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Gaonkar D.N. (ed.) Distributed Generation

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Gaonkar D.N. (ed.) Distributed Generation
Издательство InTech, 2010, -414 pp.
In the recent years the electrical power utilities are undergoing rapid restructuring process worldwide. Indeed, with deregulation, advancement in technologies and concern about the environmental impacts, competition is particularly fostered in the generation side thus allowing increased interconnection of generating units to the utility networks. These generating sources are called as distributed generators (DG) and defined as the plant which is directly connected to distribution network and is not centrally planned and dispatched. These are also called as embedded or dispersed generation units. The rating of the DG systems can vary between few kW to as high as 100 MW. Various new types of distributed generator systems, such as microturbines and fuel cells in addition to the more traditional solar and wind power are creating significant new opportunities for the integration of diverse DG systems to the utility. Inter connection of these generators will offer a number of benefits such as improved reliability, power quality, efficiency, alleviation of system constraints along with the environmental benefits. With these benefits and due to the growing momentum towards sustainable energy developments, it is expected that a large number of DG systems will be interconnected to the power system in the coming years.
Unlike centralized power plants, the DG units are directly connected to the distribution system; most often at the customer end. The existing distribution networks are designed and operated in radial configuration with unidirectional power flow from centralized generating station to customers. The increase in interconnection of DG to utility networks can lead to reverse power flow violating fundamental assumption in their design. This creates complexity in operation and control of existing distribution networks and offers many technical challenges for successful introduction of DG systems. Some of the technical issues are islanding of DG, voltage regulation, protection and stability of the network. Some of the solutions to these problems include designing of standard interface control for individual DG systems by taking care of their diverse characteristics, finding new ways to/or install and control these DG systems and finding new design for distribution system.
DG has much potential to improve distribution system performance. The use of DG strongly contributes to a clean, reliable and cost effective energy for future. However technical issues given above need to be resolved, to pave the way for a sustainable energy future based on a large share of DG. In this context investigation on the utility interconnection aspects of DG systems such as, development of interface model, their operation and control, planning and design becomes significant. Hence a lot of research effort is required.
This book deals with the several aspects of the DG systems such as, benefits, issues, technology interconnected operation, performance studies, planning and design. Several authors are contributed for this book aiming to benefit students, researcher’s academicians, policy makers and professionals. We are indebted to all the people who either directly or indirectly contributed towards the publication of this book.
Distributed Cogeneration:Modelling of Environmental Benefits and Impact
Distributed generation and the regulation of distribution networks
Steady-State Assessment of the DG Impact on Voltage Control and Loss Allocation
Voltage Variation Analysis of Normally Closed-Loop Distribution Feeders Interconnected with Distributed Generation
Effect of DG on distribution grid protection
Local and Remote Techniques for Islanding Detection in Distributed Generators
Single-Phase Photovoltaic-Inverter Operation Characteristic in Distributed Generation System
Single-Phase Distributed Generation System Based on Asymmetrical Cascaded Multilevel Inverter
Performance Of Microturbine Generation System in Grid Connected and Islanding Modes of Operation
Distributed Generation and Islanding – Study on Converter Modeling of PV Grid-Connected Systems
under Islanding Phenomena
Application of a suitable control strategy for grid-connected inverters to the power management of a Microgrid
Wind Farm Protection Systems: State of the Art and Challenges
Protection in distributed generation
Capacity Estimation Methods Applied to Mini Hydro Plants
Optimal Coordination and Penetration of Distributed Generation with Multi Shunt FACTS Compensators Using GA/Fuzzy Rules
Flexibility Value of Distributed Generation in Transmission Expansion Planning
State identification of underdetermined grids
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