engineering. The book focuses on on Greece, Rome and medieval Western Europe, but also includes interesting information on Middle Eastern technology. Documenting over 1800 years, Donald Hill illustrates...
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Harvard University Press, 2018. — 520 p. In their search for truth, contemporary religious believers and modern scientific investigators hold many values in common. But in their approaches, they express two fundamentally different conceptions of how to understand and represent the world. Michael E. Hobart looks for the origin of this difference in the work of Renaissance thinkers...
  • 50,68 МБ
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The MIT Press, 2003 — 408 p. — ISBN-10: 026251916X / ISBN-13: 978-0262519168 Between A.D. 800 and 1450, the most important centers for the study of what we now call "the exact sciences"―including the mathematical sciences of arithmetic, geometry, and trigonometry and their applications in such fields as astronomy, astrology, geography, cartography, and optics―were not in Europe...
  • 10,82 МБ
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Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. — 325 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 7) Research records composed of notes and protocols have long played a role in the efforts to understand the origins of what have come to be seen as the established milestones in the development of modern science. The use of research records to probe the nature of scientific investigation itself however is a recent...
  • 17,33 МБ
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Harper Collins, 2009. — 1582 p. — ISBN 978—0—007—34988—3 Prologue Joseph Banks in Paradise Herschel on the Moon Baloonists in Heaven Herschel Among the Stars Mungo Park in Africa Davy on the Gas Dr. Frankenstein and the Soul Davy and the Lamp Sorcerer and Apprentice Young Scientists Epilogue Bibliography
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Springer, 1991. — 318 pp. This volume comprises a selection of the papers presented at a conference held at the University of Melbourne in May of 1988 on the theme, 'Nationalism and Internationalism in Science: Australia, America, and the World of Science'. Contributors take as their starting point existing discussions of the notion of colonialism in science, most notably those...
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Springer, 2008. — 335 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 20) The concept of symmetry is inherent to modern science, and its evolution has a complex history that richly exemplifies the dynamics of scientific change. This study is based on primary sources, presented in context: the authors examine closely the trajectory of the concept in the mathematical and scientific disciplines as well as...
  • 3,20 МБ
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University of California Press, 2002. - 378 pp. For centuries, observers have noted the many obstacles to intellectual change in science. In a much-discussed paper published in Scientific American in 1972, molecular biologist Gunther Stent proposed an explicit criterion for one kind of obstacle to scientific discovery. He denoted a claim or hypothesis as "premature" if its...
  • 1,87 МБ
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Greenwood Press, 2006, 248 pages, ISBN-10: 0313327637 Since ancient times, technological advances have increased man's chances for survival. From the practicality of a Roman aqueduct to the art of the written word, man has always adapted his environment to meet his needs, and to provide himself with sustenance, comfort, leisure, a higher quality of living, and a thriving...
  • 2,41 МБ
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Routledge, 2003, 623 p. In this volume the authors translate and annotate key passages from ancient authors to provide a history and an analysis of the origins and development of technology. Among the topics covered are: - energy. - basic mechanical devices. - agriculture. - food processing and diet. - mining and metallurgy. - construction and hydraulic engineering. -...
  • 1,95 МБ
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Brill, 2011. — 233 p. During the last decades of the twentieth century highly imaginative thought experiments were introduced in philosophy: Searle’s Chinese room, variations on the Brain-in-a-vat, Thomson’s violinist. At the same time historians of philosophy and science claimed the title of thought experiment for almost any argument: Descartes’ evil genius, Buridan’s ass, Gyges’...
  • 2,11 МБ
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Ten Speed Press, 2016. — 128 р. — ISBN 978-1607749769. A charmingly illustrated and educational book, New York Times best seller Women in Science highlights the contributions of fifty notable women to the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) from the ancient to the modern world. Full of striking, singular art, this fascinating collection also contains...
  • 98,29 МБ
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NY: Black Dog; Leventhal Publishers, 2018. — 267 p. For the curious and the creators, Ingenious Patents tells the fascinating history of the inventors and their creations that have changed our world. Discover some of the most innovative of the 6.5 million patents that the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has granted since Thomas Jefferson issued the first one in 1790. Revised and...
  • 201,65 МБ
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Princeton University Press, 2011. — 85 p. This beautifully illustrated anthology celebrates eighty years of history and intellectual inquiry at the Institute for Advanced Study, one of the world's leading centers for theoretical research. Featuring essays by current and former faculty and members along with photographs by Serge J-F. Levy, the book captures the spirit of curiosity,...
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Springer Science & Business Media, 2005. — 308 p. As an academic discipline, the philosophy and history of science in Turkey was marked by two historical events: Hans Reichenbach's immigrating to Turkey and taking a post between 1933 and 1938 at Istanbul University prior to his tenure at UCLA, and Aydin Sayili's establishing a chair in the history of science in 1952 after having...
  • 5,75 МБ
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Harvard University Press, 2004. — 212 p. — ISBN 0—674—01497—9. Introduction. Newtonian Revolution. The Western Paradigm Decesively Shifts. Popular Audiences and Public Experiments. Practicality and Radicalism of Experiment. Puting Science to Work : European Strategy. Epilogue.
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. — 220 p. Engineering transformed the world completely between the 17th and 21st centuries. Remarkable Engineers tells the stories of 51 of the key pioneers in this transformation, from the designers and builders of the world's railways, bridges and aeroplanes, to the founders of the modern electronics and communications revolutions. The...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. — 227 p. The history of the sciences and the history of the book are complementary, and there has been much recent innovative research in the intersection of these lively fields. This accessibly-written, well-illustrated volume is the first systematic general work to do justice to the fruits of recent scholarship. The twenty...
  • 22,25 МБ
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Infobase Publishing, 2007. — 73 p. From the first V-8 engine to NASA's giant crawler at Cape Canaveral, this work presents a celebration of the inventors and inventions that transformed the world during the age of technology. It acquaints young readers with the story and the mechanics behind each device.
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. — 312 p. Winner of the 2016 Schumpeter Prize. This book illustrates the unnaturalness of modern science and technology by tracing their cognitive, evolutionary, and religious origins. It elaborates that all premodern knowers faced inherent limits, and the West was able to develop modern science and technology because of its inherent contradictions forcing...
  • 2,66 МБ
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New York, Random House, Inc., 2008 - 212 P. A dazzling, irresistible collection of the ten most ground-breaking and beautiful experiments in scientific history. With the attention to detail of a historian and the story-telling ability of a novelist, New York Times science writer George Johnson celebrates these groundbreaking experiments and re-creates a time when the world...
  • 13,06 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 2018. — 656 p. This volume in the highly respected Cambridge History of Science series is devoted to the history of science, medicine and mathematics of the Old World in antiquity. Organized by topic and culture, its essays by distinguished scholars offer the most comprehensive and up-to-date history of ancient science currently available. Together,...
  • 14,20 МБ
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2nd ed. — Amherst: Humanity Books, 2005. — 186 p. — ISBN 1-59102-321-1 This book considers how physicists, biologists, and engineers have fared in totalitarian regimes. Adolph Hitler and Joseph Stalin relied on scientists and engineers to build the infrastructure of their states. The military power of their regimes was largely based on the discovery of physicists and biologists....
  • 26,33 МБ
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The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993. — 40 p. Recognized today largely for his contributions to chemistry and to the role of experiment in scientific investigation, Robert Boyle (1627-1691) wrote extensively on the causes of disease, the importance of dissection to medical education, and the use and preparation of drugs. In the first in-depth study of Boyle's medical writings,...
  • 16,48 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 2014. - 519 pp. The ideal of balance and its association with what is ordered, just, and healthful remained unchanged throughout the medieval period. The central place allotted to balance in the workings of nature and society also remained unchanged. What changed within the culture of scholasticism, between approximately 1280 and 1360, was the...
  • 4,01 МБ
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US, "Escape Velocity Press", 2004, -212 p. Best-selling author Andy Kessler ties up the loose ends from his provocative book, Running Money, with this history of breakthrough technology and the markets that funded them. Expanding on themes first raised in his tour de force, Running Money, Andy Kessler unpacks the entire history of Silicon Valley and Wall Street, from the...
  • 1,58 МБ
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Routledge, 2008. - 1062 pages. "The Encyclopedia of Ancient Natural Scientists" is the first comprehensive English language work to provide a survey of all ancient natural science, from its beginnings through the end of Late Antiquity. A team of over 100 of the world's experts in the field have compiled this 'Encyclopedia', including entries which are not mentioned in any...
  • 12,58 МБ
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Boston: Birkhäuser, 1986. — 125 p. Contents: Bending perception to wish: the future as froth and fantasy The clouded crystal ball: creases of the mind Great discoveries not mentioned in textbooks: N rays Grand illusions: Russian water People yearn to believe: Dr. Fox experiments Klotz deals with some of the human side of science: in his first chapter, with some of the...
  • 5,23 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 2017. — 474 p. — 1107060060, 978-1107060067. How did ancient scientific and knowledge-ordering writers make their work authoritative? This book answers that question for a wide range of ancient disciplines, from mathematics, medicine, architecture and agriculture, through to law, historiography and philosophy - focusing mainly, but not exclusively, on...
  • 4,79 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 1987. - 235 pp. This book introduces the methodological and philosophical problems with which modern history of science is concerned, offering a comprehensive and critical review through description and evaluation of significant historiographical viewpoints. Incorporating discussion of key problems in general historical writing, with examples drawn...
  • 5,90 МБ
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Westport, Connecticut, London: Greenwood Press, 2004, 343 pp. The Middle Ages and the Renaissance were a period of scientific and literary reawakening. Scientific development and a renewed interest in classical science led to new discoveries, inventions, and technologies. Between 500 and 1600 A.D., scientific explorers rediscovered ancient Greek and Eastern knowledge, which led...
  • 1,10 МБ
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A reference guide, 2nd ed. — Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2006. — 422 pp. — ISBN 0-313-33438-2. Краткая история химии. Атомная структура. Периодическая таблица химических элементов. Щелочные металлы и щелочноземельные металлы. Переходные элементы: металлы к неметаллам. Металлы и металлоиды. Металлоиды и неметаллы. Галогены и благородные газы. Серия лантанидов...
  • 6,18 МБ
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Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996. — 368 p. Some scholars have viewed the Soviet state and science as two monolithic entities--with bureaucrats as oppressors, and scientists as defenders of intellectual autonomy. Based on previously unknown documents from the archives of state and Communist Party agencies and of numerous scientific institutions, Stalinist Science...
  • 2,86 МБ
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MIT Press, 2006. — 376 pp. In 1945, the United States was not only the strongest economic and military power in the world; it was also the world's leader in science and technology. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe , John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures in the United States to model postwar scientific practices and...
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New York: Chelsea House, 2008. – 120 pp. — (Great historic disasters) In 1855, the science of medicine was still struggling to gain acceptance amid thousands of years of healing knowledge based on well-meaning but faulty ideas of the nature and causes of disease. Many people believed that illness was caused by miasma, or foul emanations from soil, air, and water. These emanations...
  • 10,26 МБ
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Core Library, 2017. — 48 р. — ISBN 1532111673. The Great Wall of China, built in many sections over many centuries, is China's best-known landmark. Engineering the Great Wall of China introduces readers to the dynasties that constructed it, explores the construction techniques that were used, and looks at how the modern Chinese government is working to protect it for the future....
  • 24,52 МБ
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New York: Chelsea House, 2008. – 112 pp. — (Great historic disasters). The date was Saturday, March 25, 1911. The warm, spring day began just like any other workday for hundreds of thousands of working-class people in New York City. But it would end in tragedy for 146 victims of one of the city’s worst workplace disasters and their families. And it would set the wheels in motion...
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Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2017. — 334 p. — ISBN : 3319409123. As Star Trek celebrates its 50th anniversary, the futuristic tools of Kirk, Spock, Scott, and McCoy continue to come to life. This book merges Star Trek scientific lore—how the science of the time informed the implementation of technology in the series—and the science as it is playing out today....
  • 6,91 МБ
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Sharpe Reference, 2007. - 1046 pages. ISBN: 0765680734 This encyclopedia is an overview of the history of science in America from colonial times to the present. Organized alphabetically within scientific discipline, the set is divided into fourteen sections that include overview essays tracing the historical development of the specific discipline in a cultural and social...
  • 16,49 МБ
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The MIT Press, 2017. — 288 p. — ISBN-10 0262036487, ISBN-13 978-0262036481. How humans and technology evolve together in a creative partnership. With the explosion of interest, hype, and fear about artificial intelligence, data science, and robotics, it is essential that we better understand how it is that technology and society evolve. Without such understanding, we are assured...
  • 11,66 МБ
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2002. - 187 p. Introduction Theology, Science, and Rational Ground. The Contact of Science and Theology. Divine Ideas, Aristotelian Science: Robert Grosseteste and the Theory of Scientia. Aquinas and Theology as Subalternate Science. Duns Scotus and Intuitive Knowledge. Ockham and the Nature of Science. Theology Beyond Science. After Ockham: Marsilius...
  • 1,00 МБ
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Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016. — 344 p. Contents : Scientific governance: an introduction Governance of science Give me a laboratory and I will win you the war: governing science in the Royal Navy Bureaucratic reformism and the cults of Sir Henry Tizard and Operational Research The evolving role of the Chief Scientific Advisor to the Cabinet, 1940-71 Mugwumps? The...
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University of Chicago Press, 2012. — 275 p. What did the Romans know about their world? Quite a lot, as Daryn Lehoux makes clear in this fascinating and much-needed contribution to the history and philosophy of ancient science. Lehoux contends that even though many of the Romans’ views about the natural world have no place in modern science—the umbrella-footed monsters and...
  • 4,00 МБ
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New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003. — 380 p. Celebrating a century of revolutionary contributions to our understanding of life, the world, and the universe, this encyclopedic desk reference traces the discoveries that earned nearly 500 distinguished scientists Nobel honors in the areas of chemistry, physics, and medicine. The School of Library Journal called it "...eye-catching......
  • 37,84 МБ
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Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. — 601 p. The Wiley Blackwell Companion to the History of Science is a single volume companion that discusses the history of science as it is done today, providing a survey of the debates and issues that dominate current scholarly discussion, with contributions from leading international scholars. Contents: Introduction (by Bernard Lightman). Historiography...
  • 10,97 МБ
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Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997. — 499 p. Victorians were fascinated by the flood of strange new worlds that science was opening to them. Exotic plants and animals poured into London from all corners of the Empire, while revolutionary theories such as the radical idea that humans might be descended from apes drew crowds to heated debates. Men and women of all social...
  • 38,88 МБ
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University Of Chicago Press, 2008 Language: English This landmark book represents the first attempt in two decades to survey the science of the ancient world, the first attempt in four decades to write a comprehensive history of medieval science, and the first attempt ever to present a full, unified account of both ancient and medieval science in a single volume. In The...
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Cambridge University Press, 2013. — 699 p. — ISBN 0521594480. This volume in the highly respected Cambridge History of Science series is devoted to the history of science in the Middle Ages from the North Atlantic to the Indus Valley. Medieval science was once universally dismissed as non-existent - and sometimes it still is. This volume reveals the diversity of goals,...
  • 3,90 МБ
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Springer Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London, 2015. XV, 624 p. 420 illus. — ISBN 978-3-662-44162-6, ISBN 978-3-662-44163-3 (eBook). The most authoritative book on the history of Chinese Science and Technology by Chinese scholars, reflecting the progress of the field in past 30 years Chief Editor and contributors are all top Chinese scholars in related fields Winner of China...
  • 25,74 МБ
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New York: Routledge, 2009. — 256 p. This book seeks to explore how scientists across a number of countries managed to cope with the challenging circumstances created by World War II. No scientist remained unaffected by the outbreak of WWII. As the book shows, there were basically two opposite ways in which the war encroached on the life of a scientific researcher. In some...
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Routledge, 2009. — 240 p. This book seeks to explore how scientists across a number of countries managed to cope with the challenging circumstances created by World War II. No scientist remained unaffected by the outbreak of World War II. As the book shows, there were basically two opposite ways in which the war encroached on the life of a scientific researcher. In some cases,...
  • 3,63 МБ
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Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1981. — 304 p. Acknowledgements. Introduction. Science and its Social Context. Beliefs and Society. Survey. Eugenics in Britain. What is Eugenics? The Social Composition of the Eugenics Movement. The Professional and the Social Structure. The Professionals and the Eugenic Theory of Society. Eugenics and Capitalism. Eugenic...
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Oxford University Press, 1993. — 280 pp. Surviving the Swastika examines scientific research under National Socialism through the prism of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of the Sciences, a semi-private umbrella organization which founded and maintained institutes for basic scientific research. Home to over twenty Nobel-prize winning scientists, the prestigious...
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Springer, 2010. — 287 p. There is no more fundamental resource than water. The basis of all life, water is fast becoming a key issue in today’s world, as well as a source of conflict. This fascinating book, which sets out many of the ingenious methods by which ancient societies gathered, transported and stored water, is a timely publication as overextraction and profligacy...
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The Johns Hopkins Uiversity Press, Baltimore 2006. pp.478. Contents: Preface vii. Introduction. The Guiding Themes. Part I. From Ape to Alexander. Humankind Emerges: Tools and Toolmakers. The Reign of the Farmer. Pharaohs and Engineers. Greeks Bearing Gifts. Alexandria and After. Part II. Thinking and Doing among the World’s Peoples. The Enduring East. The Middle...
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Wiley, 2006. — 209 p. — ISBN 078799488X, 9780787994884. AC/DC tells the little-known story of how Thomas Edison wrongly bet in the fierce war between supporters of alternating current and direct current. The savagery of this electrical battle can hardly be imagined today. The showdown between AC and DC began as a rather straightforward conflict between technical standards, a...
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University of Pittsburgh Press, 2017. — 472 p. — ISBN 0822944650, 978-0822944652. The hot-air balloon, invented by the Montgolfier brothers in 1783, launched for the second time just days before the Treaty of Paris would end the American Revolutionary War. The ascent in Paris—a technological marvel witnessed by a diverse crowd that included Benjamin Franklin—highlighted...
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2nd ed. Cambridge University Press. 2002. 440 p. The exploration of space. Global warming. Napoleon and science. The entry of women into astronomy. The exploration of Australia. The history of astronomy. Telescopes. The history of nuclear and particle physics. Pheromones. The history of mathematics. The Darwin/Wedgwood/Galton relationships. Mnemonics. The geological...
  • 39,47 МБ
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Boston: The MIT Press, 2017. — 229 p. How, beginning in the mid 1960s, the US semiconductor industry helped shape changes in American science, including a new orientation to the short-term and the commercial. Since the mid 1960s, American science has undergone significant changes in the way it is organized, funded, and practiced. These changes include the decline of basic research...
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Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. — 692 p. A Companion to the History of American Science offers a collection of essays that give an authoritative overview of the most recent scholarship on the history of American science. Contents: Introduction (by Georgina M. Montgomery and Mark A. Largent). Disciplines Agricultural Sciences (by Samantha Noll). Anthropology (by Adrian Young). Astronomy and...
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London, New York: Routledge, 2016. — 435 p. — ISBN: 978-1-315-69426-9. To understand modern science, it is essential to recognize that many of the most fundamental scientific principles are drawn from the knowledge of ancient civilizations. Taking a global yet comprehensive approach to this complex topic, A History of Science in World Cultures uses a broad range of case studies...
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Nomad Press, Chicago, USA, 2011. — 130 p. — ISBN: 1936313804 Imagine a world without brand-name products! Before the Industrial Revolution it was not possible to produce enough of the same item to have a brand, but in 100 years the world changed from make-your-own everything to a society of manufactured goods. The Industrial Revolution: Investigate How Science and Technology...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. — 447 p. The Oxford Illustrated History of Science is the first-ever fully illustrated global history of science, from Aristotle to the atom bomb - and beyond. The first part of the book tells the story of science in both the East and West from antiquity to the Enlightenment: from the ancient Mediterranean world to ancient China; from the...
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Boston: The MIT Press, 2017. — 500 p. Chinese writing is character based, the one major world script that is neither alphabetic nor syllabic. Through the years, the Chinese written language encountered presumed alphabetic universalism in the form of Morse Code, Braille, stenography, Linotype, punch cards, word processing, and other systems developed with the Latin alphabet in...
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London: Routledge and Kegan Paul LTD, 1955 — 495 p. Technics and Civilization first presented its compelling history of the machine and critical study of its effects on civilization in 1934 — before television, the personal computer, and the Internet even appeared on our periphery. Drawing upon art, science, philosophy, and the history of culture, Lewis Mumford explained the...
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Penguin Books, 2003. — 228 p. — ISBN 9780143030287. Part One : India s Science in a Historical Context. Part Two : Learning to Live in the Age of Science. Part Three : The Future of Science in India.
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Kazi Publications, 2001. — 386 p. This is the first one-volume work in English to deal with every branch of Islamic science and to approach it not from the Western viewpoint but as it is understood by the Muslims themselves. Islamic science, known to the West principally for its influence on the development of European scientific thought, occupied a central position within the...
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NY:,National Geographic, 2015 — 809 p. — ISBN: 978-1-426-21584-1 Foreword by Henry Petroski. This vivid, engrossing book reveals the fascinating stories behind the objects in your world, what you wear, what you eat, what entertains you, and more. Discover the history behind the world's tallest skyscrapers, find out when people first started drinking caffeine and why it wakes us...
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NY:,National Geographic, 2015 — 809 p. — ISBN: 978-1-426-21584-1 Foreword by Henry Petroski. This vivid, engrossing book reveals the fascinating stories behind the objects in your world, what you wear, what you eat, what entertains you, and more. Discover the history behind the world's tallest skyscrapers, find out when people first started drinking caffeine and why it wakes us...
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Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. — 568 p. A book that finally demystifies Newton's experiments in alchemy When Isaac Newton's alchemical papers surfaced at a Sotheby's auction in 1936, the quantity and seeming incoherence of the manuscripts were shocking. No longer the exemplar of Enlightenment rationality, the legendary physicist suddenly became "the last of the...
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MIT Press, 2001. - 443 pp. In recent years scholars have begun to acknowledge that the occult sciences were not marginal enterprises but an integral part of the worldview of many of our ancestors. Astrology was one of the many intellectual tools—along with what we consider to be the superior tools of social and political analysis—that Renaissance thinkers used to attack practical...
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UK: Oxford University Press, 2018. — 347 p. — ISBN 978–0–19–880584–7. Galileo Unbound traces the history of dynamics that brought us from Galileo's law of free fall to today's geneticists measuring evolutionary drift, entangled quantum particles moving among many worlds, and our lives as trajectories traversing a phase space with thousands of dimensions. Remarkably, common themes...
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London: New English Library, 1980. - 205 c. На английском языке. Первое издание вышло в 1977. Книга поднимает некоторые труднообьяснимые факты использования древними цивилизациями некоторых продвинутых технологий. An increasing number of historical and archaeological finds made around the world have been classified as "out-of-place artifacts" (ooparts). They have been called...
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London: New English Library, 1980. - 205 c. На английском языке. Отсканированный pdf. Первое издание вышло в 1977. Книга поднимает некоторые труднообьяснимые факты использования древними цивилизациями некоторых продвинутых технологий. An increasing number of historical and archaeological finds made around the world have been classified as "out-of-place artifacts" (ooparts)....
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Harvard: Harvard University Press, 2015. — 304 p. A falling apple inspired Isaac Newton’s insight into the law of gravity―or so the story goes. Is it true? Perhaps not. But the more intriguing question is why such stories endure as explanations of how science happens. Newton’s Apple and Other Myths about Science brushes away popular misconceptions to provide a clearer picture...
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Cambridge University Press, 2002. - 708 pp. This volume is a narrative and interpretive history of the physical and mathematical sciences from the early nineteenth century to the close of the twentieth century. Drawing upon the most recent methods and results in historical studies of science, the authors of over thirty chapters employ strategies from intellectual history,...
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Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019. — 281 p. During the Second World War, German science and technology posed a terrifying threat to the Allied nations. Combined with Germany's generations-old reputation for excellence in science and engineering, these advanced weapons, which included rockets, V-2 missiles, tanks, submarines, and jet airplanes, gave troubling credence to Nazi...
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Lund University Press in association with Manchester University Press, 2018. — 312 p. This book is about the idea of the university in modern Germany. Its primary focus is how the Humboldtian tradition was transformed and how it gave direction to debates around higher education. By combining approaches from intellectual history, conceptual history and the history of knowledge, the...
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Springer, 2019. — 286 p. This lucid and captivating book takes the reader back to the early history of all the sciences, starting from antiquity and ending roughly at the time of Newton - covering the period which can legitimately be called the "dawn" of the sciences. Each of the 24 chapters focuses on a particular and significant development in the evolution of science, and is...
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Cambridge University Press, 2006. - 839 pp. Review "This book is an excellent source for current thinking on Early Modern Science. The chapters are writtten by the leading shcolars n their respective fields. This book, along with the rest of the Cambridge History of Science series, belongs in all academic and large public libraries." - American Reference Books Annual "The...
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Anchor Books, 2009. — 530 p. — ISBN 978-1400095186. The Panama Canal was the costliest undertaking in human history. It literally required moving mountains, breaking the back of the great range that connects North and South America. Begun by the French in 1880, its successful completion in 1914 by the Americans marked the end of the Victorian Age and the beginning of the “American...
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Joseph Henry Press, 2002, 247 p. ISBN 0-309-07641-2. Early theorists believed that in science lay the promise of certainty. Built on a foundation of fact and constructed with objective and trustworthy tools, science produced knowledge. But science has also shown us that this knowledge will always be fundamentally incomplete and that a true understanding of the world is...
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Boston: The MIT Press, 2000. — 194 p. Nature has secrets, and it is the desire to uncover them that motivates the scientific quest. But what makes these "secrets" secret? Is it that they are beyond human ken? that they concern divine matters? And if they are accessible to human seeking, why do they seem so carefully hidden? Such questions are at the heart of Peter Pesic's...
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Harper Perennial, 2006. — 822 p. Peter Watson's hugely ambitious and stimulating history of ideas from deep antiquity to the present day—from the invention of writing, mathematics, science, and philosophy to the rise of such concepts as the law, sacrifice, democracy, and the soul—offers an illuminated path to a greater understanding of our world and ourselves.
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NY: W.W.Norton & Company, 2014. — 304 p. — ISBN 978-0-393-24204-1. An architectural whodunit that unlocks the secrets of a hand-built home. When Henry Petroski and his wife Catherine bought a charming but modest six-decades-old island retreat in coastal Maine, Petroski couldn’t help but admire its unusual construction. An eminent expert on engineering, history, and design, he...
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NY:, W.W.Norton & Company, 2014 —304 p. — ISBN:978-0-393-24204-1 An architectural whodunit that unlocks the secrets of a hand-built home. When Henry Petroski and his wife Catherine bought a charming but modest six-decades-old island retreat in coastal Maine, Petroski couldn’t help but admire its unusual construction. An eminent expert on engineering, history, and design, he began...
  • 6,80 МБ
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NY: Cambridge University Press 1994. — 220 p. — ISBN 978-0-521-46649-3. From classical temples to twentieth century towers, engineers have learned more about design from failure than from success. The concept of error, according to the author of Design Paradigms, is central to the design process. As a way of explaining the enduring aspects of engineering design, Henry Petroski...
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NY: Vintage Books, 1996 — 627 p. — ISBN 978-0-679-76021-4. Petroski reveals the science and engineering-not to mention the politics, egotism, and sheer magic-behind America's great bridges, particularly those constructed during the great bridge-building era starting in the 1870s and continuing through the 1930s. It is the story of the men and women who built the St. Louis, the...
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NY: Vintage Books, 1996. — 627 p. — ISBN 978-067-976021-4. Petroski reveals the science and engineering-not to mention the politics, egotism, and sheer magic-behind America's great bridges, particularly those constructed during the great bridge-building era starting in the 1870s and continuing through the 1930s. It is the story of the men and women who built the St. Louis, the...
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NY: Vintage, 2005. — 262 p. — ISBN 978-1-400-03294-5. Here are two dozen tales in the grand adventure of engineering from the Henry Petroski, who has been called America’s poet laureate of technology. Pushing the Limits celebrates some of the largest things we have created–bridges, dams, buildings-and provides a startling new vision of engineering’s past, its present, and its...
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NY: Vintage, 2005. — 262 p. — ISBN 978-1-400-03294-5. Here are two dozen tales in the grand adventure of engineering from the Henry Petroski, who has been called America’s poet laureate of technology. Pushing the Limits celebrates some of the largest things we have created–bridges, dams, buildings-and provides a startling new vision of engineering’s past, its present, and its...
  • 3,61 МБ
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NY: Vintage, 1998. — 256 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-77320-3. From the Ferris wheel to the integrated circuit, feats of engineering have changed our environment in countless ways, big and small. In Remaking the World: Adventures in Engineering, Duke University's Henry Petroski focuses on the big: Malaysia's 1,482-foot Petronas Towers as well as the Panama Canal, a cut through the...
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NY: Vintage, 1998. — 256 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-77320-3. From the Ferris wheel to the integrated circuit, feats of engineering have changed our environment in countless ways, big and small. In Remaking the World: Adventures in Engineering, Duke University's Henry Petroski focuses on the big: Malaysia's 1,482-foot Petronas Towers as well as the Panama Canal, a cut through the...
  • 2,02 МБ
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NY: Vintage, 2004. — 279 p. — ISBN 978-1-400-03293-8. Why has the durable paper shopping bag been largely replaced by its flimsy plastic counterpart? What circuitous chain of improvements led to such innovations as the automobile cup holder and the swiveling vegetable peeler? With the same relentless curiosity and lucid, witty prose he brought to his earlier books, Henry Petroski...
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NY: Vintage, 2004. — 279 p. — ISBN 978-1-400-03293-8. Why has the durable paper shopping bag been largely replaced by its flimsy plastic counterpart? What circuitous chain of improvements led to such innovations as the automobile cup holder and the swiveling vegetable peeler? With the same relentless curiosity and lucid, witty prose he brought to his earlier books, Henry Petroski...
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NY: Princeton University Press, 2006. — 195 p. — ISBN 978-0-691-12225-0. Design pervades our lives. Everything from drafting a PowerPoint presentation to planning a state-of-the-art bridge embodies this universal human activity. But what makes a great design? In this compelling and wide-ranging look at the essence of invention, distinguished engineer and author Henry Petroski...
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NY: Princeton University Press, 2006. — 195 p. — ISBN 978-0-691-12225-0. Design pervades our lives. Everything from drafting a PowerPoint presentation to planning a state-of-the-art bridge embodies this universal human activity. But what makes a great design? In this compelling and wide-ranging look at the essence of invention, distinguished engineer and author Henry Petroski...
  • 1,98 МБ
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NY: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2010. — 306 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-77328-9. Henry Petroski, "the poet laureate of technology" and author of the highly acclaimed The Pencil and The Evolution of Useful Things now sets his sights on perhaps the greatest technological advances of the last two thousand years: the making and storing of books—from papyrus scrolls to precious medieval...
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NY: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2010. — 306 p. — ISBN: 978-0-307-77328-9. Henry Petroski, "the poet laureate of technology" and author of the highly acclaimed The Pencil and The Evolution of Useful Things now sets his sights on perhaps the greatest technological advances of the last two thousand years: the making and storing of books—from papyrus scrolls to precious medieval...
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NY:. Vintage books 1994 — 219 p.— ISBN: 978-0-307-77305-0 How did the table fork acquire a fourth tine? What advantage does the Phillips-head screw have over its single-grooved predecessor? Why does the paper clip look the way it does? What makes Scotch tape Scotch? In this delightful book Henry, Petroski takes a microscopic look at artifacts that most of us count on but rarely...
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NY: Vintage, 1994. — 219 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-77305-0. How did the table fork acquire a fourth tine? What advantage does the Phillips-head screw have over its single-grooved predecessor? Why does the paper clip look the way it does? What makes Scotch tape Scotch? In this delightful book Henry, Petroski takes a microscopic look at artifacts that most of us count on but rarely...
  • 4,83 МБ
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NY: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2010. — 522 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-77243-5. Like most other human artifacts, the common pencil, made and sold today by the millions, has a long and complex history. Henry Petroski, who combines a talent for fine writing with a deep knowledge of engineering and technological history, examines the story of the pencil, considering it not only as a...
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K.n.o.p.f, 1992. — 448 p. — ISBN 0679734155. Like most other human artifacts, the common pencil, made and sold today by the millions, has a long and complex history. Henry Petroski, who combines a talent for fine writing with a deep knowledge of engineering and technological history, examines the story of the pencil, considering it not only as a thing in itself, but also as an...
  • 5,01 МБ
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NY: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016. — 322 p. — ISBN 978-1-63286-360-7. Renowned historian and engineer Henry Petroski explores the past, present, and future of America's crumbling infrastructure. In The Road Taken, acclaimed historian Henry Petroski explores our core infrastructure from historical and contemporary perspectives and explains how essential their maintenance is to...
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NY: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016. — 322 p. — ISBN 978-1-63286-360-7. Renowned historian and engineer Henry Petroski explores the past, present, and future of America's crumbling infrastructure. In The Road Taken, acclaimed historian Henry Petroski explores our core infrastructure from historical and contemporary perspectives and explains how essential their maintenance is to...
  • 6,35 МБ
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NY: Vintage, 1992 — 269 p. — ISBN 9780679734161. The moral of this book is that behind every great engineering success is a trail of often ignored (but frequently spectacular) engineering failures. Petroski covers many of the best known examples of well-intentioned but ultimately failed design in action -- the galloping Tacoma Narrows Bridge (which you've probably seen tossing...
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NY: Vintage, 1992. — 269 p. — ISBN 9780679734161. The moral of this book is that behind every great engineering success is a trail of often ignored (but frequently spectacular) engineering failures. Petroski covers many of the best known examples of well-intentioned but ultimately failed design in action -- the galloping Tacoma Narrows Bridge (which you've probably seen tossing...
  • 1,93 МБ
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NY: Belknap Press, 2012. — 432 p. — ISBN 978-0-674-06584-0. When planes crash, bridges collapse, and automobile gas tanks explode, we are quick to blame poor design. But Henry Petroski says we must look beyond design for causes and corrections. Known for his masterly explanations of engineering successes and failures, Petroski here takes his analysis a step further, to consider...
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Sterling, 2019. — 528 р. — (Sterling Milestones). From astronomy to psychology, this beautifully illustrated chronology presents the most important and groundbreaking milestones in science. Award-winning author Cliff Pickover (The Math Book, The Physics Book, and The Medical Book) gathers into one fully illustrated volume the most important thinkers and ideas in the history of...
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Sterling, 2011. — 528 р. — (Sterling Milestones). From astronomy to psychology, this beautifully illustrated chronology presents the most important and groundbreaking milestones in science. Award-winning author Cliff Pickover (The Math Book, The Physics Book, and The Medical Book) gathers into one fully illustrated volume the most important thinkers and ideas in the history of...
  • 32,32 МБ
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Springer, 2015. — 582 p. This book analyzes scientific problems within the history of physics, engineering, chemistry, astronomy and medicine, correlated with technological applications in the social context. When and how is tension between disciplines explicitly practised? What is the conceptual bridge between science researches and the organization of technological researches...
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MIT Press, 2005. - 490 pp. The early modern genre of historia connected the study of nature and the study of culture from the early Renaissance to the eighteenth century. The ubiquity of historia as a descriptive method across a variety of disciplines—including natural history, medicine, antiquarianism, and philology—indicates how closely intertwined these scholarly pursuits...
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Weldon Owen, 2016. — 190 p. — ASIN B01NBAJUYN, ISBN 161628966X. We take thousands of inventions for granted, using them daily and enjoying their benefits. But how much do we really know about their origins and development? This absorbing new book tells the stories behind the inventions that have changed the world, with details about- Convenience items, such as safety pins,...
  • 13,99 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 2003. - 942 pp. This volume offers to general and specialist readers alike the fullest and most complete survey of the development of science in the eighteenth century. It is designed to be read as both a narrative and an interpretation, and also to be used as a work of reference. While prime attention is paid to Western science, space is also given...
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Forty-two essays by authors from five continents and many disciplines provide a synthetic account of the history of the social sciences-including behavioral and economic sciences since the late eighteenth century. The authors emphasize the cultural and intellectual preconditions of social science, and its contested but important role in the history of the modern world. While there...
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Walker Books, 2007. — 288 p. — ISBN 978-0802716378, eISBN 978-0802718877. Witty, incisive observations on such universally meaningful topics as courage and compassion by many of the greatest minds of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been the hallmark of genius, but Nobel laureates tend to be more than merely brilliant―their idealism,...
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New York: W.W.Norton, 1999. — 518 p. Major scientific advances stem from changes in 3 areas: the social institutions that promote science, the sensibilities of scientists themselves, & the goal of the scientific enterprise. Examining the institutions that have shaped science -- the academies of Ancient Greece, universities, the growth of museums of science, technology & natural...
  • 37,23 МБ
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HarperCollins Publishers Inc., 2015. — 432 p. — ISBN 978-0-06-232847-2. In this brilliant exploration of our cosmic environment, the renowned particle physicist and New York Times bestselling author of Warped Passages and Knocking on Heaven’s Door uses her research into dark matter to illuminate the startling connections between the furthest reaches of space and life here on...
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Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017. — 1421421771, 978-1421421773. — 289 p. In 1638, Galileo was over seventy years old, blind, and confined to house arrest outside of Florence. With the help of friends and family, he managed to complete and smuggle to the Netherlands a manuscript that became his final published work, Two New Sciences. Treating diverse subjects that became the...
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London: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979. — 212 p. — ISBN-10: 0374514461; ISBN-13: 978-0374514464. Translated from the German by Derek and lnge Jordan. Edited by Mary Higgins and Chester M. Raphael, M.D. The Bion Experiments , published in a limited German edition in 1938 and now available in English for the first time, represents a cornerstone in Reich's scientific development....
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New York: Fact On File, 2006. — 517 p. Spanning the vast history of science, "Chronology of Science" contains approximately 2,000 cross-referenced entries that chronicle scientific progress. Helpful identifiers categorize the entries into core areas (biology, chemistry, physics, marine science, space and astronomy, Earth science, and weather and climate).
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London: Thames & Hudson, 2012. — 304 p. — ISBN 978-0-500-25191-1. The ideas, experiments, and inventions of great scientists have revolutionized our understanding of the world around us. Theories, discoveries, and technologies?from relativity, the genetic code, and the periodic table to synthetic drugs, nuclear weapons, and brain scans?have transformed the physical world and our...
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Lanham, Boulder: Lexington Books, 2014. — 266 p. — ISBN-10: 0739188534; ISBN-13: 978-0739188538. In the origins of Western philosophical thought, doctrines of physics intertwined with the debate between political philosophers. It is for this reason that Plato devoted his dialogues Theatetus and Parmenides to investigating and meeting the arguments of his principal philosophical...
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The Free Press, 1983. — 453 p. Elements of diffusion A history of diffusion research Contributions and criticism of the diffusion research The generation of innovations The innovation-decesion process Attributes of innovations and their rate of adoption Innovativeness and adoptive categories Opinion, leadership and diffusion networks The change agent Innovation in organizations...
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Springer, 2014. - 286 pp. Whether considered a divine gift or a Promethean conquest, science has indisputably and indelibly marked the course of human history. A product of the intellectual elite, but always nourished by the many fruits of its applications, science appears today to be a perfect system, whose laws and discoveries guide all human activities. Yet the foundations of...
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CRC Press, 2017. — 421 p. — ISBN 978—1—4987—5830—4. The industrial revolution, mechanization, water and steam power, computers, and automation have given an enormous boost to manufacturing productivity. "Faster, Better, Cheaper" in the History of Manufacturing shows how the ability to make products faster, better, and cheaper has evolved from the stone age to modern times. It...
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Simon & Schuster, 2016. — 320 p. The Industries of the Future” is an informative and accessible book about the next economy and how this next wave of innovation will affect our societies. Leading expert on innovation and former Senior Advisor for Innovation to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Alec Ross, explores the industries that will drive the next 20 years of change....
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Springer, 2009. — 321 p. This book describes inventions and designs of ancient engineers that are the precursors of the present. The ages mainly range from 300 B.C. to 1600 A.D. with some exceptions from before and after this period. As for the very ancient ones, the book describes inventions (documented by archaeological finds mainly from Pompei, Ercolano and Stabia) that...
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Springer, 2009, ISBN: 978-90-481-2252-3, 321 pages. This book describes inventions and designs of ancient engineers that are the precursors of the present. The ages mainly range from 300 B.C. to 1600 A.D. with some exceptions from before and after this period. As for the very ancient ones, the book describes inventions (documented by archaeological finds mainly from Pompei,...
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Springer, 2009, XV, 339 p. — ISBN: 978-90-481-2252-3, e-ISBN: 978-90-481-2253-0 — (History of Mechanism and Machine Science) This book describes inventions and designs of ancient engineers that are the precursors of the present. The ages mainly range from 300 B.C. to 1600 A.D. with some exceptions from before and after this period. As for the very ancient ones, the book...
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Berlin, Springer, 2004, ISBN 978-3-540-20396-4 - 492 p. Монография известного итальянского математика и историка науки, посвященная науке, технике и технологии эллинистического мира. На основании многих письменных свидетельств автор приходит к выводу, что Александрия, III век до н.э. - это место и время появления науки, обладавшей почти всеми характерными признаками науки...
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MIT Press, 2007. - 315 pp. The Islamic scientific tradition has been described many times in accounts of Islamic civilization and general histories of science, with most authors tracing its beginnings to the appropriation of ideas from other ancient civilizations-the Greeks in particular. In this thought-provoking and original book, George Saliba argues that, contrary to the...
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Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014. — 202 p. Sambursky describes the development of scientific conceptions and theories in the centuries following Aristotle until the close of antiquity in the sixth century A.D. Originally published in 1987.
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New York University Press, 2014. — 275 p. — (Institute for the Study of the Ancient World). Until very recently, the idea of ancient Jewish sciences would have been considered unacceptable. Since the 1990’s, Early Modern and Medieval Science in Jewish sources has been actively studied, but the consensus was that no real scientific themes could be found in earlier Judaism. This...
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Springer, 2012. - 177 Pages. Features 25 different scientists and the ideas which may not have made them famous, but made history…Typically, we remember our greatest scientists from one single invention, one new formula or one incredible breakthrough. This narrow perspective does not give justice to the versatility of many scientists who also earned a reputation in other areas...
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Gale Publishing Group, 2001. — 429 p. This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present.
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Gale Publishing Group, 2001. — 419 p. This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present.
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Gale Publishing Group, 2001. — 512 p. This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present.
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Gale Publishing Group, 2001. — 466 p. This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present.
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Gale Publishing Group, 2001. — 631 p. This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present.
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Gale Publishing Group, 2001. — 652 p. This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present.
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Gale Publishing Group, 2001. — 598 p. This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present.
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3rd Edition. — Springer, 2016. — 4732 p. This updated and augmented third edition of this landmark encyclopedia contains approximately 1000 entries dealing in depth with the history of the scientific, technological and medical accomplishments of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. The entries consist of fully updated articles together with hundreds of entirely...
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Springer, 2008. — 2424 p. — ISBN 978—1—4020—4559—2. Here, at last, is the massively updated and augmented second edition of this landmark encyclopedia. It contains approximately 1000 entries dealing in depth with the history of the scientific, technological and medical accomplishments of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. The entries consist of fully updated...
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University of Chicago Press, 2008. — 571 p. Nothing is considered more natural than the connection between Isaac Newton’s science and the modernity that came into being during the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. Terms like Newtonianism are routinely taken as synonyms for Enlightenment and modern thought, yet the particular conjunction of these terms has a history full of...
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Wiley, 2019, 282 p. — (Advances in Nanotechnology & Applications). — ISBN 1119460085. The scientific knowledge of nanoscience and nanotechnology is regarded to be a modern sciencethat evolved after Feynman's concept was formulated in the 1950s. However, Faraday and other scientists in the 19th century showed the science behind the small and its relation to optical properties. And...
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New York: Hawthorn Books, 1969. - 130 p. Describes many of the inventions that originated in ancient China and are still important today–gunpowder, kites, magnetic compasses, paper, and many others.
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New York: New York Review of Books, 1995. — 193 p. — ISBN-10: 094032203X; ISBN-13: 978-0940322035 In this collection of original essays, five world-renowned writers explore forgotten and neglected aspects of the history of science. Jonathan Miller, Oliver Sacks, and Daniel Kevles show how some scientific ideas emerge with great promise, only to be dismissed or forgotten, and then,...
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Springer, 2003. - 353 pp. The idea behind this book grew out of a research project launched by the international group STEP (Science and Technology in the European Peripheries), established in 1999 by historians of science from Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Greece, Turkey, Italy, Russia, Sweden and Denmark. The aim has been to re-examine the historical, and we might also add, the...
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Springer, 2015. — 393 p. This book focuses on sciences in the universities of Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and the chapters in it provide an overview, mostly from the point of view of the history of science, of the different ways universities dealt with the institutionalization of science teaching and research. A useful book for understanding the deep changes...
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. — 120 р. This book helps decision makers grasp the importance, and applicability to business, of the new technologies and extended connectivity of systems that underlie what is becoming known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution: technologies and systems such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, 3D printing, the internet of things, virtual and...
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. — 120 р. This book helps decision makers grasp the importance, and applicability to business, of the new technologies and extended connectivity of systems that underlie what is becoming known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution: technologies and systems such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, 3D printing, the internet of things, virtual and...
  • 2,06 МБ
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. — 120 р. This book helps decision makers grasp the importance, and applicability to business, of the new technologies and extended connectivity of systems that underlie what is becoming known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution: technologies and systems such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, 3D printing, the internet of things, virtual and...
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New York: Chelsea House, 2008. – 129 pp. — (Great historic disasters). In 1346, Europe was hit by the worst natural disaster in its recorded history: the Black Death. Generally believed to be a combination of bubonic plague and two other plague strains, the Black Death ravaged the length and breadth of Europe from Sicily to Norway, from Ireland to Russia, for five terrible years....
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New York: Chelsea House, 2008. – 128 pp. — (Great historic disasters). At approximately 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, april 18, 1906, the city of San Francisco began to shudder. Roadways rose and fell like ocean waves. Crumbling walls and chimneys rained glass and bricks onto sidewalks and streets. In those parts of the city built on loose, mushy landfill, the shaken soil turned to...
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Boston: The MIT Press, 2017. — 568 p. Energy is the only universal currency; it is necessary for getting anything done. The conversion of energy on Earth ranges from terra-forming forces of plate tectonics to cumulative erosive effects of raindrops. Life on Earth depends on the photosynthetic conversion of solar energy into plant biomass. Humans have come to rely on many more...
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Lanham: Lexington Books, 2016. — 251 p. Concepts of Nature compare and contrast classical, medieval, and modern conceptions of nature in order to better understand how and why the concept of nature no longer seems to provide a limit or standard for human action. These essays also evaluate whether a rearticulation of pre-modern ideas (or perhaps a reconciliation or reconstitution...
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Ashgate, 2007. — 270 p. Biographies of scientists carry an increasingly prominent role in today’s publishing climate. Traditional historical and sociological accounts of science are complemented by narratives that emphasize the importance of the scientific subject in the production of science. Not least is the realization that the role of science in culture is much more...
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New York: Facts On File, Inc, 2004. — 257 p. Examining the scientific ideas developed by the early Greek philosophers, the developments of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, and the momentous discoveries of the Scientific Revolution in the 17th century, this volume looks at the early years of scientific thought and discovery. Covering figures as well known as Aristotle and...
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University of Chicago Press, 2015. - 364 pp. During the Victorian period, the practice of science shifted from a religious context to a naturalistic one. It is generally assumed that this shift occurred because naturalistic science was distinct from and superior to theistic science. Yet as Huxley’s Church and Maxwell’s Demon reveals, most of the methodological values underlying...
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Adventures Unlimited Press, 2007 - 334 p. Now we know what spooked the Allies in the closing months of the war and why they were in such a panic to win quickly. The Allies assembled intelligence reports of supermetals, electric guns, and ray weapons able to stop the engines of Allied aircraft in addition to their worst fears of x-ray and laser weaponry. Then there were the...
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Basic Books, 2012. — 352 p. — ISBN: 0465029736, 9780465029730 In In Pursuit of the Unknown, celebrated mathematician Ian Stewart uses a handful of mathematical equations to explore the vitally important connections between math and human progress. We often overlook the historical link between mathematics and technological advances, says Stewart—but this connection is integral...
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Basic Books, 2012. - 352 Pages. ISBN-10: 0465029736 ISBN-13: 978-0465029730 In In Pursuit of the Unknown, celebrated mathematician Ian Stewart uses a handful of mathematical equations to explore the vitally important connections between math and human progress. We often overlook the historical link between mathematics and technological advances, says Stewart—but this connection...
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Editors. — DK Children, 2012. — 49 р. — ISBN 978-1409383390. The tragic story of the world's largest and most luxurious liner told in pictures. Story of the Titanic presents and disects one of the most tragic events of the 20th Century in a dramatic insight into the Titanic's construction and fit-out, to it's maiden voyage. You'll also hear the tales of the people on board...
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Berg, 2001. - 289 pp. How true is it that National Socialism led to an ideologically distorted pseudo-science? What was the relationship between the regime funding 'useful' scientific projects and the scientists offering their expertise? And what happened to the German scientific community after 1945, especially to those who betrayed and denounced Jewish colleagues? In recent...
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