Garden City, New York: The Natural History Press, 1965. — xxii+357 p.The most complete account of ancient man in the New York area ever published in one volume, this book traces a rich, 8000-year story of human prehistory. Beginning with the first known inhabitants, Paleo-Indian hunters who lived approximately 7000 B.C., the author gives a detailed chronological account of the complex of cultural units that have existed in the area, culminating in the Iroquois tribes encountered by the European colonists at the dawn of the seventeenth century. All of the major archaeological sites in the region are described in detail and representative artifacts from all the major cultural units are illustrated in over 100 plates and drawings. The entire account is informed by the most recently obtained radio-carbon dates. In addition to giving much new, previously unpublished information, the author has synthesized all earlier published material and from this he has drawn as many inferences as the material affords regarding the nature of these early inhabitants, where they came from, and how they lived. Each cultural unit is systematically described: its discovery and naming; its ecological and chronological setting; the physical characteristics of the related people; economy; housing and settlement pattern; dress and ornament; technology; transportation; trade relationships; warfare; esthetic and recreational activities; social and political organization; mortuary customs; and religio-magical and ceremonial customs.The Earliest Occupants—Paleo-lndian Hunters (c. 7000 B.C.). The Davis Site. The Potts Site. The Archaic or Hunting, Fishing, Gathering Stage (c. 3500 - 1300 B.C.). The Lamoka Phase. The Laurentian Tradition. The River Phase. The Glacial Kame Culture. The Snook Kill Phase The Archaic in Coastal New York. The Transitional Stage—From Stone Pots to Early Ceramics (c. 1300 - 1000 B.C.). The Frost Island Phase. The Orient Phase. The Woodland Stage—Development of Ceramics, Agriculture, and Village Life (c. 1000 BC-A.D. 1600). The Meadowood Phase. The Middlesex Phase. The Early Point Peninsula Culture. The Squawkie Hill Phase. The Middle and Late Point Peninsula Cultures. The Sebonac Phase of the Windsor Tradition. The Bowman's Brook Phase of the East River Tradition. The Owasco Culture. The Iroquois Culture. The Late Prehistoric Iroquois.
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