Totowa: Humana Press, 2006. — 696 p.The past thirty years have witnessed a growing worldwide desire that positive actions be taken to restore and protect the environment from the degrading effects of all forms of pollution—air, water, soil, and noise. Because pollution is a direct or indirect consequence of waste, the seemingly idealistic demand for zero discharge can be construed as an unrealistic demand for zero waste. However, as long as waste continues to exist, we can only attempt to abate the subsequent pollution by converting it to a less noxious form. Three major questions usually arise when a particular type of pollution has been identified: (1) How serious is the pollution? (2) Is the technology to abate it available? and (3) Do the costs of abatement justify the degree of abatement achieved? This book is one of the volumes of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series. The principal intention of this series is to help readers formulate answers to the last two questions above. The goals of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series are: (1) to cover entire environmental fields, including air and noise pollution control, solid waste processing and resource recovery, physicochemical treatment processes, biological treatment processes, biosolids management, water resources, natural control processes, radioactive waste disposal, and thermal pollution control; and (2) to employ a multithematic approach to environmental pollution control because air, water, soil and energy are all interrelated. This particular book Volume 4, Advanced Physicochemical Treatment Processes, is a sister book to Volume 3 Physicochemical Treatment Processes, whichhas already included the subjects of screening, comminution, equalization, neutralization, mixing, coagulation, flocculation, chemical precipitation, recarbonation, softening, oxidation, halogenation, chlorination, disinfection, ozonation, electrolysis, sedimentation, dissolved air flotation, filtration, polymeric adsorption, granular activated carbon adsorption, membrane processes, and sludge treatment processes. Both books have been designed to serve as comprehensive physicochemical treatment textbooks as well as wideranging reference books. We hope and expect it will prove of equal high value to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, to designers of water and wastewater treatment systems, and to scientists and researchers Contents Preface Contributors Potable Water Aeration Air Stripping Adsorptive Bubble Separation and Dispersed Air Flotation Powdered Activated Carbon Adsorption Diatomaceous Earth Precoat Filtration Tertiary Microscreening Membrane Filtration Ion Exchange Fluoridation and Defluoridation Ultraviolet Radiation for Disinfection Water Chloridation and Chloramination Waste Chlorination and Stabilization Dechlorination Advanced Oxidation Processes Chemical Reduction/Oxidation Oil Water Separation Evaporation Processes Solvent Extraction, Leaching, and Supercritical Extraction Conversion Factors for Environmental Engineers Index
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