Singapore: Springer, 2019. — 454 p.This book provides concise and cutting-edge reviews in astrobiology, a young and still emerging multidisciplinary field of science that addresses the fundamental questions of how life originated and diversified on Earth, whether life exists beyond Earth, and what is the future for life on Earth. Readers will find coverage of the latest understanding of a wide range of fascinating topics, including, for example, solar system formation, the origins of life, the history of Earth as revealed by geology, the evolution of intelligence on Earth, the implications of genome data, insights from extremophile research, and the possible existence of life on other planets within and beyond the solar system. Each chapter contains a brief summary of the current status of the topic under discussion, sufficient references to enable more detailed study, and descriptions of recent findings and forthcoming missions or anticipated research. Written by leading experts in astronomy, planetary science, geoscience, chemistry, biology, and physics, this insightful and thought-provoking book will appeal to all students and scientists who are interested in life and space.Contents :
Front MatterFront Matter What Is Astrobiology?Front Matter Prebiotic Complex Organic Molecules in Space Chemical Interactions Among Organics, Water, and Minerals in the Early Solar System Prebiotic Synthesis of Bioorganic Compounds by Simulation Experiments RNA Synthesis Before the Origin of LifeFront Matter RNA World The Common Ancestor of All Modern Life Eukaryotes Appearing Color of Photosynthetic Systems: Importance of Atmospheric Spectral Segregation Between Direct and Diffuse Radiation Evolution of Photosynthetic System Cosmolinguistics: Necessary Components for the Emergence of a Language-Like Communication System in a Habitable Planet Evolution of Intelligence on the EarthFront Matter Formation of Planetary Systems Evolution of Early Atmosphere Biogenic and Abiogenic Graphite in Minerals and Rocks of the Early Earth Cellular Microfossils and Possible Microfossils in the Paleo- and Mesoarchean Great Oxidation Event and Snowball Earth End-Paleozoic Mass Extinction: Hierarchy of Causes and a New Cosmoclimatological Perspective for the Largest Crisis Mass Extinction at the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K–Pg) BoundaryFront Matter Limits of Terrestrial Life and Biosphere What Geology and Mineralogy Tell Us About Water on Mars Atmosphere of Mars The Search for Life on Mars Active Surface and Interior of Europa as a Potential Deep Habitat Enceladus: Evidence and Unsolved Questions for an Ice-Covered Habitable World Astrobiology on Titan: Geophysics to Organic Chemistry Panspermia Hypothesis: History of a Hypothesis and a Review of the Past, Present, and Future Planned Missions to Test This Hypothesis Extrasolar Planetary Systems How to Search for Possible Bio-signatures on Earth-Like Planets: Beyond a Pale Blue Dot SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) Possible Cultural Impact of Extraterrestrial Life, if It Were to Be Found
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