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Chief Eagle Dallas. Winter Count

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Chief Eagle Dallas. Winter Count
Johnson Publishing Co., 1967. — 232 p.
Winter Count is a historical novel set during the fifteen turbulent years leading up to the infamous Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890. Turtleheart, a Teton Sioux, and his wife, Evensigh, a white woman adopted by the Tetons as an infant, are thrust into this history when they are ambushed by a Santee Sioux working as a scout for white gold miners. Turtleheart is tortured and left for dead, while Evensigh is kidnapped and sent to St. Louis to assimilate into white culture. Their struggle to reunite is set against the backdrop of escalating conflicts with the U.S. cavalry, the negotiation and breaking of treaties, and the formation of the Sioux reservation. Originally published in 1967, Winter Count is one of the few book-length works of fiction produced by a Native American to be published before the 1970s. A Lakota born on the Rosebud Reservation, Dallas Chief Eagle (1925-1980) was a writer, painter, and community leader. Chadwick Allen is an assistant professor of English at Ohio State University and the author of Blood Narrative: Indigenous Identity in American Indian and Maori Literary and Activist Texts.
It was about the middle of the seventeenth century when the Chippewa Indians who lived near the shores of Lake Michigan, mentioned their "enemies to the west" to the French traders. It was after these conversations that the Frenchmen took the last part of the Chippewa word for enemy and spelled it in accordance with the French language. The result of this corruption was the word "Sioux".
The French-Canadian "Nadewessioux" was itself a corruption of the Algonquin word Nadowessay, meaning snake-like ones or enemies. This name has clung to the Sioux ever since. In their own language, the Sioux call themselves the Lakota or Dakota, meaning simply "Our People".
Books dealing with the Sioux are not uniform in their terminology. Some speak of the Sioux Nation as being divided into a number of tribes, while others state that the Sioux tribe was divided into many bands. The latter version is more in accordance with the Sioux beliefs, but as shown by historical and ethnological research, such a united nation or single tribe never existed.
The main Sioux Territory was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. It was the following year that the now famous Lewis and Clark Expedition established the presence of eleven main bands of the Dakota and a few associates. These were parts of three main branches; the Dakota of the north (known as the eastern Sioux by others); the Lakota of the center; and the Lakota of the west.
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