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Mongolian Flashcards

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Mongolian Flashcards
Peace Corps. — 20 p.
Выходные данные не указаны.
Краткий справочник по монгольскому языку.
basic word order in mongolian sentences
question particles: “уу”, “үү”, “юү”, and “юу”
greetings
байх: to be
pronouns (singular form)
вэ? and бэ?
тhe ablative case
a crash course on mongolian verbs
simple future and simple past
хэн, биш, and мѳн
the genitive case ending: -ын, -ийн, -н, -ы, and–ний
the comitative case ending –тай3 & possessive particles
‘year’ and the date
чин/аач4/ч/гч
–даг4
–ж/ч байна.
–д/т to show location, time, and specify indirect objects
likes and dislikes
interrogative
future tense
–маар4 (байх) suffix to express a wish or desire
using verbs as adjectives
чадах: ‘to be able’ is used for expressing:
болох: may, to be
expressing, “let me/us” or “i/we want/ will
numerals and nouns
the collective numerals
permission
ингэх and тэгэх
guide to texting in mongolian
ordered actions
–аарай4
the suffixes, -руу / -рүү and -луу / -лүү
expressing ‘later’ with дараа and ѳмнѳ
the reflexive ending, -аа4 p.
- ж/ч байна
dative case endings
the suffix -дах
colloquial speech in the market
сэтгэл хөдлөл - emotions
comparisons and superlatives
байх
the interrogative: (аль) хэр
tэр ямар хүн бэ? and ямаршуу хүн бэ?
hь: ээж нь, аав нь, том нь ( other uses of нь in supplementary section )
adverbs of frequency
habitual action and the suffix, -даг4
simultaneous action and the suffix, ‘ж/ч’
interjections
тоо (numbers)
unit verbs
expressing the need to do something, ‘хэрэгтэй’
expressing, ‘must’ using the modal verb, ‘ёстой’
the verb ‘гэх’ for “to say, to talk”
asking, “why?” with ‘яагаад’ and ‘яах гэж’
expressing, “possibly”, “might” or “maybe” with ‘байх’ and ‘магадгүй’
the many forms of ‘орох’
explaining why (because)
the conditional tense
the conditional tense: болзолт цаг
giving commands with the suffix, -аарай4
giving urgent requests with the suffix, -аач4
direct commands
expressing “any” or “no” with the ч particle
big but(t)s - гэхдээ, гэвч, харин
using multiple suffixes in one word
clarifying questions
naming
supplementary classroom language-
how to make nouns plural.
possessives
questions
verb tenses
past simple
future tense
months / сарууд
verbs in cases
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