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Suri M. (Ed.) Advances in Neuromorphic Hardware Exploiting Emerging Nanoscale Devices

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Suri M. (Ed.) Advances in Neuromorphic Hardware Exploiting Emerging Nanoscale Devices
Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2017. — 216 p. — (Cognitive Systems Monographs 31) — ISBN: 8132237013

The advent of cheap electronic sensors, cloud computing, IoT, smart devices, mobile computing platforms, driverless cars, drones, etc., has led to generation of enormous amounts of data. Some characteristics central to this big data are its asynchronous and non-standardized nature. The vast amount of data by itself is of less value; however, the ability to effectively and efficiently process it in real-time leading to meaningful patterns, trends, and interpretation is the real treasure trove.
Several upcoming unconventional (non-Von Neumann) computing paradigms, where memory (storage) and processing are not isolated tasks in themselves or rather memory is intelligent, offer promising capabilities to this problem of massive non-synchronous, non-standardized data treatment. Techniques such as software artificial neural networks (ANNs), artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning (ML) have been proving their mettle in fields as diverse as autonomous navigation, to robotics to analytics since a while. However the full potential of these computing paradigms can only be realized when they are directly implemented on dedicated low-power, compact, reconfigurable, programming-free hardware.
Contents
Hardware Spiking Artificial Neurons, Their Response Function, and Noises
Synaptic Plasticity with Memristive Nanodevices
Neuromemristive Systems: A Circuit Design Perspective
Memristor-Based Platforms: A Comparison Between Continous-Time and Discrete-Time Cellular Neural Networks
Reinterpretation of Magnetic Tunnel Junctions as Stochastic Memristive Devices
Multiple Binary OxRAMs as Synapses for Convolutional Neural Networks
Nonvolatile Memory Crossbar Arrays for Non-von Neumann Computing
Novel Biomimetic Si Devices for Neuromorphic Computing Architecture
Exploiting Variability in Resistive Memory Devices for Cognitive Systems
Theoretical Analysis of Spike-Timing-Dependent Plasticity Learning with Memristive Devices
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