Translated from the Polish: Hugh McDonald. — Brill-Rodopi, 2018. — xiv, 468 p. — (Value Inquiry Book Series, 311). — ISBN 978-90-04-35825-6 (paperback), 978-90-04-35987-1 (e-book). True PDF This volume treats the evolution of the object of metaphysics from being, to the concept of being, to, finally, the object (thought). Possible being must be non-contradictory, but an object of thought includes anything a human being can think, including contradictions and nothingness. When the concept of being, or object of thought, replaces existence as the object of metaphysics, it becomes something other than metaphysics - ontology, or something beyond ontology. However, ontology cannot examine existence because it only investigates concepts and possibility. Only classical metaphysics investigates reality qua reality. This book masterfully treats the history of this controversy and many other important metaphysical questions raised over the centuries.Contents: Foreword. Robert Delfino Preface IntroductionOn the Origin of Metaphysics From Sophía to Philosophía From Philosophy (philosophía) to Meta-physics (tà metà tà physiká) From tà metà tà physiká to Metaphysics The Autonomy of Metaphysics Ontology in the Middle Ages Summary of Part OneThe Rise of Ontology Descartes and Malebranche — The Return of Augustinianism British Philosophy: The Marginalization of Metaphysics The Founders of Ontology: From Lorhard to Clauberg Ontology before Metaphysics: From Wolff to Kant Logic as Ontology: Hegel The Apotheosis of Mathematics: Bolzano, Frege, and Meinong Phenomenology apart from Metaphysics: Husserl, Ingarden, Heidegger Metaphysics as Ontology: Nicolai Hartmann Analytic Philosophy: A Metaphysics of Conceptual Schemata Metaphysics or Ontology of Process? Negative Ontology: Adorno Postmoderism: The End of Metaphysics, or the End of Ontology? Summary of Part TwoMetaphysics or Ontology: Disputed Questions Being or the Concept of Being? Real Being or Possible Being? Existence: Act or Modus? Essence Instead of Being Ontology: Unreal Reality Ontology and the Object Intentionality: Outside of Reality Ontology and the Subject Ontology and System Univocity or Analogy? Metaphysics, Ontology, Onto-Theology? Summary of Part ThreeConclusion Bibliography Index of Names Index of Subjects
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