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Ian A. Johnston. The Noble-Abel Equation of State: thermodynamic derivations for ballistics modeling

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Ian A. Johnston. The Noble-Abel Equation of State: thermodynamic derivations for ballistics modeling
(Ян А. Джонстон. Уравнение состояния Нобля-Абеля: термодинамические производные для баллистического моделирования).
Report. Defense science and technology organization. 2005. -28 p.
Accurate modeling of gun interior ballistics promotes more effecient gun and propelling charge design. In order to simulate interior ballistic flowfields, such models require a description of the thermodynamic behavior of the propellant gas. The Noble-Abel equation provides a simple and reasonably accurate equation of state for propellant gases at the high densities and temperatures experienced in guns. Most computational fluid dynamics-based ballistics models, however, require additional thermodynamic functions which must be derived from the equation of state. This note presents the derivation of such thermodynamic functions for Noble-Abel gases. Although the derivations are geared toward the functional requirements of the commercial Fluent code, the results are equally applicable to all computational fluid dynamics solvers. Also presented is a brief numerical example for a typical propellant, highlighting the different thermodynamics of the Noble-Abel and ideal gas equations.
Contents:
Introduction.
Ihermodynamic Functions.
Equation of State.
Specific Heats.
The Specific Gas Constant.
Entropy.
The Isentropic Process.
Sound Speed.
Partial Derivatives of State Variables.
Example.
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