Providing a solid theoretical background in photon-matter interaction, Nonrelativistic Quantum X-Ray Physics enables readers to understand experiments performed at XFEL-facilities and x-ray synchrotrons. As a result, after reading this book, scientists and students will be able to outline and perform calculations of some important x-ray-matter interaction processes. Key features of the contents are that the scope reaches beyond the dipole approximation when necessary and that it includes short-pulse interactions. To aid the reader in this transition, some relevant examples are discussed in detail, while non-relativistic quantum electrodynamics help readers to obtain an in-depth understanding of the formalisms and processes. The text presupposes a basic (undergraduate-level) understanding of mechanics, electrodynamics, and quantum mechanics. However, more specialized concepts in these fields are introduced and the reader is directed to appropriate references. While primarily benefiting users of x-ray light-sources, the material is equally of relevance to researchers in various disciplines, such as life sciences, biology, materials science, physics, and chemistry that plan on applying these new facilities in their respective fields. Contents Introduction Introduction Review of Some Concepts in Quantum Mechanics Quantization of the Free Electromagnetic Field Classical Electromagnetic Fields Harmonic Oscillator Quantization of the Electromagnetic Field Continuous Fock Space Coherence Examples for Electromagnetic States Interaction of X-Rays with Matter Interaction of the Electromagnetic Field with Matter Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory Application of Perturbation Theory to the Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields with Matter Applications of X-Ray–Matter-Interaction Theory X-Ray Scattering by Free Electrons Radiative Atomic Bound–Bound Transitions One-Photon Photoionization Bremsstrahlung X-Ray Scattering Relaxation Processes Multiphoton Photoionization Threshold Phenomena
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