3rd edition. — Institution of Chemical Engineers, 1988. — 132 p.This book seeks to be a guide for the student or young practising engineer to those principles and practices, with particular reference to capital cost estimating for process industry projects and, as for the previous edition, results from the collaboration of the Institution of Chemical Engineers and the Association of Cost Engineers. Whilst the cost information has been updated, the data are still indicative only, showing primarily how costs change with size for particular types of equipment. As specifications, and therefore costs, can vary greatly within any equipment type, the graphs do not necessarily correlate closely with each other. This guide is not intended to be a presentation of real cost data for direct use in estimating - for this the young engineer should always refer to a larger data base with more specific information and seek the assistance of specialists in this field. An even more vital 'health warning' must be heeded: the data in this book refers to 'cost estimating' not to 'pricing'. As a result of today's very competitive climate for the supply of capital goods and services it is not an infrequent occurrence that contracts are let significantly below even tightly estimated costs.Contents Introduction Project Development Introduction Time and Cost - The Balance Feasibility Studies and Reports Project Types Project Evaluation Project Implementation Cost Estimation In Relation To Project Development Introduction Types and Classification of Estimates The Cost of Cost Estimates Estimating Methods Introduction Common Principles Step Count Estimating Procedures Exponential Methods for Estimating Capital Cost Factorial Methods of Capital Cost Estimation Detailed Estimating Computerised Capital Cost Estimating Composition of Estimates Introduction Contingency Forward Escalation Exchange Rate Variation Working Capital Scrap Value Commissioning Costs Changes of Scope and Cost Control Selection of Components and Materials Economic Design Standardization Alternative Designs Process Considerations Specification Standards Duty Specification Operational Standards Cost Optimisation Process Economics A Guide To Approximate Process Plant Component Costs Introduction Material Factors Process Equipment and Installation Costs Bulk Material and Associated Installation Costs Sub-Contract Costs Up-Dating of Estimates Introduction Time Bases for Cost Indices Make-up of Cost Indices UK Plant Cost Indices USA Cost Indices Cost Indices for Other Countries Currency Translation Location Factors Precautionary Notes Sources of Cost Information Survey of Sources Suppliers' Detailed Quotation Suppliers' Budget Quotations Company Records Trade Literature Unit Pricing Literature Technical Literature and Textbooks Personal Cost Books Government Departments Computer Data Literature Some Key References Appendix I - Glossary Appendix II -Typical Estimating Check List Appendix III - Application of Step Count Capital Cost Estimating Procedures to an Acetic Anhydride Process
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