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Философия науки и техники

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Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014. — 230 p. — ISBN 0-691-07296-5. Robert John Ackermann deals decisively with the problem of relativism that has plagued post-empiricist philosophy of science. Recognizing that theory and data are mediated by data domains (bordered data sets produced by scientific instruments), he argues that the use of instruments breaks the dependency of...
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Springer, 1975. — 559 p. Joseph Agassi is a critic, a gadfly, a debunker and deflater; he is also a constructor, a speculator and an imaginative scholaro in the history and philosophy of science, he has been Peck's bad boy, delighting in sharp and pungent criticism, relishing directness and simplicity, and enjoying it all enormously. As one of that small group of Popper's students...
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Springer, 2017. — 411 pp. This book offers a comprehensive update on the scientific realism debate, enabling readers to gain a novel appreciation of the role of objectivity and truth in science and to understand fully the various ways in which antirealist conceptions have been subjected to challenge over recent decades. Authoritative representatives of different philosophical...
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Springer, 2014. - 482 pp. The first part of this book is of an epistemological nature and develops an original theory of scientific objectivity, understood in a weak sense (as intersubjective agreement among the specialists) and a strong sense (as having precise concrete referents). In both cases it relies upon the adoption of operational criteria designed within the particular...
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Springer, 2000. - 365 pp. It is commonly thought that the birth of modern natural science was made possible by an intellectual shift from a mainly abstract and speculative conception of the world to a carefully elaborated image based on observations. There is some grain of truth in this claim, but this grain depends very much on what one takes observation to be. In the philosophy...
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Springer, 2019. — 189 p. — (The Frontiers Collection). — ISBN 3030113000. Published in cooperation with the renowned physics "think-tank" Foundational Questions Institute, FQXi Are there truly fundamental entities in nature? Or are the things that we regard as fundamental in our theories – for example space, time or the masses of elementary particles – merely awaiting a derivation...
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Springer, 2015. — 337 pp. This book offers the most complete and up-to-date overview of the philosophical work of Evandro Agazzi, presently the most important Italian philosopher of science and one of the most influential in the world. Scholars from seven countries explore his contributions in areas ranging from philosophy of physics and general philosophy of science to...
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Springer, 2014. - 294 pp. This edited book presents the problems of time and direction from an interdisciplinary point of view, concentrating in particular on the following relations: - Time and physics - Time, philosophy and psychology - Time, mathematics and information theory It is a unique contribution by philosophers and scientists who are active in mathematics, physics,...
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N.-Y.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. — 386 p. A collection of essays discussing a wide range of sciences and the central philosophical issues associated with them, presenting the sciences collectively to encourage a greater understanding of their associative theoretical foundations, as well as their relationships to each other. Offers a new and unique approach to studying and...
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World Scientific Publishing Company, 2011. — 424 p. — ISBN 9789814350129. Philip Anderson was educated at University High School in Urbana, Illinois, at Harvard (BS 1943, PhD 1949), and further educated at Bell Laboratories, where his career (1949-1984) coincided with the greatest period of that remarkable institution. Starting in 1967, he shared his time with Cambridge University...
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Cambridge University Press, 2005. — 132 p. “Antonelli applies some of the techniques developed in Kripke’s approach to the paradoxes to generalize some of the most popular formalisms for non-monotonic reasoning, particularly default logic. The result is a complex and sophisticated theory that is technically solid and attractive from an intuitive standpoint.” – John Horty,...
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Durham: Duke University Press, 2019. — 257 p. In Surrogate Humanity Neda Atanasoski and Kalindi Vora trace the ways in which robots, artificial intelligence, and other technologies serve as surrogates for human workers within a labor system entrenched in racial capitalism and patriarchy. Analyzing myriad technologies, from sex robots and military drones to sharing-economy...
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Berlin: Springer, 2009. — 360 p. Emergence and complexity refer to the appearance of higher-level properties and behaviours of a system that obviously comes from the collective dynamics of that system's components. These properties are not directly deductable from the lower-level motion of that system. Emergent properties are properties of the "whole'' that are not possessed by...
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Cambridge University Press, 2008. - 264 p. Jody Azzouni argues in this original and exciting study that mathematical knowledge really is a special kind of knowledge with its own special means of gathering evidence. He analyzes the linguistic pitfalls and misperceptions philosophers in this field are often prone to, and explores the misapplications of epistemic principles from...
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Oxford University Press, 2006. — 256 p. When ordinary people—mathematicians among them—take something to follow (deductively) from something else, they are exposing the backbone of our self-ascribed ability to reason. This book investigates the connection between that ordinary notion of consequence and the formal analogues invented by logicians. One claim of the book is that,...
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Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2018. — 378 p. — (The Frontiers Collection) — ISBN 978-94-024-1052-5. 'The Essential Tension' explores how agents that naturally compete come to act together as a group. The author argues that the controversial concept of multilevel selection is essential to biological evolution, a proposition set to stimulate new debate. The idea of one...
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University of Pittsburgh Press, 2009. — 248 p. — ISBN: 082294376X, 082296273X, 9780822943761 Scientists have used models for hundreds of years as a means of describing phenomena and as a basis for further analogy. In , Daniela Bailer-Jones assembles an original and comprehensive philosophical analysis of how models have been used and interpreted in both historical and...
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Sage. 2011. 984 pages. ISBN: 141297688X This 2-volume set within the SAGE Reference Series on Leadership tackles issues relevant to leadership in the realm of science and technology. To encompass the key topics in this arena, this handbook features 100 topics arranged under eight headings. Volume 1 concentrates on general principles of science and technology leadership and...
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Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. — 297 p. Western philosophers have traditionally concentrated on theory as the means for expressing knowledge about a variety of phenomena. This absorbing book challenges this fundamental notion by showing how objects themselves, specifically scientific instruments, can express knowledge. As he considers numerous intriguing examples,...
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Springer, 2006. – 375 p. Книга представляет собой сборник англоязычных статей, которые касаются философских проблем химии. Chemistry and the philosophy of chemistry Chemistry and the history and philosophy of science Chemistry and current philosophy of science Chemistry and physics Chemical theory and foundatoinal questions Chemistry and its tools of representation...
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Palgrave Macmillan, Springer Nature, 2017. — 273 p. — ISBN-10: 3319397834 In this study Arun Bala examines the implications that Niels Bohr’s principle of complementarity holds for fields beyond physics. Bohr, one of the founding figures of modern quantum physics, argued that the principle of complementarity he proposed for understanding atomic processes has parallels in...
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Монография. Dordrecht, Reidel, 1987, 431 p. Содержательное и техническое изложение структуралистского направления в философии по состоянию на конец 80-х годов Xx века. Приложения к анализу конкретных систем научного знания из механики, термодинамики, химии и экономики. An architectonic for science. The structuralist program Table of contents. preface. overview. notational...
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Cambridge University Press, 2014. — 217 p. In the early twentieth century, Ernst Mach, William James, and Bertrand Russell founded a philosophical and scientific movement known as 'neutral monism', based on the view that minds and physical objects are constructed out of elements or events which are neither mental nor physical, but neutral between the two. This movement offers a...
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N.-Y.: Springer, 2015. - 292p. This book systematically creates a general descriptive theory of scientific change that explains the mechanics of changes in both scientific theories and the methods of their assessment. It was once believed that, while scientific theories change through time, their change itself is governed by a fixed method of science. Nowadays we know that...
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Springer; 2014 edition (December 17, 2013) - 339 p. Modern information and communication technologies, together with a cultural upheaval within the research community, have profoundly changed research in nearly every aspect. Ranging from sharing and discussing ideas in social networks for scientists to new collaborative environments and novel publication formats, knowledge...
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Oxford University Press, 2002. — 144 p. This book focuses on a form of reasoning in science that I call “asymptotic reasoning.” At base, this type of reasoning involves methods that eliminate details and, in some sense, precision. Asymptotic reasoning has received systematic treatment in physics and applied mathematics, but virtually no attention has been paid to it by...
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2018. — 186 p. — (Nordic Wittgenstein Studies 03) — ISBN 3319711857. This volume collects nine essays that investigate the work of Gottlob Frege. The contributors address Frege’s work in relation to literature and fiction (Dichtung), the humanities (Geisteswissenschaften), and science (Wissenschaft). Overall, the essays consider internal...
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New York: Springer, 2019. — 195 p. In this book, the author develops a new form of structural realism and deals with the problem of representation. The work combines two distinguished developments of the Semantic View of Theories, namely Structural Realism (SR), a flourishing theory from contemporary philosophy of science, and Ronald Giere and colleagues’ Cognitive Models of...
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Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. — 221 p. This book explores the role of causal constraints in science, shifting our attention from causal relations between individual events--the focus of most philosophical treatments of causation―to a broad family of concepts and principles generating constraints on possible change. Yemima Ben-Menahem looks at determinism, locality,...
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Cambridge University Press, 2006. - 330 pp. The daring idea that convention – human decision – lies at the root of so-called necessary truths, on the one hand, and much of empirical science, on the other, reverberates through twentieth-century philosophy, constituting a revolution comparable to Kant’s Copernican revolution. Conventionalism is the first comprehensive study of...
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Indiana University Press, Aleph, No. 4 (2004), pp. 11-87. E-ISSN: 1565-5423 Print ISSN: 1565-1525. Project MUSE - scholarly journals online,© Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism, 2004. 39 p. Contents: Background on Saadia's view of the relationship between Astrology and Prophecy. Saadia's introduction to Daniel : the Judaeo-Arabic text. Saadia's introduction...
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Rochester: Destiny Books, 1988. — 208 p. In his exciting and original view of the universe, Itzhak Bentov has provided a new perspective on human consciousness and its limitless possibilities. Widely known and loved for his delightful humor and imagination, Bentov explains the familiar world of phenomena with perceptions that are as lucid as they are thrilling. He gives us a...
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Bratislava: Comenius University in Bratislava, 2019. — 236 p. The book is divided into six chapters. The first, “Science and its methodological characteristics”, tackles the question of how we can distinguish science from other fields, such as “common sense”, pseudoscientific systems and religion. In the second chapter, “A toolbox of scientific methods”, we zoom in on some of the...
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Oxford University Press, 2014. — 384 p. — ISBN 0199337098. This volume of original papers by a leading team of international scholars explores Isaac Newton's relation to a variety of empiricisms and empiricists. It includes studies of Newton's experimental methods in optics and their roots in Bacon and Boyle; Locke's and Hume's responses to Newton on the nature of matter, time,...
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Academic Press, 1998. The problem of perception and cognition is in understanding how the organism transforms, organizes, stores, and uses information arising from the world in sense data or memory. With this definition of perception and cognition in mind, this handbook is designed to bring together the essential aspects of this very large, diverse, and scattered literature and...
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Palgrave Macmillan Limited, 2012 - 322 p. The faculty at the University of Houston's program in Futures Studies share their comprehensive, integrated approach to preparing foresight professionals and assisting others doing foresight projects. Provides an essential guide to developing classes on the future or even establishing whole degree programs.
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Edition Open Access, 2016. — 387 pp. The publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s "Structure of Scientific Revolutions" in 1962 stands for a turning point in the history and philosophy of science. The repercussions of this work have rearticulated the theoretical framework of history and philosophy of science and have also generated discussions that contributed to the formation of the...
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Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2017. — xiii, 403 p.; 53 b/w ills., 29 colour ills. — (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science Series 326.) This volume addresses the question of time from the perspective of the time of nature. Its aim is to provide some insights about the nature of time on the basis of the different uses of the concept of time in natural sciences....
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. — 240 p. Contains the first collection of philosophical essays on scientific collaboration and collective knowledge. The book focuses on conceptual and normative questions about how scientific research could be organized differently and how it should be organized Intends to be the central reference for philosophical debates about scientific...
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2nd Edition.- London, UK: Facet Publishing, 2015. — 433 p. — ISBN 1783300310. Describes a variety of library classification systems, including the Library of Congress, Dewey Decimal Classification, Universal Decimal Classification, and faceted classification. Contents Introduction The need for classification First principles of classification The variety of classification: systems...
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London: Academic, 2012. — 289 p. All the great philosophers from Plato and Aristotle to the present day have been philosophers of science. However, this bookconcentrates on modern philosophy of science, starting in the nineteenthcentury and offering coverage of all the leading thinkers in the fieldincluding Whewell, Mill, Reichenbach, Carnap, Popper, Feyerabend, Putnam, van...
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London: Routledge, 1994. — 212 p. — ISBN-10: 0415091810; ISBN-13: 978-0415091817. Realism is an enlightening story, a tale which enriches our experience and makes it more intelligible. Yet this wonderful picture of humanity's best efforts at knowledge has been badly bruised by numerous critics. James Robert Brown in Smoke and Mirrors fights back against figures such as Richard...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. — 534 p. Model theory is used in every theoretical branch of analytic philosophy: in philosophy of mathematics, in philosophy of science, in philosophy of language, in philosophical logic, and in metaphysics. But these wide-ranging uses of model theory have created a highly fragmented literature. On the one hand, many philosophically...
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Scarecrow Press, 2009. — 337 pp. Contents: Editor’s Foreword Jon Woronoff Acknowledgments Abbreviations Chronology Introduction The dictionary Bibliography About the Authors ISBN-13: 978-0-8108-5363-8 (cloth : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-8108-5363-9 (cloth : alk. paper) ISBN-13: 978-0-8108-6292-0 (ebook) ISBN-10: 0-8108-6292-1 (ebook)
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Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2018. — 349 p. How can we predict and explain the phenomena of nature? What are the limits to this knowledge process? The central issues of prediction, explanation, and mathematical modeling, which underlie all scientific activity, were the focus of a conference organized by the Swedish Council for the Planning and Coordination of Research, held at the...
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Cambridge University Press, 2007. — 270 p. Scientific realism is the view that our best scientific theories give approximately true descriptions of both observable and unobservable aspects of a mindindependent world. Debates between realists and their critics are at the very heart of the philosophy of science. Anjan Chakravartty traces the contemporary evolution of realism by...
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4th edition. — St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 2013. — 304 p. Since its first publication in 1976, Alan Chalmers's highly regarded and widely read work—translated into eighteen languages—has become a classic introduction to the scientific method, known for its accessibility to beginners and its value as a resource for advanced students and scholars. In addition to...
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3rd edition. — Hackett Publishing Company, 1999. — 266 p. — ISBN 0—87220—452—9. Introduction Science as knowledge derived from the facts of experience Observation as practical intervention Experiment Deriving theories from the facts: induction Introducing falsificationism Sophisticated falsificationism, novel predictions and the growth of science The limitations of...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. — 527 p. Following a long-term international collaboration between leaders in cosmology and the philosophy of science, this volume addresses foundational questions at the limit of science across these disciplines, questions raised by observational and theoretical progress in modern cosmology. Space missions have mapped the Universe up...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press. – 2004. – 305 p. — (Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Science) Complementary science asks scientific questions that are excluded from current specialist science. It begins by re-examining the obvious, by asking why we accept the basic truths of science that have become educated common sense. Because many things are protected from questioning and...
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Oxford University Press, 2004. — 305 p. — (Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Science). Complementary science asks scientific questions that are excluded from current specialist science. It begins by re-examining the obvious, by asking why we accept the basic truths of science that have become educated common sense. Because many things are protected from questioning and criticism in...
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Springer, 2012. - 316 pp. This book exhibits deep philosophical quandaries and intricacies of the historical development of science lying behind a simple and fundamental item of common sense in modern science, namely the composition of water as H 2 O. Three main phases of development are critically re-examined, covering the historical period from the 1760s to the 1860s: the...
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Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2012. - 291p. Paradoxes are poems of science and philosophy that collectively allow us to address broad multidisciplinary issues within a microcosm. A true paradox is a source of creativity and a concise expression that delivers a profound idea and provokes a wild and endless imagination. The study of paradoxes leads to ultimate clarity and, at the same...
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Springer International Publishing, 2015. — 430+ix p. — (Archimedes: New Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology 42). The book presents the outcomes of an innovative research programme in the history of science and implements a Text Act Theory which extends Speech Act Theory, in order to illustrate a new approach to texts and textual communicative acts....
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Springer, 2017. — 398 p. This book is written for anyone who is interested in how a field of research evolves and the fundamental role of understanding uncertainties involved in different levels of analysis, ranging from macroscopic views to meso- and microscopic ones. We introduce a series of computational and visual analytic techniques, from research areas such as text mining,...
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Springer, 2006. — 337 pp. Alan Musgrave has consistently defended two positions that he regards as commonsensical – critical realism and critical rationalism. In defence of critcal realism he argues for the objective existence of the external world as opposed to idealism, as well as arguing for scientific realism against all anti-realist accounts of science. His critical...
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Springer, 2002. — 215 pp. The majority of the papers in this collection had their origin in the 2001 Australasian Association for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Science annual conference, held at the University of Melbourne, where streams of papers on the themes of scientific realism and commonsense were organised. Introduction: Scientific Realism and Commonsense (by...
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Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 1999. — 602 p. John Cleary here explores the role which the mathematical sciences play in Aristotle's philosophical thought, especially in his cosmology, metaphysics, and epistemology. He also thematizes the aporetic method by means of which he deals with philosophical questions about the foundations of mathematics. The first two chapters...
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Clarendon Press, 1989. — 227 p. Two new philosophical problems surrounding the gradation of certainty began to emerge in the 17th century and are still very much alive today. One is concerned with the evaluation of inductive reasoning, whether in science, jurisprudence, or elsewhere; the other with the interpretation of the mathematical calculus of change. This book, aimed at...
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Dordrecht (Holland)—Boston (U.S.A.): D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1976. — XIII + 740 p. — (Boston studies in the philosophy of science. Vol. 32). For this book, we have selected papers from symposia and contributed sessions at the fourth biennial meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, held at the University of Notre Dame on November 1-3, 1974. The meeting was lively...
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M E Sharpe Inc, 1999 — 224 p. The present volume, Philosophy and Computer Science, provides a lucid and stimulating introduction to some of the most fascinating ideas explored in contemporary philosophy and science, which concern the scope and limits of computers and their powers. The author, Timothy Colburn, who is both a philosopher and a computer scientist, supplies a...
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University of Chicago Press, 2010. - 186 pp. Much of what humans know we cannot say. And much of what we do we cannot describe. For example, how do we know how to ride a bike when we can’t explain how we do it? Abilities like this were called tacit knowledge by physical chemist and philosopher Michael Polanyi, but here Harry Collins analyzes the term, and the behavior, in much...
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New York: Springer, 2018. — 294 p. The chapters present the mathematical and computational foundations of concept invention, discuss cognitive and social aspects, and further describe concrete implementations and applications in the fields of musical and mathematical creativity. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in formal systems, cognitive science, artificial...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. — 334 p. This book is an extensive survey and critical examination of the literature on the use of expert opinion in scientific inquiry and policy making. The elicitation, representation, and use of expert opinion is increasingly important for two reasons: advancing technology leads to more and more complex decision problems, and...
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Cambridge University Press, 2014. - 246 pp. Does science have limits? Where does order come from? Can we understand consciousness? Written by Nobel Laureate Leon N. Cooper, this book places pressing scientific questions in the broader context of how they relate to human experience. Widely considered to be a highly original thinker, Cooper has written and given talks on a large...
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Cambridge University Press, 2001. — 237 p. Formal logic has traditionally been conceived as bearing no special relationship to biology. Recent developments in evolutionary theory suggest, however, that the two subjects may be intimately related. In this book, William Cooper presents a carefully supported theory of rationality in which logical law is seen as an intrinsic aspect of...
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Bloomsbury Publishing Inc., New York, London, USA, UK, 2018. — 336 p. — ISBN 1501330799. Did the universe begin to exist? If so, did it have a cause? Or could it have come into existence uncaused, from nothing? These questions are taken up by the medieval-though recently-revived-kalam cosmological argument, which has arguably been the most discussed philosophical argument for...
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Bloomsbury Publishing Inc., New York, London, USA, UK, 2018. — 374 p. — ISBN 1501335871. The ancient kalam cosmological argument maintains that the series of past events is finite and that therefore the universe began to exist. Two recent scientific discoveries have yielded plausible prima facie physical evidence for the beginning of the universe. The expansion of the universe...
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North Holland, 2006. — 1197 pages. The papers presented in this volume examine topics of central interest in contemporary philosophy of logic. They include reflections on the nature of logic and its relevance for philosophy today, and explore in depth developments in informal logic and the relation of informal to symbolic logic, mathematical metatheory and the limiting...
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MIT Press. Perspectives on Science. Vol.16, N 2, Summer 2008. E-ISSN: 1530-9274 Print ISSN: 1063-6145. 17 p. Abstract: Ever since 1956 when details of the Logic Theorist were published by Newell and Simon, a large literature has accumulated on computational models and theories of the creative process, especially in science, invention and design. But what exactly do these...
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University of Chicago Press, 2000. — 319 p. Why does an object or phenomenon become the subject of scientific inquiry? Why do some of these objects remain provocative, while others fade from center stage? And why do objects sometimes return as the focus of research long after they were once abandoned? Addressing such questions, Biographies of Scientific Objects is about how whole...
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MIT Press, 2007. — 504 p. — (Zone Books.) Objectivity has a history, and it is full of surprises. In Objectivity, Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison chart the emergence of objectivity in the mid-nineteenth-century sciences—and show how the concept differs from its alternatives, truth-to-nature and trained judgment. This is a story of lofty epistemic ideals fused with workaday...
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University of California Press, Berkeley, USA, 1977. — 233 p. — ISBN-10: 0520032470, 0520028252 It is a basic property of nature that our world possesses a structural distinction between past and future; in physics this is known as time asymmetry, and it is a controversial and obscure area of study. Can the asymmetry in time of the everyday world be accounted for on the basis of...
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Ullstein Taschenbuch, 2008 - 690 Seiten. Richard Dawkins hat erneut ein Buch geschrieben, das bestehende Weltbilder grundsätzlich in Frage stellt. So wie Das egoistische Gen einen Paradigmenwechsel in den Naturwissenschaft en einleitete, so ist auch Der Gotteswahn ein bahnbrechendes Werk. In diesem leidenschaft lichen Plädoyer für die Vernunft zieht Dawkins gegen die Religionen...
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Free Press, Oct 4, 2011. - 272 p. Magic takes many forms. Supernatural magic is what our ancestors used in order to explain the world before they developed the scientific method. The ancient Egyptians explained the night by suggesting the goddess Nut swallowed the sun. The Vikings believed a rainbow was the gods’ bridge to earth. The Japanese used to explain earthquakes by...
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Leopard, 2007. — 412 s. Tänk dig en värld där förmenta häxor och kätterska vetenskapsmän aldrig bränts på bål. En värld utan korståg och självmordsbombare. En värld där kvinnor inte tvingas till äktenskap eller könsstympning. Tänk dig en värld utan religion! Richard Dawkins, den framstående vetenskapsmannen, visar på den allvarliga skada som religionen och tron på Gud har lett...
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Warszawa: Wydawnictwo CiS, 2007. Przeło ył Piotr J. Szwajcer Ksia ka Bóg urojony ukazała sie w USA i w Wielkiej Brytanii jesienia 2006. Natychmiast zyskała wielka popularnosc wsród czytelników (do marca 2007 prawie milion sprzedanych egzemplarzy, I miejsce w brytyjskim oraz kanadyjskim Amazonie, II w amerykanskim, nieprzerwanie w pierwszej dziesiatce bestsellerów „New York...
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Mondadori, 2011 - 399 pagine , ISBN: 8804605316 Nel 1859 "L'origine delle specie" di Charles Darwin scosse il mondo dalle fondamenta. Darwin sapeva benissimo che la sua teoria dell'evoluzione avrebbe provocato un terremoto, ma non avrebbe mai potuto immaginare che, un secolo e mezzo dopo, la controversia avrebbe continuato a infuriare. L'evoluzione è considerata un "fatto" da...
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Oxford University Press, 2008. — 438 p. Boasting almost one hundred articles and book excerpts, The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing is a breathtaking celebration of the finest writing by scientists--the best such collection in print--packed with scintillating essays on everything from "The Discovery of Lucy" to "The Terror and Vastness of the Universe." Edited by...
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Монография Р.Докинза "Расплетая радугу" на английском языке. Издатели A Mariner Book, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, New York, 1998 год, 212 стр. Автор сравнивает науку и научную деятельность с искусством и его эстетикой с точки зрения ученого. ". преобладающий лейтмотив книги - в защиту хорошей поэтической науки, под которой я, конечно, подразумеваю не науку, написанную в...
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Springer, 2018. — 440 p. — (Science: Philosophy, History and Education). — ISBN 10 3319740350, 13 978-3319740355. This book offers a comprehensive overview of research at interface between History, Philosophy and Sociology of Science (HPSS) and Science Teaching in Ibero-America. It contributes to research on contextualization of science for students, teachers and researchers, and...
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Springer, 2018. — 536 p. — (Science: Philosophy, History and Education). — ISBN 10 3319740350, 13 978-3319740355. This book offers a comprehensive overview of research at interface between History, Philosophy and Sociology of Science (HPSS) and Science Teaching in Ibero-America. It contributes to research on contextualization of science for students, teachers and researchers, and...
  • №82
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Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2009. — 365 p. To most scientists, and to those interested in the sciences, understanding is the ultimate aim of scientific endeavor. In spite of this, understanding, and how it is achieved, has received little attention in recent philosophy of science. Scientific Understanding seeks to reverse this trend by providing original and...
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Springer, 2005. — 155 p. Teaching about technology, at all levels of education, can only be done properly when those who teach have a clear idea about what it is that they teach. In other words: they should be able to give a decent answer to the question: what is technology? In the philosophy of technology that question is explored. Therefore the philosophy of technology is a...
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3rd Edition. — Wiley-Blackwell, 2018. — 384 p. — ISBN 978-1-119-11899-2. Now in its third edition, Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science strengthens its reputation as the most accessible and teachable introduction to the history and philosophy of science on the market. Geared toward engaging undergraduates and those approaching the history and...
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2тd Edition. — Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. — 392 p. — ISBN: 978-140-519563-8 Updated throughout and with three entirely new chapters, Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science, Second Edition furthers its reputation as the definitive introductory text on the historical developments and philosophical issues that inform our scientific view of the world around...
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2тd Edition. — Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. — 392 p. — ISBN: 978-140-519563-8 Updated throughout and with three entirely new chapters, Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science, Second Edition furthers its reputation as the definitive introductory text on the historical developments and philosophical issues that inform our scientific view of the world around...
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Bloomsbury Academic, 2018. — 202 pp. When Galileo dropped cannon-balls from the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, he did more than overturn centuries of scientific orthodoxy. At a stroke, he established a new conception of the scientific method based upon careful experimentation and rigorous observation - and also laid the groundwork for an ongoing conflict between the critical...
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Dordrecht: Springer, 2007. — 321 p. — (Synthese Library. Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Volume 153) Free of unnecessary ballast, and written with didactical aptitude, this book gives a complete overview of how the different views of scientific progress have developed since the time of the Vienna Circle. It is a suitable introduction to...
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Springer, 2013. — 326 pp. Cartesian Empiricisms considers the role Cartesians played in the acceptance of experiment in natural philosophy during the seventeenth century. It aims to correct a partial image of Cartesian philosophers as paradigmatic system builders who failed to meet challenges posed by the new science’s innovative methods. Studies in this volume argue that far from...
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Springer, 2016. — 242 p. — (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science 285). — ISBN 3319225898. This book examines the many faces of philosophy of time, including the metaphysical aspects, natural science issues, and the consciousness of time. It brings together the different methodologies of investigating the philosophy of time. It does so to counter the growing...
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Springer, 2016. — 156 p. — (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science 285). — ISBN 3319225898. This book examines the many faces of philosophy of time, including the metaphysical aspects, natural science issues, and the consciousness of time. It brings together the different methodologies of investigating the philosophy of time. It does so to counter the growing...
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Kluwer, 1988. — 379 p. Science is accorded high value in our culture because, unlike many other intellectual endeavors, it appears capable of producing increasingly reliable knowledge, During the last quarter century a group of historians and philosophers of science (known variously as 'theorists of scientific change', the 'post-positivist school' or the 'historical school') has...
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London: World Scientific Publishing Europe Ltd, 2017. — 282 p. Current mathematical models are notoriously unreliable in describing the time evolution of unexpected social phenomena, from financial crashes to revolution. Can such events be forecast? Can we compute probabilities about them? Can we model them? This book investigates and attempts to answer these questions through...
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Bellingham: SPIE, 2016. — 155 p. This book aims to provide scientists and engineers, and those interested in scientific issues, with a concise account of how the nature of scientific knowledge evolved from antiquity to a seemingly final form in the Twentieth Century that now strongly limits the knowledge that people would like to gain in the Twenty-first Century. Some might think...
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Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. — 312 p. Contents : Introduction Inference and Method Thoroughly Modern Meno - Clark Glymour and Kevin Kelly The Concept of Induction in the Light of the Interrogative Approach to Inquiry - Jaakko Hintikka Aristotelian Natures and the Modern Experimental Method - Nancy Cartwright Genetic Inference. A Reconsideration of David Hume's...
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New York, USA: Oxford University Press, 2018. — 209 p. — ISBN-10 0198758693. What is truth? What role does truth play in the connections between language and the world? What is the relationship between truth and being? The Metaphysics of Truth tackles these fundamental philosophical questions and proposes a distinctive metaphysical worldview. Douglas Edwards develops a detailed...
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Fifth Printing. - New York: Crown Publishers, Inc, 1960 . - 377 p. Based on Mein Welstbild. Edited by Carl Seelig , and other sources. New translations and revisions by Sonja Bargmann . PUBLISHER'S NOTE: Ideas and Opinions represents an attempt to gather together, so far as is possible, in one volume the most important of Albert Einstein's general writings. Until now...
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New York: Springer, 2019. — 335 p. In this controversial essay, Carlos Elías addresses the worldwide phenomenon that is threatening the scientific and economic progress of Western countries. The rise and influence of magic and irrationality in the media, in social networks and at universities is a disturbing phenomenon: many Western students no longer want to pursue STEM (Science,...
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Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), Stanford University, 2017. — 96 p. Contents Introduction Postulate 1: Information is finite Postulate 2: Knowledge is information compression Mathematization of knowledge The K function Operations on information Cumulating Expanding Meaning and content of Properties of K Property 1: Ockham's razor Property 2: Optimal accuracy...
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Springer, 2010. — 320 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 21) The conceptual pair of 'Erklären' and 'Verstehen' (explanation and understanding) has been an object of philosophical and methodological debates for well over a century. Discussions to this day are centered around the question of whether certain objects or issues, such as those dealing with humans or society, require a special...
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Editiones Scholasticae, 2019. — 515 p. Actuality and potentiality, substantial form and prime matter, efficient causality and teleology are among the fundamental concepts of Aristotelian philosophy of nature. Aristotle's Revenge argues that these concepts are not only compatible with modern science, but are implicitly presupposed by modern science. Among the many topics covered...
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Cambridge University Press, 1981. — 368 p. The present volume and its companion discuss three ideas that have played an important role in the history of science, philosophy and civilization: criticism, proliferation and reality. The ideas are presented, explained and made the starting points of argumentative chains. Introduction: scientific realism and philosophical realism An...
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New Left Books, 1975. - 390p. Contents Preface Preface to the Third Edition Introduction to the Chinese Edition Analytical Index Introduction Parts 1-20 Postscript on Relativism Index
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Reidel, 1987. - 346 pp. The essays in this volume are concerned more or less directly with the theory and practice of measurement. As a theme or organising principle for the collection, it was suggested to contributors that they might explore some of the implications of the theory and practice of measurement for the realist interpretation of science and for the claim that...
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London: Routledge, 2012. — 283 p. From Lucretius throwing a spear beyond the boundary of the universe to Einstein racing against a beam of light, thought experiments stand as a fascinating challenge to the necessity of data in the empirical sciences. Are these experiments, conducted uniquely in our imagination, simply rhetorical devices or communication tools or are they an...
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. — 217 p. Is it possible to approach quantum theory in a 'therapeutic' vein that sees its foundational problems as arising from mistaken conceptual presuppositions? The book explores the prospects for this project and, in doing so, discusses such fascinating issues as the nature of quantum states, explanation in quantum theory, and 'quantum non-locality'.
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. — 252 pp. Abstract: In this collection of essays, one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing today offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and 1930s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical...
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London: Routledge, 2014. — 177 p. In this challenging and provocative book, Steve Fuller contends that our continuing faith in science in the face of its actual history is best understood as the secular residue of a religiously inspired belief in divine providence. Our faith in science is the promise of a life as it shall be, as science will make it one day. Just as men once put...
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Imprint Academic, 2008. - 276 p. Gallagher presents a collection of dialogues between himself and a number of neuroscientists, including Michael Gazzaniga, Marc Jeannerod, and Chris Frith, on the relation between the mind and brain. Shaun Gallagher has put together a great book here. They greatest feature of Brainstorming is that Gallagher hasn't just thrown a bunch of...
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Cambridge University Press, 2002. — 435 p. — ISBN: 0521017084, 978-0521017084. Beginning with a discussion of today's "science wars" and science's presuppositions, the book then looks at deductive and inductive logic, probability, statistics, and parsimony and concludes with an examination of science's powers and limits and a look at science education. Topics relevant to a...
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Bristol: Falmer Press, Taylor & Francis Inc., 1995. — 231 p. This book gives a definitive theoretical account of radical constiructivism, a theory of knowing that provides a pragmatic approach to questions about reality, truth, language and human understanding. The chapters are: "Growing up Constructivist: Languages and Thoughtful People", "Unpopular Philosophical Ideas: A...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. — 279 p. The New Mechanical Philosophy argues for a new image of nature and of science--one that understands both natural and social phenomena to be the product of mechanisms, and that casts the work of science as an effort to discover and understand those mechanisms. Drawing on an expanding literature on mechanisms in physical, life, and...
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London: Routledge, 2018. — 495 p. Contents : Preface Introduction: Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophies Historical Perspectives on Mechanisms Mechanisms: Ancient Sources From the Mechanical Philosophy to Early Modern Mechanisms The Origins of the Reaction Mechanism Mechanism, Organicism and Vitalism Mechanisms and the Mental The Nature of Mechanisms Varieties of Mechanisms...
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Oxford University Press, 2010. — 256 p. We usually associate a sense of elegance with art or fashion design, poetry or dance, but the idea of elegance is surprisingly important in science as well. The use of the term is most apparent in the "elegant proofs" of mathematics-which Bertrand Russell once described as "capable of a stern perfection such as only the greatest art can...
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New York, USA: Skyhorse Publishing, 2013. — 240 p. — ISBN 978-1-62636-193-5. In 1973, scientists John Hughes and Hans Kosterlitz were studying pig brains in an underfunded laboratory in Aberdeen, Sweden. During their research, the duo discovered a non-addictive narcotic chemical. What if they could find a similar chemical in humans? If human brains also had this chemical and they...
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4th edition. — Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard University Press, 1983. 131 pp. Foreword: . " Fact, Fiction, and Forecast has achieved the paradoxical status of a contemporary classic. It is a classic by virtue of being one of the few books that every serious student of philosophy in our time has to have read; it is contemporary not just because it is by a contemporary philosopher...
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Routledge, 1991. — 703 p. Preface Sociality and social science The concept of ‘society’ Types of sociality Altriciality and enculturation The rise of the Age of Science Leonardo, Vesalius, and Galileo The scientific attitude Appendix: The sociology of science Social laws Nomological propositions Nomological levels Social and natural science: some preliminary remarks Positive and...
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Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2002. — 285 p. The central theme running throughout this outstanding new survey is the nature of the philosophical debate created by modern science's foundation in experimental and mathematical method. More recently, recognition that reasoning in science is probabilistic generated intense debate about whether and how it should be constrained so as to...
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Издательство Шпрингер, 2011, 300 стр. Феминистские эпистомология и философия науки. Знание - сила. Язык: английский. Содержание: - Introduction: Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science in the Twenty-First Century by Heidi E. Grasswick Part I Intersections: Feminism, Epistemology, and Science Studies - The Marginalization of Feminist Epistemology and What That Reveals...
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London: College Publications, 2012. — 270 p. The present volume presents philosophy of science at its best, that is a philosophy of science that is done in close contact with current scientifi c research and carefully assesses and evaluates its commitments and consequences. As such it represents philosophy simpliciter at its best, for it is concerned with and dares to ask...
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2016. — 202 p. — (SAPERE. Volume 30) — ISBN: 3319466895 Философия науки. This book deals with a topic that has been largely neglected by philosophers of science to date: the ability to refer and analyze in tandem. On the basis of a set of philosophical case studies involving both problems in number theory and issues concerning time and...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. — 212 p. What are individuals? How can they be identified? These are crucial questions for philosophers and scientists alike. Criteria of individuality seem to differ markedly between metaphysics and the empirical sciences - and this might well explain why no work has hitherto attempted to relate the contributions of metaphysics, physics and...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. — 305 p. — ISBN 978-1-107-11099-1, 978-1-107-52774-4. Major figures of twentieth-century philosophy were enthralled by the revolution in formal logic, and many of their arguments are based on novel mathematical discoveries. Hilary Putnam claimed that the Löwenheim-Skølem theorem refutes the existence of an objective,...
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Introducing Nancy Cartwright’s Philosophy of Science Carl Hoefer Part I Models and Representations Standing Up Against Tradition: Models and Theories in Nancy Cartwright’s Philosophy of Science Daniela Bailer-Jones Reply by Cartwright Nancy Cartwright on Theories, Models, and Their Application to Reality: A Case Study Ulrich Gähde Reply by Cartwright Models as...
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Oxford, New York, UK, USA: Oxford University Press, 2016. — 82 p. — ISBN 9780199688362. What is learning? How does it take place? What happens when it goes wrong? The topic of learning has been central to the development of the science of psychology since its inception. Without learning there can be no memory, no language and no intelligence. Indeed it is rather difficult to...
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Cambridge University Press, 2011. - 311 p. The infinite! No other question has ever moved so profoundly the spirit of man; no other idea has so fruitfully stimulated his intellect; yet no other concept stands in greater need of clarification than that of the infinite. - David Hilbert This interdisciplinary study of infinity explores the concept through the prism of mathematics...
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Dordrecht (Holland) — Boston (U.S.A.) — D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1977. — XXXVII + 205 p.: ill. — (Boston , vol. 37; Synthese library, vol. 79.) — ISBN-l3 978-90-277-0582-2. Hermann von Helmholtz in the History of Scientific Method In 1921, the centenary of Helmholtz' birth, Paul Hertz, a physicist, and Moritz Schlick, a philosopher, published a selection of his papers and...
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London: Routledge, 2013. — 244 p. In God and Natural Order: Physics, Philosophy, and Theology, Shaun Henson brings a theological approach to bear on contemporary scientific and philosophical debates on the ordered or disordered nature of the universe. Henson engages arguments for a unified theory of the laws of nature, a concept with monotheistic metaphysical and theological...
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Stockholm: Royal Academy of Letters, History and AntiquitiesRoyal Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities, 2013. — 97 p. TRUST IS HARD TO EARN and easy to lose. This is well-known. Public trust in research is decreasing - why? Is it a problem? Have ghostwriting, salami publications, misconduct and distrust something to do with this loss? Is the reason simply that contemporary...
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Springer, 2017. — 308 p. — 295 p. — (European Studies in Philosophy of Science 07). — ISBN 3319609092. This monograph deals with the interrelationship between chemistry and physics, and especially the role played by quantum chemistry as a theory in between these two disciplines. The author uses structuralist approach to explore the overlap between the two sciences, looking at...
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2017. — 242 p. — (European Studies in Philosophy of Science 6) — ISBN: 3319554859. This book collects research papers on the philosophical foundations of probability, causality, spacetime and quantum theory. The papers are related to talks presented in six subsequent workshops organized by The Budapest-Kraków Research Group on Probability,...
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Springer, 1983. — 182 pp. 'History and Philosophy of Science' is the name most commonly used these days to refer to that form of scholarly activity which takes science itself as the object of its inquiry. The subject embraces a wide diversity of intellectual styles. Some of its practitioners bring to their work a particular interest in historical questions, others devote...
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Basic Books, 2015. - 333 pp. As a staff writer for Scientific American , John Horgan has a window on contemporary science unsurpassed in all the world. Who else routinely interviews the likes of Lynn Margulis, Roger Penrose, Francis Crick, Richard Dawkins, Freeman Dyson, Murray Gell-Mann, Stephen Jay Gould, Stephen Hawking, Thomas Kuhn, Chris Langton, Karl Popper, Steven...
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Oxford University Press, 2007. — 242 p. Contemporary philosophers of mind tend to assume that the world of nature can be reduced to basic physics. Yet there are features of the mind consciousness, intentionality, normativity that do not seem to be reducible to physics or neuroscience. This explanatory gap between mind and brain has thus been a major cause of concern in recent...
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Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York, 2010. VIII, 174 p. — ISBN 978-90-481-3899-9, e-ISBN 978-90-481-3900-2 — (Philosophy of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 1). Is the first book-length study of technical artefacts and their functions. Offers state-of-the-art resources in analytical philosophy, such as the planning theory of action and analyses of testimony. Provides...
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London: Routledge, 2011. — 307 p. Although scientific models and simulations differ in numerous ways, they are similar in so far as they are posing essentially philosophical problems about the nature of representation. This collection is designed to bring together some of the best work on the nature of representation being done by both established senior philosophers of science...
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Springer, 2014. — 331 pp. This book addresses some of the key questions that scientists have been asking themselves for centuries: what is knowledge? What is information? How do we know that we know something? How do we construct meaning from the perceptions of things? Although no consensus exists on a common definition of the concepts of information and communication, few can...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016. — 656 p. Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was one of the greatest scientists of all time, a thinker of extraordinary range and creativity who has left enduring legacies in mathematics and physics. While most famous for his Principia, his work on light and colour, and his discovery of the calculus, Newton devoted much more time to research...
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Springer, 2016. — 253 p. The book answers long-standing questions on scientific modeling and inference across multiple perspectives and disciplines, including logic, mathematics, physics and medicine. The different chapters cover a variety of issues, such as the role models play in scientific practice; the way science shapes our concept of models; ways of modeling the pursuit...
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Indiana University Press, Vol. 4 (2004), pp.191-261. Project MUSE - scholarly journals online,© Aleph : Historical Studies in Science and Judaism. Contents: Why the Italian case is interesting. From the nationalism to the "problem of problems". Racial theories. Manifold factor, one result: an anti-Jewish racial policy. The clash between racisms. The effect of the...
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Minneapolis: University Of Minnesota Press, 2018. — 214 p. A novel way of looking at information challenges longstanding dogmas—from a preeminent German thinker It is widely agreed that we live in an “information age,” but what exactly is information? This small, seemingly facile question is in fact surprisingly difficult, and it has occupied many of the best philosophical minds...
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Cambridge: CUP, 1931. - 254p. The present work had its beginnings in a series of papers published jointly some years ago by Dr Dorothy Wrinch and myself. Both before and since that time several books purporting to give analyses of the principles of scientific inquiry have appeared, but it seems to me that none of them gives adequate attention to the chief guiding principle of...
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Springer, 2016. — 257 p. This textbook offers an introduction to the philosophy of science. It helps undergraduate students from the natural, the human and social sciences to gain an understanding of what science is, how it has developed, what its core traits are, how to distinguish between science and pseudo-science and to discover what a scientific attitude is. It argues...
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New York, USA Northwestern University Press, 2001. — 320 p. — ISBN 0810117495. One of the most prominent thinkers of his generation, Hans Jonas wrote on topics as diverse as the philosophy of biology, ethics and cosmology. This work sets forth a systematic philosophy of biological facts, laid out in support of his claim that mind is prefigured throughout organic existence. Явление...
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Published April 14th 2006 by Routledge (first published January 1st 2006) Paperback, 277 pages ISBN-13: 978-0415978682 ISBN-10: 0415978688 This book addresses the question of what it might mean today to be a Luddite-that is, to take a stand against technology. Steven Jones here explains the history of the Luddites, British textile works who, from around 1811, proclaimed...
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Springer, 2018. — 190 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 53) These chapters analyze texts from Isaac Newton’s work to shed new light on scientific understanding at his time. Newton used the concept of “sensorium” in writings intended for a public audience, in relation to both humans and God, but even today there is no consensus about the meaning of his term. The literal definition of the...
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Springer, 2011. - 176 pp. This book explores the modern physicist Niels Bohr's philosophical thought, specifically his pivotal idea of complementarity, with a focus on the relation between the roles of what he metaphorically calls spectators and actors. It seeks to spell out the structural and historical complexity of the idea of complementarity in terms of different modes of the...
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Cambridge University Press, 2006. — 228 p. For over three decades, Paul Churchland has been a provocative and controversial philosopher of mind and philosopher of science. He is most famous as an advocate of “eliminative materialism,” whereby he suggests that our commonsense understanding of our own minds is radically defective and that the science of brain demonstrates this (just...
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Palgrave Macmillan Publ. by Springer Nature, 2016. — 256 p. — ISBN: 0230347851 Феноменология и Проблема Времени This book explores the problem of time and immanence for phenomenology in the work of Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Jacques Derrida. Detailed readings of immanence in light of the more familiar problems of time-consciousness and...
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London: Methuen, 1919. — 348 p. Contents The Failure Of Western Knowledge The Gathering of the World Revolution The Psychic Centre of the Great Pagan Retrogression The Culminating Phase of the Pagan Ethic in the West The Basis Of Integrating Power Power in Civilization rests on Collective Emotion, not on Reason The Emotion of the Ideal is the Supreme Principle of Efficiency in the...
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London: Routledge, 2014. - 540p. Over the last decade or so, the field of science and technology studies (STS) has become an intellectually dynamic interdisciplinary arena. Concepts, methods, and theoretical perspectives are being drawn both from long-established and relatively young disciplines. From its origins in philosophical and political debates about the creation and use...
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University of Wisconsin Press, 2005. — 356 p. — ISBN: 0299203948, 0299203905 Written for general readers, teachers, journalists, and policymakers, this volume explores four controversial topics in science and technology, with commentaries from experts in such fields as sociology, religion, law, ethics, and politics: Antibiotics and Resistance: the science, the policy...
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Springer, 2017. — 314 p. — (Mathematics, Culture, and the Arts). — ISBN 3319533835, 9783319533834. To find "criteria of simplicity" was the goal of David Hilbert's recently discovered twenty-fourth problem on his renowned list of open problems given at the 1900 International Congress of Mathematicians in Paris. At the same time, simplicity and economy of means are powerful...
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New York: Springer, 2018. — 169 p. This monograph examines the metaphysical commitments of the new mechanistic philosophy, a way of thinking that has returned to center stage. It challenges a variant of reductionism with regard to higher-level phenomena, which has crystallized as a default position among these so-called New Mechanists. Furthermore, it opposes those philosophers...
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Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, 2016. — 293 p. — (Technikzukünfte, Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft / Futures of Technology, Science and Society) — ISBN: 978-3-658-14448-7 The aim of this book is to understand and critically appraise science-based transgression dynamics in their whole complexity. It includes contributions from experts with different disciplinary backgrounds, such...
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University of Chicago Press, 1977. - 366 pp. "The Essential Tension" is a collection of previously published essays by Thomas Kuhn to which the author has added two hitherto unpublished articles and a splendid, partly autobiographical preface. These assembled studies shed much light on the early evolution and subsequent reformulations of Kuhn's provocative "The Structure of...
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University of Chicago Press, 2000. - 336 p. Philosophical Essays (1970-1993) with an Autobiographical Interview. Thomas Kuhn will undoubtedly be remembered primarily for The Structure of Scientific Revolutions , a book that introduced one of the most influential conceptions of scientific progress to emerge during the twentieth century. The Road since Structure , assembled...
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2nd ed. — University Of Chicago Press, 1970. — 210 p. The book explores the psychology of belief that governs the acceptance of new concepts and innovations in science. Kuhn showed that the history of science is not one of linear, rational progress moving toward ever more accurate and complete knowledge of an objective reality. Rather, it’s one of radical shifts of vision in...
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University Of Chicago Press, 1996. — 226 p. It’s been almost a half-century since the publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, a slim little book that introduced the word paradigm into common parlance and shattered our conventional way of looking at change. Fifty years on, it still represents perhaps the best thinking on how transformation...
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Springer, 2018. — 200 p. In this thought-provoking book Küppers, an internationally renowned physicist, philosopher and theoretical biologist, addresses a number of science's deepest questions: Can physics advance to the origin of all things and explain the unique phenomena of life, time and history? Are there unsolvable enigmas of the world? How did life originate? Is language a...
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Penguin Books, 2013 — 352 p. Ray Kurzweil is arguably today’s most influential futurist. In How to Create a Mind, he presents a provocative exploration of the most important project in the human-machine civilization: reverse-engineering the brain to understand precisely how it functions and using that knowledge to create even more intelligent machines. Kurzweil discusses how the...
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Penguin Books, 2000 — 400 p. Ray Kurzweil is the inventor of the most innovative and compelling technology of our era, an international authority on artificial intelligence, and one of our greatest living visionaries. Now he offers a framework for envisioning the twenty-first century-an age in which the marriage of human sensitivity and artificial intelligence fundamentally...
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Viking, 2005. - 652 p. When humans transcend biology The Six Epochs A theory of Technology Evolution: The Law of Accelerating Returns Achieving the Computational Capacity of the Human Brain Achieving the Software of Human Intelligence: How to Reverse Engineer the Human Brain GNR: Three Overlapping Revolutions The Impact . . . Ich bin ein Singularitarian The Deeply...
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SpringerNature, 2016. — 274 p. — (The Frontiers Collection) — ISBN: 978-3-319-26298-7. This book presents a multidisciplinary perspective on chance, with contributions from distinguished researchers in the areas of biology, cognitive neuroscience, economics, genetics, general history, law, linguistics, logic, mathematical physics, statistics, theology and philosophy. The...
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Oxford University Press, 2017. — 489 p. Not all scientific explanations work by describing causal connections between events or the world's overall causal structure. Some mathematical proofs explain why the theorems being proved hold. In this book, Marc Lange proposes philosophical accounts of many kinds of non-causal explanations in science and mathematics. These topics have been...
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Springer, 1990. — 275 pp. The studies in this volume complement and extend the recent, growing body of analyses of the multifarious roles of experiment in science. All share a naturalistic approach in that each is attentive to the interpretative and argumentative practices of scientists. Yet, each has a different focus, both in terms of experimentation per se and in terms of...
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Springer, 2013. — 207 pp. Normativity has long been conceived as more properly pertaining to the domain of thought than to the domain of nature. This conception goes back to Kant and still figures prominently in contemporary epistemology, philosophy of mind and ethics. By offering a collection of new essays by leading scholars in early modern philosophy and specialists in...
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Framington Hills: Gale, 2008. - 1468p. Written by a global array of experts in science, history, sociology, and law,Scientific Thought: In Context is intended to introduce to younger students (especially those just beginning their study of biology, chemistry, physics, earth science, etc.) insight into the power of science and a hint of the richness and complexity of scientifi c...
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Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company, 1995. — 215 p. The subject of this book is time, one of the small number of elusive essences of the world, unsubdued by human will. The three global problems of natural science, those of the origin of the Universe, life and consciousness, cannot be solved without finding out the nature of time. Without a good construction of time it...
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Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company, 1996. — 243 p. Time is considered as an independent entity which cannot be reduced to the concept of matter, space or field. The point of discussion is the “time flow” conception of N A Kozyrev (1908-1983), an outstanding Russian astronomer and natural scientist. In addition to a review of the experimental studies of “the active...
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Cambridge University Press, 2007. — 361 p. Neuroscience has dramatically increased understanding of how mental states and processes are realized by the brain, thereby opening doors for treating the multitude of ways in which minds become dysfunctional. This book explores questions such as: When is it permissible to alter a person’s memories, influence personality traits or read...
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New York: Basic Books, 2016. — 272 p. — ISBN-10: 0465097480; ISBN-13: 978-0465097487. Science has produced explanations for everything from the mechanisms of insect navigation to the formation of black holes and the workings of black markets. But how much can we trust science, and can we actually know the world through it? How does science work and how does it fail? And how can...
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World Scientific Publishing Company, 2017. — 385 p. — ISBN 10 9813203781, 13 978-9813203785. The book describes a common ground between the biology of life and the humanity of life without compromising either discipline. It attempts to bridge the gap between our "two cultures" — the sciences and the humanities, as advocated by C P Snow fifty years ago. This book connects our...
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Cambridge University Press, 2013. - 357 pp. There is a widespread assumption that the universe in general, and life in particular, is getting more complex with time. This book brings together a wide range of experts in science, philosophy, and theology and unveils their joint effort in exploring this idea. They confront essential problems behind the theory of complexity and the...
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Springer, 2013. — 215 pp. This volume reconstructs the body of sensibility and the discourse which constructed it. The discourse of sensibility was deployed very widely throughout the mid- to late-eighteenth century, particularly in France and Britain. To inquire into the body of sensibility is then necessarily to enter into an interdisciplinary space and so to invite the...
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4th edition. — Oxford University Press, 2001. — 328 p. Designed for first-time readers of the subject, this stimulating introduction offers a historical exposition of differing views on the philosophy of science. With concise profiles presenting the major philosophers whose contributions are discussed in this book, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised by philosophers...
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Berlin: Springer, 2003. - 308 p. Papers of a Conference held in Bonn, November 10–13, 2000 "Foundations of the Formal Sciences" (FotFS) is a series of interdisciplinary conferences in mathematics, philosophy, computer science and linguistics. The main goal is to reestablish the traditionally strong links between these areas of research that have been lost in the past decades. The...
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London: College Publications, 2006. - 298 p. This volume takes a reflective position with respect to the conference series "Foundations of the Formal Sciences" (FotFS) and asks: * What are the Formal Sciences? * Can we develop a theoretical classification of the sciences that juxtaposes the formal sciences to the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities? Can we do this...
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New York: Dover Publications, 2000. — 380 pages. ISBN: 0486605256 The work of a brilliant polymath, Mach's Analysis was translated into English in 1914, and presents his extreme empiricism in lucid and persuasive form. The object of science, he writes, is just 'the connection of phenomena'; theories are likened to 'dry leaves which fall away' when they have ceased to be useful.
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Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2002. — 360 p. — (Blackwell Philosophy Guides). — ISBN 0-631-22107-7. This volume presents a definitive introduction to the core areas of philosophy of science. Contents Brief historical introduction to the philosophy of science / Peter Machamer Philosophy of science / John Worrall Explanation / Jim Woodward Structures of scientific theories /...
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Springer, 2012. — 298 p. Rationis Defensor is to be a volume of previously unpublished essays celebrating the life and work of Colin Cheyne. Colin was until recently Head of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Otago, a department that can boast of many famous philosophers among its past and present faculty and which has twice been judged as the strongest research...
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Oxford University Press, 2007. — 461 p. Many philosophers these days consider themselves naturalists, but it's doubtful any two of them intend the same position by the term. In Second Philosophy, Penelope Maddy describes and practices a particularly austere form of naturalism called "Second Philosophy". Without a definitive criterion for what counts as "science" and what doesn't,...
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New York: Springer, 2017. — 1179 p. This handbook offers the first comprehensive reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning. It highlights the role of models as mediators between theory and experimentation, and as educational devices, as well as their relevance in testing hypotheses and explanatory functions. The Springer Handbook merges philosophical,...
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Cambridge University Press, 2006. — 237 p. This introduction to the philosophy of social science provides an original conception of the task and nature of social inquiry. Peter Manicas discusses the role of causality seen in the physical sciences and offers a reassessment of the problem of explanation from a realist perspective. He argues that the fundamental goal of theory in...
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Springer, 2019. — 827 pp. This volume has 41 chapters written to honor the 100th birthday of Mario Bunge. It celebrates the work of this influential Argentine/Canadian physicist and philosopher. Contributions show the value of Bunge’s science-informed philosophy and his systematic approach to philosophical problems. The chapters explore the exceptionally wide spectrum of Bunge’s...
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Imperial College Press, 2005. — 260 p. — ISBN-10: 1860945007. Is Science Neurotic? sets out to show that science suffers from a damaging but rarely noticed methodological disease - ''rationalistic neurosis.'' Assumptions concerning metaphysics, human value and politics, implicit in the aims of science, are repressed, and the malaise has spread to affect the whole academic...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. — 439 p. Although both philosophers and scientists are interested in how to obtain reliable knowledge in the face of error, there is a gap between their perspectives that has been an obstacle to progress. By means of a series of exchanges between the editors and leaders from philosophy of science, statistics, and economics, this volume...
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Springer, 2016. — 281 p. — (Springer Undergraduate Texts in Philosophy). — ISBN 978-3-319-33403-5. This book offers a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the epistemology of science. It not only introduces readers to the general epistemological discussion of the nature of knowledge, but also provides key insights into the particular nuances of scientific knowledge. No...
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Routledge, 2019. — xiv, 313 p. — ISBN 978-1-138-57016-0, 978-1-138-57015-3, 978-0-203-70380-9. True PDF What Is Scientific Knowledge? is a much-needed collection of introductory-level chapters on the epistemology of science. Renowned historians, philosophers, science educators, and cognitive scientists have authored 19 original contributions specifically for this volume. The...
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Routledge, 2019. — xiv, 313 p. — ISBN 978-0-203-70380-9. What Is Scientific Knowledge? is a much-needed collection of introductory-level chapters on the epistemology of science. Renowned historians, philosophers, science educators, and cognitive scientists have authored 19 original contributions specifically for this volume. The chapters, accessible for students in both philosophy...
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London: Routledge, 2019. — 329 p. What Is Scientific Knowledge? is a much-needed collection of introductory-level chapters on the epistemology of science. Renowned historians, philosophers, science educators, and cognitive scientists have authored 19 original contributions specifically for this volume. The chapters, accessible for students in both philosophy and the sciences,...
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Springer, 1982. — 319 p. In the Australian spring of 1978, the University of Melbourne enjoyed the exciting presence of Wesley Salmon as a Visiting Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science. In addition to conducting advanced seminars at Melbourne, Salmon spoke at universities in other major Australian cities, including Adelaide and Sydney. Wherever be went,...
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North Holland; 1st edition (August 9, 2009). - 1472 p. ISBN-10: 0444516670 The Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences addresses numerous issues in the emerging field of the philosophy of those sciences that are involved in the technological process of designing, developing and making of new technical artifacts and systems. These issues include the nature of...
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Springer, 2013. — 432 p. Building on the breakthrough text Philosophy and Engineering: An Emerging Agenda, this book offers 30 chapters covering conceptual and substantive developments in the philosophy of engineering, along with a series of critical reflections by engineering practitioners. The volume demonstrates how reflective engineering can contribute to a better...
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Copernicus, 1996. - 482 pp. How can new knowledge be created from already existing knowledge? Insights of Genius shows how seeing is central to the greatest advances of the human intellect. Artists and scientists alike rely on visual representations of worlds both visible and invisible. The book explores the creative leaps that led some of the greatest scientists and artists to...
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Oxford University Press, 2011. — 313 p. — ISBN 0199738629. In this, the first book devoted to Peter Achinstein's influential work in philosophy of science, twenty distinguished philosophers, including four Lakatos award winners, address various aspects of Achinstein's influential views on the nature of scientific evidence, scientific explanation, and scientific realism. Contents...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. — 281 p. This book is about credences, but not just about credences. More generally, it is about probabilistic beliefs. For instance, I argue that you can know that it might be raining outside,where this epistemicmodal belief cannot be reduced to full belief in any proposition. Similarly, your conditional beliefs and conditional credences can...
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Routledge, 2018. — 382 p. — (History and Philosophy of Technoscience). — ISBN 10 1138089931, 13 978-1138089938. Visual representations (photographs, diagrams, etc.) play crucial roles in scientific processes. They help, for example, to communicate research results and hypotheses to scientific peers as well as to the lay audience. In genuine research activities they are used as...
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Methuen, London and New York, 1986 - p.110 ISBN 0 416329403, First Published - 1970 and 1982 Contents Preface to the second edition Acknowledgements Introduction Orientation The ironical and the non-ironical Getting to grips with irony The evolution of a concept Early concepts of irony Later concepts of irony The anatomy of irony Basic features Variable features...
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Oxford University Press, 2012. — 144 p. The modern materialist approach to life has conspicuously failed to explain such central mind-related features of our world as consciousness, intentionality, meaning, and value. This failure to account for something so integral to nature as mind, argues philosopher Thomas Nagel, is a major problem, threatening to unravel the entire...
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National Academy Press, Washington, 1998, 140 pages, ISBN 0-309-06364-7 This book is addressed to several groups at the center of the ongoing debate over evolution: the teachers, other educators, and policy makers who design, deliver, and oversee classroom instruction in biology. It summarizes the overwhelming observational evidence for evolution and suggests effective ways of...
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MIT Press, 2008. - 251 pp. How do novel scientific concepts arise? In Creating Scientific Concepts , Nancy Nersessian seeks to answer this central but virtually unasked question in the problem of conceptual change. She argues that the popular image of novel concepts and profound insight bursting forth in a blinding flash of inspiration is mistaken. Instead, novel concepts are...
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Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2000. — 596 p. — (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy). — ISBN 0-631-170243. A Companion to the Philosophy of Science serves as both a course text and a reference book across the broad spectrum of issues of concern in the philosophy of science. Taken as a whole, the volume provides an unparalleled survey of all the topical areas, major methods,...
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Cambridge University Press, 2002. - 312 p. Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996), the author of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions , is probably the best-known and most influential historian and philosopher of science of the last 25 years, and has become something of a cultural icon. His concepts of paradigm, paradigm change and incommensurability have changed our thinking about science....
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Springer, 1988. — 299 p. Introduction: Some Issues Concerning Relativism and Realism in Science (by Robert Nola). Does the Sociology of Science Discredit Science? (by David Papineau). It's All in the Day's Work: A Study of the Ethnomethodology of Science (by John F. Fox). The Strong Sociology of Knowledge Without Relativism (by Philip Pettit). Evolutionary Epistemology and...
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Springer, 2000. — 256 p. Some think that issues to do with scientific method are last century's stale debate; Popper was an advocate of methodology, but Kuhn, Feyerabend, and others are alleged to have brought the debate about its status to an end. The papers in this volume show that issues in methodology are still very much alive. Some of the papers reinvestigate issues in the...
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New York, NY: Crown, 2016. — 272 p. — ISBN 978-0553418811. A former Wall Street quant sounds an alarm on the mathematical models that pervade modern life and threaten to rip apart our social fabric. We live in the age of the algorithm. Increasingly, the decisions that affect our lives—where we go to school, whether we get a car loan, how much we pay for health insurance—are being...
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Oxford University Press, 2002. — 144 p. — (Very Short Introductions). What is science? Is there a real difference between science and myth? Is science objective? Can science explain everything? This Very Short Introduction provides a concise overview of the main themes of contemporary philosophy of science. Beginning with a short history of science to set the scene, Samir...
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Oxford University Press (USA), 2009. Language: English ISBN-10: 0199550514 ISBN-13: 978-0199550517 It is tempting to think that, if a person's beliefs are coherent, they are also likely to be true. Indeed, this truth-conduciveness claim is the cornerstone of the popular coherence theory of knowledge and justification. Hitherto much confusion has been caused by the inability...
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Leipzig: Verlag von Dr. Werner Klinkhardt, 1909. — VIII + 184 S. — (Philosophisch-soziologische Bücherei. Band XVI). Wilhelm Ostwald bezeichnete seine Philosophie als Energetik. Sie entstand einerseits als Reaktion auf die mechanizistisch verstandene Atomhypothese und als Schlussfolgerung aus eigenen Forschungen, andererseits aus dem Einfluss der philosophischen Auffassungen von...
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Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Science—Philosophy. 2. Realism. I. Title. II. Series. Q 175.P3375 1996 501—dc20 95-49209 ISBN 0-19-875164-8 ISBN 0-19-875165-6 Книга включает в себя следующие главы: The Natural Ontological Attitude by Arthur Fine NOA's Ark—Fine for Realism by Alan Musgrave Saving the Noumena by Lawrence Sklar To Save the...
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London, GB: Michael O’Mara Books Limited, 2018. — 288 p. — ISBN 1782439560. The Beginning and the End of Everything is the whole story as we currently understand it - from nothing, to the birth of our universe, to its ultimate fate. Authoritative and engaging, Paul Parsons takes us on a rollercoaster ride through billions of light years to tell the story of the Big Bang, from...
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Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2009. - 575p. Contents Notes on Contributors Introduction History of Technology Technology and Science Technology and Philosophy Technology and Environment Technology and Politics Technology and Ethics Technology and the Future Index
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Springer, 2015. - 146 pp. This book explores the limits of our knowledge. The author shows how uncertainty and indefiniteness not only define the borders confining our understanding, but how they feed into the process of discovery and help to push back these borders. Starting with physics the author collects examples from economics, neurophysiology, history, ecology and...
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New York: Springer, 2017. — 497 p. To commemorate the 50th anniversary of his passing (in 2014), this special book features studies on Alexandre Koyré (1892–1964), one of the most influential historians of science of the 20th century, who re-evaluated prevalent thinking on the history and philosophy of science. In particular, it explores Koyré’s intellectual matrix and heritage...
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New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1932. - 222 pp. - Prologue by Albert Einstein; trans. by James Murphy. This book is a collection of philosophical writings by famous German theoretical physicist and thinker Max Planck (1858-1947). Contents: Prologue by Albert Einstein. Introduction by James Murphy. Fifty years of science. Is the external world real? The...
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La Science et l’Hypothèse est un ouvrage destiné au grand public et par lequel le mathématicien Henri Poincaré fait le point sur ce qu’il faut attendre ou non des sciences concernant les quatre sujets suivants : * les mathématiques * les caractéristiques de l’espace (y compris en géométrie non-euclidienne) * les connaissances physiques (mécanique classique, relativité des...
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London e.a.: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1914. — 288 p. Henri Poincaré is one of the most famous mathematicians and scientists of the last 500 years. He was a polymath who excelled in theoretical physics, engineering, philosophy, and mathematics. ’’Science and Method’’ is Poincaré's treatment of the philosophy of the scientific method. "If the scientist had an infinity of time...
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Columbia University, 2009. — 100 p. Neurosciences and Free Will is the proceedings of a symposium held March 30-31, 2008, at Low Memorial Library, Columbia University, New York. The third in a series of symposia sponsored by the Fetzer Institute of Kalamazoo, MI on the science of spiritual questions, this program brought together leaders in the fields of neuroscience, physics,...
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Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. — 263 p. Science is the study of our world, as it is in its messy reality. Nonetheless, science requires idealization to function—if we are to attempt to understand the world, we have to find ways to reduce its complexity. Idealization and the Aims of Science shows just how crucial idealization is to science and why it matters. Beginning...
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Dover Publications, 2013. — 252 p. The title should be a caveat: if you understand that ""recursive"" refers to an iterative process used, say, in a mathematical formula in which the next term of a series is defined in terms of the preceding term, you have a clue to the ideas expressed in this intriguing book. Poundstone, an MIT-trained physicist, casts his net widely to discourse...
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2017. — 244 p. — (Philosophical Studies Series 128) — ISBN 3319610422. This book features papers from CEPE-IACAP 2015, a joint international conference focused on the philosophy of computing. Inside, readers will discover essays that explore current issues in epistemology, philosophy of mind, logic, and philosophy of science from the lens of...
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Springer International Publishing AG, 2017. — 176 p. — (Philosophical Studies Series 128) — ISBN 3319610422. This book features papers from CEPE-IACAP 2015, a joint international conference focused on the philosophy of computing. Inside, readers will discover essays that explore current issues in epistemology, philosophy of mind, logic, and philosophy of science from the lens of...
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Oxford University Press, 2011. — 168 p. — (Very Short Introductions). The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries witnessed such fervent investigations of the natural world that the period has been called the "Scientific Revolution." New ideas and discoveries not only redefined what human beings believed, knew, and could do, but also forced them to redefine themselves with respect to...
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London: Routledge, 2008. 648 p. Historical and philosophical context The epistemology of science after Quine The history of philosophy and the philosophy of science Metaphysics Philosophy of language The role of logic in philosophy of science Critical rationalism The historical turn in the philosophy of science Logical empiricism Pragmatism and science Debates...
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Indiana University Press. Vol. 9, Number 1, 2009, pp. 13-39. Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism. E-ISSN: 1553-3956 Print ISSN: 1565-1525. Abstract: The state of knowledge of the natural world among Jews in early seventh-century Palestine (i.e., on the eve of the Muslim conquest), as reflected in a number of compositions by the liturgical poet Eleazar berabbi...
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Basic Books, 2004, 206 pages, ISBN: 0465068634 Our Final Hour is a book by the British Astronomer Royal Sir Martin Rees. Rees predicts that one of the two following outcomes is inevitable for humanity: - Human extinction, as a result of the runaway effects of new technology (e.g. nanotechnology) or uncontrolled scientific research; terrorist or fundamentalist violence; or...
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Publisher : MIT press. Perspectives on Science. Volume 16, Number 1, Spring 2008. E-ISSN: 1530-9274 Print ISSN: 1063-6145. 26 pages. Subject Headings: Debates and debating. Science - Philosophy. Colliders (Nuclear physics) - Philosophy. Knowledge, Theory of. Summary: For philosophers of science interested in elucidating the social character of science, an important...
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. — 370 p. This book offers a unique analysis of how ideas about science and technology in the public and scientific imaginations (in particular about maths, logic, the gene, the brain, god, and robots) perpetuate the false reality that values and politics are separate from scientific knowledge and its applications. These ideas are reinforced by cultural...
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University of Chicago Press, 2016. — 211 p. Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was a watershed event when it was published in 1962, upending the previous understanding of science as a slow, logical accumulation of facts and introducing, with the concept of the “paradigm shift,” social and psychological considerations into the heart of the scientific...
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Cambridge University Press, 2007. — 424 p. If there is a movement or school that epitomizes analytic philosophy in the middle of the twentieth century, it is logical empiricism. Logical empiricists created a scientifically and technically informed philosophy of science, established mathematical logic as a topic in and a tool for philosophy, and initiated the project of formal...
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Springer, 1996. — 245 pp. This volume is devoted to the topics of natural kinds, scientific methodology, laws of nature and their many and varied interconnections. One can readily point to such connections, for instance: our scientific theories tell us about the sort of physical entities we can expect the world to consist of (be they natural kinds or other entities); through the...
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Berlin: Birkhauser, 2007. — 676 p. — (Science networks historical studies 33). — ISBN 978-3-7643-7986-5. The general outline of this study is as follows. It is divided into four chapters, two of which are devoted to the analysis situs from the point of view of geometry, and two to a general interpretation of Leibniz’s spatial metaphysics. Chapter 1 offers a brief survey of...
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Oxford University Press, 2008. — 420 p. John T. Roberts presents and defends a radically new theory of laws of nature, the Measurability Account. Though consistent with a Humean ontology, Roberts's theory differs sharply from the most influential Humean theory of laws, David Lewis's Best-System Analysis. Unlike other Humean theories, the Measurability Account affirms that there is...
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Indiana University Press, Volume 9, Number 1, 2009, pp. 41-76. Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism. E-ISSN: 1553-3956 Print ISSN: 1565-1525. Project MUSE - scholarly journals online. Abstract: Samuel Ibn Tibbon's Peruš ha-Millot ha-Zarot was one of the most popular and widely used Jewish philosophical reference works during the Middle Ages and survives in...
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Cambridge University Press, 2004. — 278 p. William S. Robinson has written insightfully about the mind–body problem for many years. In Understanding Phenomenal Consciousness he focuses on sensory qualities such as pain, color, and sound and argues for Qualitative Event Realism, a dualistic theory of consciousness that opposes currently dominant materialist views. The theory is...
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Springer, 2018. — 195 p. — ISBN 978-3-319-97630-3. This textbook presents the basics of philosophy that are necessary for the student and researcher in science in order to better understand scientific work. The approach is not historical but formative: tools for semantical analysis, ontology of science, epistemology, and scientific ethics are presented in a formal and direct way....
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New Delhi: Springer, 2016. — 174 p. This book discusses the paradigm of quantum ontology as an appropriate model for measuring cognitive processes. It clearly shows the inadequacy of the application of classical probability theory in modelling the human cognitive domain. The chapters investigate the context dependence and neuronal basis of cognition in a coherent manner....
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San Francisco: University of Science and Philosophy, 1962. — 300 p. If we knew the WHY and WHAT of radioactivity we would not dare to use it. Atomic Suicide? explains that WHY and WHAT. The truth about whether radioactivity can or can not be used as the next world fuel stands or falls upon one issue alone: can science protect organic life from extinction? The facts about...
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Routledge, 2018. — 471 p. — (Routledge Handbooks in Philosophy). — ISBN 10 1138888850, 13 978-1138888852. Scientific realism is a central, long-standing, and hotly debated topic in philosophy of science. Debates about scientific realism concern the very nature and extent of scientific knowledge and progress. Scientific realists defend a positive epistemic attitude towards our best...
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Springer, 1999. — 358 p. Causation and Laws of Nature is a collection of articles which represents current research on the metaphysics of causation and laws of nature, mostly by authors working in or active in the Australasian region. The book provides an overview of current work on the theory of causation, including counterfactual, singularist, nomological and causal process...
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Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam. – 2009. 174 pages. – ISBN: 9089640584. Why do humans engage in scientific research? For some, it’s simply a career. Others are drawn to science for its potential financial rewards. And still others do it out of competitiveness—to be the first in their field. But in Darwin Meets Einstein Frans W. Saris argues that in our postmodern times...
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Oxford University Press, 2016. — 228 pp. In his latest book, Eric Scerri presents a completely original account of the nature of scientific progress. It consists of a holistic and unified approach in which science is seen as a living and evolving single organism. Instead of scientific revolutions featuring exceptionally gifted individuals, Scerri argues that the 'little people'...
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Oxford University Press, 2016. — 421 p. — ISBN 10 019049459X. — ISBN 13 978-0190494599. The philosophy of chemistry has emerged in recent years as a new and autonomous field within the Anglo-American philosophical tradition. With the development of this new discipline, Eric Scerri and Grant Fisher's "Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry" is a timely and definitive guide to all...
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2nd edition. — Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2003. — 737 p. — ISBN-10: 0631222197; ISBN-13: 978-0631222194 This anthology brings together, for the first time, a collection of both seminal historical and contemporary essays on the nature of technology and its relation to humanity. Its selections not only situate technology in the familiar context of ethical, political, aesthetic,...
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Springer, 2006. — 232 pp. — (Archimedes, Vol. 14) The distinction between the contexts of discovery and justification has had a turbulent career in philosophy of science. At times celebrated as the hallmark of philosophical approaches to science, at times condemned as ambiguous, distorting, and misleading, the distinction dominated philosophical debates from the early decades of...
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Springer, 2019. — 207 p. — ISBN 978-3-030-20537-9. This book argues that science and the arts are not two different cultures, but rather different manifestations of the same culture. Divided into seven parts, it presents a collection of translated and revised essays, mostly at the intersection between realia and humaniora. In the first two parts, the author discusses how some...
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New-York: Philosophical Library, 1949. — 136 pp. Contents: Preface The Task of the Philosophy of Nature The Pictorial World-View and its Limits Description and Explanation The Construction of Theories Theories and Pictorial Models On the Meaning of Spatial Determination The Four-Dimensional World Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity A Critique of...
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Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000. — 200 p. This new book describes the intellectual structure of modern science as a body of knowledge produced by the Cartesian method. For Descartes, science was possible only because of certain features of the very nature of human beings. Peter A. Schouls focuses on two largely neglected aspects of Descartes's position: the intellectual...
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London: Routledge, 2016. — 348 p. Metaphysics and science have a long but troubled relationship. In the twentieth century the Logical Positivists argued metaphysics was irrelevant and that philosophy should be guided by science. However, metaphysics and science attempt to answer many of the same, fundamental questions: What are laws of nature? What is causation? What are natural...
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Springer, 1986. — 305 p. The Galileo that Feyerabend Missed: An Improved Case Against Method (by Alan Chalmers). Cartesian Method as Mythic Speech: A Diachronic and Structural Analysis (by John A. Schuster). Steady as a Rock: Methodology and Moving Continents (by H. E. Le Grand). Methodology as a Normative Conceptual Problem: The Case of the Indian 'Warped Zipper' Model of DNA (by...
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Springer, 2012. - 262 pp. The spectacular success of the scientific enterprise over the last four hundred years has led to the promise of an all encompassing vision of the natural world. In this elegant picture, everything we observe is based upon just a few fundamental processes and entities. The almost infinite variety and complexity of the world is thus the product of...
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Indiana University Press, Aleph -Historical Studies in Science and Judaism 4 (2004) pp.89-190. 111 pages. Subject Headings: Maimonides, Moses, 1135-1204. Ibn Ezra, Abraham ben Meïr, 1092-1167. Jewish astrology - France, Southern. Contents: critical edition of the Hebrew text, translation and commentary
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L.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. - 221 p. Contents : Front Matter Introduction The Concept of Idealization The Ubiquity of Idealization and Its Logic Epistemic Access, Confirmation, and Idealization Idealization, Inference to the Best Explanation, and Scientific Realism Back Matter
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Springer, 2014. - 249 p. - Philosophy of Engineering and Technology, Volume 14. - New biotechnologies have propelled the question of what it means to be human – or posthuman – to the forefront of societal and scientific consideration. This volume provides an accessible, critical overview of the main approaches in the debate on posthumanism, and argues that they do not adequately...
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Humanities Press, 1985. — 438 p. Skillfully deploring a large cast of characters, Sheehan retraces the development of Marxist philosophy of science through detailed and highly readable accounts of the debates that have characterized it. The opening chapter discussed the ideas of Marx and Engels, and the second, Marxist theoreticians of the Second International. In the third...
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Springer, 2016. — 80 p. — SBN 978-3-319-29065-2. This collection of stories touches upon many genres: Normed Trek is a clever and witty Alice-in-Wonderland-type narrative set in the realm of mathematical analysis, The Cantor Trilogy is a dystopia about the consequences of relying upon computer-based mathematical proofs, In Search of Future Time bears the flavor of Tales from...
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Springer, 2016. — 64 p. — SBN 978-3-319-29065-2. This collection of stories touches upon many genres: Normed Trek is a clever and witty Alice-in-Wonderland-type narrative set in the realm of mathematical analysis, The Cantor Trilogy is a dystopia about the consequences of relying upon computer-based mathematical proofs, In Search of Future Time bears the flavor of Tales from...
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An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies, Second Edition reflects the latest advances in the field while continuing to provide students with a road map to the complex interdisciplinary terrain of science and technology studies. Distinctive in its attention to both the underlying philosophical and sociological aspects of science and technology Explores core topics...
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Cambridge University Press, UK, 2013. – 284 p. – ISBN: 0521888190, 0521716306 Although now replaced by more modern theories, classical mechanics remains a core foundational element of physical theory. From its inception, the theory of dynamics has been riddled with conceptual issues and differing philosophical interpretations and throughout its long historical development, it...
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Oxford University Press, 2002. - 164 p. ISBN: 0199251576 Skeptics have cast doubt on the idea that scientific theories give us a true picture of an objective world. Lawrence Sklar examines three kinds of skeptical arguments about scientific truth, and explores the important role they play within foundational science itself. Sklar demonstrates that these kinds of philosophical...
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Harvard University Press, 1981. — 204 p. — (Cognitive science series 4). — ISBN 0674102754, 9780674102750. This book had its inception at Rockefeller University in 1977. Medin was then on the faculty of Rockefeller; Smith was visiting there for a sabbatical year. We spent a lot of time talking about research on concepts and categories, and we both felt that the psychological...
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Publisher: MIT PRESS. Perspectives on Science. Volume 17, Number 1, Spring 2009. E-ISSN: 1530-9274 Print ISSN: 1063-6145. 28 pages. Abstract: Much recent scholarly treatment of the theoretical and practical underpinnings of biological taxonomy from the 16th to the 18th centuries has failed to adequately consider the importance of the mode of generation of some living...
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3rd edition. — London: Macmillan and Сo., 1936. — 358 p. It was Smuts expressed conviction that a time would come when a true holistic and integrative approach to science would emerge. He believed that the compartmentalization of science into separate disciplines created both limitations to knowledge and understanding, and the ability to deal with some of the world's most...
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. — 325 p. Ockham's razor, the principle of parsimony, states that simpler theories are better than theories that are more complex. It has a history dating back to Aristotle and it plays an important role in current physics, biology, and psychology. The razor also gets used outside of science - in everyday life and in philosophy. This...
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London: Routledge, 2018. — 159 p. This book shows how science works, fails to work, or pretends to work, by looking at examples from such diverse fields as physics, biomedicine, psychology, and economics. Social science affects our lives every day through the predictions of experts and the rules and regulations they devise. Sciences like economics, sociology and health are subject...
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Монография, New York, Springer Science+Business Media, 1976, 273 p. Сжатое, доступное и захватывающее изложение структуралистского направления в философии науки, основы которого заложены Патриком Суппесом и Джозефом Снидом. Оно развивалось в мюнхенской школе (Вольфганг Штегмюллер, Вольфганг Бальцер, Карлос Мулинес и др.) и в Украине (Марк Бургин и Владимир Кузнецов –...
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Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000. — 184 p. — ISBN 0-8166-3055-0 A proposal for better understanding the nature of scientific endeavor from a major European thinker. The so-called exact sciences have always claimed to be different from other forms of knowledge. How are we to evaluate this assertion? Should we try to identify the criteria that seem to justify it?...
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Springer, 2007. — 512 p. Diagrammatology investigates the role of diagrams for thought and knowledge. Based on the general doctrine of diagrams in Charles Peirce's mature work, Diagrammatology claims diagrams to constitute a centerpiece of epistemology. The book reflects Peirce's work on the issue in Husserl's contemporanous doctrine of "categorial intuition" and charts the many...
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. — 268 p. This edited collection brings together a robust range of philosophers who offer theoretically and critically informed proposals regarding the aims, policies, and structures of the university. The collection fills a major gap in the landscape of higher education theory and practice while concurrently reviving a long and often forgotten discourse...
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Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. — 268 p. This edited collection brings together a robust range of philosophers who offer theoretically and critically informed proposals regarding the aims, policies, and structures of the university. The collection fills a major gap in the landscape of higher education theory and practice while concurrently reviving a long and often forgotten discourse...
  • №272
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De Gruyter, 2019. — 258 p. How did the relations between philosophy and science evolve during the 17th and the 18th century? This book analyzes this issue by considering the history of Cartesianism in Dutch universities, as well as its legacy in the 18th century. It takes into account the ways in which the disciplines of logic and metaphysics became functional to the justification...
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Gordon & Breach, 1970. — 384 pp. The series of essays published in this book, which is Volume V of the Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, are (with the exception of two essays) based on papers presented or discussed at a conference devoted to exploring the relationships between the history and the philosophy of science, held at the University of Minnesota in the fall...
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Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information. — 2001. — 200 p. ISBN-10: 1575863332; ISBN-13: 978-1575863337. A fundamental reason for using formal methods in the philosophy of science is the desirability of having a fixed frame of reference that may be used to organize the variety of doctrines at hand. This book--Patrick Suppes's major work, and the result of...
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The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science - selected issues Contents: Volume 61, Issue 3, September 2010 The Vegetative State and the Science of Consciousness Nicholas Shea & Tim Bayne Volume 61, Issue 2, June 2010 Images Are Not the Evidence in Neuroimaging Colin Klein Volume 61, Issue 1, March 2010 Antimatter David John Baker & Hans Halvorson...
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(Торндайк Линн. Место магии в интеллектуальной истории Европы). — New York: Columbia University Press, 1905. — 110 p. Качество: отсканированные страницы Язык: английский Линн Торндайк (1882-1965) известнейший академический ученый, профессор Колумбийского университета, крупный медиевист и непревзойденный авторитет в области средневековой науки и алхимии. Награжден Американским...
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Gruyter, 2012 . - 712 p. ISBN-10: 3110253585 The volume Conceptions of Knowledge collects current essays on contemporary epistemology and philosophy of science.The essays are primarily concerned with pragmatic and contextual extensions of analytic epistemology. The key concepts include epistemic abilities, forms of knowledge, and contexts of knowledge. Der Band...
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John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013. — 657 p. Over 100,000 readers have relied on Tefil to gain a better understanding of physics, chemistry, astronomy, earth sciences, and biology. The book focuses on the great ideas in each field while showing readers how core scientific principles connect to their daily lives. The sixth edition emphasizes important themes and relationships, along...
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Cambridge University Press, 2007. — 239 p. Scientists often make surprising claims about things that no one can observe. In physics, chemistry, and molecular biology, scientists can at least experiment on those unobservable entities, but what about researchers in fields such as paleobiology and geology who study prehistory, where no such experimentation is possible? Do scientists...
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Springer, 2016. — 210 p. — (Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering 79) — ISBN 978-3-319-21713-0. This volume explores the ethical questions that arise in the development, creation and use of robots that are capable of semiautonomous or autonomous decision making and human-like action. It examines how ethical and moral theories can and must be applied...
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Springer, 2016. — 210 p. — (Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering 79) — ISBN 978-3-319-21713-0. This volume explores the ethical questions that arise in the development, creation and use of robots that are capable of semiautonomous or autonomous decision making and human-like action. It examines how ethical and moral theories can and must be applied...
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N.-Y.: Springer, 2015. - 223p. ​This edited collection discusses phenomenological critiques of formalism and their relevance to the problem of responsibility and the life-world. The book deals with themes of formalization of knowledge in connection to the life-world, the natural world, the history of science and our responsibility for both our epistemic claims and the world in...
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An Emerging Agenda. — Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York, 2010, XVIII, 361p. — ISBN 978-90-481-2803-7, e-ISBN 978-90-481-2804-4, DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-2804-4. The first comprehensive volume on philosophy and engineering. Includes the main authors in this emerging field. Addresses both engineers and philosophers. Gives an overview of this emerging field and the...
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New York: Morgan & Claypool, 2011. — 134 p. In A Philosophy of Technology: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical Systems, technology is analysed from a series of different perspectives. The analysis starts by focussing on the most tangible products of technology, called technical artefacts, and then builds step-wise towards considering those artefacts within their context...
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Springer, 2016. — 273 p. This volume is an important re-evaluation of space and spatiality in the late Renaissance and early modern period. History of science has generally reduced sixteenth and seventeenth century space to a few canonical forms. This volume gives a much needed antidote. The contributing chapters examine the period’s staggering richness of spatiality: the...
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Edited by Michael Drieschner. — Springer, 2014. — 187 p. This book presents a collection of texts by the German philosopher and physicist Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker (1912-2007), for use in seminars on philosophy, mainly epistemology and the philosophy of physics or foundations of quantum mechanics, but also for courses on German philosophy of the 20th century or the...
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World Scientific Pub, 2011. - 294 p. This book provides an interdisciplinary introduction to the notion of fractal time, starting from scratch with a philosophical and perceptual puzzle. How subjective duration varies, depending on the way we embed current content into contexts, is explained. The complexity of our temporal perspective depends on the number of nestings...
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Macmillan Publ. Ltd., London, UK, 2016. — 162 p. — ISBN-10 1137408820. How do people perceive time? This book presents a wealth of contemporary and classical research, including some of the history and philosophy of time perception. Influential internal clock-based models of time perception receive an in-depth but non-technical introduction and discussion. The role of cognition...
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World Scientific, 2015. — 205 p. — ISBN 9814619957. The book is a research monograph on the notions of truth and assertibility as they relate to the foundations of mathematics. It is aimed at a general mathematical and philosophical audience. The central novelty is an axiomatic treatment of the concept of assertibility. This provides us with a device that can be used to handle...
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Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2015 — 366 p. — ISBN-10: 1107442923; ISBN-13: 978-1107442924. There is an underlying assumption in the social sciences that consciousness and social life are ultimately classical physical/material phenomena. In this ground-breaking book, Alexander Wendt challenges this assumption by proposing that consciousness is, in fact, a...
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Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. - 446 pages ISBN: 0470671696, 047067170X Systematics: A Course of Lectures is designed for use in an advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate level course in systematics and is meant to present core systematic concepts and literature. The book covers topics such as the history of systematic thinking and fundamental concepts in the field...
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New York: Basic Books, 1958. — 696 p. The contributions that comprise this volume trace in various ways certain basic ideas and modes of thought in the historical development of science. Our selections, from the first eighteen volumes of the Journal of the History of Ideas, show some of the interrelations of scientific ideas with social, philosophical, religious, literary, and...
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Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. — 307 p. Chance and Temporal Asymmetry presents a collection of cutting-edge research papers in the metaphysics of science, tackling the perplexing philosophical problems raised by recent progress in the physics and metaphysics of chance and time. How do the probabilities found in fundamental physics and the probabilities of the special...
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Cambridge University Press, 2004. — 390 p. Where does the mind begin and end? Most philosophers and cognitive scientists take the view that the mind is bounded by the skull or skin of the individual. Rob Wilson, in this provocative and challenging new book, provides the foundation for the view that the mind extends beyond the boundary of the individual. The approach adopted offers...
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Springer, 2010. — 349 p. It was in 1660s England, according to the received view, in the Royal Society of London, that science acquired the form of empirical enquiry we recognize as our own: an open, collaborative experimental practice, mediated by specially-designed instruments, supported by civil discourse, stressing accuracy and replicability. Guided by the philosophy of...
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Harper Collins, 2015. — 784 p. A companion to such acclaimed works as The Age of Wonder, A Clockwork Universe, and Darwin’s Ghosts—a groundbreaking examination of the greatest event in history, the Scientific Revolution, and how it came to change the way we understand ourselves and our world. We live in a world transformed by scientific discovery. Yet today, science and its...
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Lake Oswego: Anodos Foundation, 1990. — 80 p. Science could be described as a cooperative undertaking in which the discoveries by individuals are recognized and developed by the many, either through academia and the educational system or through industry and technology. This institutionalization of science has become not only a way of life in providing jobs and producing products,...
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Алма-Ата: «Наука» КазССР, 1979. — 252 с. Категория «идея» играет важную роль в философском и конкретно-научном познании, однако она до сих пор остаётся малоисследованной. Настоящая книга призвана восполнить этот пробел. В ней излагается понятие идеи в его категориальных, логико-гносеологических и методологических функциях, даётся диалектико-материалистическая трактовка идеи,...
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Монография, Алма-Ата, «Наука» КазССР, 1976. — 382 с. В процессе развития современной науки постоянно возникают логико-теоретические проблемы. Принцип конкретности, являясь фундаментальным принципом материалистической диалектики, одновременно имеет важнейшее методологическое значение для всей современной науки. В литературе недостаточно разработана как общетеоретическая природа...
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Учебно-методическое пособие для аспирантов и соискателей по специальностям «медицинские науки» и «фармацевтические науки» /А. П. Федяев, М. Ю. Абросимова, С. Ф. Нагуманова, А. С. Созинов. - Казань: КГМУ,2009. Учебно-методическое пособие предназначено для подготовки к сдаче кандидатского экзамена «История и философия науки», составлено в соответствии с Государственной...
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Истинна Тора? Или истинна Наука? Профессор Натан Авиезер отвечает, что и то и другое истинно! Этот знаменитый учёный демонстрирует, что, вопреки распространённому заблуждению, существующие научные данные находятся в замечательном согласии с библейским описанием развития Вселенной. Недавние открытия показывают, что первая глава Книги Бытия описывает события, которые действительно...
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Под ред. В.И. Николаевой, А.С. Пащины. - Москва: Химия, 2000. — 352 с. — ISBN 5-7245-1193-2 Собраны статьи, выступления, заметки академика Р. Ф. Авраменко – ученого, посвятившего свою жизнь проблеме обороноспособности нашей страны и одновременно отдавшего много сил фундаментальной физике. Его работы – теоретические и экспериментальные – открывают новые пути для решения насущных...
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М.: Наука, 1977. -272 с. Монография посвящена актуальной и малоисследованной теме — критическому анализу и оценке основных концепций французского структурализма в этнологии, литературоведении, истории науки, психологии и др. В работе выявляются идейные и философские предпосылки появления французского структурализма. Вместе с тем осуществляется попытка осмысления...
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  • 10,85 МБ
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Монография. — М.: Прогресс-Традиция, 2017. — 688 c. — ISBN 978-5-89826-481-9. Книга философа с мировым именем посвящена детальной разработке реалистической концепции философии науки. Автор исследует проблемы объективности научного знания, референтов наблюдаемых и не-наблюдаемых объектов, структуры и динамики научных теорий, проблему истины в науке, вопросы этики науки, социальных...
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Изд. 3-е, испр. и доп. — М.: Либроком, 2013. — 232 с. — ISBN 978-5-397-03309-1. В книге с точки зрения диалектического материализма анализируются, оцениваются и критикуются основные проблемы виталистической теории первой трети XX века, так и попытки механистов провести ревизию диалектического материализма. Книга рекомендуется философам и методологам науки, биологам и историкам...
  • №306
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Выступление на научно-педагогической конференции "Идеи Живой Этики и Тайной Доктрины в современной науке и практической педагогике", Екатеринбург, 08.08.97 - Верхняя Пышма: Издательство товарищества "Диспансер", 1998. - 80 с. Оглавление Педагогика и современное научное знание Семь ведических уровней мироздания и теория физического вакуума Абсолютное Ничто Первичные...
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  • 818,31 КБ
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Монография. — Жигалкин С.А. (сост., вступит. ст., коммент.) — М.: Языки славянских культур, 2011. — 208 с. — ISBN 978-5-9551-0477-5. В изданной в 1896 году малоизвестной книге Митрофана Семеновича Аксенова «Трансцендентально-кинетическая теория времени» впервые подробно изложена концепция пространственно-временнóго представления мира. Обстоятельно исследуются законы и принципы...
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Монография. — Жигалкин С.А. (сост., вступит. ст., коммент.) — М.: Языки славянских культур, 2011. — 208 с. — ISBN 978-5-9551-0477-5. В изданной в 1896 году малоизвестной книге Митрофана Семеновича Аксенова «Трансцендентально-кинетическая теория времени» впервые подробно изложена концепция пространственно-временнóго представления мира. Обстоятельно исследуются законы и принципы...
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Книга, Москва, Типография Императорского Московского Университета, 1912. С. - 270 В книге рассматриваются методы общественных и естественных наук в соотношении их методов. Содержание: Механическая теория общества Реакция против механического и математического познавательного идеала Теория исторического или экономического материализма
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Москва: Высшая школа, 1981. — 176 с. В работе с позиций диалектического материализма вскрывается сущность натуралистического мировоззрения, анализируется его соотношение с научным мировоззрением, показывается развитие естественнонаучного материализма в современный период в методологическом и гносеологическом отношении, обосновывается необходимость союза философов-марксистов с...
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Учебно-методическое пособие для магистрантов. Издание 3-е, испр. и доп. – Донецк: ДонНТУ, 2010. - 128 с. (язык: рус.) В навчально-методичному посібнику, що підготовлений канд. філос. н., доц. Л.О.Алексєєвою, докт. філос. н., проф. Р.О.Додоновим, докт. філос. н., доц. Д.Є.Музою, представлено матеріал навчального курсу Філософія науки і техніки, який викладається магістрантам...
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СПб.: СПб.ГИТМО(ТУ), 2000, -76с. Книга представляет собой учебное пособие, написанное в соответствии с учебной программой курса "Методология научного творчества" на базе читаемых автором лекций по данному курсу для студентов-магистрантов и аспирантов СПб ГИТМО (ТУ). Рекомендуется студентам и аспирантам технических вузов, а также всем, кто интересуется проблемами методологии и...
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Учебно-методическое пособие для магистрантов. —Санкт-Петербург : ВШТЭ СПбГУПТД, 2018. — 88 с. Учебно-методическое пособие «Философские проблемы науки и техники» читается магистрантам в Высшей школе технологии и энергетики Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета промышленных технологий и дизайна. В настоящем пособии изложены вопросы философии и методологии научного и...
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  • 752,77 КБ
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Художник В.А. Назаров. — М.: Наука, 1964. — 184 с. — (Научно-популярная серия). Предисловие Почему несостоятельны идеалистические методы познания Метафизический метод непригоден для научного познания Только диалектико-материалистический метод познания приводит к истине Значение диалектического материализма для развития частных наук Диалектико-материалистический метод и частные...
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М.: Наука, 1964. — 184 с. — (АН СССР. Научно-популярная серия). Предисловие Почему несостоятельны идеалистические методы познания Метафизический метод непригоден для научного познания Только диалектико-материалистический метод познания приводит к истине Значение диалектического материализма для развития частных наук Диалектико-материалистический метод и частные методы научного...
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М.: Знание, 1953. - 64 с. Содержание Введение Коренная противоположность материализма и идеализма в решении вопроса о познаваемости мира Диалектический материализм о процессе познания. Начальная ступень процесса познания Абстрактное мышление - высшая ступень процесса познания Роль языка в познании Классики марксизма-ленинизма о практике как основе познания Объективный...
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  • 1,23 МБ
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М.: Изд-во Московского университета, 1977. — 222 с. Монография посвящена исследованию особенностей формирования духовного мира человека развитого социалистического общества, связи духовного развития человека с прогрессом науки и техники. В книге анализируются возможности управления духовным развитием личности, роль марксистско-ленинской идеологии в формировании новой личности...
  • №318
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М.: Наука, 1991. — 152 с. Автор книги демонстрирует преимущества компьютерных моделей времени над преобладающими в современной науке геометрическими моделями времени. Показано, что компьютерные модели позволяют описать динамику прошлого, настоящего и будущего, избавиться от ряда парадоксов времени и выявить рациональный смысл в учениях о времени Аристотеля, Августина, Мак-Таггарта...
  • №319
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М.: Наука, 1991. — 152 с. Автор книги демонстрирует преимущества компьютерных моделей времени над преобладающими в современной науке геометрическими моделями времени. Показано, что компьютерные модели позволяют описать динамику прошлого, настоящего и будущего, избавиться от ряда парадоксов времени и выявить рациональный смысл в учениях о времени Аристотеля, Августина, Мак-Таггарта...
  • №320
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М.: «Канон+», РООИ «Реабилитация», 2015. — 192 с. — ISBN 978-5-88373-460-0. Монография тематически связана с книгой автора «Проблема физической реальности», опубликованной в 1973 году. Но содержание представленных в ней философско-методических изысканий намного глубже и полнее того, что было постигнуто и изложено автором сорок с лишним лет тому назад. Здесь рассматривается...
  • №321
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М.: Едиториал УРСС, 2004. — 192 с. — (Размышления о марксизме). В работе дан философско-текстологический анализ химических, геологических и других эксцерптов Маркса, а также его математических рукописей. Изложению данных вопросов предшествует исследование места естествознания в философском и экономическом наследии Маркса на основе достижений современной философии, текстологии и...
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Учебное пособие. — Томск: Томского политехнический университет, 2013. – 131 с. В пособии раскрыты темы из области философии науки и техники. Рассмотрены различные подходы к становлению научного знания, представлены концепции философии науки, проясняющие специфику научного знания и научной методологии. В пособие включены актуальные темы, раскрывающие специфику творчества в...
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Учебное пособие. — Томск: Изд-во Томского политехнического университета, 2013. –153 с. В пособии раскрыты темы из области философии науки и техники. Рассмотрены различные подходы к становлению научного знания, представлены концепции философии науки, проясняющие специфику научного знания и научной методологии. В пособие включены актуальные темы, раскрывающие специфику творчества в...
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КомКнига, 2005 — 68 с. — ISBN 5-484-00191-9 В работе содержится много интересных и оригинальных идей, относящихся к ряду аспектов проблемы сознания. Особого внимания заслуживает авторская трактовка идеального. Автор показывает односторонность, а иногда и поверхностность некоторых имеющихся в философской литературе взглядов на идеальное. Его собственный подход базируется на...
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М.: Наука,1967. - 440 с. Научное понятие рассматривается авторами как развивающееся целое. Особое внимание в книге уделено: анализу возникновения научных понятий (генезис понятия механического движения), связям между "апориями Зенона" и структуре научных понятий; логической природе научной гипотезы и ее роли в процессе перехода от старой теории к новой, анализу принципа...
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Учебное пособие. — Алматы: Бастау, 2010. — 384 c. Издание является одним из первых в нашей стране учебных пособий по истории и философии науки. Подготовленное в рамках типовой программы базового курса, оно отличается не только глубиной и увлекательным изложением материала, но и написано живым, доступным языком. Поэтому пособие может быть предложено как магистрантам, которые...
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СПб.: Санкт-Петербургский Центр истории идей, 1999. — 182 с. Социетет художеств и наук Философия как наука Философия истории Физика и метафизика Григория Теплова Небо и Космос Леонард Эйлер как философ Система мира профессора Брауна Послесловие в жанре авторецензии = Текстологические иллюстрации Браун И. А. Речь о знатнейших переменах земли, говоренная в...
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Рос. акад. наук, Ин-т философии. — М. : Институт философии РАН, 2010. — 271 с. — ISBN 978-5-9540-0176-1. Работа посвящена актуальным и активно обсуждаемым проблемам формирования адекватных эпохе глобализации форм и типов субъектности. Предлагаемый авторами подход базируется на идеях постнеклассической науки, в которой интерпретация знаний неразрывно связана с субъектами, их...
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М.: Когито-Центр. 2007. – 176 с. / Препринт. В работе предпринята попытка постановки проблемы формирования адекватных эпохе глобализации форм и типов субъектности. Предлагаемый авторами путь развития связан с идеями постнеклассической науки, в которой интерпретация знаний неразрывно связана с субъектами, их производящими, с их отношениями и взаимными рефлексивными...
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Москва: Институт холодинамики, 2004. – 145 с. формат: pdf (2 части) в архиве .rar ISBN 5-7619-0144-7 Борис Александрович Астафьев – доктор философских наук, доктор медицинских наук, профессор, академик Российской Академии Естественных Наук, Международной Академии Информатизации, Академии проблем безопасности, обороны и правопорядка, Лауреат Ломоносовской премии. Им...
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М.: Наука, 1982. - 224 с. В книге исследуются концепции пространства и времени в структуре культурно-исторической и естественно-научной деятельности (генетическая психология, первобытное мышление, мифология, религия, античная и средневековая философия, философия нового времени, классическая и современная физика. ) Для научных работников, преводавателей вузов, аспирантов,...
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М.: Наука, 1982. — 224 с. В книге исследуются концепции пространства и времени в структуре культурно-исторической и естественно-научной деятельности (генетическая психология, первобытное мышление, мифология, религия, античная и средневековая философия, философия нового времени, классическая и современная физика. ) Для научных работников, преводавателей вузов, аспирантов, студентов...
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М.: Мысль, 1982. — 253 с. — (Философия и естествознание). В книге содержится философский анализ пространства и времени в физическом познании, который осуществлен в единстве эмпирического и теоретического уровней исследования. В этом плане рассмотрены пространственно-временные представления античной натурфилософии (атомистика Демокрита и система Аристотеля), их эволюция в...
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Москва: Мысль, 1982. — 253 с. — (Философия и естествознание). В книге содержится философский анализ пространства и времени в физическом познании, который осуществлен в единстве эмпирического и теоретического уровней исследования. В этом плане рассмотрены пространственно-временные представления античной натурфилософии (атомистика Демокрита и система Аристотеля), их эволюция в...
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М.: Наука, 1988. — 208 с. В книге дается сравнительный анализ понятия «природа» как предмета естествознания Нового времени и понятия «фюсис» как предмета древ