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Robinson A. The Scientists: An Epic of Discovery

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Robinson A. The Scientists: An Epic of Discovery
London: Thames & Hudson, 2012. — 304 p. — ISBN 978-0-500-25191-1.
The ideas, experiments, and inventions of great scientists have revolutionized our understanding of the world around us. Theories, discoveries, and technologies?from relativity, the genetic code, and the periodic table to synthetic drugs, nuclear weapons, and brain scans?have transformed the physical world and our lives. Copernicus, Crick, Watson, Galileo, Marie Curie: these are some of the forty pioneers behind modern science whose stories are explored here.
The scientists come from around the globe and represent multiple nationalities?American, English, German, French, Dutch, Czech, Indian, Japanese, and more. Often unorthodox thinkers, they frequently had to struggle against hostile contemporaries to gain recognition for their ideas and discoveries. All the major scientific disciplines are covered, including astronomy, biology, biochemistry, chemistry, computing, ecology, geology, medicine, neurology, physics, and psychology, as well as mathematics. 220 illustrations in color and black and white.
Table of contents

On the shoulders of giants
Nicolaus Copernicus, Inventor of the Solar System (1473-1543)
Johannes Kepler, Analyst of Planetary Motion (1571-1630)
Galileo Galilei, Laying the Foundations of Modern Science (1564-1642)
Isaac Newton, The Laws of Motion and Gravity (1642-1727)
Michael Faraday, Seminal Experiments in Electromagnetism (1791-1867)
James Clerk Maxwell, The Electromagnetic Nature of Light and Radiation (1831-1879)
Albert Einstein, Thought Experiments in Space, Time and Relativity (1879-1955)
Edwin Powell Hubble, Astronomer of an Expanding Universe (1889-1953)
James Hutton, The Earth's Stable System (1726-1797)
Charles Lyell, Earth's Present as the Key to Its Past (1797-1875)
Alexander von Humbolt, Adventurous Explorer and Pioneering Ecologist (1769-1859)
Alfred Wegener, Meteorologist and Proponent of Continental Drift (1880-1930)
Molecules and matter
Robert Boyle, Experimental Investigations into the Nature of Matter (1627-1691)
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier, The Founder of Modern Chemistry (1743-1794)
John Dalton, The Development of Atomic Theory (1766-1844)
Dmitri Mendeleev, The Creator of the Periodic Table (1834-1907)
August Kekule, Carbon Chains, The Benzene Ring and Chemical Structures (1829-1896)
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, The Structure of Complex Biological Molecules (1910-1994)
Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman, Molecular Physicist and Theorist of Light (1888-1970)
Inside the atom
Marie Curie and Pierre Curie, Pioneers of Radioactivity (1867-1934) and (1859-1906)
Ernest Rutherford, Penetrating the Secrets of the Atomic Nucleus (1871-1937)
Niels Bohr, Leader in Quantum Research (1885-1962)
Linus Carl Pauling, Architect of Structural Chemistry and Peace Activist (1901-1994)
Enrico Fermi, Creator of the Atomic Bomb (1901-1954)
Hideki Yukawa, Japan's First Nobel Laureate (1907-1981)
Carl Linnaeus, Botanist Who Named the Natural World (1707-1778)
Jan IngenHouz, Physiologist and Discoverer of Photosynthesis (1730-1799)
Charles Darwin, The Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection (1809-1882)
Gregor Mendel, The Founder of Genetics and the Laws of Biological Inheritance (1822-1884)
Jan Purkinje, Investigator of Vision and Pioneer of Neuroscience (1787-1869)
Santiago Ramon y Cajal, The Fine Structure of the Brain (1852-1934
Francis Crick and James Watson, Decoding the Structure of DNA and the Secret of Life (1916-2004) and (Born 1928)
Body and mind
Andreas Vesalius, Renaissance Anatomist of the Human Body (1514-1564)
William Harvey, Experimental Physician Who Discovered the Circulation of Blood (1578-1657)
Louis Pasteur, Revolutions in the Treatment of Disease (1822-1895)
Francis Galton, Explorer, Statistician, Psychologist and Inventor of Eugenics (1822-1911)
Sigmund Freud, Theorist of the Uncounscious and the Founder of Psychoanalysis (1856-1939)
Alan Touring, The Father of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence (1912-1954)
John von Newmann, Mathematician and Designer of the Electronic Computer (1903-1957)
Louis Leakey and Mary Leakey, The Origins of Humankind (1903-1972) and (1913-1996)
Further Reading
Sources of Illustrations
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