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Walker M. (ed.) Science and Ideology: A Comparative History

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Walker M. (ed.) Science and Ideology: A Comparative History
Routledge, 2003. — 267 p.
Does science work best in a democracy? Was "Soviet" or "Nazi" science fundamentally different from science in the USA? These questions have been passionately debated in the recent past. Particular developments in science took place under particular political regimes, but they mayor may not have been directly determined by them.
Science and Ideology brings together a number of comparative case studies to examine the relationship between science and the dominant ideology of a state. Cybernetics developments in the USA are compared to that of France and the Soviet Union. Postwar Allied science policy in occup ied Germany is juxtaposed to that in Japan. The essays are narrowly focused, yet cover a wide range of countries and ideologies. The collection provides a unique comparative history of scientific policies and practices in the twentieth century.
Contents:
Introduction: science and ideology (by Mark Walker).
Science and totalitarianism: lessons for the twenty-first century (by Yakov M. Rabkin and Elena Z. Mirskaya).
"Ideologically correct" science (by Michael Gordin, Walter Grunden, Mark Walker and Zuoyue Wang).
From communications engineering to communications science: cybernetics and information theory in the United States, France, and the Soviet Union (by David Mindell, Jerome Segal and Slava Gerovitch).
Science policy in post-1945 West Germany and Japan: between ideology and economics (by Richard H. Beyler and Morris F. Low).
The transformation of nature under Hitler and Stalin (by Paul Josephson and Thomas Zeller).
Legitimation through use: rocket and aeronautic research in the Third Reich and the U.S.A. (by Burghard Ciesla and Helmuth Trischler).
Weaving networks: the University of Jena in the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich , and the postwar East German state (by Uwe Hobfeld, Jorgen John and Rodiger Stutz).
Friedrich Moglich: a scientist's journey from fascism to communism (by Dieter Hoffmann and Mark Walker).
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