Wiley, 2017. — 364 p. — ISBN 978-1-118-92216-3.Invasion biology is concerned with the introduction and spread of non‐native species and their environmental, human health and economic impacts. Although a relatively young discipline, it now represents a major growth area in applied biology and conservation science with a dedicated journal – Biological Invasions – and numerous meetings and annual symposia. For most of its short history, the study of invasions has largely addressed ecological and environmental questions, many originating from Charles Elton’s influential book The Ecology of Invasions by Plant and Animals, published in 1958. The impressive progress made in this area, especially at the population and community levels, was recently reviewed in the volume Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology: The Legacy of Charles Elton, edited by David Richardson in 2011. The early disassociation between ecological and genetic studies of biological invasions is much less evident today. The rapid development of diverse molecular approaches for assaying genetic diversity in populations, combined with advances in evolutionary theory, have given rise to a burgeoning interest in the genetics and evolution of biological invasions during the past two decades. This work is often interpreted in the context of information on the life histories, demography and ecology of populations. Because of these exciting developments, we believe it is therefore timely to provide a synthesis of the new field of invasion genetics – the study of processes shaping genetic diversity and contemporary evolution in introduced species and their influence on biological invasions. When fully integrated with invasion ecology these fields should provide deeper insights into the causes and consequences of biological invasions, as well as providing a unique framework for studies of contemporary evolution.Foundations of invasion genetics: the Baker and Stebbins legacy The influence of numbers on invasion success Characteristics of successful alien plants Evolution of the mating system in colonizing plants The population biology of fungal invasions Contemporary evolution during invasion: evidence for differentiation, natural selection, and local adaptation Exotics exhibit more evolutionary history than natives : a comparison of the ecology and evolution of exotic and native anole lizards Causes and consequences of failed adaptation to biological invasions : the role of ecological constraints Evolution of phenotypic plasticity in colonizing species Chromosome inversions, adaptive cassettes and the evolution of species’ ranges The distribution of genetic variance across phenotypic space and the response to selection Information entropy as a measure of genetic diversity and evolvability in colonization Expansion load: recessive mutations and the role of standing genetic variation The devil is in the details: genetic variation in introduced populations and its contributions to invasion Genetic reconstructions of invasion history Comparative genomics in the Asteraceae reveals little evidence for parallel evolutionary change in invasive taxa The role of climate adaptation in colonization success in arabidopsis thaliana A genetic perspective on rapid evolution in cane toads (rhinella marina) Epigenetics of colonizing species? A study of japanese knotweed in Central Europe What we still don’t know about invasion genetics
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