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Selley R.C. Applied Sedimentology

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Selley R.C. Applied Sedimentology
Academic Press, Second Edition, 2000, 523 Pages
ISBN: 0126363757
Applied Sedimentology is divided into three parts: Rock to Sediment, Sediment Sedimented, and Sediment to Rock, reflecting the holistic nature of the sedimentary cycle. An introductory chapter outlines the field of sedimentology, relates it to the fundamental sciences, and discusses its applications.
Part I, Rock to Sediment, consists of two chapters. Chapter 2 outlines weathering, showing not only how weathering gives rise to the terrigenous sediments, but also how it mobilizes and concentrates diverse residual ore deposits. Chapter 3, Particles, Pores, and Permeability, describes the texture of sediments and shows how these are related to porosity and permeability.
Part II, Sediment Sedimented, takes the story a stage further. Chapters 4 and 5 describe sedimentary processes and sedimentary structures, respectively. Chapter 6 outlines the major depositional systems and discusses how their products may serve as petroleum reservoirs and hosts for ore bodies.
Part III, Sediment to Rock, completes the cycle. Chapter 7 describes the subsurface environment within which sediment is turned into rock. Chapter 8 describes clays, sands, and gravels and details their diagenesis and porosity evolution. Chapter 9 does the same for the chemical rocks, describing the mineralogy, composition, and diagenesis of carbonates, evaporites, sedimentary ironstones, coal, phosphates, and chert. The book concludes with a chapter on sedimentary basins. This describes the mechanics of basin formation, the various types and their sedimentary fill, and their petroleum and mineral potential. It also describes the evolution of basin fluids through time.
Extensively illustrated with photos and remotely sensed sea bed images describing sedimentary processes, products and depositional systems; Color plates illustrate sediment textures, lithologies, pore types, diagenetic textures, and carbonate and clastic sequence stratigraphic models.
Emphasises the applications of sedimentology to the exploration for and exploitation of natural resources, including water, ores and hydrocarbons.
Extensive references and up-to-date bibliography for further study.
Applied Sedimentology is written principally for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students of earth science and engineering.
Introduction and Historical Review
Sedimentology and the Earth Sciences
Applied Sedimentology
Weathering and the Sedimentary Cycle
The Sedimentary Cycle
Particles, Pores, and Permeability
Physical Properties of Particles
Porosity and Permeability
Transportation and Sedimentation
Aqueous Processes
Eolian Processes
Glacial Processes
Gravitational Processes
Sedimentary Structures
Biogenic Sedimentary Structures
Primary Inorganic Sedimentary Structures
Paleocurrent Analysis
Depositional Systems
Sedimentary Environments
Sedimentary Facies
Sedimentary Models
Sedimentary Models, Increments, and Cycles
The Subsurface Environment
Subsurface Temperatures
Subsurface Pressures
Subsurface Fluids
Fluid Flow in Sedimentary Basins
Allochthonous Sediments
Introduction: The Classification of Sedimentary Rocks
Allochthonous Sediments Classified
Pyroclastic Sediments
Rudaceous Rocks
Autochthonous Sediments
Sedimentary Iron Ores
Sedimentary Basins
Sedimentary Basins Classified and Described
Basin Evolution, Metallogeny, and the Petroleum System
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