Bhat D.N.S. The Prominence of Tense, Aspect and Mood
размером 16,16 МБ
Добавлен пользователем Cher_spb, дата добавления неизвестна
John Benjamins, 1999. — 198 p. — (Studies in Language Companion Series, vol. 49).The book puts forth an exciting hypothesis for the typologist. Its major claim is that languages can generally be regarded as belonging to a tense-prominent, aspect-prominent or mood-prominent language type. This grouping can be based upon the relative prominence that languages attach to one or the other of the three verbal categories, namely tense, aspect and mood, by grammaticalizing the chosen category to a greater degree than others, and by making it more obligatory, more systematic and more pervasive than others. The grouping, however, involves a gradation, as is indeed the case with other typological groupings, with some languages manifesting the relevant characteristic more strikingly than others. There are several characteristics that can be correlated with the relative prominence that languages attach to verbal categories. For example, tense-prominent languages tend to have mostly active but not stative verbs. They also tend to keep adjectives as a distinct category, or group them with nouns but not with verbs. Verbal forms used for foregrounding generally belong to the most prominent verbal category. These and other similar correlations make this typological classification worth pursuing. The book also contains a descriptive study of the three verbal categories.The SLCS series has been established as a companion series to Studies in language, International Journal, sponsored by the Foundation 'Foundations of language'.
Чтобы скачать этот файл зарегистрируйтесь и/или войдите на сайт используя форму сверху.
Peter Lang. Frankfurt am Main ; Berlin ; Bern ; New York ; Paris ; Wien. 1997. — 350 pages. Second Edition. Includes references and index. — ISBN: 3631322453 0820435090 9783631322451 9780820435091
Author discusses the interaction between language-specific grammars and universal grammar, including the problems of analytic directionality, semantic minimalism, and the general...
Blackwell Publishing, 2001. — 874 pp. — (Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics).
The goal of this Handbook is to provide an overview to researchers and students about the current state of research in syntax, a difficult but not impossible task because the field of syntax is not monolithic: there are schools of thought, and areas of disagreement, but there are also shared...
Oxford University Press, 1991. — 584 p. — ISBN: 019506206X
This comprehensive examination of tense and grammatical aspect provides fascinating insight into how languages indicate distinctions of time. Providing an in-depth survey of the scholarship from the ancient Greeks through the 1980s, Time and the Verb explains and evaluates every major issue and theory, concentrating on...
Chicago and London, The University of Chicago Press, 2004. — 420 p.
Joan Bybee and her colleagues present a new theory of the evolution of grammar that links structure and meaning in a way that directly challenges most contemporary versions of generative grammar. This study focuses on the use and meaning of grammatical markers of tense, aspect, and modality and identifies a...
Cambridge University Press, 1985. — 139 p. — (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics).
The overall scope of this work is to provide an account of tense from the viewpoint of language universals and linguistic typology, that is, to establish the range of variation that is found across languages in tense, and what the limits are to that variation. In chapter I, first some preliminary...
2nd edition. — Cambridge University Press, 2001. — 236 p. — (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics). — ISBN 9780521804790.
Since the publication of F. R. Palmer’s first edition of Mood and Modality in 1986, when the topic of ‘modality’ was fairly unfamiliar, there has been considerable interest in the subject as well as in grammatical typology in general. Modality is concerned...