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История науки и техники

NY: National Geographic, 2009. — 304 p. — ISBN 978-1-426-20420-3. Sometime about 30,000 years ago, somebody stuck a sharp rock into a split stick—and presto! The axe was born. Our inquisitive species just loves tinkering, testing, and pushing the limits, and this delightfully different book is a freewheeling reference to hundreds of customs, notions, and inventions that reflect...
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Sterling, 2015. — 528 p. Engineering is where human knowledge meets real-world problems—and solves them. It's the source of some of our greatest inventions, from the catapult to the jet engine. Marshall Brain, creator of the How Stuff Works series and a professor at the Engineering Entrepreneurs Program at NCSU, provides a detailed look at 250 milestones in the discipline. He...
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Hachette Book Group, 2009. — 926 p. — ISBN 978-0-316-09191-6. Preface. The Way We Are. In the Light of the Above. Point of View. Matter of Fact. Infinitely Reasonable. Credit Where It's Due. What the Doctor Ordered. Fit to Rule. Making Waves. Worlds Without End. Bibliography.
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San Antonio: Trinity University Press, 2018. — 256 p. — ISBN-10 159534862X; ISBN-13 978-1595348623. Laika began her life as a stray dog on the streets of Moscow and died in 1957 aboard the Soviet satellite Sputnik II. Initially the USSR reported that Laika, the first animal to orbit the earth, had survived in space for seven days, providing valuable data that would make future...
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Random House, 2004. — 551 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-43253-7. Introduction —The Moment of Transition One —Measuring the World: Eratosthenes' Measurement of the Earth's Circumference Interlude —Why Science is Beautiful Two — Dropping the Ball: The Legend of Leaning Tower Interlude —Experiments and Demonstration Three —The Alfa Experiment: Galileo and the Inclined Plane Interlude — The...
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Pantheon, 2017. — 640 p. — ISBN-10: 1101871555, ISBN-13: 978-1101871553. At a time when Steve Jobs was only a teenager and Mark Zuckerberg wasn’t even born, a group of visionary engineers and designers—some of them only high school students—in the late 1960s and 1970s created a computer system called PLATO, which was light-years ahead in experimenting with how people would learn,...
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Harper Collins e-books, 2009. — 297 p. — ISBN 0061358436. A remarkable compendium of wild schemes, mad plans, crazy inventions, and truly glorious disasters Every phenomenally bad idea seemed like a good idea to someone. How else can you explain the Ford Edsel or the sword pistol—absolutely absurd creations that should have never made it off the drawing board? It Looked Good on...
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I.B. Tauris, 2011. — 256 p. Long before the European Renaissance, while the western world was languishing in what was once called the 'Dark Ages', the Arab world was ablaze with the knowledge, invention and creativity of its Golden Age. This is the story of how Islamic science, which began with the translation of Greek manuscripts into Arabic in eighth-century Baghdad, preserved...
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Columbia University Press. 2019. — 496 p. The New School for Social Research opened in 1919 as an act of protest. Founded in the name of academic freedom, it quickly emerged as a pioneer in adult education - providing what its first president, Alvin Johnson, liked to call "the continuing education of the educated". By the mid-1920s, the New School had become the place to go to...
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Icon Books, 2009. — 481 p. This is a powerful and a thrilling narrative history revealing the roots of modern science in the medieval world. The adjective 'medieval' has become a synonym for brutality and uncivilized behavior. Yet without the work of medieval scholars there could have been no Galileo, no Newton and no Scientific Revolution. In "God's Philosophers", James Hannam...
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New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 2002. — 326 p. — ISBN 0486420841. Complete works of ancient geometer in highly accessible translation by distinguished scholar. Topics include the famous problems of the ratio of the areas of a cylinder and an inscribed sphere; the measurement of a circle; the properties of conoids, spheroids, and spirals; and the quadrature of the parabola....
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Ten Speed Press, 2016. — 128 р. — ISBN 978-1607749769. A charmingly illustrated and educational book, New York Times best seller Women in Science highlights the contributions of fifty notable women to the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) from the ancient to the modern world. Full of striking, singular art, this fascinating collection also contains...
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Yale University Press, 2014. — 344 p. An ambitious, landmark history of the Scientific Revolution, from the age of Columbus to the age of Cook. In 1492 Columbus set out across the Atlantic; in 1776 American colonists declared their independence. Between these two events old authorities collapsed - Luther’s Reformation divided churches, and various discoveries revealed the...
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The MIT Press, 2017. — 288 p. — ISBN-10 0262036487, ISBN-13 978-0262036481. How humans and technology evolve together in a creative partnership. With the explosion of interest, hype, and fear about artificial intelligence, data science, and robotics, it is essential that we better understand how it is that technology and society evolve. Without such understanding, we are assured...
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University Of Chicago Press, 2008. — 480 p. — ISBN 0226482057. This landmark book represents the first attempt in two decades to survey the science of the ancient world, the first attempt in four decades to write a comprehensive history of medieval science, and the first attempt ever to present a full, unified account of both ancient and medieval science in a single volume. In The...
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Cambridge University Press, 2013. — 699 p. — ISBN 0521594480. This volume in the highly respected Cambridge History of Science series is devoted to the history of science in the Middle Ages from the North Atlantic to the Indus Valley. Medieval science was once universally dismissed as non-existent - and sometimes it still is. This volume reveals the diversity of goals,...
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University of Pittsburgh Press, 2017. — 472 p. — ISBN 0822944650, 978-0822944652. The hot-air balloon, invented by the Montgolfier brothers in 1783, launched for the second time just days before the Treaty of Paris would end the American Revolutionary War. The ascent in Paris—a technological marvel witnessed by a diverse crowd that included Benjamin Franklin—highlighted...
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NY: National Geographic, 2015 — 809 p. — ISBN 978-1-426-21584-1. Foreword by Henry Petroski. This vivid, engrossing book reveals the fascinating stories behind the objects in your world, what you wear, what you eat, what entertains you, and more. Discover the history behind the world's tallest skyscrapers, find out when people first started drinking caffeine and why it wakes us...
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Anchor Books, 2009. — 530 p. — ISBN 978-1400095186. The Panama Canal was the costliest undertaking in human history. It literally required moving mountains, breaking the back of the great range that connects North and South America. Begun by the French in 1880, its successful completion in 1914 by the Americans marked the end of the Victorian Age and the beginning of the “American...
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NY: W.W.Norton & Company, 2014. — 304 p. — ISBN 978-0-393-24204-1. An architectural whodunit that unlocks the secrets of a hand-built home. When Henry Petroski and his wife Catherine bought a charming but modest six-decades-old island retreat in coastal Maine, Petroski couldn’t help but admire its unusual construction. An eminent expert on engineering, history, and design, he...
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NY: Vintage Books, 1996 — 627 p. — ISBN 978-0-679-76021-4. Petroski reveals the science and engineering-not to mention the politics, egotism, and sheer magic-behind America's great bridges, particularly those constructed during the great bridge-building era starting in the 1870s and continuing through the 1930s. It is the story of the men and women who built the St. Louis, the...
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NY: Vintage, 2005. — 262 p. — ISBN 978-1-400-03294-5. Here are two dozen tales in the grand adventure of engineering from the Henry Petroski, who has been called America’s poet laureate of technology. Pushing the Limits celebrates some of the largest things we have created–bridges, dams, buildings-and provides a startling new vision of engineering’s past, its present, and its...
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NY: Vintage, 1998. — 256 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-77320-3. From the Ferris wheel to the integrated circuit, feats of engineering have changed our environment in countless ways, big and small. In Remaking the World: Adventures in Engineering, Duke University's Henry Petroski focuses on the big: Malaysia's 1,482-foot Petronas Towers as well as the Panama Canal, a cut through the...
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NY: Princeton University Press, 2006. — 195 p. — ISBN 978-0-691-12225-0. Design pervades our lives. Everything from drafting a PowerPoint presentation to planning a state-of-the-art bridge embodies this universal human activity. But what makes a great design? In this compelling and wide-ranging look at the essence of invention, distinguished engineer and author Henry Petroski...
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NY: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2010. — 306 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-77328-9. Henry Petroski, "the poet laureate of technology" and author of the highly acclaimed The Pencil and The Evolution of Useful Things now sets his sights on perhaps the greatest technological advances of the last two thousand years: the making and storing of books—from papyrus scrolls to precious medieval...
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NY: Vintage, 1994. — 219 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-77305-0. How did the table fork acquire a fourth tine? What advantage does the Phillips-head screw have over its single-grooved predecessor? Why does the paper clip look the way it does? What makes Scotch tape Scotch? In this delightful book Henry, Petroski takes a microscopic look at artifacts that most of us count on but rarely...
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NY: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2010. — 522 p. — ISBN 978-0-307-77243-5. Like most other human artifacts, the common pencil, made and sold today by the millions, has a long and complex history. Henry Petroski, who combines a talent for fine writing with a deep knowledge of engineering and technological history, examines the story of the pencil, considering it not only as a...
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NY: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016. — 322 p. — ISBN 978-1-63286-360-7. Renowned historian and engineer Henry Petroski explores the past, present, and future of America's crumbling infrastructure. In The Road Taken, acclaimed historian Henry Petroski explores our core infrastructure from historical and contemporary perspectives and explains how essential their maintenance is to...
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Sterling, 2019. — 528 р. — (Sterling Milestones). From astronomy to psychology, this beautifully illustrated chronology presents the most important and groundbreaking milestones in science. Award-winning author Cliff Pickover (The Math Book, The Physics Book, and The Medical Book) gathers into one fully illustrated volume the most important thinkers and ideas in the history of...
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Walker Books, 2007. — 288 p. — ISBN 978-0802716378, eISBN 978-0802718877. Witty, incisive observations on such universally meaningful topics as courage and compassion by many of the greatest minds of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been the hallmark of genius, but Nobel laureates tend to be more than merely brilliant―their idealism,...
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HarperCollins Publishers Inc., 2015. — 432 p. — ISBN 978-0-06-232847-2. In this brilliant exploration of our cosmic environment, the renowned particle physicist and New York Times bestselling author of Warped Passages and Knocking on Heaven’s Door uses her research into dark matter to illuminate the startling connections between the furthest reaches of space and life here on...
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Simon & Schuster, 2016. — 320 p. The Industries of the Future” is an informative and accessible book about the next economy and how this next wave of innovation will affect our societies. Leading expert on innovation and former Senior Advisor for Innovation to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Alec Ross, explores the industries that will drive the next 20 years of change....
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Wiley-Scrivener, 2019. — 290 p. — (Advances in Nanotechnology & Applications). — ISBN 9978-1-119-46008-4. The scientific knowledge of nanoscience and nanotechnology is regarded to be a modern sciencethat evolved after Feynman's concept was formulated in the 1950s. However, Faraday and other scientists in the 19th century showed the science behind the small and its relation to...
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Basic Books, 2012. — 352 p. — ISBN-10 0465029736, ISBN-13 978-0465029730. In In Pursuit of the Unknown, celebrated mathematician Ian Stewart uses a handful of mathematical equations to explore the vitally important connections between math and human progress. We often overlook the historical link between mathematics and technological advances, says Stewart—but this connection is...
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Skyhorse Publishing, 2012. — 526 p. — ISBN-10 161608605X, ISBN-13 978-1616086053. Coinciding with the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the RMS Titanic, here are true accounts by the people who built it, as well as the survivors. This is the graphic, first-hand story of the maiden voyage and disastrous sinking of the RMS Titanic, told by the survivors themselves. The story of...
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Basic Books, 2019. — 240 p. An engaging new history of the Royal Society of London, the club that created modern scientific thought Founded in 1660 to advance knowledge through experimentally verified facts, The Royal Society of London is now one of the preeminent scientific institutions of the world. It published the world's first science journal, and has counted scientific...
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Harper Perennial, 2011. — 352 p. — ISBN 0062094548, 0062094556. A brilliantly original and gripping new look at the sinking of the Titanic through the prism of the life and lost honor of J. Bruce Ismay, the ship’s owner Books have been written and films have been made, we have raised the Titanic and watched her go down again on numerous occasions, but out of the wreckage Frances...
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Knopf, 2015. — 472 p. The acclaimed author of Founding Gardeners reveals the forgotten life of Alexander von Humboldt, the visionary German naturalist whose ideas changed the way we see the natural world - and in the process created modern environmentalism. Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) was an intrepid explorer and the most famous scientist of his age. In North America, his...
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Viking Penguin Group Inc, USA, 2009. — 258 p. — ISBN 0670020648, 014311672X. Захватывающая история самого сильного источника энергии. The fascinating story of the most powerful source of energy the earth can yield. Uranium is a common element in the earth's crust and the only naturally occurring mineral with the power to end all life on the planet. After World War II, it reshaped...
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М.: Новое литературное обозрение, 2014. — 619 с. Книга представляет собой сборник переводов избранных статей по истории американской науки и охватывает разные аспекты организации науки и научного образования в США. Статьи сгруппированы по четырем темам: проблема становления американской системы подготовки научных кадров; история возникновения научных фондов и их влияния на...
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Пер. с англ. — М.: Политиздат, 1991. — 480 с. В работе профессора Массачусетского технологического института (США) Л. Р. Грэхэма на большом фактическом материале анализируется полная драматизма история взаимодействия диалектического материализма и советской науки в период с 1917 до середины 80-х годов. Автор подробно рассматривает дискуссии вокруг генетики, физиологии, психологии,...
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Пер. Алексей Кащеев. — Москва: Livebook/Гаятри, 2018. — 460 с., 216 ил. — ISBN 978-5-907056-19-0. Удивительно, но в эпоху неслыханного технического прогресса, развития медицины и популяризации науки до сих пор есть люди, которые сознательно отказываются от прививок, верят в гомеопатию, пытаются лечиться отварами трав (это в лучшем случае). На них успешно наживаются популярные...
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