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Kricheldorf H.R. Getting It Right in Science and Medicine: Can Science Progress through Errors? Fallacies and Facts

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Kricheldorf H.R. Getting It Right in Science and Medicine: Can Science Progress through Errors? Fallacies and Facts
Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2016. – 291 p. – ISBN-10: 3319303864
This book advocates the importance and value of errors for the progress of scientific research! Hans Kricheldorf explains that most of the great scientific achievements are based on an iterative process (an ‘innate self-healing mechanism’): errors are committed, being checked over and over again, through which finally new findings and knowledge can arise. New ideas are often first confronted with refusal. This is so not only in real life, but also in scientific and medical research. The author outlines in this book how great ideas had to ripen over time before winning recognition and being accepted. The book showcases in an entertaining way, but without schadenfreude, that even some of the most famous discoverers may appear in completely different light, when regarding errors they have committed in their work.
This book is divided into two parts. The first part creates a fundament for the discussion and understanding by introducing important concepts, terms and definitions, such as (natural) sciences and scientific research, laws of nature, paradigm shift, and progress (in science). It compares natural sciences with other scientific disciplines, such as historical research or sociology, and examines the question if scientific research can generate knowledge of permanent validity. The second part contains a collection of famous fallacies and errors from medicine, biology, chemistry, physics and geology, and how they were corrected. Readers will be astonished and intrigued what meanders had to be explored in some cases before scientists realized facts, which are today’s standard and state-of-the-art of science and technology.
This is an entertaining and amusing, but also highly informative book not only for scientists and specialists, but for everybody interested in science, research, their progress, and their history!
Topics
Popular Science in Chemistry and Materials
Popular Science in Physics
History of Science
History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
Philosophy of Science
Contents
Insights and Definitions
Introduction
What Is the Meaning of Science?
Laws of Nature and Everyday Life
Antiscience and Antireductionism
Paradigm Change and Progress
How Much Science Is There in Medicine?
From Fallacies to Facts: Prominent Mistakes and How They Were Revised
Medicine
Biology
Chemistry
Physics and Geology
Concluding Remarks
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