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Bradley R.S. Paleoclimatology. Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary

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Bradley R.S. Paleoclimatology. Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary
2nd ed. — New York, London: Academic Press, 1999. – 630 p. — (International Geophysics, Vol. 68). — ISBN-10: 012124010X; ISBN-13: 978-0121240103.
Paleoclimatology is the study of climate prior to the period of instrumental measurements. Instrumental records span only a tiny fraction of the Earth's climatic history and so provide a totally inadequate perspective on climatic variation and the evolution of climate today. A longer perspective on climatic variability can be obtained by the study of natural phenomena which are climate-dependent, and which incorporate into their structure a measure of this dependency. Such phenomena provide a proxy record of climate and it is the study of proxy data that is the foundation of paleoclimatology. As a more detailed and reliable record of past climatic fluctuations is built up, the possibility of identifying causes and mechanisms of climatic variation is increased. Thus, paleoclimatic data provide the basis for testing hypotheses about the causes of climatic change. Only when the causes of past climatic fluctuations are understood will it be possible to fully anticipate or forecast climatic variations in the future (Bradley and Eddy, 1991).
Raymond S. Bradley provides his readers with a comprehensive and up-to-date review of all of the important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction, dating and paleoclimate modeling. Two comprehensive chapters on dating methods provide the foundation for all paleoclimatic studies and are followed by up-to-date coverage of ice core research, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, radiocarbon dating, tree rings and historical records. New methods using alkenones in marine sediments and coral studies are also described. "Paleoclimatology, Second Edition", is an essential textbook for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying climatology, paleoclimatology and paleooceanography worldwide, as well as a valuable reference for lecturers and researchers, appealing to archaeologists and scientists interested in environmental change. It describes the newest methods using alkenones in marine sediments and long continental pollen records and addresses all important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction. It includes an extensive chapter on the use of models in paleoclimatology and contains extensive and up-to-date bibliography. It is illustrated with numerous comprehensive figure captions.
Preface
Paleoclimatic Reconstruction
Climate and Climatic Variation
Dating Methods I
Dating Methods II
Ice Cores
Marine Sediments and Corals
Non-marine Geological Evidence
Non-marine Biological Evidence
Pollen Analysis
Dendroclimatology
Documentary Data
Paleoclimate Models
Appendix
References
Index
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