Textbook for Erasmus students. — Kaunas: Vytauto Universitetas, 2017. — 148 p.Concept of bioindication; peculiarities of chemical, physical and bioindicational methods for environmental assessment. Environmental factors, their classifications and impact on biological systems. Stressors and their impact on biological systems. Concept and types of stress. Forms, levels, standards, morphological and anatomical tests of environmental bioindication. Indicator features of species and communities; classification of indicator features. Terrestrial plants – indicators of growing sites and restructuring of ecosystems. Indicators of growing sites. Loss and changes of plant species or communities due to the anthropogenic restructuring of ecosystems. Terrestrial plants – indicators of environmental pollution effects. Aquatic plants and their indicator properties. Forest growing sites, types and indicator plants. Biological methods of forest ecosystem monitoring. Lichenoindicational methods and its application for assessment of the environmental condition. Dendrochronological methods for indication and prediction of environmental changes. Impact of toxic substances on wild fauna. Bioindication of wild animal’s behaviour in the anthropogenic environment. Domestication: bioindication of domesticated animal’s behaviour. Biotesting: test organisms and their application for assessment of water environment state. References.
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