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Murzin D.Yu. Chemical Reaction Technology

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Murzin D.Yu. Chemical Reaction Technology
Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2015. — 578 p.
The aim of the textbook is not to replace these and other excellent literature sources focusing more on the chemistry of different reactions or chemical engineering textbooks addressing various issues of reactors and unit operations, but rather to provide a helicopter view on chemical reaction technology, omitting specific details already available in the specialized literature. Moreover, the author feels that there is a niche for such a textbook since the majority of the textbooks are dealing with oil refining and basic inorganic and, to a very limited extent, organic chemicals but not featuring the breadth of industrial organic transformations.
The textbook is based in part on a course on chemical reactiontechnology, which the author has been teaching to chemists and chemical engineers for almost 15 years, first covering the basics of chemical technology and also providing an overview of modern chemical and petrochemical industry. It then goes in depth into different chemical reactions, such as oxidation, hydrogenation, isomerization, esterification, etc., following the style of chemistry textbooks rather than product-oriented technical literature. Owing to a large number of products in the chemical industry, exceeding tens of thousands, such an approach with the focus on reactions, certainly not being a new one, will hopefully facilitate understanding of basic principles of chemical reaction technology and their implementation rather than force the students to memorize how certain chemicals are produced.
Titel
Impressum
Preface
About the author

Chemical technology as science
Basic principles
Continuous or batch?
Multilevel chemical processing
Large or small chemical plants?

Alternative production routes
Evaluation of chemical processes
Chemical process design
Economic aspects
Flow schemes
Sustainable and safe chemical technology: process intensification
Waste management
Conceptual process design
Product design
Patents

Physico-chemical foundations of chemical processes
Stoichiometry
Thermodynamics
Catalysis
Kinetics
Mass transfer
Chemical processes and unit operations
Overview of unit operations
Mechanical processes
Filtration
Cyclonic separation by gravitation

Mass transfer processes
Distillation
Extraction
Crystallization
Adsorption
Absorption

Chemical reactors
Homogeneous processes
Non-catalytic heterogeneous processes
Catalytic reactors
Two-phase catalytic reactors
Three-phase catalytic reactors

Chemical process industry
General overview
Feedstock for chemical process industries
Oil refining
Natural gas processing
Processing of coal
Biomass processing
Hydrogen and syngas generation
Steam reforming of natural gas
Gasification
Water-gas shift reaction
Cracking
General
Visbreaking
Hydrocracking
Fluid catalytic cracking
Steam cracking
Catalytic reforming of gasoline fractions: combining isomerization and dehydrogenation
Halogenation
Radical chlorination
Liquid-phase chlorination
Gas-phase chlorination
Catalytic chlorination
Hydrohalogenation
Oxychlorination
Fluorination
Oxidation
Oxidation of inorganic compounds
Nitric acid
Sulfuric acid
Oxidation of organic compounds
Heterogeneous catalytic oxidation
Ethylene and propylene oxide
Acrylic acid
Formaldehyde
Maleic anhydride
Phthalic anhydride
Acrylonitrile
Liquid-phase oxidation
Cyclohexane oxidation
Cyclohexanol oxidation
Xylene oxidation to terephthalic acid
Wacker process: oxidation of ethylene toacetaldehyde
Synthesis of phenol and acetone by isopropylbenzene oxidation

Hydrogenation and dehydrogenation
General
Ammonia synthesis
Gas-phase hydrogenation
Liquid-phase hydrogenation
Hydrotreating
Dehydrogenation
Dehydrogenation of light alkanes
Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene

Reactions involving water: hydration, dehydration, etherification, hydrolysis, and esterification
Hydration and dehydration
Hydrolysis
Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of wood
Enzymatic hydrolysis of acyl-L-amino acids
Hydrolysis of fatty acid triglycerides
Esterification
Alkylation
Alkylation of aromatics
Alkylation of olefins
O-Alkylation
N-Alkylation
Oxyalkylation
Reactions with CO, CO2, and synthesis gas
Carbonylation
Carboxylation
Kolbe-Schmidt synthesis
Urea from CO2 and ammonia
Synthesis of melamine

Methanol from synthesis gas
Hydrocarbons from synthesis gas: FischerTropsch synthesis
Reactions of olefins with synthesis gas: hydroformylation
Key reactions in the synthesis of intermediates: nitration, sulfation, sulfonation, alkali fusion, ketone, and aldehyde condensation
Nitration
Sulfation and sulfonation
Sulfation
Sulfonation

Alkali fusion
Carbonyl condensation reactions
Condensation with aromatic compounds
Aldol condensation

Caprolactam production
Condensation of cyclohexanone to cyclohexanone oxime and subsequent Beckmann rearrangement
Methods for caprolactam production
Polymerization
Polymers
Step-growth polymerization
Polymerization process options
Homogeneous polymerization in substance
Homogeneous polymerization in solution

Heterogeneous polymerization
Precipitation polymerization
Suspension and emulsion polymerization
Final words
Index
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