John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2010. – 426 p. – ISBN 978-0-470-74986-9Energy production and storage are central problems for our time and are likely to attract intense public attention during many future decades. One factor will be the gradual decline in world petroleum production, as we pass the moment of peak production at some point in the next few years. The petroleum age is not over, of course, but the era of cheap petroleum does seem to be over. Oil wealth can also be associated with political instability, with unpredictable results on supply. A new factor—the economic rise of Asia and her vast population—can only aggravate the situation. Coal, the fossil fuel with the greatest reserves and with the broadest geographical distribution, may be able to fill any future energy supply gap but only at the cost of environmental damage at the mine and more intense CO2 emissions—coal having the highest CO2 output per unit of energy produced. Carbon capture and storage is under intense study but its practicality as a low-carbonfootprint means of using coal is still under discussion. Natural gas has been widely acclaimed as the best of the fossil fuels, having the lowest CO2 output per unit of energy produced. Hopes exist that abundant and widely distributed shale gas, previously considered uneconomic, may become viable with rising energy prices and new production methods. Contents Energy Production H2 Production from Renewables Energy Conversion in Photosynthesis Molecular Catalysts for Oxygen Production from Water Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: an Overview Enzymes and Microbes for Energy Production by Fuel Cells Proton Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells Methane-to-Methanol Conversion Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Water Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Some Computational Challenges in Energy Research Toward Solar Fuels Using a Biomimetic Approach: Progress in the Swedish Consortium for Artificial Photosynthesis Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells Molecular Catalysis for Fuel Cells Recent Advances in Photo-Initiated Electron-Transfer at the Interface between Anatase TiO2 Nanocrystallites and Transition-Metal Polypyridyl Compounds Electrochemical and Photoelectrochemical Conversion of CO2 to Alcohols Energy Storage Hydrogen Economy Thermal Stability of Lithium Ion Battery Electrolytes Supercapacitors: Electrode Materials Aspects Thermochemical Water-Splitting Lithium Ion Batteries for Transportation and Electrical Energy Storage Applications: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Structure and Function
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