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Blitz John Howard. An Archaeological Study of the Mississippi Choctaw Indians

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Blitz John Howard. An Archaeological Study of the Mississippi Choctaw Indians
Jackson, MS: Mississippi Department of Archives and History, 1985. — vi, 115 p. : ill. — (Archaeological Report, No. 16.)
The Choctaws were the largest indigenous society in Mississippi during the colonial period. Today, despite centuries of assault, domination, and acculturation by a larger society, many Choctaw communities remain in their traditional homeland.
Blitz became interested in the archaeological background of the Mississippi Choctaw as the result of an effort to prepare a brief outline of southeastern Mississippi prehistory upon his arrival at the University of Southern Mississippi. Because his previous investigation of the Choctaw was minimal, this research became a revision of his earlier thesis.
In five chapters the author examines wide ranging topics. First, he gives an ethnographic presentation of the different aspects of early historic Choctaw society. Also, the effects of Euro-American acculturation are examined.
Then came reviews of previous archaeological and historical research relevant to Choctaw society and prehistory, reconstructing cultural geography of early historic Choctaw settlements and considering the social, economic, and environmental factors that influenced the early historic Choctaw settlement system, the very information becomes the basis for determining how some of these factors would be recognized in archaeological survey.
The following chapter presents the results of an archaeological survey in the traditional Choctaw Homeland in east-central Mississippi. The survey was designed to locate the full range of Choctaw archaeological sites, collect representative samples, and provide a greater insight into the Choctaw settlement system.
Following it a Choctaw ceramic complex for the late 18th and early 19th century is proposed, the problems in the assignment of an ethnic identity for the ceramic complex and the archaeological identification of Choctaw sites are discussed.
The final chapter summarizes and evaluates the research results, offering future research orientation, methodology, and problems of interpretation are discussed.
Appendix A contains descriptions of artifacts associated with Choctaw archaeological sites.
Appendix B is special, it presents a copy of Tribal Resolution of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, an official request for assistance in the archaeological study and preservation of archaeological sites relevant to the heritage of the Choctaw people.
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