Handbook. — Chichester, Wiley, 2012. — 548 p.Containing contributions from leading academic and industrial researchers, this book provides a much needed update of foam science research. The first section of the book presents an accessible summary of the theory and fundamentals of foams. This includes chapters on morphology, drainage, Ostwald ripening, coalescence, rheology, and pneumatic foams. The second section demonstrates how this theory is used in a wide range of industrial applications, including foam fractionation, froth flotation and foam mitigation. It includes chapters on suprafroths, flotation of oil sands, foams in enhancing petroleum recovery, Gas-liquid Mass Transfer in foam, foams in glass manufacturing, fire-fighting foam technology and consumer product foams.Introduction Gas–Liquid Foam in Products and Processes Content of This Volume A Personal View of Collaboration in Foam Research Fundamentals Foam Morphology Introduction Basic Rules of Foam Morphology Two-dimensional Foams Ordered Foams Disordered Foams Statistics of 3D Foams Structures in Transition: Instabilities and Topological Changes Other Types of Foams Conclusions Foam Drainage Introduction Geometric Considerations A Drained Foam The Continuity Equation Interstitial Flow Forced Drainage Rigid Interfaces and Neglecting Nodes: The Original Foam Drainage Equation Mobile Interfaces and Neglecting Nodes Neglecting Channels: The Node-dominated Model The Network Model: Combining Nodes and Channels The Carman – Kozeny Approach Interpreting Forced Drainage Experiments: A Detailed Look Unresolved Issues A Brief History of Foam Drainage Foam Ripening Introduction The Very Wet Limit The Very Dry Limit Wet Foams Controlling the Coarsening Rate Coalescence in Foams Introduction Stability of Isolated Thin Films Structure and Dynamics of Foam Rupture What Are the Key Parameters in the Coalescence Process? How Do We Explain the Existence of a Critical Liquid Fraction? Conclusion Foam Rheology Introduction Main Experimental and Theoretical Approaches Foam Visco-elasticity Yielding Plastic Flow Viscous Dissipation in Steadily Sheared Foams Foam–Wall Viscous Friction Conclusions Particle Stabilized Foams Introduction Summary of Some Empirical Observations On the Thermodynamic Stability of Particle Stabilized Foams On the Ability of Particles to Stabilize Foams during Their Production Design Rules for Particle Stabilized Foams Conclusions Pneumatic Foam Preamble Vertical Pneumatic Foam Horizontal Flow of Pneumatic Foam Pneumatic Foam in Inclined Channels Methods of Pneumatic Foam Production Non-aqueous Foams: Formation and Stability Introduction Phase Behavior of Diglycerol Fatty Acid Esters in Oils Non-aqueous Foaming Properties Conclusion Suprafroth: Ageless Two-dimensional Electronic Froth Introduction The Intermediate State in Type-I Superconductors Observation and Study of the Tubular Intermediate State Patterns Structural Statistical Analysis of the Suprafroth Applications Froth Phase Phenomena in Flotation Introduction Froth Stability Hydrodynamic Condition of the Froth Detachment of Particles from Bubbles Gangue Recovery The Velocity Field of Froth Bubbles Plant Experience of Froth Flotation Froth Flotation of Oil Sand Bitumen Introduction Oil Sands Mining and Slurrying Froth Structure Physical Properties of Froths Froth Treatment Conclusion Foams in Enhancing Petroleum Recovery Introduction Foam Applications for the Upstream Petroleum Industry Foam Applications in Wells and Near Wells Foam Applications in Reservoir Processes Occurrences of Foams at the Surface and Downstream Conclusion Foam Fractionation Introduction Adsorption in Foam Fractionation Foam Drainage Coarsening and Foam Stability Foam Fractionation Devices and Process Intensification Concluding Remarks about Industrial Practice Gas–Liquid Mass Transfer in Foam Introduction Non-overflowing Pneumatic Foam Devices Overflowing Pneumatic Foam Devices The Waldhof Fermentor Induced Air Methods Horizontal Foam Contacting Calculation of Specific Interfacial Area in Foam Hydrodynamics of Pneumatic Foam Mass Transfer and Equilibrium Considerations Towards an Integrated Model of Foam Gas–Liquid Contactors Discussion and Future Directions Foams in Glass Manufacturing Introduction Glass Foams in Glass Melting Furnaces Physical Phenomena Experimental Studies Modeling Measures for Reducing Glass Foaming in Glass Melting Furnaces Perspective and Future Research Directions Fire-fighting Foam Technology Introduction History Applications Physical Properties Chemical Properties Testing The Future Foams in Consumer Products Introduction Creation and Structure Sensory Appeal Conclusions Foams for Blast Mitigation Introduction Free Field Tests Shock Tube Testing Theoretical Approaches Conclusions
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