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Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2016. – 250 p. – ISBN-10: 3319274945. The prize-winning essays in this book address the fascinating but sometimes uncomfortable relationship between physics and mathematics. Is mathematics merely another natural science? Or is it the result of human creativity? Does physics simply wear mathematics like a costume, or is math the...
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U.S. Department of Energy, DOE/NE-0046, 1982. — 49 p. On December 2, 1942, in a racquets court underneath the West Stands of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago, a team of scientists led by Enrico Fermi created man’s first controlled, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. Since 1946 the story of this remarkable scientific and technological achievement has been...
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Springer, 2013. — 153 p. For the last half of the 20th century cobalt-60 units were the mainstay of radiation treatments for cancer. This book describes the development of the first cobalt-60 unit in the United States and the man behind it, Leonard Grimmett. Conceptually conceived before World War II it only became possible because of the development of nuclear reactors during...
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Editors: Saverio Braccini, Antonio Ereditato, Paola Scampoli. — Springer, 2012. — 152 p. The physicist Friedrich Houtermans (1903-1966) was an essential promoter and proponent of the development of physics in Berne. He introduced a number of activities in the field of elementary particles, with a special focus on the physics of cosmic rays, and important contributions in...
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Colorado: Twenty First Century Books, 2002. — 254 p. In this recently discovered transcript of a three day interview conducted in 1916, Nikola Tesla, using words and graphic illustrations, provides a step by step description of his remarkable accomplishments in the area of radio frequency engineering. In a style uniquely his own, Tesla carefully traces his work - from the first...
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University Of Chicago Press, 2006. — 295 pages Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electron s focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron—or rather its representation—as a historical...
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Washington D.C.:, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1972. —78 p. The Story of Nuclear Energy: Worlds Within Worlds covers the entire story of nuclear energy from a basic explanation of atomic weights, energy and electricity to nuclear fission, fusion - beyond. First coming to public consciousness as The Bomb that ended World War II, it is now the forefront of our attention as a...
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Washington D.C.:, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission , 1972 — 88 p. The Story of Nuclear Energy: Worlds Within Worlds covers the entire story of nuclear energy from a basic explanation of atomic weights, energy and electricity to nuclear fission, fusion - beyond. First coming to public consciousness as The Bomb that ended World War II, it is now the forefront of our attention as a...
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Washington D.C.:, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1972. — 78 p. The Story of Nuclear Energy: Worlds Within Worlds covers the entire story of nuclear energy from a basic explanation of atomic weights, energy and electricity to nuclear fission, fusion - beyond. First coming to public consciousness as The Bomb that ended World War II, it is now the forefront of our attention as a...
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Singapore: World Scientific, 2015. — 398 p. The purpose of bringing out this volume is to commemorate the memory of Ken Wilson and to preserve the legacy of his ground-breaking advances. This volume brings together a collection of articles written by colleagues of Ken Wilson as well as fellow physicists and scholars — some of who knew him personally and others who are...
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Cambridge University Press, 2009. - 556 pp. The 1927 Solvay conference was perhaps the most important meeting in the history of quantum theory. Contrary to popular belief, the interpretation of quantum theory was not settled at this conference, and no consensus was reached. Instead, a range of sharply conflicting views were presented and extensively discussed, including de...
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Oxford University Press, 2011, 469 pages Utterly beautiful. Profoundly disconcerting. Quantum theory is quite simply the most successful account of the physical universe ever devised. Its concepts underpin much of the twenty-first century technology that we now take for granted. But at the same time it has completely undermined our ability to make sense of the world at its...
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University of Chicago Press, 2014. - 303 pp. After World War II, most scientists in Germany maintained that they had been apolitical or actively resisted the Nazi regime, but the true story is much more complicated. In Serving the Reich , Philip Ball takes a fresh look at that controversial history, contrasting the career of Peter Debye, director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2001. - 784p. This is the first in a two volume series discussing the theories of Einstein, Newton and other ideas of late 19th and early 20th century physics as in-depth research and basis for Barbour's theory that time is an illusion. This first volume explains the history and philosophy that led to the development of classical dynamics by...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2001. — 384 p. Richard Feynman once quipped that "Time is what happens when nothing else does." But Julian Barbour disagrees: if nothing happened, if nothing changed, then time would stop. For time is nothing but change. It is change that we perceive occurring all around us, not time. Put simply, time does not exist. In this highly provocative...
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Basel: Birkhäuser, 1995. — 546 p. This volume is a collection of scholarly articles on the Mach Principle, the impact that this theory has had since the end of the 19th century, and its role in helping Einstein formulate the doctrine of general relativity. 20th-century physics is concerned with the concepts of time, space, motion, inertia and gravity. The documentation on all of...
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Basic Books, 2018. — 384 pp. The untold story of the heretical thinkers who dared to question the nature of our quantum universe. Every physicist agrees quantum mechanics is among humanity's finest scientific achievements. But ask what it means, and the result will be a brawl. For a century, most physicists have followed Niels Bohr's Copenhagen interpretation and dismissed...
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Springer, 2011. - 206 pp. The ability to see is fundamental to our very existence. How true our perceptions really are depends upon many factors, and not least is our understanding of what light is and how it interacts with matter. It was said that the camera, the icon of light recording instruments, never lies, and in the day of the glass plate and celluloid roll-film this might...
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London: Routledge, 2014. — 387 p. This book describes the picture of reality given by Newton, and the development of the later picture of reality given by field theory. In telling this story, the author explains what problem each scientist faced, and how the process of solving them led to new discoveries. By this method he gives unique insight into the understanding of Einstein’s...
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Joseph Henry Press, 2007. - 194 pp. Plutonium was the heaviest natural element found in minute amounts of pitchblende in the mining area of Saxony, Germany, at the beginning of the 20th century. The radioactive substance is now overwhelmingly prevalent, and because of its extensive half-life, it poses an environmental threat. Intrigued by its bizarre chemical and physical...
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Princeton University Press, 1991. — 192 p. — ISBN 0-691-08725-3. For the prominent science writer Jeremy Bernstein, the profile is the most congenial way of communicating science. Here, in what he labels a «series of conversations carried on in the reader's behalf and my own, » he evokes the tremendous intellectual excitement of the world of modern physics, especially the...
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Springer, 2013. — 330 p. The history of the research on cosmic rays is that of a scientific adventure. For just one century, researchers climbed mountains, flied in balloons and planes, and travelled all around the globe, trying to understand the nature of this radiation which comes from outer space. At present the research has extended out of our planet, in the open space where...
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Institute of Physics Publishing, 2005. — 307 p. Since the invention of the first working laser in 1960, development of these devices has progressed at an unprecedented rate, to the extent that the laser is now a common part of everyday life, from the semiconductor laser used in CD players and telecommunication systems to the high power eximer lasers used in manufacturing...
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Yale University Press, 1977. — 318 p. — ISBN 0300018304. The treatment of German physicists under the Nazi regime had far-reaching consequences both for the outcome of the Second World War and for the course of science for decades thereafter. Although this fact has been known from a few famous episodes, it has not been dealt with thoroughly by scholars because it involves two very...
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Springer International Publishing, 2016 — 175 p. — ISBN 978-3-319-20134-4 (eBook), 978-3-319-20133-7 (Hardcover). This book is intended as a historical and critical study on the origin of the equations of motion as established in Newton's Principia. The central question that it aims to answer is whether it is indeed correct to ascribe to Galileo the inertia principle and the law...
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New York: Walker & Company, 2005. — 154 p. — ISBN 0802714633. В 1905 году, выведя свое знаменитое уравнение E=mc2, Альберт Эйштейн подарил миру мощный источник энергии и открыл новые пути к познанию Вселенной. И теперь, более ста лет спустя, блестящий популяризатор науки Дэвид Боданис увлекательно и просто рассказывает об этом открытии. Герои его захватывающей, как детектив, книги...
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Crown Publishers, Random House, Inc., New York, 2005. — 320 p. — ISBN-10: 1400045509 In his bestselling E=mc2, David Bodanis led us, with astonishing ease, through the world’s most famous equation. Now, in Electric Universe, he illuminates the wondrous yet invisible force that permeates our universe—and introduces us to the virtuoso scientists who plumbed its secrets. For...
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Springer, 2017. — 205 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 44) This volume contains essays that examine the optical works of Giambattista Della Porta, an Italian natural philosopher during the Scientific Revolution. Coverage also explores the science and technology of early modern optics. Della Porta's groundbreaking book, Magia Naturalis (Natural Magic) , includes a prototype of the camera....
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Oxford University Press, 2009. — 500 p. — ISBN 978-0-19-954469-1. Physics was the leading science of the twentieth century and the book retraces important discoveries, made between 1895 and 2001, in 100 self-contained Episodes. Each is a short story of the scientists involved, their time and their work. Together, they formed a mosaic of modern physics: formulating relativity and...
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Cambridge University Press, 2010. - 295 pp. In 1902, Andrew Carnegie founded the Carnegie Institution of Washington, to support innovative science research. Since its creation two years later, the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism has undertaken a broad range of research from terrestrial magnetism, ionospheric physics and geochemistry to biophysics, radio astronomy and planetary...
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Princeton University Press, 1983. — 356 pp. Early Development of the Kinetic Theory of Gases. Irreversibility and Indeterminism. The Quantum Theory. Quantum Mechanical Properties of Matter. Interatomic Forces and the Chemical Bond. Phase Transitions and the Critical Point. Statistical Mechanics and the Philosophy of Science. Outstanding Problems in Statistical Physics.
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North-Holland, 1976. - 338 pp. These book brings together the contents of 15 articles (and parts of three others) on aspects of the history of kinetic theory and statistical mechanics, published in various places during the 1950s-1970s. The introductory chapter and the bibliographical survey at the end, as well as several other sections, have been added to provide a reasonably...
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North-Holland, 1976. - 508 pp. These book brings together the contents of 15 articles (and parts of three others) on aspects of the history of kinetic theory and statistical mechanics, published in various places during the 1950s-1970s. The introductory chapter and the bibliographical survey at the end, as well as several other sections, have been added to provide a reasonably...
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Springer, 1997. — 182 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 1) The articles in this first volume of Archimedes explicitly and intentionally cross boundaries between science and technology, and they also illuminate one another. The first three contributions concern optics and industry in 19th century Germany; the fourth concerns electric standards in Germany during the same period; the last...
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The University of Chicago Press, 1994. — 482 p. — ISBN 0226078876 This book is an attempt to reconstitute the tacit knowledge—the shared, unwritten assumptions, values, and understandings—that shapes the work of science. Jed Z. Buchwald uses as his focus the social and intellectual world of nineteenth-century German physics. Drawing on the lab notes, published papers, and...
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Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2013. – 956 p. – ISBN-10: 019969625X The Oxford Handbook of the History of Physics brings together cutting-edge writing by more than twenty leading authorities on the history of physics from the seventeenth century to the present day. By presenting a wide diversity of studies in a single volume, it provides authoritative introductions to...
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MIT Press, 2018. — 328 pp. How highly abstract quantum concepts were represented in language, and how these concepts were later taken up by philosophers, literary critics, and new-age gurus. The principles of quantum physics—and the strange phenomena they describe—are represented most precisely in highly abstract algebraic equations. Why, then, did these mathematically driven...
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Headline Publishing, 2015. — 354 p. — ISBN 978—1—4722—1033—3. Introduction One— Before the Data Two— Restart : December 2009— March 2010 Three— High Energy : March—September 2010 Four—Standard Model Five : Rumours and Limits : April—August 2011 Six—First Higgs Hints and Some Crazy Neutrinos : September—December 2011 Seven—Closing In : January—June 2012 Eight—Discovery :...
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Dover Publications Inc, 1962. - 439p. This history is intended mainly for the use of students and teachers of physics. The writer is convinced that some attention to the history of a science helps to make it attractive, and that the general view of the development of the human intellect, obtained by reading the history of science, is in itself stimulating and liberalizing. In the...
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Cambridge University Press, 1998. - 456 p. This volume provides a broad synthesis of conceptual developments of twentieth century field theories, from the general theory of relativity to quantum field theory and gauge theory. The book traces the foundations and evolution of these theories within a historio-critical context. Theoretical physicists and students of theoretical...
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Cambridge University Press, 2010. - 308 pp. The advent of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) in the early 1970s was one of the most important events in twentieth-century science. This book examines the conceptual steps that were crucial to the rise of QCD, placing them in historical context against the background of debates that were ongoing between the bootstrap approach and composite...
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2017. — 98 p. — (SpringerBriefs in History of Science and Technology) — ISBN 3319618830. This book traces the evolution of the ideas that eventually resulted in the elementary quantum theory in 1925/26. Further, it discusses the essential differences between the fundamental equations of Quantum Theory derived by Born and Jordan, logically...
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Harvard University Press, 2011. - 211 pp. As the twentieth century ended, computers, the Internet, and nanotechnology were central to modern American life. Yet the physical advances underlying these applications are poorly understood and underappreciated by U.S. citizens. In this overview, Cassidy views physics through America’s engagement with the political events of a...
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New Delhi: Children's Book Trust, 1989. — 87 p. — ISBN 81 7011 289 3. Thanks to electricity what was incredible has become commonplace. The earliest discovery about this 'magic force' was made more than 2500 years ago by a Greek called Thales. Since then man has set about taming the powerful genie. This book tells you how. The Story of Electricity won the first prize in the...
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Springer: Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York, 2009, ISBN 978-90-481-2361-2, DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-2362-9 Drawing on the results of his own scholarly research as well as that of others the author offers, for the first time, a comprehensive and documented history of theories of the atom from Democritus to the twentieth century. This is not history for its own sake. By...
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Oxford University Press, 2003. — 620 p. — ISBN-10: 019852675X. Representing a decade's work from one of the world's most distinguished physicists, this major publication is, as far as is known, the first comprehensive analysis of Newton's Principia without recourse to secondary sources. Chandrasekhar analyses some 150 propositions which form a direct chain leading to Newton's...
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Pennsylvania state University Press, 2016. — 264 p. — 0271070986, 978-0271070988. In Measuring Shadows, Raz Chen-Morris demonstrates that a close study of Kepler’s Optics is essential to understanding his astronomical work and his scientific epistemology. He explores Kepler’s radical break from scientific and epistemological traditions and shows how the seventeenth-century...
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Icon Boojs Ltd, Omnibus Business Centre, London, UK, 2015. — 571 p. — ISBN 1848318146. This is the story of light and the people who were determined to unlock the secrets of one of the greatest puzzles of the Universe. Acclaimed science writer Brian Clegg recounts how civilisations from the Ancient Egyptians to the Mayans understood light spiritually, and looks at the first...
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Octopus Publishing Group Ltd., London, GB, 2016. — 386 p. — ISBN 9781844038363. Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity (E=mc2), is a central theory in modern physics with implications on our insight into everything from black holes to the expansion of the universe. But how did Einstein come up with it? And what has happened to it since then? The Secret Life of Equations is...
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Cambridge University Press, 1983. - 404 pp. This volume presents Professor Cohen's original interpretation of the revolution that marked the beginnings of modern science and set Newtonian science as the model for the highest level of achievement in other branches of science. It shows that Newton developed a special kind of relation between abstract mathematical constructs and the...
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Harvard University Press, 1948. — 610 p. Covering the general fields of mathematics, astronomy, mathematical geography, physics, chemistry and chemical technology, geology and meteorology, biology, medicine, and physiological psychology, the present collection surveys the field of Greek scientific achievement over a thousand-year period. Many Greek scientific treatises were...
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University of Chicago Press, 2013. - 377 pp. Gravity’s Ghost and Big Dog brings to life science’s efforts to detect cosmic gravitational waves. These ripples in space-time are predicted by general relativity, and their discovery will not only demonstrate the truth of Einstein’s theories but also transform astronomy. Although no gravitational wave has ever been directly...
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Springer, 2004. — 513 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 10) David Hilbert (1862-1943) was the most influential mathematician of the early twentieth century and, together with Henri Poincaré, the last mathematical universalist. His main known areas of research and influence were in pure mathematics (algebra, number theory, geometry, integral equations and analysis, logic and foundations),...
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New York; London: W.W. Norton & Company, 2010. — 217 p. — ISBN 0393337936, 039306204X Philosopher and science historian Robert P. Crease tells the stories behind ten of the greatest equations in human history. Was Nobel laureate Richard Feynman really joking when he called Maxwell's electromagnetic equations the most significant event of the nineteenth century? How did Newton's...
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Rutgers University Press, 1996. — 484 p. The Second Creation is a dramatic--and human--chronicle of scientific investigators at the last frontier of knowledge. Robert Crease and Charles Mann take the reader on a fascinating journey in search of "unification" (a description of how matter behaves that can apply equally to everything) with brilliant scientists such as Niels...
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Princeton University Press, 2006. - 397 pp. Einstein's Jury is the dramatic story of how astronomers in Germany, England, and America competed to test Einstein's developing theory of relativity. Weaving a rich narrative based on extensive archival research, Jeffrey Crelinsten shows how these early scientific debates shaped cultural attitudes we hold today. The book examines...
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Springer, 2000. - 381 pp. Through the study of the ideas of the great fathers of theoretical physics, such as Ampere, Weber, Helmholtz, Maxwell, Boltzmann, Einstein, Schrodinger, et al., this book affords an improved understanding of modern physics. Author's main field of interest concerns the physicists' conceptions of the methods and nature of science. In his view, innovative...
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Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol and Philadelphia, 2002, 317 pp. - ISBN 0 7503 0865 6 The present volume deals with a particular phase of the early history of experimental nuclear physics: what in effect became a race, circa 1930, between four laboratory teams to be the first to achieve the transmutation of atomic nuclei with artificially accelerated nuclear projectiles...
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Wellesley, Massachusetts: A.K. Peters, 2006. — 198 p. — ISBN 1568812892, 9781568812892. It is well known that Einstein founded twentieth-century physics with his work on relativity and quanta, but what do we really know about these ground breaking ideas? How were they discovered? What should we retain today from the conceptual upheavals he initiated? Through a selection of...
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Oxford University Press, 2012. - 327 pp. This book is a long-term history of optics, from early Greek theories of vision to the nineteenth-century victory of the wave theory of light. It shows how light gradually became the central entity of a domain of physics that no longer referred to the functioning of the eye; it retraces the subsequent competition between medium-based and...
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Oxford University Press, 2002. — 532 p. Three quarters of a century elapsed between Ampere's definition of electrodynamics and Einstein's reform of the concepts of space and time. The two events occurred in utterly different worlds: the French Academy of Sciences of the 1820s seems very remote from the Bern patent office of the early 1900s, and the forces between two electric...
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ENEA, 2009. — 41 p. Particular families of special functions, conceived as purely mathematical devices between the end of XVIII and the beginning of XIX centuries, have played a crucial role in the development of many aspects of modern Physics. This is indeed the case of the Euler gamma function, which has been one of the key elements paving the way to string theories, furthermore...
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Princeton University Press, 1995. - 296 pp. In this book François De Gandt introduces us to the reading of Newton's Principia in its own terms. The path of access that De Gandt proposes leads through the study of the geometrization of force. The result is a highly original meditation on the sources and meaning of Newton's magnum opus . In Chapter I De Gandt presents a...
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Edition Open Access, 2011. — 286 pp. In January 1957, a group of physicists from several countries met at the University of North Carolina to discuss the role of gravitation in physics. The program was divided into two broad sections: unquantized and quantized general relativity. The first section included a review of classical relativity, its experimental tests, the initial value...
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Springer, 2005. — 287 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 9) In 1690, Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) published Traité de la Lumière , containing his renowned wave theory of light. It is considered a landmark in seventeenth-century science, for the way Huygens mathematized the corpuscular nature of light and his probabilistic conception of natural knowledge. This book discusses the development...
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New York, "Cambridge University Press", 2006,-189p This book presents the history of space-time physics, from Newton to Einstein, as a philosophical development reflecting our increasing understanding of the connections between ideas of space and time and our physical knowledge. It suggests that philosophy’s greatest impact on physics has come about, less by the influence of...
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Springer, 2014. - 189 pp. This book presents a collection of texts by the German physicist and philosopher Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker (1912-2007), for use in seminars on the history, epistemology and structure of physics. Most texts appear in English for the first time. Weizsäcker became famous through his works in physics, mainly in the early development of nuclear physics....
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Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2015, 185 pages, ISBN-10: 3319185144 In this volume Pierre Duhem first gives an overview of 19th century electricity and magnetism. Next, he applies his keen historical, philosophical, and physical intuition to critiquing Maxwell’s theories, especially his electromagnetic theory of light and the ad hoc introduction of...
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New York: Oxford University Press Inc., 2011. — 368 p. — ISBN 0199549400, 0198700830. The terms 'liquid crystal' or 'liquid crystal display' (LCD) are well-known in the context of flat-screen televisions, but the properties and history of liquid crystals are little understood. This book tells the story of liquid crystals, from their controversial discovery at the end of the...
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Basel: Birkhäuser, 1993. — 446 p. Devoted to the history of general relativity, this text provides reviews from scholars all over the world. Many of the papers originated at the Third International Conference on the History of General Relativity, held at the University of Pittsburgh in the summer of 1991. Topics covered include: disputes with Einstein; the empirical basis of...
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Springer, 2019. — 115 p. — (Springer Briefs in History of Science and Technology). — ISBN 978-3-030-31862-8. On the road toward a history of turbulence, this book focuses on what the actors in this research field have identified as the “turbulence problem”. Turbulent flow rose to prominence as one of the most persistent challenges in science. At different times and in different...
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London: ElecBook, 1997. — 166 p. THE theory of relativity is intimately connected with the theory of space and time. I shall therefore begin with a brief investigation of the origin of our ideas of space and time, although in doing so I know that I introduce a controversial subject. The object of all science, whether natural science or psychology, is to co-ordinate our...
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Birkhäuser, 1992. — 468 pp. — (Einstein Studies, Vol. 3) The Reception and Development of General Relativity General Relativity and Portugal: A Few Pointers Towards Peripheral Reception Studies (by David Lopes Gagean and Manuel da Costa Leite). The Reception of the Theory of Relativity in Germany as Reflected by Books Published Between 1908 and 1945 (by Hubert F.M. Goenner)....
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Springer, 2011. - 259 pp. This book discusses the impetus-based physics of the Jesuit natural philosopher and mathematician Honoré Fabri (1608-1688), a senior representative of Jesuit scientists during the period between Galileo's death (1642) and Newton's Principia (1687). It shows how Fabri, while remaining loyal to a general Aristotelian outlook, managed to reinterpret the...
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Harvard University Press, 1974. - 213 pp. The theme of energy and its conservation, as discussed by Yehuda Elkana in this monograph, provides an admirable instance of the necessity for philosophical alertness in untangling the skeins of the history of scientific ideas. He demonstrates that many of the primary questions concerning the 'final' or 'definitive' enunciation of the...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. — 394 p. Through just a handful of papers, Ettore Majorana left an indelible mark in the fields of physics, mathematics, computer science and even economics before his mysterious disappearance in 1938. It is only now that the importance of Majorana's work is being realised: Majorana fermions are intensely studied today, and his work on...
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London: Taylor & Francis. – 1991. – 364 p. Michael Faraday was incontestably one of the greatest experimental philosophers of all time, a figure that still bestrides the world of chemistry and physics like a Colossus. But in addition to his genius as a scientist, he also possessed numerous other qualities which have endeared him to succeeding generations: warm humanity, genuine...
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World Scientific Publishing Company, 2011, 436 pages History of Modern Physical Sciences, 2 edition The book is a collection of memoirs on famous Soviet physicists of the 20th century, such as Tamm, Vavilov, Sakharov, Landau and others. The memoirs were originally written in Russian by E L Feinberg. The narrative is situated within a remarkably well-described historical,...
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Springer, 2013. — 533 p. Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus is a history of atomic and nuclear physics. It begins in 1896 with the discovery of radioactivity, which leads to the discovery of the nucleus at the center of the atom. It follows the experimental discoveries and the theoretical developments up to the end of the Fifties. Unlike previous books regarding...
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Pan Stanford Publishing, 2019. — 370 p. — ISBN 978-1-351-20723-2. At the close of the nineteenth century, we stood on the threshold of one of the greatest periods of science, in which the entire world and understanding of science would be shaken to the core and greatly modified. This explosion of knowledge led ultimately to that same information revolution that we live in today....
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Springer, 1999. - 305 pp. Newton's inverse-square law of gravitation has been one of the cornerstones of physics ever since it was proposed 300 years ago. One of its most well known features is the prediction that all objects fall in a gravitational field with the same acceleration. This observation, in the form of the Equivalence Principle, is a fundamental assumption of...
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Proceedings of the Josef Loschmidt Symposium, held June 25–27, 1995, in Vienna, Austria. — N.Y.: Springer Science+Business Media, 1997. — XI + 320 p.: ill. — ISBN 978-1-4899-0268-9. This volume presents the contributions delivered at the 'Josef-Loschmidt-Symposium,' which took place in Vienna, June 25-27, 1995. The symposium was arranged to honor Josef Loschmidt one hundred...
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Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2018 (First published 2004). — 384 p. — ISBN 13 978-0-8133-4128-6. In this intriguing and accessible book, physicist Allan Franklin examines the experiments on neutrino oscillations. He argues that this history gives us good reason to believe in the existence of the neutrino, a particle that interacts so weakly with matter that...
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Cambridge University Press, 1990. — 230 pp. In Experiment, Right or Wrong , Allan Franklin continues his investigation of the history and philosophy of experiment presented in his previous book, The Neglect of Experiment . Using a combination of case studies and philosophical readings of those studies, Franklin again addresses two important questions: (1) What role does and should...
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Cambridge University Press, 1989. — 290 p. What role have experiments played, and should they play, in physics? How does one come to believe rationally in experimental results? The Neglect of Experiment attempts to provide answers to both of these questions. Professor Franklin's approach combines the detailed study of four episodes in the history of twentieth century physics with...
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2nd ed. — Springer, 2016. — 249 p. This book provides the reader with a detailed and captivating account of the story where, for the first time, physicists ventured into proposing a new force of nature beyond the four known ones - the electromagnetic, weak and strong forces, and gravitation - based entirely on the reanalysis of existing experimental data. Back in 1986,...
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Institute of Physics Publishing, 1997. - 199 pp. Relating the story of the transatlantic struggle for subnuclear domination, The Quark Machines: How Europe Fought the Particle Physics War covers the history, the politics, and the personalities of particle physics. Extensively illustrated with many original photographs of the key players in the field, the book sheds new light on...
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Springer, 2015. - 356 pp. This book tells the fascinating story of the people and events behind the turbulent changes in attitudes to quantum theory in the second half of the 20th century. The huge success of quantum mechanics as a predictive theory has been accompanied, from the very beginning, by doubts and controversy about its foundations and interpretation. This book looks...
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Cambridge University Press, 2011. - 543 pp. - With a foreword by N. David Mermin. A passionate and personal account of the early days of quantum information and quantum computing, this unique book is a collection of more than 500 letters between the author and many of the founders of these intriguing fields. Christopher A. Fuchs is one of the most penetrating modern thinkers on...
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Cambridge University Press, 1987. — 220 pp. Furley's study presents a clear picture of the opposing views of the natural world and its contents as seen by philosophers and scientists in classical antiquity. On one side were the materialists whose world was mechanistic, evolutionary, and unbounded, lacking the focus of a natural center. The other side included teleologists, whose...
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Bristol: Institute of Physics Pub., 1997. - 413p. Physically Speaking: A Dictionary of Quotations on Physics and Astronomy provides the largest published collection of quotations pertaining to physics and astronomy. Some quotes are profound, others are wise, some are witty but none are frivolous. Here you will find quotations from the most famous to the unknown. The extensive...
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University of Chicago Press, 1997. - 955 pp. Image and Logic is the most detailed engagement to date with the impact of modern technology on what it means to "do" physics and to be a physicist. At the beginning of this century, physics was usually done by a lone researcher who put together experimental apparatus on a benchtop. Now experiments frequently are larger than a city...
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New York, USA: Dover Publ., Inc., 2002 (first publication 2002). — 96 p. — ISBN 0486425630. A distinguished physicist and teacher, George Gamow also possessed a special gift for making the intricacies of science accessible to a wide audience. In Gravity, he takes an enlightening look at three of the towering figures of science who unlocked many of the mysteries behind the laws of...
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Anchor Books, New York, 1962, 158 pages A distinguished physicist takes an enlightening look at three scientists whose work unlocked many mysteries: Galileo, the first to examine the process of free and restricted fall; Newton, originator of a universal force; and Einstein, who proposed that gravity is no more than the curvature of the four-dimensional space-time continuum....
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Anchor Books, 1962. - 152 pp. Gravity rules the Universe. It holds together the one hundred billion stars of our Milky Way; it makes the Earth revolve around the Sun and the Moon around the Earth; it makes ripened apples and disabled airplanes fall to the ground. There are three great names in the history of man's understanding of gravity: Galileo Galilei, who was the first to...
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Dover Publications, 1988. - 338 pp. Widely recognized as one of the 20th century's foremost physicists, George Gamow was also an unusually capable popularizer of science. His talents are vividly revealed in this exciting and penetrating explanation of how the central laws of physical science evolved—from Pythagoras' discovery of frequency ratios in the sixth century B.C. to...
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Dover, 1988. — 338 pp. Widely recognized as one of the 20th century's foremost physicists, George Gamow was also an unusually capable popularizer of science. His talents are vividly revealed in this exciting and penetrating explanation of how the central laws of physical science evolved—from Pythagoras' discovery of frequency ratios in the sixth century B.C. to today's research...
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  • 5,50 МБ
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Dover Publications, 1985 (1st ed. - 1966). - 240 pp. Popular introduction to the development of quantum theory which traces the subject's history from Max Planck's revolutionary discovery of quanta and Niels Bohr's model of the atom to anti-particles, mesons, and Enrico Fermi's nuclear research. The book is written by the famous Soviet and American physicist George Gamow known...
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IET, 1994. - 93 pp. Radio was as much the culmination of the work of a series of scientists in the 19th Century, starting with Faraday, as it was an invention by Marconi. This book aims to illustrate the contributions made by these scientists and show how each was dependent upon the work and ideas of his predecessors; Faraday, Henry, Maxwell, Hughes, Fitzgerald, Hertz, Lodge and...
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Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA, 2009. – 413 p. – ISBN-10: 1400095263, 1400044170 In The Age of Entanglement, Louisa Gilder brings to life one of the pivotal debates in twentieth century physics. In 1935, Albert Einstein famously showed that, according to the quantum theory, separated particles could act as if intimately connected–a phenomenon which he derisively described as...
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Birkhäuser, 1999. — 512 pp. — (Einstein Studies, Vol. 7) Relativity in the Making The Search for Gravitational Absorption in the Early Twentieth Century (by Roberto de Andrade Martins). Minkowski, Mathematicians, and the Mathematical Theory of Relativity (by Scott Walter). Heuristics and Mathematical Representation in Einstein's Search for a Gravitational Field Equation (by...
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Birkhäuser, 1984. - 494 pp. The central subject matter of this book is Einstein's special theory of relativiry. While it is a book that is written primarily for a lay audience this does not necessarily mean an audience not versed in the ways of doing science. Rather, this book is written for anyone wishing to consider the nature of the scientific enterprise: where ideas come...
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London, New York, New Rochelle, Melbourne, Sydney: Cambridge University Press, 1981, 471 pages The primary objective of this study is to provide a description of the major ideas about void space within and beyond the world that were formulated between the fourteenth and early eighteenth centuries. The second part of the book - on infinite, extracosmic void space - is of special...
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Icon Books Ltd., 2015. — 240 p. — ISBN 978-184831-852-6. In 1915, Albert Einstein presented his masterwork to the Prussian Academy of Sciences—a theory of gravity, matter, space and time: the General Theory of Relativity. Einstein himself said it was “the most valuable theory of my life,” and “of incomparable beauty.” It describes the evolution of the universe, black holes, the...
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Cambridge University Press, 2013. - 188 p. - The conceptual changes brought by modern physics are important, radical and fascinating, yet they are only vaguely understood by people working outside the field. Exploring the four pillars of modern physics - relativity, quantum mechanics, elementary particles and cosmology - this clear and lively account will interest anyone who has...
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Princeton University Press, 2017. — 415 pp. First published in 1922 and based on lectures delivered in May 1921, Albert Einstein’s The Meaning of Relativity offered an overview and explanation of the then new and controversial theory of relativity. The work would go on to become a monumental classic, printed in numerous editions and translations worldwide. Now, The Formative Years...
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Cambridge University Press, 2014. - 267 pp. The idea of infinity plays a crucial role in our understanding of the universe, with the infinite spacetime continuum perhaps the best-known example – but is spacetime really continuous? Throughout the history of science, many have felt that the continuum model is an unphysical idealization, and that spacetime should be thought of as...
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Cambridge University Press, 1995. - 243 pp. This book studies the eighteenth-century origins and early phase of a fundamental debate in optics: whether light is a particle or wave. Specifically, it is the first in-depth study of the contents and reception of Leonhard Euler's wave theory of light. The author shows that contrary to what has been assumed, the debate did not start in...
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Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books, 2004. — 903 p. — ISBN 1588341607. Readers will travel back in time to ancient Babylonia, Egypt, and Greece. They will meet the world's first astronomers, mathematicians, and physicists and explore the lives and ideas of such famous people as Pythagoras, Archimedes, Brahmagupta, al-Khwarizmi, Fibonacci, Ptolemy, St. Augustine, and St. Thomas...
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  • 184,38 МБ
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Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books, 2005. — 1308 p. — ISBN 1588341615. In volume two, students will watch as Copernicus's systematic observations place the sun at the center of our universe—to the dismay of establishment thinkers. After students follow the achievements and frustrations of Galileo, Kepler, and Descartes, they will appreciate the amazing Isaac Newton, whose...
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  • 181,72 МБ
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Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books, 2007. — 1570 p. — ISBN 1588341623. In volume three, students will look over Albert Einstein's shoulder as he and his colleagues develop a new kind of physics. It leads in two directions: to knowledge of the vast universe and its future (insights build on Einstein's theories of relativity), and to an understanding of the astonishingly small...
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Cambridge University Press, 1991. - 207 pp. The Royal Society of London, effectively Britain's national academy of science, has been particularly concerned with experimental science. Despite all that has been written in the past decades about the first half-century of the Royal Society's existence, no one has yet examined what took place at the society's weekly meetings or how...
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Basic Books, 2017. — 336 p. The story of the unlikely friendship between the two physicists who fundamentally recast the notion of time and history. In 1939, Richard Feynman, a brilliant graduate of MIT, arrived in John Wheeler's Princeton office to report for duty as his teaching assistant. A lifelong friendship and enormously productive collaboration was born, despite sharp...
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Cambridge University Press, 1982. - 182 pp. The period circa 1800-1900 corresponds to a distinctive phase in the conceptual development of physics, bounded by the increasing dominance, from the late eighteenth century on, of quantification and the search for mathematical laws, together with the emergence of a unified physics based on the programme of mechanical explanation, and...
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Springer, 2015. — 96 p. — ISBN 3319178334. This book is a contribution both to Aristotle studies and to the philosophy of nature, and not only offers a thorough text based account of time as modally potentiality in Aristotles account, but also clarifies the process of actualizing time” as taking time and looks at the implications of conceiving a world without actual time. It...
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Cambridge University Press, 1987. — 702 p. To commemorate the 300th anniversary of the publication of Isaac Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Stephen Hawking and Werner Israel assembled a series of unique review papers by many of the world's foremost researchers in cosmology, relativity, and particle physics. The resulting volume reflects the significant and...
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Oxford University Press, UK, 2017. — 311 p. — ISBN 019871405X. Quantum theory launched a revolution in physics. But we have yet to understand the revolution's significance for philosophy. Richard Healey opens a path to such understanding. Most studies of the conceptual foundations of quantum theory first try to interpret the theory - to say how the world could possibly be the way...
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University of California Press, 1982. — 301 pp. Part 1 is a very general and discursive survey of 17th century physics; Part 2 is a valuable comparison of the various institutional settings in which 17th and 18th century scientists worked; Part 3, the heart of the book, is a history of electricity up to about 1800.
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. — 224 p. How does the physics we know today - a highly professionalised enterprise, inextricably linked to government and industry - link back to its origins as a liberal art in Ancient Greece? What is the path that leads from the old philosophy of nature and its concern with humankind's place in the universe to modern massive...
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Oxford University Press, UK, 2018. — 126 p. — ISBN 019968412X. How does the physics we know today - a highly professionalized enterprise, inextricably linked to government and industry - link back to its origins as a liberal art in Ancient Greece? What is the path that leads from the old philosophy of nature and its concern with humankind's place in the universe to modern massive...
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5 Auflage. — Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, 1903. — XVI + 422 S. (Bd. 1) + XVII + 434 S. (Bd. 2) Hermann von Helmholtz (1821—1894) war einer der vielseitigsten Naturwissenschaftler seiner Zeit. Auf dem Gebiet der Medizin gelangen ihm vor allem zwei Entdeckungen: die Messung der Geschwindigkeit, mit der sich Erregungsvorgänge in motorischen Nerven fortpflanzen und die...
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  • 50,48 МБ
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Reidel, 1984. - 177 pp. From the author: "Many books have been written on the history of quantum mechanics. So far as I am aware, however, this is the first to incorporate the results of the large amount of detailed scholarly research completed by professional historians of physics over the past fifteen years. It is also, I believe, the first since Max Jammer's pioneering study...
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Springer, 2018. — 239 p. — ISBN 331995251X. This book focuses on the gradual formation of the concept of 'light quanta' or 'photons', as they have usually been called in English since 1926. The great number of synonyms that have been used by physicists to denote this concept indicates that there are many different mental models of what 'light quanta' are: simply finite, 'quantized...
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Springer, 2018. — 178 p. — ISBN 331995251X. This book focuses on the gradual formation of the concept of 'light quanta' or 'photons', as they have usually been called in English since 1926. The great number of synonyms that have been used by physicists to denote this concept indicates that there are many different mental models of what 'light quanta' are: simply finite, 'quantized...
  • №124
  • 2,67 МБ
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Oxford University Press, 2007. - 205 pp. Few scientific communities have been more thoroughly studied than 20th-century German physicists. Yet their behaviour and patterns of thinking immediately after the war remains puzzling. During the first five post war years they suspended their internecine battles and a strange solidarity emerged. Former enemies were suddenly willing to...
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  • 12,55 МБ
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World Scientific, 2017. — 155 pp. The 1882 paper by the mathematical physicist Gustav Robert Kirchhoff on diffraction theory is still being discussed to this day, but has never been translated into English. This volume contains the first English translation of the Kirchhoff treatise, as well as background and commentary on it. Included are a biographical introduction to...
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  • 3,18 МБ
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Springer Basel, 2011. — 612 p. — ISBN10: 3034802021 ISBN13: 9783034802024. This anthology of primary sources is a collection of 121 documents in English translation portraying the role of physics, both perceived and actual, in the Nazi state. These texts were written predominantly by influential German scientists, particularly physicists, both inside and outside Germany in the...
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  • 29,16 МБ
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Clarendon Press, 1965. - 337 pp. Although the scientific and mathematical manuscripts of the Portsmouth Collection have been available to scholar for almost a century, it is only comparatively recently that they have begun to be used for the study of the development of Newton's thought in Physics and Mathematics. The present book is thus the first to be devoted exclusively to...
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Amsterdam: North Holland, 1987. — 600 с. Describing the history of European Organization for Nuclear Research, established in Geneva in 1954. Volume I deals with the birth and official establishment of the organization and thus covers the years 1949-1954.
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Dover, 2005 (first publiched in 1961). - 303 pp. This history of physics focuses on the question, "How do bodies act on one another across space?" The variety of answers illustrates the function of fundamental analogies or models in physics, as well as the role of so-called unobservable entities. Forces and Fields presents an in-depth look at the science of ancient Greece, and...
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Springer, 2014. — 269 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 39) This book explores the interactions between science and music in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. It examines and evaluates the work of Hermann von Helmholtz, Max Planck, Shohé Tanaka, and Adriaan Fokker, leading physicists and physiologists who were committed to understanding crucial aesthetic components of the art...
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University of Chicago Press, 2008. - 497 pp. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, located in the western suburbs of Chicago, has stood at the frontier of high-energy physics for forty years. Fermilab is the first history of this laboratory and of its powerful accelerators told from the point of view of the people who built and used them for scientific discovery. Focusing on...
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Rutgers University Press, 2001. - 598 pp. Physics, the Human Adventure is the third edition of the classic text Introduction to Concepts and Theories in Physical Science . Authored by Gerald Holton, the text was a landmark in science education. It was the first modern textbook in physics (or in any other science) to make full and effective use of the history and philosophy of...
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  • 21,20 МБ
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MIT Press, 2001. - 248 pp. By 1897 Guglielmo Marconi had transformed James Clerk Maxwell's theory of electromagnetic waves into a workable wireless telegraphy system, and by 1907 Lee de Forest had invented the audion, a feedback amplifier and oscillator that opened the way to practical radio transmission. Fifteen years after Marconi's invention, wireless had become an essential...
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  • 1,42 МБ
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Harvard University Press, 2005. - 257 pp. China and Albert Einstein is the first extensive study in English or Chinese of China’s reception of the celebrated physicist and his theory of relativity. Tracing the influence of Jesuit missionaries in the seventeenth century and Western missionaries and educators in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as they introduced key...
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  • 794,06 КБ
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Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. - 182 pp. In the nineteenth century, science and technology developed a close and continuing relationship. The most important advancements in physics—the science of energy and the theory of the electromagnetic field—were deeply rooted in the new technologies of the steam engine, the telegraph, and electric power and light. Bruce J. Hunt here...
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  • 3,26 МБ
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MIT Press, 2008. - 395 pp. Historically, music was long classified as both art and science. Aspects of music—from the mathematics of tuning to the music of the celestial spheres—were primarily studied as science until the seventeenth century. In the nineteenth century, although scientists were less interested in the music of the spheres than the natural philosophers of earlier...
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MIT Press, 2000. - 284 pp. In the nineteenth century, scientific practice underwent a dramatic transformation from personal endeavor to business enterprise. In Spectrum of Belief , Myles Jackson explores this transformation through a sociocultural history of the rise of precision optics in Germany. He uses the career of the optician Joseph von Fraunhofer (1787-1826) to probe the...
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  • 4,34 МБ
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Harvard University Press, 1962, 284 pages Both historical treatment and critical analysis, this work by a noted physicist takes a fascinating look at a fundamental of physics, tracing its development from ancient to modern times. Kepler's initiation of scientific conceptualization, Newton's definition, post-Newtonian reinterpretation — contrasting concepts of Leibniz,...
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Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. - 308 pp. Max Jammer's "Concepts of Simultaneity" presents a comprehensive, accessible account of the historical development of an important and controversial concept - which played a critical role in initiating modern theoretical physics - from the days of Egyptian hieroglyphs through to Einstein's work in 1905, and beyond. Beginning with...
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3rd, enld. ed. - Dover press, New York, 1993, 295 pages The study surveys the concept of space from the standpoint of historical development, including space in antiquity, Judeo-Christian ideas about space, Newton’s concept of absolute space, space from 18th century to the present. Extensive new chapter reviews changes in philosophy of space since publication of second edition...
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3rd Edition. — Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012. — 288 p. — ISBN 0486271196. Although the concept of space is of fundamental importance in both physics and philosophy, until the publication of this book, the idea of space had never been treated in terms of its historical development. It remained for Dr. Jammer, noted scholar and historian of science, to trace the...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. - 242 p. Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) left a voluminous legacy of writings. Despite his influence on the early modern period, his correspondence, manuscripts, and publications in natural philosophy remain scattered throughout many disparate editions. In this volume, Newton's principal philosophical writings, including excerpts from...
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Cambridge University Press, 2009. — 364 Pages. The Growth of Physical Science is a detailed but very accessible survey of what began as natural philosophy and culminated in the mid-twentieth century as quantum physical science. From the earliest physical investigations of nature made by the various civilisations of Babylonia, Phoenicia and Egypt (a period covering 5000-600 BC),...
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Springer, 2000. — 217 p. The book tells the story of discovery and study of nuclear beta decay. Prelude: Beta-Spectrum Research in the Pre-Nuclear Years, 1900-1911. The Origin of Beta Rays, and the Growing Complexity of Their Spectrum: The Rutherford Era, 1911-1919. The Rise of a Controversy: Ellis, Meitner and Smekal Advance Different Beta-Spectrum Theories, 1920-1922....
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National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1999. - 308 pp. It's present everywhere but occupies no space. We can spend it, but we can't destroy it or even change it, and there's never any more or less of it. Everyone knows what it is and uses it every day, but no one has been able to define it. It's time, of course, an elusive concept that has helped unravel some of...
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Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2006. - 336p. Amid the unrest, dislocation, and uncertainty of seventeenth-century Europe, readers seeking consolation and assurance turned to philosophical and scientific books that offered ways of conquering fears and training the mind—guidance for living a good life. The Good Life in the Scientific Revolution presents a triptych...
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Toronto: Thomas Allen Publishers, 2008. - 323 pp. Theoretical physics is in trouble. At least that's the impression you'd get from reading a spate of recent books on the continued failure to resolve the 80-year-old problem of unifying the classical and quantum worlds. The seeds of this problem were sewn eighty years ago when a dramatic revolution in physics reached a climax at...
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New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2016. — 456 p. — ISBN 0691165033. More than ever before, radiation is a part of our modern daily lives. We own radiation-emitting phones, regularly get diagnostic x-rays, such as mammograms, and submit to full-body security scans at airports. We worry and debate about the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the safety of nuclear power...
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Springer, 2017. — 460 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 48) This book explores the rise of theoretical physics in 19th century Germany. The authors show how the junior second physicist in German universities over time became the theoretical physicist, of equal standing to the experimental physicist. Gustav Kirchhoff, Hermann von Helmholtz, and Max Planck are among the great German...
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University of Chicago Press, 2005. - 469 pp. Winner of the 2007 Pfizer Prize from the History of Science Society. Feynman diagrams have revolutionized nearly every aspect of theoretical physics since the middle of the twentieth century. Introduced by the American physicist Richard Feynman (1918-88) soon after World War II as a means of simplifying lengthy calculations in...
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John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2017. — 248 p. — ISBN-10: 1118795326 This is the first scientic book devoted to the Pauli exclusion principle, which is a fundamental principle of quantum mechanics and is permanently applied in chemistry, physics, and molecular biology. However, while the principle has been studied for more than 90 years, rigorous theoretical foundations still have...
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New York: Keithley, 1999. - 253 p. Joseph F. Keithley, a modern pioneer of instrumentation, brings you a fascinating history of electrical measurement from the ancient Greeks to the inventors of the early twentieth century. Written in a direct and fluent style, the book illuminates the lives of the most significant inventors in the field, including George Simon Ohm, Andre Marie...
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Princeton University Press, 2019. — 416 p. On their 100th anniversary, the story of the extraordinary scientific expeditions that ushered in the era of relativity. In 1919, British scientists led extraordinary expeditions to Brazil and Africa to test Albert Einstein’s revolutionary new theory of general relativity in what became the century’s most celebrated scientific experiment....
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Princeton University Press, 2007. — 336 pp. Since Einstein first described them nearly a century ago, gravitational waves have been the subject of more sustained controversy than perhaps any other phenomenon in physics. These as yet undetected fluctuations in the shape of space-time were first predicted by Einstein's general theory of relativity, but only now, at the dawn of the...
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Vintage Books, 1979. — 489 p. This magnificent account of the coming of age of physics in America has been heralded as the best introduction to the history of science in the United States. Unsurpassed in its breadth and literary style, Kevles's account portrays the brilliant scientists who became a powerful force in bringing the world into a revolutionary new era. The book...
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Cambridge University Press, 1994. - 256 pp. Many people today are unaware that back in the 1930s, Sir Arthur Eddington, the celebrated astrophysicist, made great strides toward his own "theory of everything". In 1936 and 1946 Eddington's last two books were published. These works are strangely tentative and obscure, unlike his earlier lucid and authoritative works. This volume...
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Springer, 2002. - 224 pp. (Archimedes, Vol. 5 — New Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology) This book intends to answer the following questions: What made it possible to create the Cavendish Laboratory in the 1870s? What was the Laboratory's principal role within Cambridge University and how did this role change over time? Who performed research at the...
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Springer, 1991. - 271 pp. The controversy between the wave theory and the emission theory of light early in the nineteenth century has been a subject of numerous studies. Yet many issues remain unclear, in particular, the reasons for rejecting Young's theory of light. It appears that further progress in the field requires a better grasp of the overall situation in optics and...
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Springer Japan 2014. — 426 p. Chapters 1–8 of this book cover the topical research that provided a breakthrough in development of the liquid crystal display, from liquid crystals to devices. Chapters 9–11 describe the story of the recent developments and the future perspectives in materials, physics, and functionality of liquid crystals,
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London, Imperial College Press, 2004, 360 pages. Series: History of Modern Physical Sciences — Volume 2 World-class science and technology developed in the Soviet Union during Stalin's dictatorial rule under conditions of political violence, lack of international contacts, and severe restrictions on the freedom of information. Stalin's Great Science: The Times and Adventures...
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Springer, 2009 (Vol. 1), 2018 (Vol. 2). — 777 + 867 pp. The first volume presents a selection of 434 carefully annotated letters from and to the Dutch physicist and Nobel Prize winner Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (1853-1928), covering the period from 1883 until a few months before his death in February 1928. Most of these letters are of a scientific nature, with the exception of letters...
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Ashgate Publishing, 2008. - 272 pp. Entropic Creation is the first book to consider the cultural and religious responses to the second law of thermodynamics, and the theories proposed by certain Christian scholars during the period 1860 to 1920 that the entropic creation argument is proof of a divine creation of the world.
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Springer, 2018. — 106 pp. The story of superheavy elements - those at the very end of the periodic table - is not well known outside the community of heavy-ion physicists and nuclear chemists. But it is a most interesting story which deserves to be known also to historians, philosophers, and sociologists of science and indeed to the general public. This is what the present work...
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Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2016. — 200 p. — ISBN 3319243772. The main focus of this book is on the interconnection of two unorthodox scientific ideas, the varying-gravity hypothesis and the expanding-earth hypothesis. As such, it provides a fascinating insight into a nearly forgotten chapter in both the history of cosmology and the history of the earth...
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Springer, 2014. - 113 pp. Dark energy is a catch-all term for the energy of empty space. It is ‘‘dark,’’ not just in the sense that it does not interact with electromagnetic radiation, but in the deeper sense that its nature and composition are essentially unknown. Dark energy is known to dominate the dynamics of the universe on large scales, and to oppose the natural tendency of...
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Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company, 2014 — 243 p. — ISBN 9814623555, 9789814623551. This informative and entertaining book provides a broad look at the fascinating history of CERN, and the physicists working in different areas at CERN who were active in the discovery of the Higgs Boson. Profound and well-structured, the contents combine present day interviews with the...
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Amsterdam: North Holland, 1996. — 658 с. The present volume covers the story of the history of CERN from the mid 1960s to the late 1970s. The book is organized in three main parts. The first, containing contributions by historians of science, perceives the laboratory as being at the node of a complex of interconnected relationships between scientists and science managers on the...
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Springer, 2015. — 396 p. This book provides a chronological introduction to the sciences of astronomy and cosmology based on the reading and analysis of significant selections from classic texts, such as Ptolemy’s The Almagest , Kepler’s Epitome of Copernican Astronomy , Shapley’s Galaxies and Lemaître’s The Primeval Atom . Each chapter begins with a short introduction...
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Springer, 2015. - 380 pp. This book provides a chronological introduction to the science of motion and rest based on the reading and analysis of significant portions of Galileo’s Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences , Pascal’s Treatise on the Equilibrium of Fluids and the Weight of the Mass of Air , Newton’s Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy , and Einstein’s...
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New York: Springer, 2015. - 480p. This book provides a chronological introduction to the electromagnetic theory of light, using selected extracts from classic texts such as Gilbert’s De Magnete, Franklin’s Experiments and Observations on Electricity, and Huygens’ Treatise on Light. Particular attention is given to the works of Faraday, Maxwell and Heaviside, scientists who...
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New York: Springer, 2015. - 473p. This book provides a chronological introduction to modern atomic theory, which represented an attempt to reconcile the ancient doctrine of atomism with careful experiments―performed during the 19th century―on the flow of heat through substances and across empty space. Included herein are selections from classic texts such as Carnot’s Reflection...
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University of Chicago Press, 1987 (originally published by Oxford University Press in 1978). - 378 pp. Black-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity , written by the famous historian and philosopher Thomas S. Kuhn, traces the emergence of a discontinuous physics during the early years of this century. Breaking with historiographic tradition, Kuhn maintains that, though clearly...
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Cambridge University Press, 1995. — 146 p. — ISBN-10 0521479665; ISBN-13 978-0521479660. This book delivers a quantitative account of cosmology, designed for a nonspecialist audience. The author outlines basic principles using simple math and physics, but still provides rigorous models of the universe. He offers an ideal introduction to the key ideas in cosmology, without going...
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Springer, 2017. — 168 pp. This monograph presents a new perspective on the history of general relativity. It outlines the attempts to establish an institutional framework for the promotion of the field during the Cold War. Readers will learn the difficulties that key figures experienced and overcame during this period of global conflict. The author analyzes the subtle...
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. - 274 pp. Christoph Laucht offers the first investigation into the roles played by two German-born émigré atomic scientists, Klaus Fuchs and Rudolf Peierls, in the development of British nuclear culture, especially the practice of nuclear science and the political implications of the atomic scientists' work, from the start of the Second World War until...
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. - 247 pp. At the close of the 19th century, strange new forms of energy arrested the American public's attention in ways that no scientific discovery ever had before. This groundbreaking cultural history tells the story of the first nuclear culture, one whose lasting effects would be seen in the familiar "atomic age" of the post-war twentieth century....
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USA, Cornell University, 1891. — 454 p. In the following pages, Dr. Gustave Le Bon develops further the strikingly novel and original theories put forward by him in L'Evolution de la Matiere . As in the last-named work, he enunciated the doctrine, which he was the first to deduce, that all matter is continually in a state of dissociation and decay, so in this he goes in detail...
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New York: University of Michigan, 1907. — 485 p. This work is devoted to the study of the Evolution of Matter --- that is to say, of the fundamental components of things, of the substratum of the worlds and of the beings which exist on their surface. It represents the synthesis of the experimental researches which I have during the last 8 years published in numerous memoirs....
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Birkhäuser, 2012. — 363 p. — ISBN 0817649395. This volume reviews conceptual conflicts at the foundations of physics now and in the past century. The focus is on the conditions and consequences of Einstein’s pathbreaking achievements that sealed the decline of the classical notions of space, time, radiation, and matter, and resulted in the theory of relativity. Particular...
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Online publication, 2014. – 710 p.: ill. Johann Josef Loschmidt (1821–1895) — austrian scientist who performed ground-breaking work in chemistry, physics (thermodynamics, optics, electrodynamics), and crystal forms. His 1861 booklet 'Chemische Studien' proposed two-dimensional representations for over 300 molecules in a style remarkably similar to that used by modern...
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Oxford University Press, 2005. - 318 pp. This book gives an analysis of Hertz's posthumously published Principles of Mechanics in its philosophical, physical and mathematical context. In a period of heated debates about the true foundation of physical sciences, Hertz's book was conceived and highly regarded as an original and rigorous foundation for a mechanistic research...
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University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018. — 308 pp. Kew Observatory was originally built in 1769 for King George III, a keen amateur astronomer, so that he could observe the transit of Venus. By the mid-nineteenth century, it was a world-leading center for four major sciences: geomagnetism, meteorology, solar physics, and standardization. Long before government cutbacks forced its...
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IOS Press, 2005 - 324 p. It is now a century ago that one of the icons of modern physics published some of the most influential scientific papers of all times. With his work on relativity and quantum theory, Albert Einstein has altered the field of physics forever. It should not come as a surprise that looking back at Einstein's work, one needs to rethink the whole scope of...
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University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018. — 280 pp. Solid state physics, the study of the physical properties of solid matter, was the most populous subfield of Cold War American physics. Despite prolific contributions to consumer and medical technology, such as the transistor and magnetic resonance imaging, it garnered less professional prestige and public attention than nuclear and...
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Cambridge University Press, 2005. - 211 pp. There is hardly another principle in physics with wider scope of applicability and more far-reaching consequences than Pauli’s exclusion principle. This book explores the origin of the principle in the atomic spectroscopy of the early 1920s, its subsequent embedding into the emerging quantum mechanics, and the later experimental...
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Oxford University Press, 2004. - 258 pp. With a never-before published paper by Lord Henry Cavendish, as well as a biography on him, this book offers a fascinating discourse on the rise of scientific attitudes and ways of knowing. A pioneering British physicist in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Cavendish was widely considered to be the first full-time scientist in the...
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Reidel, 1974. - 95 pp. General relativity theory, the modern theory of gravitation, more than any other theory in physics, is connected with the name of a single personality - that of Albert Einstein. P. A. M. Dirac has called it 'probably the greatest scientific discovery that ever was made'. Contrary to the lore which has become widespread even among 'general relativists',...
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World Scientific, 2001. — 658 p. "The Golden Age of Theoretical Physics" contains 34 essays on the history of quantum and relativity theories and their applications. Most of the essays were presented as lectures at various universities in Europe and the USA by Jagdish Mehra, while some were published individually and in collaboration with Helmut Rechenberg. This book deals with...
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World Scientific Publishing Co. Ptc. Ltd., 2001. — 658 p. — ISBN-10: 9810249845, 9810243421. "The Golden Age of Theoretical Physics" brings together 37 selected essays. Many of these essays were first presented as lectures at various universities in Europe and the USA, and then published as reports or articles. Their enlarged, final versions were published in the joint work of...
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  • 40,82 МБ
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World Scientific Publishing Co. Ptc. Ltd., 2001. — 778 p. — ISBN 9810249853. "The Golden Age of Theoretical Physics" brings together 37 selected essays. Many of these essays were first presented as lectures at various universities in Europe and the USA, and then published as reports or articles. Their enlarged, final versions were published in the joint work of Jagdish Mehra and...
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  • 44,98 МБ
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World Scientific, 2001. - 778 pp. "The Golden Age of Theoretical Physics" contains 34 essays on the history of quantum and relativity theories and their applications. Most of the essays were presented as lectures at various universities in Europe and the USA by Jagdish Mehra, while some were published individually and in collaboration with Helmut Rechenberg. This book deals with...
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  • 6,87 МБ
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Reidel Pub. Co., 1975. — 415 p. — With a foreword by Werner Heisenberg. Jagdish Mehra's historical account of the Solvay Conferences from 1911 to 1973 demonstrates not only the great influence which these conferences have had on the development of modern physics, but it also shows clearly how far-sighted and wellplanned were the intentions of Ernest Solvay when he took the...
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Springer, 1982. — 878 p. Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human...
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  • 38,02 МБ
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Springer, 1982. — 355 pp. Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human...
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Springer, 1982. — 334 p. Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human...
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Springer, 1982. — 322 p. Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human...
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  • 13,02 МБ
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Springer, 1987. — 980 p. Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human...
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  • 39,75 МБ
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Springer, 2000-2001. — 1612 p. Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human...
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  • 31,15 МБ
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Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1971. — 325 p. Written so as to be understood by the non-technical reader who is curious about the origin of all the electrical and electromagnetic devices that surround him, this history also provides a convenient compendium of information for those familiar with the electrical and magnetic fields. The book moves along at a rapid pace, as it must if...
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Cambridge University Press, 1994. — 265 p. This book provides a panoramic view from 1927–1938 of the development of a physical theory that has been on the cutting-edge of theoretical physics ever since P. A. M. Dirac's quantization of the electromagnetic field in 1927: quantum electrodynamics. Like the classic papers chosen for this volume, the introductory Frame-Setting Essay...
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Cambridge University Press, 2014. — 252 p. — ISBN 9781107046733. The novel understanding of the physical world that characterized the Scientific Revolution depended on a fundamental shift in the way its protagonists understood and described space. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, spatial phenomena were described in relation to a presupposed central point; by its end,...
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Springer, 2018. — 416 p. — ISBN 978-3-319-74958-7. The author of this history of mankind’s increasingly successful attempts to understand, to measure and to map the Earth’s gravity field (commonly known as ‘little g’ or just ‘g’) has been following in the footsteps of the pioneers, intermittently and with a variety of objectives, for more than fifty years. It is a story that...
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Springer, 2014. — 517 p. From Aristotle to Schrödinger: The Curiosity of Physics offers a novel introduction to the topics commonly encountered in the first two years of an undergraduate physics course, including classical mechanics, thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, electromagnetism, relativity, quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular physics, and astrophysics. The book...
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  • 6,25 МБ
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Braunschweig: Druck und Verlag Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, 1869. — X + 139 S. Die Bewegung, also die Vernderung des Orts im Raum, und die Kraft, also die Ursache einer Bewegung, sind elementare Grundbegriffe der Naturwissenschaften. Friedrich Mohr legt mit seinem Buch "Allgemeine Theorie der Bewegung und Kraft als Grundlage der Physik und Chemie" eine ausfhrliche und fundierte...
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2nd Edition. — New York: Springer Science+Business Media LLC, 2008. — 230 p. — ISBN 0817647783, 0817637893. This significantly expanded second edition of Riemann, Topology, and Physics combines a fascinating account of the life and work of Bernhard Riemann with a lucid discussion of current interaction between topology and physics, The author, a distinguished mathematical...
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2nd ed. - Birkhauser, 2008. - 215 pp. - With a Foreword by Freeman J. Dyson. This significantly expanded second edition of Riemann, Topology, and Physics combines a fascinating account of the life and work of Bernhard Riemann with a lucid discussion of current interaction between topology and physics. The author, a distinguished mathematical physicist, takes into account his...
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University of Chicago Press, 2005. - 303 pp. As recently as two hundred years ago, physics as we know it today did not exist. Born in the early nineteenth century during the second scientific revolution, physics struggled at first to achieve legitimacy in the scientific community and culture at large. In fact, the term "physicist" did not appear in English until the 1830s. When...
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Springer, 1988. — 444 p. — ISBN 978-0-306-42872-2. To the nonscientist, science, particularly in its modem dress and as pursued today, is a glittering intellectual jewel, mysterious, forbidding, and even threatening except to a few chosen ones, the scientists, who appear to be superior beings, endowed with an ability to probe and understand nature far beyond that of the average...
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Springer, 2018. — 170 p. This book highlights the role of Sir Asutosh Mookerjee, founder of the Calcutta school of physics and the Calcutta Mathematical Society, and his talented scholars – Sir C.V. Raman, D.M. Bose, S.N. Bose, M.N. Saha, Sir K.S. Krishnan and S.K. Mitra – all of whom played a significant role in fulfilling their goal of creating an outstanding school of physical...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. — 194 p. Two landmarks in the history of physics are the discovery of the particulate nature of cathode rays (the electron) by J. J. Thomson in 1897 and the experimental demonstration by his son G. P. Thomson in 1927 that the electron exhibits the properties of a wave. Together, the Thomsons are two of the most significant figures in...
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Springer, 1996. — 1018 pp. The International Conference on the History of Original Ideas and Basic Discoveries, held at the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture in Erice, Sicily, July 27-August 4, 1994, brought together sixty of the leading scientists including many Nobel Laureates in high energy physics, principal contributors in other fields of physics such as high Tc...
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World Scientific, 2009. - 147 pp. The early 20th century saw three radical changes that transformed theoretical physics and determined most of the course of physics ever since: the introduction of the theories of relativity, special and general, and of quantum theory. The last of these represented the really revolutionary upheaval. Albert Einstein originated the first two, and he...
  • №213
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World Scientific, 2017. — 720 p. The aim of this two-volume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences,...
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  • 32,15 МБ
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World Scientific, 2017. — 625 p. — ISBN 981467849X. The aim of this two-volume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical...
  • №215
  • 21,28 МБ
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2017. — 197 p. — ISBN 978-3-319-64619-0. This book presents the most complete translation to date of Erwin Schrödinger’s work on colorimetry. In his work Schrödinger proposed a projective geometry of color space, rather than a Euclidean line-element. He also proposed new (at the time) colorimetric methods – in detail and at length - which...
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World Scientific Publishing, 2014. - 384 p. - This volume is a collection of the Nobel lectures delivered by the prizewinners, together with their biographies and the presentation speeches by Nobel Committee members for the period 2006–2010. The criterion for the Physics award is to the discoverer of a physical phenomenon that changed our views, or to the inventor of a new...
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Springer, 1992. — 275 p. Modern physical science is constituted by specialized scientific fields rooted in experimental laboratory work and in rational and mathematical representations. Contemporary scientific explanation is rigorously differentiated from religious interpretation, although, to be sure, scientists sometimes do the philosophical work of interpreting the metaphysics...
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Princeton University Press, 1997. - 249 pp. During the course of this century, gauge invariance has slowly emerged from being an incidental symmetry of electromagnetism to being a fundamental geometrical principle underlying the four known fundamental physical interactions. The development has been in two stages. In the first stage (1916-1956) the geometrical significance of...
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Translated and edited by Karen Jelved, Andrew D. Jackson, and Ole Knudsen. — Princeton University Press, 1998. — 647 pp. Hans Christian Ørsted (1777-1851) was one of the leading scientists of the nineteenth century, having played a crucial role in founding electromagnetism. Unfortunately for the English-speaking world, almost all of his research was published in other languages,...
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Clarendon Press, 1988. - 666 pp. In this groundbreaking book, Abraham Pais, the prominent physicist and historian of science, describes what has been discovered and understood about the constituents of matter, the laws to which they are subject, and the forces that act on them since the discovery of x-rays. He relates not only what has happened over the last one-hundred years,...
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Springer, 2009. — 372 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 24) Rudolph Koenig was one of the more prolific and colourful instrument makers in the renowned nineteenth-century precision instrument trade of Paris. Beginning his career as a violin maker, in 1858 the young Prussian immigrant shifted his talents towards the growing field of acoustics. Altered Sensations is a portrait of his vibrant...
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Harvard University Press, 2014. - 295 pp. Almost weightless and able to pass through the densest materials with ease, neutrinos seem to defy the laws of nature. But these mysterious particles may hold the key to our deepest questions about the universe, says physicist Heinrich Päs. In The Perfect Wave, Päs serves as our fluent, deeply knowledgeable guide to a particle world that...
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Prometheus Books, 2013. — 500 pp. Nobel laureate Steven Weinberg has written that "all that has happened since 1687 is a gloss on the Principia." Now you too can appreciate the significance of this stellar work, regarded by many as the greatest scientific contribution of all time. Despite its dazzling reputation, Isaac Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica , or...
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London; Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2007. — 240 p. — ISBN 031333448X. Quantum mechanics is one of the great success stories of modern physics, making sense of the very small just as Einstein's theory of relativity made sense of the very large. But, for most students, the ideas that make quantum mechanics powerful can be confusing and counterintuitive. This volume in...
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Neale Watson Academic Publications, 1974. - 413 pp. The book is an introductory exposition of the development of the physical and astronomical notions of the universe. It covers the period from Greek antiquity to the Copernican revolution and the Renaissance, half of the text being devoted to medieval science within both the Aristotelian and the Archimedean traditions. The book...
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Sterling, 2011. — 528 р. — (Sterling Milestones). Following the hugely successful The Science Book and The Math Book comes a richly illustrated chronology of physics, containing 250 short, entertaining, and thought-provoking entries. In addition to exploring such engaging topics as dark energy, parallel universes, the Doppler effect, the God particle, and Maxwell's demon, the...
  • №227
  • 83,84 МБ
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Sterling, 2011. — 530 p. — (Sterling Milestones). — ISBN 978-1-4027-9099-7. Following the hugely successful The Science Book and The Math Book comes a richly illustrated chronology of physics, containing 250 short, entertaining, and thought-provoking entries. In addition to exploring such engaging topics as dark energy, parallel universes, the Doppler effect, the God particle, and...
  • №228
  • 34,75 МБ
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Oxford University Press, 2008. — 528 p. Archimedes to Hawking takes the reader on a journey across the centuries as it explores the eponymous physical laws--from Archimedes' Law of Buoyancy and Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion to Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and Hubble's Law of Cosmic Expansion--whose ramifications have profoundly altered our everyday lives and our...
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Springer, 2018. — 190 p. This book is a personal account of some aspects of the emergence of modern science, mostly from the viewpoint of those branches of physics which provided the much needed paradigm shift of "more is different" that heralded the advent of complexity science as an antidote to the purely reductionist approach in fundamental physics. It is also about the humans...
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Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italia, 2016. – 226 p. – ISBN-10: 8876425357 This book presents a compact personal biography and a collection of works by Gabriele F. Giuliani - a distinguished condensed matter theorist who made important contributions to our understanding of collective effects in electronic materials. In 2012 he passed away after a long battle with cancer. In...
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Corgi, 2005. - 570 pp. Spanning fifty years, Before the Fall-Out tells the full story of how an exhilarating quest to unravel the secrets of the material world produced the knowledge of how to destroy it. And of how a scientific adventure shared openly between nuclear physicists from many different nations transmuted into a secretive wartime race for the ultimate weapon of mass...
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Oxford University Press, 2018. — 403 p. Quantum theory is one of the great achievements of twentieth century physics. Born at the very beginning of the century, it attained a definitive form by 1932, yet continued to evolve throughout the century. Its applications remain fully a part of modern life. It should thus come as no surprise that literature on the history of quantum...
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Oxford University Press, Inc., 2012. — 464 p. — ISBN 0195307860. The International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) is currently implementing the greatest change ever in the world's system of weights and measures - it is redefining the kilogram, the final artefact standard, and reorganizing the system of international units. This book tells the inside story of what led to...
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Oxford, England: Oneworld Publications, 2008. — 235 p. — ISBN 1851683690 The year 2005 is the ‘World Year of Physics’. It marks the centenary of the publication of three papers by Albert Einstein during a few months in 1905. The most famous of these is probably the third, which set out the theory of relativity, while the second paper provided definitive evidence for the (then...
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Oxford, England: Oneworld Publications, 2008. — 135 p. — ISBN 1851683690. The year 2005 is the ‘World Year of Physics’. It marks the centenary of the publication of three papers by Albert Einstein during a few months in 1905. The most famous of these is probably the third, which set out the theory of relativity, while the second paper provided definitive evidence for the (then...
  • №236
  • 790,60 КБ
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Oxford, England: Oneworld Publications, 2008. — 141 p. — ISBN 1851683690. The year 2005 is the ‘World Year of Physics’. It marks the centenary of the publication of three papers by Albert Einstein during a few months in 1905. The most famous of these is probably the third, which set out the theory of relativity, while the second paper provided definitive evidence for the (then...
  • №237
  • 853,20 КБ
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2016. — 316 p. — (Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences) — ISBN 3319479903. This book provides the first critical edition of Ibn al-Haytham’s On the Shape of the Eclipse with English translation and commentary, which records the first scientific analysis of the camera obscura. On the Shape of the Eclipse...
  • №238
  • 20,26 МБ
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Springer, 2016. — 297 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 47) This book clarifies the interrelationship between optics, vision and perspective before the Classical Age, examining binocularity in particular. The author shows how binocular vision was one of the key juncture points between the three concepts and readers will see how important it is to understand the approach that scholars once...
  • №239
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Kluwer, 2001. - 371 pp. John von Neumann (1903-1957) was undoubtedly one of the scientific geniuses of the 20th century. The main fields to which he contributed include various disciplines of pure and applied mathematics, mathematical and theoretical physics, logic, theoretical computer science, and computer architecture. Von Neumann was also actively involved in politics and...
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2018. — 355 p. — (Springer Biographies). — ISBN 978-3-319-72097-5. This book describes the life, times and science of the Soviet physicist Lev Vasilevich Shubnikov (1901-1937). From 1926 to 1930 Shubnikov worked in Leiden where he was the co-discoverer of the Shubnikov-De Haas effect. After his return to the Soviet Union he founded in Kharkov...
  • №241
  • 5,50 МБ
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Springer, 2007. - 938 pp. This four-volume work represents the most comprehensive documentation and study of the creation of general relativity; one of the fundamental physical theories of the 20th century. It contains the direct facsimile, transcript and explanation of and comments on the Einstein Zurich Notebook as written in 1912. The research by Einstein herein forms a...
  • №242
  • 15,69 МБ
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Springer, 2007. - 1152 pp. This four-volume work represents the most comprehensive documentation and study of the creation of general relativity; one of the fundamental physical theories of the 20th century. It contains the direct facsimile, transcript and explanation of and comments on the Einstein Zurich Notebook as written in 1912. The research by Einstein herein forms a...
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  • 5,08 МБ
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Springer, 2014. - 251 pp. During its forty year lifespan, string theory has always had the power to divide, being called both a 'theory of everything' and a 'theory of nothing'. Critics have even questioned whether it qualifies as a scientific theory at all. This book adopts an objective stance, standing back from the question of the truth or falsity of string theory and instead...
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Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2014. — 251 p. — ISBN 3642451276. During its forty year lifespan, string theory has always had the power to divide, being called both a 'theory of everything' and a 'theory of nothing'. Critics have even questioned whether it qualifies as a scientific theory at all. This book adopts an objective stance, standing back from the question of the truth or...
  • №245
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Harvard University Press, 2005. — 173 p. For Albert Einstein, 1905 was a remarkable year. It was also a miraculous year for the history and future of science. In six short months, from March through September of that year, Einstein published five papers that would transform our understanding of nature. This unparalleled period is the subject of John Rigden’s book, which deftly...
  • №246
  • 700,64 КБ
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Harvard University Press, 2003. - 280 pp. Seduced by simplicity, physicists find themselves endlessly fascinated by hydrogen, the simplest of atoms. Hydrogen has shocked, it has surprised, it has embarrassed, it has humbled-and again and again it has guided physicists to the edge of new vistas where the promise of basic understanding and momentous insights beckoned. The allure of...
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  • 1,04 МБ
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Simon & Schuster, 1987. - 399 pp. The Hunting of the Quark is the absorbing record of one of this century's most revolutionary discoveries—the first encounter with the most essential mystery of the universe. It is the story of the twenty-year search for the quark—the particle inside the proton and neutron of an atom's nucleus that constitutes the fundamental basis for all life...
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  • 3,42 МБ
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Cambridge University Press, 2018. — 268 p. — ISBN 978-0-521-86902-7. The principle of least action originates in the idea that, if nature has a purpose, it should follow a minimum or critical path. This simple principle, and its variants and generalizations, applies to optics, mechanics, electromagnetism, relativity, and quantum mechanics, and provides an essential guide to...
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Springer, 2018. — 500 p. — (Einstein Studies 14). — ISBN 1493977067. This volume explores the interplay between mathematical and physical research and the interactions of twentieth-century scientists within their academic communities. Beginning with Einstein’s general theory of relativity, the authors investigate a series of dramatic discoveries and rival theories in physics that...
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Singapore: World Scientific, 2017. — 306 p. This book looks at how Newton's theories can be linked to modern day problems and solutions in physics. Newton created an abstract system of theorizing which has been applied to all aspects of the physical world, however he had difficulties in persuading his contemporaries of its unique merits. A detailed study of Newton's writings,...
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  • 3,86 МБ
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Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgellschaft M.B.H, 1922. — 214 s. Einleitung. Doppelreihen. Linienreihen. Beziehungen zwischen den Reihen eines und desselben Elementes. Besondere Eigenheiten der Linien . Bezeichnungen der Linien und Reihen. Die leichten einwertigen Metalle. Einwertige Schwermetalle. Die leichten zweiwertigen Metalle. Die schweren zweiwertigen Metalle. Dreiwertige...
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  • 31,44 МБ
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John Wiley & Sons, 2006. — xix, 655 p. — (Wiley series in microwave and optical engineering). — ISBN 978-0-471-71814-7. Premised on the idea that one cannot know a science without knowing its history, History of Wireless offers a lively new treatment that introduces previously unacknowledged pioneers and developments, setting a new standard for understanding the evolution of this...
  • №253
  • 43,94 МБ
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Springer, 2009. — 282 p. — (Archimedes, Vol. 17) Focusing on Hermann von Helmholtz, this study addresses one of the nineteenth century’s most important German natural scientists. Among his most well-known contributions to science are the invention of the ophthalmoscope and groundbreaking work towards formulating the law of the conservation of energy. The volume of his work,...
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2nd Ed. — Translated by Simon Pare. — Haus Publishing, 2015. — 230 p. — ISBN 978-1-908323-86-6. In the spring of 1945 the Allies arrested the physicists they believed had worked on the German nuclear programme. Interned in an English country house owned by MI6, their conversations were secretly recorded. Operation Epsilon sought to determine how close Nazi Germany had come to...
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  • 971,15 КБ
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Springer, 2019. — 128 p. — (SpringerBriefs in History of Science and Technology). — ISBN 978-3-030-22726-5. Quantum mechanics – the grandiose theory that describes nature down to the submicroscopic level – was first formulated in Göttingen in 1925. How did this come about and why is it that Göttingen became the pre-eminent location for a revolution in physics? This book is the...
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Princeton University Press, 1994. — 732 p. In the 1930s, physics was in a crisis. There appeared to be no way to reconcile the new theory of quantum mechanics with Einstein's theory of relativity. Several approaches had been tried and had failed. In the post-World War II period, four eminent physicists rose to the challenge and developed a calculable version of quantum...
  • №257
  • 26,93 МБ
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Penguin Books, 2007. — 310 p. — ISBN 978-1-1012-0238-8. A physicist himself, Gino Segrè writes about what scientists do and why they do it. with intimacy, clarity, and passion. In Faust in Copenhagen, he evokes the fleeting, magical moment when physics and the world was about to lose its innocence forever. Known by physicists as the miracle year, 1932 saw the discovery of the...
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  • 534,11 КБ
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Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2002. — 302 p. Between 1890 and 1906, pioneering scientists in the Netherlands reached an understanding of phase separation and fluid mixture criticality that was far ahead of its time. This book narrates the story of these profound discoveries, and details the collaboration between two Dutch physicists and Nobel prize winners,...
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University of Chicago Press, 2018. — 444 p. We have grown accustomed to the idea that scientific theories are embedded in their place and time. But in the case of the development of mathematical physics in eighteenth-century France, the relationship was extremely close. In Before Voltaire , J.B. Shank shows that although the publication of Isaac Newton’s Principia in 1687 exerted...
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  • 2,28 МБ
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World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., 2013. – 560 p. – ISBN 9814436550. This invaluable collection of memoirs and reviews on scientific activities of the most prominent theoretical physicists belonging to the Landau School - Landau, Anselm, Gribov, Zeldovich, Kirzhnits, Migdal, Ter-Martirosyan and Larkin - are being published in English for the first time. The main goal is to...
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Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co, 2015. — 555 p. This book tells captivating stories of misadventures of two renowned theoretical physicists in the Soviet Union. The first part is devoted to Friedrich (Fritz) Houtermans, an outstanding Dutch–Austrian–German physicist who was the first to suggest that the source of stars' energy is thermonuclear fusion, and also made a...
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  • 42,33 МБ
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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008. — 250 p. Force is one of the most elementary concepts that must be understood in order to understand modern science; it is discussed extensively in textbooks at all levels and is a requirement in most science guidelines. It is also one of the most challenging - how could one idea be involved in such disparate physical phenomena as gravity and...
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  • 2,27 МБ
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N.-Y.: A K Peters/CRC Press, 2012. - 644p. In A Cultural History of Physics, Hungarian scientist and educator Károly Simonyi succeeds in bridging this chasm by describing the experimental methods and theoretical interpretations that created scientific knowledge, from ancient times to the present day, within the cultural environment in which it was formed. Unlike any other work...
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  • 50,31 МБ
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University of Chicago Press, 2015. - 457 pp. From its inception in Greek antiquity, the science of optics was aimed primarily at explaining sight and accounting for why things look as they do. By the end of the seventeenth century, however, the analytic focus of optics had shifted to light: its fundamental properties and such physical behaviors as reflection, refraction, and...
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House of Stratus, 2010. — 69 p. Snow's sketches of famous physicists and explanation of how atomic weapons were developed gives an overview of science often lacking. This study provides us with hope for the future as well as anecdotes from history.
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  • 762,46 КБ
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Princeton university press, 2005. — 272 p. After 1905, Einstein's miraculous year, physics would never be the same again. In those twelve months, Einstein shattered many cherished scientific beliefs with five extraordinary papers that would establish him as the world's leading physicist. This book brings those papers together in an accessible format. The best-known papers are...
  • №267
  • 2,14 МБ
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University of Pittsburgh Press, 2016. — 494 pp. In this foundational study, Friedrich Steinle compares the influential work of Ampère and Faraday to reveal the prominent role of exploratory experimentation in the development of science. Focusing on Ampère’s and Faraday’s research practices, reconstructed from previously unknown archival materials, this book considers both the...
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  • 4,02 МБ
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CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, 2017. — 336 p. —— SBN-10: 1482263122 In 1900 the great German theoretical physicist Max Planck formulated a correct mathematical description of blackbody radiation. Today, understanding the behavior of a blackbody is of importance to many fields including thermal and infrared systems engineering, pyrometry, astronomy, meteorology, and...
  • №269
  • 55,93 МБ
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Oxford University Press, 2018. — 484 pp. The two decades between the first and second world wars saw the emergence of nuclear physics as the dominant field of experimental and theoretical physics, owing to the work of an international cast of gifted physicists. Prominent among them were Ernest Rutherford, George Gamow, the husband and wife team of Frédéric and Irène Joliot-Curie,...
  • №270
  • 31,37 МБ
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Little, Brown & Co., 2009. - 470 pp. When something is sucked into a black hole, is it lost forever? Three decades ago, the American physicist Leonard Susskind and the British physicist Stephen Hawking began clashing over the answer to this question. Hawking insisted that anything that fell into a black hole disappeared. But Susskind and the Dutch physicist Gerard t'Hooft...
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  • 8,24 МБ
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Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018. — 453 pp. Nobel laureate Ernest O. Lawrence and renowned physicist Edward Teller founded the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1952. A new ideas incubator, the Lab was at the heart of nuclear testing and the development of supercomputers, lasers, and other major technological innovations of the second half of the twentieth century....
  • №272
  • 27,04 МБ
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Pergamon Press, 1967. - 206 pp. Although it is well known that for a proper discussion of atomic properties one needs wave mechanics and that the old quantum theory developed by Bohr, Sommerfeld, Kramers and many others between 1913 and 1926 is not a proper basis, there are many atomic phenomena which receive at least a qualitative explanation in the old quantum theory. An...
  • №273
  • 3,98 МБ
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Белград: Нолит, 1978. — 431 с. Записки из Колорадо Спрингс знаменитого Николы Тесла на английском языке. Все что вы мечтали узнать о свободной энергии.
  • №274
  • 11,02 МБ
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New York: Electrical Engineer, 1894. — 518 p. During the early twentieth century, the eccentric and brilliant inventor Nikola Tesla blazed the path that electrical development followed for many years to come. This fascinating illustrated record of Tesla's pioneering work gathers many of his most famous findings and theories, allowing contemporary readers to experience the...
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  • 29,11 МБ
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2017. — 154 p. — (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 46) — ISBN 978-3-319-59053-0. Studies the intersection between Leibniz's natural science and metaphysics This book presents a systematic reconstruction of Leibniz’s dynamics project (c. 1676-1700) that contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of the concepts of physical...
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  • 1,93 МБ
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University of Chicago Press, 1997. - 258 pp. All atomic particles have a particular "spin," analogous to the earth's rotation on its axis. The quantum mechanical reality underlying spin is complex and still poorly understood. Sin-itiro Tomonaga's The Story of Spin remains the most complete and accessible treatment of spin, and is now available in English translation. Tomonaga...
  • №277
  • 2,09 МБ
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London: Routledge, 2014. — 201 p. Contents : Introduction : purpose and methods of unified theories Mathematical introduction Field equations, variational principles, conservation equations The first group of Einstein's equations : expression of the affine connection as a function of the fields The second group of Einstein's equations Spherically symmetric solution The field and...
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  • 4,43 МБ
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Pergamon Press, 1983. — 395 p. The main purpose of this book is to elucidate the motivation and significance of the changes in physical geometry brought about by Einstein, in both the first and the second phase of Relativity. However, since the geometry is, in either phase, inseparable from the physics, what the book in fact has to offer is a "historico-critical" exposition of...
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  • 6,35 МБ
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Springer, 2012. - 145 pp. This book examines the discourse surrounding the wireless, created by the Anglo-Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi. The wireless excited early twentieth-century audiences before it even became a viable black box technology. The wireless adhered to modernist values—speed, efficiency, militarization, and progress. Language surrounding the wireless is a...
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  • 1,55 МБ
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Pergamon Press, 1966. - 289 pp. The Contributions of Faraday and Maxwell to Electrical Science deals with the development of electromagnetic theory following the establishment of the basis for the first law of circulation relating to the magnetic fields generated by steady currents. This book is organized into two parts encompassing nine chapters that specifically treat the...
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Berlin—Heidelberg—New York: Springer-Verlag, 1968. — XVIII + 657 p. — ISBN ISBN 0-387-90703-3, 3-540-90703-3. In this long and peculiar book the fugitive idiot (p. 589) author provides a selection from his many previous publications, some reprinted elsewhere already, many rewritten in a minor or major way; in addition, five items appear for the first time. Contents...
  • №282
  • 7,69 МБ
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New York—Wien: Springer-Verlag, 1971. — 41 p. — (International centre for mechanical sciences. Courses and lectures — No. 70) — ISBN-10 0387811141, ISBN-13 978-0387811147. Course held at the Department of Mechanics of Solids (July 1971), Udine 1971. The early history of thermodynamics is traced. The indications given in Fourier's work on heat conduction, the elaboration of...
  • №283
  • 417,14 КБ
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New York—Heidelberg—Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1980. — XII + 372 p. — (Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences 4) — ISBN-10 0387904034, ISBN-13 978-0387904030. The book compares the history of thermodynamics with a rational, fully mathematized and uninterrupted organization of this discipline as obtained from hindsight and only recently completed by the...
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Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013. - 287 pp. Spark from the Deep tells the story of how human beings came to understand and use electricity by studying the evolved mechanisms of strongly electric fish. These animals have the ability to shock potential prey or would-be predators with high-powered electrical discharges. William J. Turkel asks completely fresh questions about...
  • №285
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Springer, 1991. — 321 pp. The present volume has its origins in a spring 1984 international workshop held, under the auspices of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, by The Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas of Tel-Aviv University in cooperation with The Van Leer Jerusalem Foundation. It contains twelve of the twenty papers presented at the...
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New York: Springer, 2016. - 173p. This book, written for a general readership, reviews and explains the three-body problem in historical context reaching to latest developments in computational physics and gravitation theory. The three-body problem is one of the oldest problems in science and it is most relevant even in today’s physics and astronomy. The long history of the...
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Springer, 2014. - 138 pp. Our understanding of nature, and in particular of physics and the laws governing it, has changed radically since the days of the ancient Greek natural philosophers. This book explains how and why these changes occurred, through landmark experiments as well as theories that - for their time - were revolutionary. The presentation covers Mechanics, Optics,...
  • №288
  • 4,28 МБ
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Hyderguda: Universities Press (India) Limited, 1994. — 138 p. — ISBN 0863113133 This series, which is a soil of random walk in physics, is mainly intended to arouse the curiosity of the serious reader, besides capturing the drama and excitement of great discoveries. The present volume is about Bose statistics, and about Satyendranath Bose who made the great discovery. The author....
  • №289
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Oxford University Press. 1993. — 267 p. Verschuur ( Interstellar Matters ) properly includes the lodestone and quantum electrodynamics in the 400-year lineage of the electric light bulb. Most of Verschuur's history has fueled millons of middle-school science reports: Galvani, Oersted and Ampere coax out of magnetic phenomena the invisible genie of electricity; Farady, Maxwell...
  • №290
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Cambridge University Press, 2010. — 225 p. Why did Einstein tirelessly study unified field theory for more than 30 years? In this book, the author argues that Einstein believed he could find a unified theory of all of nature's forces by repeating the methods he thought he had used when he formulated general relativity. The book discusses Einstein's route to the general theory of...
  • №291
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World Scientific, 2009. - 468 pp. Satyendra Nath Bose became a legendary figure of science in the 20th century in India with his revolutionary discovery on the nature of radiation. Despite the association with Einstein, however, little is known about him outside of India. This book highlights the remarkable intellect and the extraordinary personality of Bose set against the...
  • №292
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University of Chicago Press, 2003. - 572 pp. Winner of the the Susan Elizabeth Abrams Prize in History of Science. When Isaac Newton published the Principia three centuries ago, only a few scholars were capable of understanding his conceptually demanding work. Yet this esoteric knowledge quickly became accessible in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries when Britain...
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Bloomsbury, USA: Bloomsbury Publishing Plc, 2016. — 304 p. — ISBN 1620405598. Light begins at Stonehenge, where crowds cheer a solstice sunrise. After sampling myths explaining First Light, the story moves on to early philosophers' queries, then through the centuries, from Buddhist temples to Biblical scripture, when light was the soul of the divine. Battling darkness and despair,...
  • №294
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Cambridge University Press, 2014. - 355 pp. This detailed account of the controversy surrounding the publication of Albert Einstein's theory of relativity explores the ferocious popular and academic opposition which at one time encircled one of the most important scientific breakthroughs of the twentieth century. Based on extensive archival research, this fascinating discourse...
  • №295
  • 10,41 МБ
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World Scientific, 1996. - 176 pp. From Leonardo to Oppenheimer, from candles to lasers, from cave drawings to cinema, from Stonehenge to quantum mechanics, from Genesis to the Big Bang, light has filled our thoughts, our way of life, our aesthetics, our technology, and our means for survival. Richard Weiss leads us along these paths over the past 500 light years. The way is lit...
  • №296
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Neale Watson Academic Publications, 1971. - 579 pp. Contents: Preface. Galileo and the New Science of Mechanics. Descartes and the Mechanical Philosophy. Mechanics in the Mid-Century. Christiaan Huygens' Kinematics. The Science of Mechanics in the Late Seventeenth Century. Leihnizian Dynamics. Newton and the Concept of Force. Newtonian Dynamics.
  • №297
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Cambridge University Press, 1983, 355 pages The early twentieth century brought about the rejection by physicists of the doctrine of determinism - the belief that complete knowledge of the initial conditions of an interaction in nature allows precise and unambiguous prediction of the outcome. This book traces the origins of a central problem leading to this change in viewpoint...
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Cambridge University Press, 1996. - 349 pp. The debate between Bohr and Einstein, which raged in the 1920s and 1930s, but which is still highly relevant today, involved the two greatest physicists of the twentieth century, and played a large part in Einstein, perhaps the most famous scientist ever, going into effective scientific exile. The debate concerned the quantum theory,...
  • №299
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Dover, 1958. - 212 pp. From the preface: "This book represents the substance of the Tarner Lectures of 1947, in which I attempted to trace the development of theories in natural philosophy from the rediscovery of Euclid by Western scholars to the present time. The lectures were not intended to be a summary of present-day knowledge in physics, nor yet a chronicle of particular...
  • №300
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L.: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd, 1951. - 446 p. Excellent treatment of Electrodynamics and Relativity Theory from an honest historical point of view. Whittaker's views are suppressed because he was brave enough to tell the truth about the factual contributions of Einstein to the Relativity Theory (properly attributed to Poincaré and Lorentz).
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L.: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd, 1953. - 327 p. Excellent treatment of Electrodynamics and Relativity Theory from an honest historical point of view. Whittaker's views are suppressed because he was brave enough to tell the truth about the factual contributions of Einstein to the Relativity Theory (properly attributed to Poincaré and Lorentz).
  • №302
  • 6,64 МБ
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Dublin: Longmans, Green and Co., 1910. — 502 p. The theory of the aether in the seventeenth century. Electric and magnetic science, prior to the introduction of the potentials. Galvanism, from Galvani to Ohm. The aether as an elastic solid. Faraday. The mathematical electricians of the middle of the nineteenth century. Maxwell. Models of the aether. The followers...
  • №303
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Springer, 1992-2001. Eugene Paul Wigner (1902-1995) is one of the few giants of 20th-century physics, physics Nobel laureate of 1963. His early work helped to shape quantum mechanics, he laid the foundations of nuclear physics and nuclear engineering, and he contributed significantly to solid-state physics. His philosophical and political writings are widely known. All his works...
  • №304
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2nd ed. - Basic Books, 1993. - 290 pp. First published in 1986, this award-winning account of how Einstein's theory holds up after more than seventy-five years has been updated to accommodate the most recent experimental findings, as well as the exciting story of the rise and fall of the "fifth force." Clifford M. Will is professor of physics and member of the McDonnell Center...
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University of Chicago Press, 2018. — 405 pp. On January 5, 1845, the Prussian cultural minister received a request by a group of six young men to form a new Physical Society in Berlin. In fields from thermodynamics, mechanics, and electromagnetism to animal electricity, ophthalmology, and psychophysics, members of this small but growing group—which soon included Emil Du...
  • №306
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Imperial College Press, 2010. - 318 p. This book traces the history of ideas about the nature of matter and also the way that mankind has used material resources that the world offers. Starting with the ideas of ancient civilizations that air, earth, fire and water were the basic ingredients of all matter, it traces the development of the science of chemistry beginning within...
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Springer, 2010. — 208 p. — (Archimedes, Vol. 26). In a detailed reconstruction of the genesis of Feynman diagrams the author reveals that their development was constantly driven by the attempt to resolve fundamental problems concerning the uninterpretable infinities that arose in quantum as well as classical theories of electrodynamic phenomena. Accordingly, as a comparison with...
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Springer, 2015. — 118 p. This book presents a recasting of Aristotle’s theory of spatial displacement of inanimate objects. Aristotle’s claim that projectiles are actively carried by the media through which they move (such as air or water) is well known and has drawn the attention of commentators from ancient to modern times. What is lacking, however, is a systematic...
  • №309
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University of Chicago Press, 2013. - 361 pp. By the late nineteenth century, engineers and experimental scientists generally knew how radio waves behaved, and by 1901 scientists were able to manipulate them to transmit messages across long distances. What no one could understand, however, was why radio waves followed the curvature of the Earth. Theorists puzzled over this for...
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Cambridge University Press, 1988. - 238 pp. This case study examines the interrelationship between mathematics and physics in the work of one of the major figures of the Scientific Revolution: the Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer, Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695). Joella Yoder details the creative interaction that led Huygens to invent a pendulum clock that...
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2-е, испр. изд. — М.: КомКнига, 2006. — 232 с. В настоящем пособии в краткой форме рассматривается история развития представлений об атомах с античных времен и до конца XX века. При этом основное внимание уделяется истории собственно ядерной физики, начавшейся с открытия французским физиком Беккерелем радиоактивного излучения. В приложениях приводятся краткие биографические...
  • №312
  • 3,11 МБ
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2-е, испр. изд. — М.: КомКнига, 2006. — 232 с. В настоящем пособии в краткой форме рассматривается история развития представлений об атомах с античных времен и до конца XX века. При этом основное внимание уделяется истории собственно ядерной физики, начавшейся с открытия французским физиком Беккерелем радиоактивного излучения. В приложениях приводятся краткие биографические...
  • №313
  • 3,64 МБ
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М.: Общественный совет Госкорпорации Росатом, 2010. — 28 с. — ISBN 978–5–91706–027–9. Атом Мирный – Первый… Именно так назывался реактор Первой в мире атомной электростанции, запущенной в нашей стране. В годы, когда ядерная энергия использовалась преимущественно в военных целях, производились все новые и новые ядерные бомбы, запуск Первой в мире АЭС стал настоящим прорывом в эру...
  • №314
  • 1,12 МБ
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Москва. Общественный совет Госкорпорации Росатом, 2010. — 28 с. ISBN 978–5–91706–027–9 Атом Мирный – Первый… Именно так назывался реактор Первой в мире атомной электростанции, запущенной в нашей стране. В годы, когда ядерная энергия использовалась преимущественно в военных целях, производились все новые и новые ядерные бомбы, запуск Первой в мире АЭС стал настоящим прорывом в эру...
  • №315
  • 6,50 МБ
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[Сб.] / Ж. И. Алферов ; [Рос. акад. наук, Физ.-техн. ин-т им. А. Ф. Иоффе]. - 2-е изд., доп. - М. : Б. и. ; — СПб. : Наука, 2001. — 287 с. Основную часть книги составляют пионерские работы академика Ж. И. Алферова по физике полупроводниковых гетероструктур и приборов на их основе. Автор внес выдающийся вклад в эти быстро развивающиеся области исследований, лежащих в основе...
  • №316
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М.: Физматлит, 2001. — 617 с. — ISBN 978-5-9221-1304-5. Лев Владимирович Альтшулер — выдающийся ученый, один из основателей и лидеров новой научной дисциплины — динамической физики высоких давлений, основанной на изучении поведения вещества в мощных ударных волнах при экстремально высоких давлениях и температурах. Результаты исследований Л.В. Альтшулера и его сотрудников были...
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М.: Атомиздат, 1968. — 160 с. В книге рассказывается о длительном пути развития научных представлений о природе как самого электрона — элементарной ядерной частицы, так и электричества вообще. Перед читателем развертывается историческая картина событий, связанных с научными открытиями и с разработками моделей и теорий в области электричества и магнетизма. В обзоре этих событий...
  • №318
  • 1,48 МБ
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М.: Атомиздат, 1968. — 160 с. В книге рассказывается о длительном пути развития научных представлений о природе как самого электрона - элементарной ядерной частицы, так и электричества вообще. Перед читателем развертывается историческая картина событий, связанных с научными открытиями и с разработками моделей и теорий в области электричества и магнетизма. В обзоре этих событий...
  • №319
  • 6,55 МБ
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М.: Прогресс-Традиция, 2000. — 320 с. Книга об одном из главных научных центров сталинской эпохи, сыгравшем заметную роль не только в становлении отечественной физики, но и в возникновении в советском физическом сообществе специфической напряженности, которая в чем-то напоминала известную по истории биологии «лысенковщину» и была обусловлена рядом подробно разбираемых в книге...
  • №320
  • 6,14 МБ
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М.: Физический кружок "Магнитный коллоквиум", 1929, 24 с. Основные черты. Научная работа. По теории электромагнитного поля. По общей и магнитной спектроскопии. По магнитной релаксации. По магнитострикции. По вопросам формальной магнитостатики. По электрическим колебаниям. По электромедицине. Связь с Университетом. Практическая специальность "Электрические...
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Редакционная коллегия: Л.А. Арцимович (главный редактор), А.А. Абрикосов, В.И. Векслер, Б.М. Вул, Я.Г. Дорфман, О.А. Лежнева (ученый секретарь), М.А. Леонтович, Л.С. Полак (заместитель главного редактора), И.Е. Тамм. Оформление художника Н.А. Седельникова. — М.: Наука, 1967. — 452 с. — (Советская наука и техника за 50 лет). Предлагаемое вниманию читателя издание содержит очерки...
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Редакционная коллегия: Л.А. Арцимович (главный редактор), А.А. Абрикосов, В.И. Векслер, Б.М. Вул, Я.Г. Дорфман, О.А. Лежнева (ученый секретарь), М.А. Леонтович, Л.С. Полак (заместитель главного редактора), И.Е. Тамм. Оформление художника Н.А. Седельникова. — М.: Наука, 1967. — 364 с. — (Советская наука и техника за 50 лет). Оптика Доктора физико-математических наук М.Д. Галанин,...
  • №323
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Киев: Наукова думка, 1993. — 120 с. — ISBN 5-12-002927-2. В книге изложены основные открытия, приведите к созданию квантовой механики, развитию квантовых идей и современному состоянию квантовой физики, включая физику элементарных частиц. Приведена хронология возникновения основных физических идей, относящихся к квантовой физике и физике фундаментальных взаимодействий. Для широкого...
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М.: Наука, 1976. - 292 с. Книга посвящена исследованию физического эксперимента в античной науке, в науке Средних веков и Нового времени (начальный период). Автор прослеживает, как на протяжении истории физики менялся способ конструирования идеального объекта (предмета теоретического исследования), способ мысленного экспериментирования, само отношение между экспериментальной...
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  • 2,22 МБ
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Публичная лекция А. Баркера / пер. из "Mondes" Ф. Павленков. — Вятка : Печатня Красовского, 1873. — 32 с. Лекция, читанная 31 октября 1869 г. профес­сором Баркером в присутствии Американ­ского Института. В издании представлен анализ взаимодействия жизненных и физических сил человека.
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М.: Изд-во АН СССР, 1960. — 276 с.: ил. Изображение с текстовым слоем и закладками . Труды в настоящем издании разделены тематически на три раздела. В первом разделе собраны классические работы А.И. Бачинского (1877—1944) по внутреннему трению жидкостей. Во втором разделе помещены термодинамические работы. В третьем — работы об ассоциации молекул в жидкостях. Внутри разделов...
  • №327
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М.: Колибри, - 2009. - 448 с. В 1905 году, выведя свое знаменитое уравнение E=mc 2 , Альберт Эйштейн подарил миру мощный источник энергии и открыл новые пути к познанию Вселенной. И теперь, более ста лет спустя, блестящий популяризатор науки Дэвид Боданис увлекательно и просто рассказывает об этом открытии. Герои его захватывающей, как детектив, книги - выдающиеся физики, среди...
  • №328
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М.: Наука. 1983. 200с. В книге рассматривается становление и развитие школы академика А. А. Андронова (1901—1952 гг.), сыгравшей важную роль в разработке теории нелинейных колебаний. Анализируется процесс развития этой области знания и эволюции ее важнейших понятий. Исследуются проблемы руководства научной школой, выбора направления научного поиска и построения исследовательской...
  • №329
  • 2,82 МБ
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М., Люберецкая типография, 2007. — 85 с. Книга содержит сведения об открытом специфическом эффекте в замкнутых механических системах, который может быть положен в основу принципа действия качественно новых движителей для транспортных средств с характеристиками класса НЛО. Книга содержит критический анализ некоторых общеизвестных положений газо-гидродинамики, проигнорировавшей...
  • №330
  • 916,99 КБ
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М., 2006. — 148 с. — ISBN 5-901088-03-4. В сборник входят материалы, поясняющие принцип действия изобретения "Электромашинный умножитель электрической мощности". Физическая теория; Историческая справка; Патент на изобретение; Список литературы.
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СПб.: Изд-ство «Образованіе», 1911. 132 с. Оглавление: Броуновское движеніе и молекулы Ж. Перренъ Современное состояніе атомической теоріи въ физике Э. Ротсерфордъ Возникновеше электронной теоріи вещества. Л. Боргманъ Распределеніе корпёслей въ атоме. Сэръ Дж. Дж. Томсонъ
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СПб.: Изд-ство «Образованіе», 1911. 144 с. Оглавление: Эфіръ и матерія. Н. Ленарда Взаимоотношеше между матеріей и эфіромъ по новейшимъ изследованіямъ въ области электричества. Д. Томсонъ Определете отношенія массы къ весу, въ случае радіоактивнаго вещества. Л. Cayтcepнca Эфіръ. Норанъ Кэмпбль Положеніе новейшей физики по отношенію къ механическому Mіровоззренію. Макса...
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СПб.: Изд-ство «Образованіе», 1912. 176 с. Оглавление: Опытныя изеледованія по вопросу о вліянія движенія вещества на эфиръ. В. Бурсіана Принципъ относительности въ современной физике. Проф. I. Классена Принцииъ относительности и его следствія въ современной физике. А. Эйнштейна Принципъ относительности и не-Ныотоновская механика. Джильберта Н. Льюиса и Ричарда Толмэна...
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М.: Изд-во иностр. лит-ры, 1963. - 536 с. Макс Борн - выдающийся немецкий физик-теоретик, который внес серьезный вклад в разработку матричной формы квантовой механики. За работы по обоснованию статистической трактовки квантовой механики он удостоен Нобелевской премии по физике. На протяжении своей долгой научной карьеры он опубликовал множество статей, в которых излагал свои...
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Научно-популярное издание. — Л.—М.: ОНТИ, 1935. — 364 с.: ил. В книге известного советского физика и популяризатора науки М.П. Бронштейна рассказывается о развитии науки, о том, как впервые измерили массы атомов и их размеры, какие работы и опыты привели к открытию электронов и выяснению строения атомов. Книга относится к числу лучших образцов научно-популярных изданий прошлого....
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Л.; М.: ОНТИ, 1935. — 364 с.: ил. — Научно-популярное издание. В книге известного советского физика и популяризатора науки М.П. Бронштейна рассказывается о развитии науки, о том, как впервые измерили массы атомов и их размеры, какие работы и опыты привели к открытию электронов и выяснению строения атомов. Книга относится к числу лучших образцов научно-популярных изданий прошлого....
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СПб.: тип. АО Брокгауз-Ефрон, 1906. — 72 с. (Брокгауз-Ефрон, Библиотека самообразования.) Цель статьи - изложить в возможно сжатой и популярной форме все те важнейшие факты, которые могли бы в общих чертах уяснить неподготовленному читателю связь между явлениями света и электричества, не имеющими, на первый взгляд, ничего общего между собою. Для уяснения этой связи необходимо...
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Пер. с англ. — М.: Едиториал УРСС, 2004. — 256 с. В своей книге "Мечты об окончательной теории" Стивен Вайнберг - Нобелевский лауреат по физике - описывает поиск единой фундаментальной теории природы, которая для объяснения всего разнообразия явлений микро- и макромира не нуждалась бы в дополнительных принципах, не следующих из нее самой. Электромагнитные силы и радиоактивный...
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Перевод с английского. Предисловие Е. М. Лейкина. — М.: Мир, 1986. — 285 с., илл. — (В мире науки и техники). Научно-популярная книга одного из виднейших американских ученых, физика-теоретика, лауреата Нобелевской премии Стивена Вайнберга об открытии элементарных частиц — электрона, протона и нейтрона Свой рассказ о ключевых событиях в физике конца XIX — первой половины XX в....
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М.: Едиториал УРСС, 2004. - 256 с. Пер. с англ. В своей книги Вайнберг дает ответ на интригующие вопросы: 'Почему каждая попытка объяснить законы природы указывает на необходимость нового, более глубокого анализа? Почему самые лучшие теории не только логичны, но и красивы? Как повлияет окончательная теория на наше философское мировоззрение?' Ясно и доступно Вайнберг излагает...
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М.: Едиториал УРСС, 2004. - 256 с. Пер. с англ. В своей книги Вайнберг дает ответ на интригующие вопросы: 'Почему каждая попытка объяснить законы природы указывает на необходимость нового, более глубокого анализа? Почему самые лучшие теории не только логичны, но и красивы? Как повлияет окончательная теория на наше философское мировоззрение?' Ясно и доступно Вайнберг излагает...
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М.: Едиториал УРСС, 2004. - 256 с. Пер. с англ. В своей книги Вайнберг дает ответ на интригующие вопросы: 'Почему каждая попытка объяснить законы природы указывает на необходимость нового, более глубокого анализа? Почему самые лучшие теории не только логичны, но и красивы? Как повлияет окончательная теория на наше философское мировоззрение?' Ясно и доступно Вайнберг излагает...
  • №343
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М.: Едиториал УРСС, 2004. - 256 с. Пер. с англ. В своей книги Вайнберг дает ответ на интригующие вопросы: 'Почему каждая попытка объяснить законы природы указывает на необходимость нового, более глубокого анализа? Почему самые лучшие теории не только логичны, но и красивы? Как повлияет окончательная теория на наше философское мировоззрение?' Ясно и доступно Вайнберг излагает...
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2-е изд., испр. - Москва: Госэнергоиздат, 1946. - 320 с. В книге в доступной форме рассказывается об истории электричества. Ученые, оставившие след в изучении загадок и явлений, будут сопровождать читателя на протяжении всей книги. Захватывающий рассказ, начинающийся в древней Греции и заканчивающийся в середине 20 века.
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2-е изд., испр. - Москва: Госэнергоиздат, 1946. - 320 с. В книге в доступной форме рассказывается об истории электричества. Ученые, оставившие след в изучении загадок и явлений, будут сопровождать читателя на протяжении всей книги. Захватывающий рассказ, начинающийся в древней Греции и заканчивающийся в середине 20 века.
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Одесса: Mathesis, 1912. — 300 с. Переводъ съ IV‑го англiйскаго изданiя. Подъ редакцiей приватъ-доцентовъ Б. П. Вейнберга и А. Р. Орбинскаго. Съ приложенiемъ рѣчи А. Бальфура „Нѣсколько мыслей о новой теорiи вещества“. 2‑е изданiе, исправленное и дополненное.
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М.: Наука, 1972. — 241 с. Монография является первым общим исследованием истории проблемы взаимосвязи между принципами симметрии и законами сохранения — одной из фундаментальных закономерностей современной физики. В монографии использован большой фактический материал, рассмотрен ряд малоизвестных или забытых работ (С. Ли, И. Шютца, Ф. Энгеля, Ф. Клейна и др.), которые позволяют...
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СПб.: РХГА. 2014. — 560 с.: илл. Сборник содержит хронику научных достижений, институционального развития и социальной истории научного сообщества отечественных физиков в 1949–1971 гг., обобщающую вводную статью и историко-науковедческий анализ кадрового спада в «постзолотые» годы советской физики (1970-е – 1980-е). В разделе «Публикации, воспоминания интервью» жизнь...
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М.-Л.: ГТТИ, 1934. - Изд. 2-е. - 147 с. - (Серия "Классики естествознания"). Книга содержит знаменитое исследование Германа фон Гельмгольца "О сохранении силы", в котором он одним из первых сформулировал закон сохранения энергии. Кроме того, издание включает предисловие и биографический очерк Гельмгольца, подготовленные академиком П. П. Лазаревым.
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М.: Госиздат, 1922. - 72 с. (Классики естествознания). Среди бессмертных творений, которыми наряду с сочинениями Архимеда, Ньютона, Гюйгенса будет всегда гордиться человечество, нужно поставить и мемуар Гельмгольца „О законе сохранения силы". Мемуар этот, являющийся плодом первых самостоятельных исследований молодого Гельмгольца, представлялся для физиков настолько новым и...
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Л.: П.П. Сойкин, 1929. — 48 с.: ил. — (Классики мировой науки). Изображение хорошего качества с текстовым слоем и закладками . Вступительный очерк и комментарии В.Е. Львова. Герман Гельмгольц (1821—1894) в работе «О сохранении силы» (не зная о работах Юлиуса Роберта Майера 1842 и 1845 годов) распространил закон сохранения энергии на все её виды и тем самым сыграл решающую роль в...
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М.: Наука, 1967. — 264 с. Законы сохранения среди всех законов природы занимают особое место. Общность и универсальность законов сохранения определяют их большое научное, методологическое и философское значение. С законами сохранения связано введение в современную физику идей, имеющих принципиальное значение. В этой книге популярно рассмотрены развитие и роль законов сохранения...
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М.: Наука, 1967. — 264 с. Законы сохранения среди всех законов природы занимают особое место. Общность и универсальность законов сохранения определяют их большое научное, методологическое и философское значение. С законами сохранения связано введение в современную физику идей, имеющих принципиальное значение. В этой книге популярно рассмотрены развитие и роль законов сохранения...
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СПб.: Типография Вильковского, 1793. - 523 с. Почищенный постраничный скан. Один из первых русскоязычных учебников физики. Об авторе: Гиларовский, Петр Иванович — преподаватель математики, физики и языков русского и древних классических — латинского и греческого. Временем его деятельности были конец XVIII и начало XIX веков, а местом — С.-Петербург. В учрежденном в 1759 г....
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М.—Л.: Изд-во АН СССР, 1948. — 185 с.: ил. Изображение с текстовым слоем и закладками . Александра Андреевна Глаголева-Аркадьева (1884—1945) первой в мире получила наиболее короткие радиоволны с длиной, равной длине тепловых волн. Это важное открытие доказало единство световых и электромагнитных волн и принесло Глаголевой-Аркадьевой широкую известность и признание в научных кругах...
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М.: Изд-во АН СССР, 1960. — 243 с.: ил. Настоящее двухтомное издание избранных сочинений знаменитого русского ученого Б.Б. Голицына (1862—1916), одного из основоположников современной сейсмологии, содержит его важнейшие работы по физике (том первый) и по сейсмологии (том второй). Научное наследие Б.Б. Голицына очень велико. Бóльшая часть его трудов по физике представляет в...
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М.: Изд-во АН СССР, 1960. — 243 с.: ил. Изображение с текстовым слоем и закладками . Настоящее двухтомное издание избранных сочинений знаменитого русского ученого Б.Б. Голицына (1862—1916), одного из основоположников современной сейсмологии, содержит его важнейшие работы по физике (том первый) и по сейсмологии (том второй). Научное наследие Б.Б. Голицына очень велико. Бóльшая...
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Берлин. Государственное издательство РСФСР. 1923. 158 с. Вступление Молекулярный атомизм строения тел Теплота как молекулярное движение Кинетическая теория газов Как кинетическая теория предсказывает явления Как можно взвесить и смерить молекулы Молекулярный мир как хаос Непрерывность состояния веществ Атомы энергии Что такое молекулы и атомы Можно ли надеяться...
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М.: АСТ; Corpus, 2013. — 370 с. — ISBN 978-5-17-080251-7. Современная наука родилась сравнительно недавно – всего четыре века назад, в эпоху Великой научной революции. Причины этой революции и отсутствие ее неевропейских аналогов до сих пор не имели признанного объяснения. А радикальность происшедшего ясна уже из того, что расширение и углубление научных знаний ускорились раз в...
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М.: АСТ; Corpus, 2013. — 370 с. — ISBN 978-5-17-080251-7. Современная наука родилась сравнительно недавно — всего четыре века назад, в эпоху Великой научной революции. Причины этой революции и отсутствие ее неевропейских аналогов до сих пор не имели признанного объяснения. А радикальность происшедшего ясна уже из того, что расширение и углубление научных знаний ускорились раз в...
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М.: Наука, 1982. - 168 с. Что означает утверждение о трехмерности пространства? Как возникли современные представления о размерности пространства в физике и математике? Какую роль играет трехмерность пространства в фундаментальных законах физики? Этим вопросам посвящена книга. Рассматривается роль понятия размерности в физике микро- и мегамира, соотношение различных подходов к...
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М.: Наука, 1982. — 168 с. Что означает утверждение о трехмерности пространства? Как возникли современные представления о размерности пространства в физике и математике? Какую роль играет трехмерность пространства в фундаментальных законах физики? Этим вопросам посвящена книга. Рассматривается роль понятия размерности в физике микро- и мегамира, соотношение различных подходов к...
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СПб. : ЛОИРО, 2002. — 118 с. — ISBN 5-8290-0486-0 Рассмотрены основные этапы развития физики и ее методологии от древнейших времен до 20 века. Приведены краткие биографии ученых, внесших наибольший вклад в естествознание и формирование физических представлений об окружающем мире. Обсуждается взаимосвязь развития физики и общества. Пособие предназначено для преподавателей физики...
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