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Peters N. Turbulent Combustion

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Peters N. Turbulent Combustion
Cambridge University Press, 2004 p. 322 p. — ISBN:0521660823.
The combustion of fossil fuels remains a key technology for the foreseeable future. It is therefore important to understand combustion mechanisms, in particular, the role of turbulence within this process. This monograph presents a thorough introduction to the field of turbulent combustion. After an overview of modeling approaches, Peters considers the three distinct cases of premixed, nonpremixed, and partially premixed combustion, respectively. By demonstrating the current theories of turbulent combustion within a cohesive presentation, this book makes a unified contribution to engineering and applied mathematics.
Contents
Preface
Turbulent combustion: The state of the art
What is specific about turbulence with combustion?
Statistical description of turbulent flows
Navier–Stokes equations and turbulence models
Two-point velocity correlations and turbulent scales
Balance equations for reactive scalars
Chemical reaction rates and multistep asymptotics
Moment methods for reactive scalars
Dissipation and scalar transport of nonreacting and linearly reacting scalars
The eddy-break-up and the eddy dissipation models
The pdf transport equation model
The laminar flamelet concept
The concept of conditional moment closure
The linear eddy model
Combustion models used in large eddy simulation
Summary of turbulent combustion models
Premixed turbulent combustion
ntroduction
Laminar and turbulent burning velocities
Regimes in premixed turbulent combustion
The Bray–Moss–Libby model and the Coherent Flame model
The level set approach for the corrugated flamelets regime
The level set approach for the thin reaction zones regime
A common level set equation for both regimes
Modeling premixed turbulent combustion based on the level set approach
Equations for the mean and the variance of G
The turbulent burning velocity
A model equation for the flame surface area ratio
Effects of gas expansion on the turbulent burning velocity
Laminar flamelet equations for premixed combustion
Flamelet equations in premixed turbulent combustion
The presumed shape pdf approach
Numerical calculations of one-dimensional and multidimensional premixed turbulent flames
A numerical example using the presumed shape pdf approach
Concluding remarks
Nonpremixed turbulent combustion
Introduction
The mixture fraction variable
TheBurke–Schumann and the equilibriumsolutions
Nonequilibrium flames
Numerical and asymptotic solutions of counter flow diffusion flames
Regimes in nonpremixed turbulent combustion
Modeling nonpremixed turbulent combustion
The presumed shape pdf approach
Turbulent jet diffusion flames
Experimental data from turbulent jet diffusion flames
Laminar flamelet equations for nonpremixed combustion
Flamelet equations in nonpremixed turbulent combustion
Steady versus unsteady flamelet modeling
Predictions of reactive scalar fields and pollutant formation in turbulent jet diffusion flames
Combustion modeling of gas turbines, burners, and direct injection diesel engines
Concluding remarks
Partially premixed turbulent combustion
Introduction
Lifted turbulent jet diffusion flames
Triple flames as a key element of partially premixed combustion
Modeling turbulent flame propagation in partially premixed systems
Numerical simulation of lift-off heights in turbulent jet flames
Scaling of the lift-off height
Concluding remarks
Epilogue
Glossary
Bibliography
Author Index
Subject Index
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