New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1969. — 315 p. — (The Norton Library. History/Archaeology). — SBN 393-00469-4. New Light on the Most Ancient East offers a detailed survey of major archaeological discoveries in the Near and Middle East. V. Gordon Childe's classic account focuses on the findings in the three great centers of ancient civilization: Egypt, Sumer, and the Indus valley. Professor Childe discusses the excavation of the three cities of Mohenjo-daro and Chanhu-daro on the Indus and Harappa on the Ravi, and what these sites have revealed about Indian civilization in the third millennium B.C. He describes the findings at the numerous tells between Mesopotamia and the Indus basin, and in the three provinces of the Fertile Crescent; the succession of cultures in pre-dynastic Egypt and the rise of the Pharaohs; the findings at Ur and Kish and the development of an urban civilization in Mesopotamia. Throughout the text, which is fully illustrated with line drawings and halftone plates, Professor Childe sets forth the step-by-step gathering of precise archaeological evidence, relating these findings both to the context of their particular culture and to the larger context of the origins of European history.Preface to the Fourth Edition. From History to Prehistory. The Setting of the Stage. The Oldest Egyptian Farmers. Africans and Asiatics on the Nile. The Rise of the Pharaohs. The Colonization of Mesopotamia. The Urban Revolution in Mesopotamia. The Early Dynastic Period. Indian Civilization in the Third Millennium B.C. From the Tigris to the Indus. Between the Horns of the Fertile Crescent. Proofs of Diffusion. Books Cited in More Than One Chapter.
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