New-York. Simon and Schuster; 2nd edition (1961) — 1962. — XXVII, 510 p. ISBN-10: 1299781489 ISBN-13: 978-1299781481A brilliant and concise account of the lives and ideas of the great philosophers—Plato, Aristotle, Bacon, Spinoza, Voltaire, Kant, Schopenhauer, Spencer, Nietzsche, Bergson, Croce, Russell, Santayana, James, and Dewey—The Story of Philosophy is one of the great books of our time. Few write for the non-specialist as well as Will Durant, and this book is a splendid example of his eminently readable scholarship. Durant’s insight and wit never cease to dazzle; The Story of Philosophy is a key book for any reader who wishes to survey the history and development of philosophical ideas in the Western world.Contents Editors preface Preface to the second edition Introduction: On the Uses of Philosophy Chapter one. Plato The Context of Plato Socrates The Preparation of Plato The Ethical Problem The Political Problem The Psychological Problem The Psychological Solution The Political Solution The Ethical Solution Criticism Chapter two. Aristotle and Greek Science The Historical Background The Work of Aristotle The Foundation of Logic The Organization of Science Greek Science before Aristotle Aristotle as a Naturalist The Foundation of Biology Metaphysics and the Nature of God Psychology and the Nature of Art Ethics and the Nature of Happiness Politics Communism and Conservatism Marriage and Aristocracy in Democracy and Aristocracy Criticism Later Life and Death Chapter three. Francis Bacon From Aristotle to the Renaissance The Political Career of Francis Bacon The Essays The Great Reconstruction The Advancement of Learning The New Organon The Utopia of Science Criticism Epilogue Chapter four. Spinoza Historical and Biographical The Odyssey of the Jews The Education of Spinoza Excommunication Retirement and Death The Treatise on Religion and the State The Improvement of the Intellect The Ethics Nature and God Matter and Mind Intelligence and Morals Religion and Immortality The Political Treatise The Influence of Spinoza Chapter five. Voltaire and the French Enlightenment Paris : (Edipe London: Letters on the English Cirey: The Romances Potsdam and Frederick Les Delices: The Essay on Morals Ferney: Candide The Encyclopedia and the Philosophic Dictionary Ecrasez L`Infame Voltaire and Rousseau Denouement Chapter six. Irnmanuel Kant and German idealism Roads to Kant From Voltaire to Kant From Locke to Kant From Rousseau to Kant Kant Himself The Critique of Pure Reason Transcendental Esthetic Transcendental Analytic Transcendental Dialectic The Critique of Practical Reason On Religion and Reason On Politics and Eternal Peace Criticism and Estimate A Note on Hegel Chapter seven. Schopenhauer The Age The Man The World as Idea The World as Will The Will to Live The Will to Reproduce The World as Evil The Wisdom of Life Philosophy Genius Art Religion The Wisdom of Death Criticism Chapter eight. Herbert Spencer Comte and Darwin The Development of Spencer First Principles The Unknowable Evolution Biology : The Evolution of Life Psychology: The Evolution of Mind Sociology: The Evolution of Society Ethics: The Evolution of Morals Criticism First Principles Biology and Psychology Sociology and Ethics Conclusion Chapter nine. Friedrich Nietzsche The Lineage of Nietzsche Youth Nietzsche and Wagner The Song of Zarathustra Hero-morality The Superman Decadence Aristocracy Criticism Finale Chapter ten. Contemporary European filosophers Henri Bergson The Revolt Against Materialism Mind and Brain Creative Evolution Criticism Benedetto Croce The Man The Philosophy of the Spirit What Is Beauty? Criticism Bertrand Russell The Logician The Reformer Epilogue Chapter eleven. Contemporary American Philosophers Introduction George Santayana Biographical Scepticism and Animal Faith Reason in Science Reason in Religion Reason in Society Comment William James Personal Pragmatism Pluralism Comment John Dewey Education Instrumcntalism Science and Politics Conclusion Glossary Bibliography Index
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