Bukharin N.I. et al. Science at the Cross Roads: Papers Presented to the International Congress of the History of Science and Technology Held in London from June 29th to July 3rd, 1931 by the Delegates of the U.S.S.R
Frank Cass & Co., 1971. - 235 pp.Forty years ago this year, the IInd International Congress of the History of Science and Technology was held in London. The Congress of 1931 was overshadowed by the world-wide crisis. It could easily have passed unnoticed, yet it was destined to become a milestone in the historiography of science, and to make a profound and indelible impression upon some of its most promising young participants. The unexpected appearance of a large delegation from the USSR presented Western historians, many for the first time, with a sustained Marxist treatment of social and economic factors as elements in scientific and technological development. The collective impact of these views, presented in Science at the Cross Roads, launched an historiographical debate which in many respects remains relevant today.Contents: Foreword (by Joseph Needham). Introduction. On the Reception of Science At The Cross Roads in England (by P. G. Werskey). Theory and Practice from the Standpoint of Dialectical Materialism (by N. I. Bukharin). Physics and Technology (by A. F. Joffe). Relations of Science, Technology, and Economics under Capitalism and in the Soviet Union (by M. Rubinstein). The "Physical" and "Biological" in the Process of Organic Evolution (by B. Zavadovsky). Dinamic and Statistical Regularity in Physics and Biology (by E. Colman). The Problem of the Origin of the World's Agriculture in the Light of the Latest Investigations (by N. I. Vavilov). The Work of Faraday and Modern Developments in the Application of Electrical Energy (by W. Th. Mitkewich). Electrification as the Basis of Technical Reconstruction in the Soviet Union (by M. Rubinstein). The Social and Economic Roots of Newton's "Principia" (by B. Hessen). The Present Crisis in the Mathematical Sciences and General Outline for Their Reconstruction (by E. Colman). Short Communication on the Unpublished Writings of Karl Marx Dealing with Mathematics, the Natural Sciences, Technology, and the History of These Subjects (by E. Colman).
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