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Durant Will. The Story of Philosophy The Lives and Opinions of the Greater Philosophers

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Durant Will. The Story of Philosophy The Lives and Opinions of the Greater Philosophers
New-York. Simon and Schuster; 2nd edition (1961) — 1962. — XXVII, 510 p.
ISBN-10: 1299781489
ISBN-13: 978-1299781481
A brilliant and concise account of the lives and ideas of the great philosophers—Plato, Aristotle, Bacon, Spinoza, Voltaire, Kant, Schopenhauer, Spencer, Nietzsche, Bergson, Croce, Russell, Santayana, James, and Dewey—The Story of Philosophy is one of the great books of our time. Few write for the non-specialist as well as Will Durant, and this book is a splendid example of his eminently readable scholarship. Durant’s insight and wit never cease to dazzle; The Story of Philosophy is a key book for any reader who wishes to survey the history and development of philosophical ideas in the Western world.
Contents
Editors preface
Preface to the second edition
Introduction: On the Uses of Philosophy
Chapter one. Plato
The Context of Plato
Socrates
The Preparation of Plato
The Ethical Problem
The Political Problem
The Psychological Problem
The Psychological Solution
The Political Solution
The Ethical Solution
Criticism
Chapter two. Aristotle and Greek Science
The Historical Background
The Work of Aristotle
The Foundation of Logic
The Organization of Science
Greek Science before Aristotle
Aristotle as a Naturalist
The Foundation of Biology
Metaphysics and the Nature of God
Psychology and the Nature of Art
Ethics and the Nature of Happiness
Politics
Communism and Conservatism
Marriage and Aristocracy in Democracy and Aristocracy
Criticism
Later Life and Death
Chapter three. Francis Bacon
From Aristotle to the Renaissance
The Political Career of Francis Bacon
The Essays
The Great Reconstruction
The Advancement of Learning
The New Organon
The Utopia of Science
Criticism
Epilogue
Chapter four. Spinoza
Historical and Biographical
The Odyssey of the Jews
The Education of Spinoza
Excommunication
Retirement and Death
The Treatise on Religion and the State
The Improvement of the Intellect
The Ethics
Nature and God
Matter and Mind
Intelligence and Morals
Religion and Immortality
The Political Treatise
The Influence of Spinoza
Chapter five. Voltaire and the French Enlightenment
Paris : (Edipe
London: Letters on the English
Cirey: The Romances
Potsdam and Frederick
Les Delices: The Essay on Morals
Ferney: Candide
The Encyclopedia and the Philosophic Dictionary
Ecrasez L`Infame
Voltaire and Rousseau
Denouement
Chapter six. Irnmanuel Kant and German idealism
Roads to Kant
From Voltaire to Kant
From Locke to Kant
From Rousseau to Kant
Kant Himself
The Critique of Pure Reason
Transcendental Esthetic
Transcendental Analytic
Transcendental Dialectic
The Critique of Practical Reason
On Religion and Reason
On Politics and Eternal Peace
Criticism and Estimate
A Note on Hegel
Chapter seven. Schopenhauer
The Age
The Man
The World as Idea
The World as Will
The Will to Live
The Will to Reproduce
The World as Evil
The Wisdom of Life
Philosophy
Genius
Art
Religion
The Wisdom of Death
Criticism
Chapter eight. Herbert Spencer
Comte and Darwin
The Development of Spencer
First Principles
The Unknowable
Evolution
Biology : The Evolution of Life
Psychology: The Evolution of Mind
Sociology: The Evolution of Society
Ethics: The Evolution of Morals
Criticism
First Principles
Biology and Psychology
Sociology and Ethics
Conclusion
Chapter nine. Friedrich Nietzsche
The Lineage of Nietzsche
Youth
Nietzsche and Wagner
The Song of Zarathustra
Hero-morality
The Superman
Decadence
Aristocracy
Criticism
Finale
Chapter ten. Contemporary European filosophers
Henri Bergson
The Revolt Against Materialism
Mind and Brain
Creative Evolution
Criticism
Benedetto Croce
The Man
The Philosophy of the Spirit
What Is Beauty?
Criticism
Bertrand Russell
The Logician
The Reformer
Epilogue
Chapter eleven. Contemporary American Philosophers
Introduction
George Santayana
Biographical
Scepticism and Animal Faith
Reason in Science
Reason in Religion
Reason in Society
Comment
William James
Personal
Pragmatism
Pluralism
Comment
John Dewey
Education
Instrumcntalism
Science and Politics
Conclusion
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
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