Springer, 1997. — 461.This book presents an introduction to the algorithms and architectures that form the underpinnings of the image and video compression standards, including JPEG (compression of still-images), H.261 and H.263 (video teleconferencing), and MPEG-I and MPEG-2 (video storage and broadcasting). The next generation of audiovisual coding standards, such as MPEG-4 and MPEG-7, are also briefly described. In addition, the book covers the MPEG and Dolby AC-3 audio coding standards and emerging techniques for image and video compression, such as those based on wavelets and vector quantization. The emphasis of the book is on the foundations of these standards, namely, techniques such as predictive coding, transform-based coding, motion estimation, motion compensation, and entropy coding, as well as how they are applied in the standards. We avoid the implementation details of each standard. However, we do provide all the material necessary to understand the workings of each of the compression standards, including information that can be used by the reader to evaluate the efficiency of various software and hardware implementations conforming to these standards. We place particular emphasis on those algorithms and architectures that have been found to be useful in practical software or hardware implementations. No prior knowledge of image and video compression theory and architectures is assumed; however, some background in high-level hardware design is expected for a better understanding of the chapters covering the hardware implementation of the standards.Compression Fundamentals Methods and Standards for Lossless Compression Fundamentals of Lossy Image Compression Fundamentals of Lossy Video Compression The JPEG Standard The MPEG Video Standards Video Teleconferencing Standards Processing Requirements RISC and DSP Cores Architectures for the DCT Hardware for Motion Estimation Hardware for Entropy Coding Implementation of JPEG Processors Integrated Circuits for Video Coders Multimedia Enhancements for General Purpose Processors Standards for Audio Compression Nonstandard Compression Techniques
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