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Lugmayr A., Niiranen S., Kalli S. Digital Interactive TV and Metadata. Future Broadcast Multimedia

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Lugmayr A., Niiranen S., Kalli S. Digital Interactive TV and Metadata. Future Broadcast Multimedia
Springer, 2004. — 264 p.
Digital TV brings consumers into the television service arena and offers them new degrees of freedom. However, as the service and multimedia content types diversify and the services and their content increase, television is facing many of the same challenges of complexity and information overflow faced by other digital media.
Metadata can handle the diverse services and content of digital TV efficiently and in a consumer-friendly way. Metadata means that the data are accompanied by other data which describe them. As data about data, metadata can provide an insight into syntactically and semantically complex data by distilling their essence to a set of simple descriptors. Metadata also helps to structure and manage information in diverse settings. The use of metadata in broadcast multimedia should not be restricted to being merely a tool for coping with the challenges of a complex networked multimedia environment. Instead, metadata offers new opportunities for the development of innovative services.
The research done by the broadcasting multimedia group at the Digital Media Institute (Institute of Signal Processing, Tampere University of Technology, Finland) has given us considerable experience and expertise with broadband multimedia. Our search for novel types of interactive service led to our applying metadata to digital TV. Metadata assists in bringing existing services to a new level and creating more advanced types.
Our research has focused on applying selected metadata standards to digital TV. The search for a unified solution for integrating metadata into the television service space showed MPEG-21 to be a good candidate solution for the creation, delivery and consumption of metadata-enabled services. The digital broadcast item model (DBIM) catalyzes the digital item methodology of MPEG-21 into a new converging concept for deploying metadata-based services in digital TV. The idea of the digital broadcast item model (DBIM) goes back to the year 2001, when the IEEE standard for the learning object model (LOM) was presented at a conference in Tampere, Finland. LOM introduced unified metadata structures for e-learning content. The authors realized that a similar structure was missing from the domain of digital TV. MPEG-21 was then identified as the natural starting point for the development of a unified metadata model for broadcast multimedia.
Our subsequent research work has focused on the development of a digital broadcast model, its accompanying service architecture and the services it can offer. The research work culminated in the establishment of an MPEG Ad-Hoc group "MPEG-21 in broadcasting" in 2003, chaired by the senior author of this book, to promote standardization within ISO/IEC.
This book describes how the use of the unified metadata model in digital broadcasting enhances traditional television service. Starting with a comprehensive overview of broadcast multimedia and related metadata, architectural design principles are presented for creating and using the digital TV platform services with a unified multimedia asset model within a metadata processing framework.
New Paradigms in Broadcast Multimedia
Part I Theory
World of Digital Interactive TV
Metadata Fundamentals and Concepts
Digital Broadcast Item Model (DBIM)
Metadata System View
Part II Application
Innovations in Digital TV
Conditional Access, Digital Rights Management and Security
Digital Production and Delivery
Intelligently Presenting and Interacting with Content
Consumer Profiling and Personalization
Ambient TV
Other Application and Service Scenarios
Road Ahead in Broadcast Multimedia
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