Ciuta S., Tsiamis D., Castaldi M. Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas, and Chemicals from Municipal Solid Waste, Biomass, Nonrecycled Plastics, Sludges, and Wet Solid Wastes
Academic Press, 2018. — 159 p. — ISBN 978-0-12-812716-2.This book explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products. The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction mechanisms and kinetic constraints of using municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass, non-recycled plastics (NRP), sludges and wet solid wastes as feedstock. They identify the distinctions between pyrolysis, gasification, plasma, hydrothermal gasification, and supercritical systems.A comprehensive summary of laboratory and demonstration activities is presented, as well as field scale systems that have been in operation using solid waste streams as input, highlighting their areas of disconnect and alignment. The book also provides a summary of information on emissions from the stack, comparing them with other thermal conversion systems using similar feedstock. It then goes on to assess the areas that must be improved to ensure gasification systems become as successful as combustion systems operating on waste streams, ranging from feedstock processing to gasifier output gas clean-up, downstream system requirements and corrosion. View more >Key Features Provides field demonstrations of large scale systems, their results and the challenges that need to be overcome when developing commercial applications and possible solutions Presents the most recent technologies in lab and demonstration scale Examines the critical development needs and real life challenges for the deployment of waste to energy technologies Provides information on the economics and sustainability of these technologies, as well as their future perspectivesReadership Energy engineering and environmental engineering researchers, graduate students and industry professionals working on the planning, design and implementation of waste to energy systems. Municipal engineers and decision makers conducting due diligence evaluations on the economic and technical validity of waste to energy projectsTable of Contents Introduction and Background Fundamentals of Gasification and Pyrolysis Laboratory/Demonstration-Scale Developments Field Scale Developments Emissions Critical Development Needs Economic SummaryTrue PDF
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