Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2015. — 578 p.The aim of the textbook is not to replace these and other excellent literature sources focusing more on the chemistry of different reactions or chemical engineering textbooks addressing various issues of reactors and unit operations, but rather to provide a helicopter view on chemical reaction technology, omitting specific details already available in the specialized literature. Moreover, the author feels that there is a niche for such a textbook since the majority of the textbooks are dealing with oil refining and basic inorganic and, to a very limited extent, organic chemicals but not featuring the breadth of industrial organic transformations. The textbook is based in part on a course on chemical reactiontechnology, which the author has been teaching to chemists and chemical engineers for almost 15 years, first covering the basics of chemical technology and also providing an overview of modern chemical and petrochemical industry. It then goes in depth into different chemical reactions, such as oxidation, hydrogenation, isomerization, esterification, etc., following the style of chemistry textbooks rather than product-oriented technical literature. Owing to a large number of products in the chemical industry, exceeding tens of thousands, such an approach with the focus on reactions, certainly not being a new one, will hopefully facilitate understanding of basic principles of chemical reaction technology and their implementation rather than force the students to memorize how certain chemicals are produced.Titel Impressum Preface About the author Chemical technology as science Basic principles Continuous or batch? Multilevel chemical processing Large or small chemical plants? Alternative production routes Evaluation of chemical processes Chemical process design Economic aspects Flow schemes Sustainable and safe chemical technology: process intensification Waste management Conceptual process design Product design Patents Physico-chemical foundations of chemical processes Stoichiometry Thermodynamics Catalysis Kinetics Mass transfer Chemical processes and unit operations Overview of unit operations Mechanical processes Filtration Cyclonic separation by gravitation Mass transfer processes Distillation Extraction Crystallization Adsorption Absorption Chemical reactors Homogeneous processes Non-catalytic heterogeneous processes Catalytic reactors Two-phase catalytic reactors Three-phase catalytic reactors Chemical process industry General overview Feedstock for chemical process industries Oil refining Natural gas processing Processing of coal Biomass processing Hydrogen and syngas generation Steam reforming of natural gas Gasification Water-gas shift reaction Cracking General Visbreaking Hydrocracking Fluid catalytic cracking Steam cracking Catalytic reforming of gasoline fractions: combining isomerization and dehydrogenation Halogenation Radical chlorination Liquid-phase chlorination Gas-phase chlorination Catalytic chlorination Hydrohalogenation Oxychlorination Fluorination Oxidation Oxidation of inorganic compounds Nitric acid Sulfuric acid Oxidation of organic compounds Heterogeneous catalytic oxidation Ethylene and propylene oxide Acrylic acid Formaldehyde Maleic anhydride Phthalic anhydride Acrylonitrile Liquid-phase oxidation Cyclohexane oxidation Cyclohexanol oxidation Xylene oxidation to terephthalic acid Wacker process: oxidation of ethylene toacetaldehyde Synthesis of phenol and acetone by isopropylbenzene oxidation Hydrogenation and dehydrogenation General Ammonia synthesis Gas-phase hydrogenation Liquid-phase hydrogenation Hydrotreating Dehydrogenation Dehydrogenation of light alkanes Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene Reactions involving water: hydration, dehydration, etherification, hydrolysis, and esterification Hydration and dehydration Hydrolysis Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of wood Enzymatic hydrolysis of acyl-L-amino acids Hydrolysis of fatty acid triglycerides Esterification Alkylation Alkylation of aromatics Alkylation of olefins O-Alkylation N-Alkylation Oxyalkylation Reactions with CO, CO2, and synthesis gas Carbonylation Carboxylation Kolbe-Schmidt synthesis Urea from CO2 and ammonia Synthesis of melamine Methanol from synthesis gas Hydrocarbons from synthesis gas: FischerTropsch synthesis Reactions of olefins with synthesis gas: hydroformylation Key reactions in the synthesis of intermediates: nitration, sulfation, sulfonation, alkali fusion, ketone, and aldehyde condensation Nitration Sulfation and sulfonation Sulfation Sulfonation Alkali fusion Carbonyl condensation reactions Condensation with aromatic compounds Aldol condensation Caprolactam production Condensation of cyclohexanone to cyclohexanone oxime and subsequent Beckmann rearrangement Methods for caprolactam production Polymerization Polymers Step-growth polymerization Polymerization process options Homogeneous polymerization in substance Homogeneous polymerization in solution Heterogeneous polymerization Precipitation polymerization Suspension and emulsion polymerization Final words Index
Чтобы скачать этот файл зарегистрируйтесь и/или войдите на сайт используя форму сверху.