Oxford University Press, 2011. — (Oxford Studies in Early Empires).Trouble in the West provides the first full and continuous account of the Persian-Egyptian War, a conflict that continued for nearly the two-hundred-year duration of the Persian Empire. Despite its status as the largest of all ancient Persian military enterprises- including any aimed at Greece- this conflict has never been reconstructed in any detailed and comprehensive way. Thus, Trouble in the West adds tremendously to our understanding of Persian imperial affairs. At the same time, it dramatically revises our understanding of eastern Mediterranean and Aegean affairs by linking Persian dealings with Greeks and other peoples in the west to Persia's fundamental, ongoing Egyptian concerns. In this study, Stephen Ruzicka argues that Persia's Egyptian problem and, conversely, Egypt's Persian problem, were much more important in the eastern Mediterranean and Aegean worlds than our conventional Greek-centered perspective and sources have allowed us to see. In looking at this conflict as one stage in an enduring east-west conflict between successive Near Eastern imperial powers and Egypt-one which stretched across nearly the whole of ancient history-it represents an important turning point: by pulling in remote western states and peoples, who subsequently became masters of Egypt, western opposition to Near Eastern power was sustained right up to the 7th century Arab conquests. For classicists and historians of the ancient Near East, Trouble in the West will serve as a valuable, and long-overdue, resource.Preface Author's Note Table of Contents Maps Introduction: Stories and Sources Persia and Egypt: The Historical Perspective Persian Success: Conquest and Kingship, 525-518 Managing Egypt, 518-415 Losing Egypt, 415-400 Securing the Eastern Mediterranean, 399-395 Into the Aegean, 394-392 To Egypt: Preparations and Campaign, 392-387 The Egyptian War and the King's Peace, 387-386 Egypt Strikes Back: The Cypriot War and the Struggle for the Eastern Mediterranean, 386-379 Iphicrates Takes Over, ca. 378-373 Pharnabazus and Iphicrates' Egyptian Campaign, Court Politics and the Collapse of the Third Campaign, 372-365 Egyptian Strategy Shifts: The Genesis of Tachos' Great Offensive, 364-361 Tachos: Campaign and Collapse, 360-359 Persian Counterattack? Artaxerxes III: King and Commander, 358-350 Loss and Recovery of the Middle Territory, 350-345 Persian Success, 344-343 From Artaxerxes III to Alexander III East, West, and Far West after the Persians: The Long View Appendix A. King Lists, Egypt and Persia Appendix B. Timeline, 525 - 332 B.C. Abbreviations Endnotes Bibliography Index
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