Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2016. — 576 p. — ISBN: 9783319260808This decade has witnessed rapid development in the global quest for clean, sustainable energy and an outburst in new technologies, such as smart phones and electric vehicles. These developments have stimulated intense research interest in advanced electrical energy storage systems. Every market analysis continues to predict that advanced batteries, most notably lithium-ion batteries, and supercapacitors (also known as ultracapacitors) will dominate electrical energy storage technologies for a plethora of applications, ranging from portable electronics to next-generation environmentally friendly technologies such as electric vehicles and smart grids. Batteries and supercapacitors are complementary electrochemical energy storage systems; the former are characterized by highenergy density, while the latter are known for high-power density. Supercapacitors are most suited for applications that require energy pulses during short periods of time, such as in emergency doors, escalators, regenerative braking energy recovery systems in vehicles and metro-rails, and “stop-start” applications in modern cars. In addition to their applications in electric vehicles and portable electronics, batteries and supercapacitors are proving extremely useful in utility-scale energy storage, offering services such as: (i) price arbitrage (i.e., storing ‘cheap’ electricity during the off-peak periods when the cost of electricity generation is usually low and using it during the expensive peak times), (ii) industrial peak-shaving or demand charge reduction (i.e., using stored energy during peak periods in order to avoid penalties for breach of contractual peak demand), (iii) balancing power or frequency regulation (i.e., compensating for excess electricity generation and utilization from the grid), (iv) island and off-grid storage (i.e., to augment the electricity generated from the variable renewable energy sources such as solar and wind), (v) transmission and distribution (T&D) upgrade deferral (i.e., in a situation where the existing grid’s capacity is barely enough to meet the required peak demand in a given area or to store the peak power supply from distributed variable renewable energy sources), (vi) voltage control/support (i.e., mainly to improve power quality and local grid congestion), and (vii) security of electricity supply (i.e., mainly as power backup or to avoid the socioeconomic problems arising from load shedding). Topics Energy Storage Electrochemistry Nanotechnology Catalysis Contents Next-Generation Nanostructured Lithium-Ion Cathode Materials: Critical Challenges for New Directions in R&D Li2MnSiO4 Nanostructured Cathodes for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries Metal Oxides and Lithium Alloys as Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries Sn-Based Alloy Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Preparation, Multi-scale Structure, and Performance Nanostructured Lithium Titanates (Li4Ti5O12 ) for Lithium-Ion Batteries Anodes and Anode/Electrolyte Interfaces for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries Nanostructured Oxides as Cathode Materials for Supercapacitors Carbon Materials for Supercapacitors Transition Metal Oxides as Supercapacitor Materials Nanostructured Manganese Oxides in Supercapacitors Suspension Electrodes for Flow-Assisted Electrochemical Systems Membrane Separators for Electrochemical Energy Storage Technologies Nanocomposite Polymer Electrolytes in Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems Computational Modelling as a Value Add in Energy Storage Materials Mathematical Modelling and Simulation of Supercapacitors
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