Springer, 2013. — 4285 p. — ISBN 3642221459.This reference work provides a wealth of information regarding medicinal plants and phytochemicals. It is addressed both to researchers and teachers. The handbook describes phytochemicals, which, by the strictest definition, are chemicals that are produced by plants. During the last decades, more and more groups became actively involved in exploring plants for useful metabolites that lead to the identification of several useful curative agents and many promising molecules to fight and/or prevent diseases, including carcinogenesis and stroke. But when we talk about phytochemicals, there are also medicinal plants where not a single molecule is responsible for the observed properties. This reference work therefore reviews and compiles the information on both these aspects. The volumes contain contributions on phytochemicals and herbal extracts. A large number of natural products obtained from plants and microorganisms is used in cosmetic, drug, flavor and fragrance industries. For this compilation, a range of the most important medicinal herbs and phytochemicals were selected and are described by the recognized authors in the field. The present reference work encompasses the information about well established phytochemicals, biology and biotechnology of medicinal plants or their products, their biosynthesis, novel production strategies, demand and uses, metabolism and bioavailability. There is a surge of information published in recent years on herbal medicine and their pharmacologic effects with single books available on varied subjects. However, all this information is widespread and difficult to overview. Researchers who wish to keep a pace with the rapidly developing field of natural products can now consult this newly compiled handbook to find all information about bioactive molecules and medicinal plants thoroughly compiled in one place!Volume 1 Alkaloids: General Biology and Biotechnology Microbial Production of Plant Benzylisoquinoline Alkaloids Alkaloids of Marine Macroalgae Neurotoxic Alkaloids from Cyanobacteria Bioproduction of Terpenoid Indole Alkaloids from Catharanthus roseus Cell Cultures Bioactive Alkaloids from South American Psychotria and Related Rubiaceae Ecological Role of Alkaloids Plant In Vitro Systems as Sources of Tropane Alkaloids Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering for Alkaloid Production Marine Pyrroloiminoquinone Alkaloids, Makaluvamines and Discorhabdins, and Marine Pyrrole-Imidazole Alkaloids Internet Natural Product Trade, Business, and Risk of Damaged and/or Contaminated Products Alkaloids: Classes - Occurrence, Biosynthesis, Structure and Chemistry, Distribution Alkaloids Derived from Lysine: Piperidine Alkaloids Alkaloids Derived from Ornithine: Tropane Alkaloids Alkaloids Derived From Ornithine: Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids Alkaloids Derived from Lysine: Quinolizidine (a Focus on Lupin Alkaloids) Alkaloids Derived from Tyrosine: Modified Benzyltetrahydroisoquinoline Alkaloids Alkaloids Derived from Tyrosine: Penethylisoquinoline (Autumnaline, Colchicine) Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids Bioactive Alkaloids from Fungi: Psilocybin Alkaloids Derived from Tryptophan: Harmine and Related Alkaloids Alkaloids Derived from Tryptophan: Terpenoid Indole Alkaloids Chemistry and Biology of Cinchona Alkaloids Chemistry and Biology of Camptothecin and its Derivative Alkaloids Derived from Tryptophan: A Focus on Ergot Alkaloids Alkaloids Derived from Anthranilic Acid: Quinoline, Acridone, and Quinazoline Alkaloids Derived from Histidine: Imidazole (Pilocarpine, Pilosine) Alkaloids Derived by Amination Reaction: Acetate-Derived (Coniine) Ephedra Alkaloids-Alkaloids Derived by Amination Reaction: Phenylalanine Derived Terpenoid Alkaloids Derived by Amination Reaction Purine Alkaloids, Cytokinins, and Purine-Like Neurotoxin Alkaloids Aziridine Alkaloids: Origin, Chemistry and Volume 2 Alkaloids: Methods of Analysis Methods of Analysis: Tropane Alkaloids from Plant Origin Methods for Analysis of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids Methods of Analysis of Opium Alkaloids Analysis of Catharanthus Alkaloids Methods for Analysis of Ergot Alkaloids Analysis of Alkaloids by Capillary Electrophoresis Alkaloids: Pharmacology Pharmacology of Macroalgae Alkaloids Pharmacological Effects of Ephedrine Lycopodium Alkaloids: Pharmacology Scope of Alkaloids in Antileishmanial Drug Discovery and Development Pharmacological/Biological Effects of Berberine Alkaloids and Drug Discovery for Neurodegenerative Diseases Opioids and Pain Treatment Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid-Induced Toxicity to the Liver Biological Activities of Pepper Alkaloids Antiangiogenic Alkaloids from Plants Prevention of Brain Disorders by Nicotine Aconitum Alkaloids and Biological Activities Alkaloids and Inhibitory Effects Against Enzymes Linked to Neurodegenerative Diseases (Physostigmine, Galanthamine, Huperzine, etc.) Phenolics: General Biology and Biotechnology Phenolic Compounds: Introduction Metabolic Engineering for Functional Foods: Tomato Fruits and Stilbenes Cocoa Cultivation, Directed Breeding and Polyphenolics Genetics of Flavonoids Isoflavonoid Production by Genetically Engineered Microorganisms Bioproduction of trans-Resveratrol from Grapevine Cell Cultures Functional Foods: Genetics, Metabolome, and Engineering Phytonutrient Levels Volume 3 Phenolics: Classes - Occurrence, Biosynthesis, Structure and Chemistry, Distribution Flavanols: Catechins and Proanthocyanidins Anthocyanins Flavones and Flavonols: Phytochemistry and Biochemistry Isoflavonoids Minor Flavonoids (Chalcones, Flavanones, Dihydrochalcones, and Aurones) Stilbenoids Phenolic Acids Hydrolyzable Tannins: Gallotannins and Ellagitannins Phenolics: Methods of Analysis Preparative Extraction and Separation of Phenolic Compounds Mass Spectrometric Detection of Phenolic Acids Analytical Methods of Phenolic Compounds Phenolic Compounds in Catharanthus roseus Flavonoids by HPLC Polyphenol Purification by Solid Support-Free Liquid–Liquid Chromatography (CCC, CPC) Phenolics: Biological Activity and Bioavailability Cellular, Molecular, and Biological Perspective of Polyphenols in Chemoprevention and Therapeutic Adjunct in Cancer Tannins and Anthocyanins of Wine: Phytochemistry and Organoleptic Properties Grapevine Stilbenoids: Bioavailability and Neuroprotection Proanthocyanidins of Cocoa: Bioavailability and Biological Activities Polyphenols and Beer Quality Wine Polyphenols and Vascular Protective Effects Isoflavonoids and Phytoestrogenic Activity Phenolics in Human Nutrition: Importance of the Intestinal Microbiome for Isoflavone and Lignan Bioavailability Bioavailability of Anthocyanins Volume 4 Phenolics: Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Prospects of Functional Foods/Nutraceuticals and Markets Food Sources of Phenolics Compounds Nutraceuticals and Antioxidants in Prevention of Diseases Functional Grapes Potential Neuroprotective Actions of Dietary Flavonoids Improvement of Nutraceutical Value of Food by Plant Symbionts Terpenes: General Biology and Biotechnology Terpenes: Chemistry, Biological Role, and Therapeutic Applications Biosynthesis of Terpenoids Biotransformation of Terpenoids and Steroids Production and Genetic Engineering of Terpenoids Production in Plant Cell and Organ Cultures Taxol Producing Fungi Metabolic Engineering of Isoprenoid Biosynthesis Selection of Tomato Rich in Nutritional Terpenes Volatile Oils from Marine Macroalgae Ecological Functions of Terpenoids in Changing Climates Hairy Root Culture: An Alternative Terpenoid Expression Platform Terpenes: Classes - Occurrence, Biosynthesis, Structure and Chemistry, Distribution Regular Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes (Essential Oils) Monoterpenes: Iridoids Guaianolide Sesquiterpenoids: Pharmacology and Biosynthesis Biosynthesis and Production of Artemisinin: A Novel Class of Molecule Nivalenol (Fungal Sesquiterpenes) Taxol and Related Compounds Diterpenes for Therapeutic Use Diterpene Sweeteners (Steviosides) Triterpenoid Saponins: A Focus on Polygalaceae Plant Steroidal Saponins: A Focus on Open-Chain Glycosides Tetraterpenes: Carotenoids Volume 5 Terpenes: Methods of Analysis Essential Oils: Analytical Methods to Control the Quality of Perfumes Methods for Analysis of Triterpenoid Saponins Methods of Isolation and Analysis of Forskolin from Coleus forskohlii Quassinoids: Chemistry and Novel Detection Techniques Methods for Extraction and Analysis of Carotenoids Terpenes: Pharmacology and Bioavailability Cannabinoids: Chemistry and Medicine Phytosterols: Beneficial Effects Withanolides: Chemistry and Antitumor Activity Pharmacology of Ginsenosides Sesquiterpenes and Cytotoxicity Tanshinones Against Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases and their Biosynthesis Strigolactones and Biological Activity Biological Activity of Oleuropein and its Derivatives Bacosides and Neuroprotection Garlic and Cardiovascular Diseases Ginkgolides and Neuroprotective Effects Cardiac Glycosides and Anticancer Activity Terpenes and Improvement of Transdermal Drug Delivery Quassinoids: Anticancer and Antimalarial Activities Glycyrrhizic Acid: Biological Effects on Glucose and Lipid Metabolism Phytoecdysteroids: Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Activity Brassinosteroids and their Biological Activities Terpenes: Parapharmaceutical Uses Lycopene in Cancer Prevention Xanthophylls and the Eye Triterpenoid Centellosides: Bioactivities and Uses in Healthcare Application Essential Oils as Antimicrobial Agents Menthol: Biological Effects and Toxicity Eugenol as Local Anesthetic Carotenoids as Colorants Oleoresins from Pine: Production and Industrial Uses Pyrethrins and Synthetic Pyrethroids: Use in Veterinary Medicine Essential Oils in Insect Control Biological Activities of Selected Mono- and Sesquiterpenes: Possible Uses in Medicine
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