Boston, MA: Gulf Professional Publishing, an imprint of Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001, p. 523.Why and How Turboexpanders Are Applied Turboexpander Fundamentals Application of Cryogenic Turboexpanders Application of Hot Gas Turboexpanders Specifying and Purchasing Turboexpanders Special Features and Controls Turboexpander Protection and Upgrading Specific Applications and Case HistoriesFor many years, turboexpanders have been used in cryogenic processing plants to provide low-temperature refrigeration. Power recovery has been of secondary importance. Expander efficiency determines the amount of refrigeration produced and, in gas process plants, the amount of product usually depends on the available refrigeration. Accordingly, there is a large premium on efficiency and, of course, on reliability. The main market for turboexpanders has been in low-pressure air separation plants.
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CRC Press, 2006. - 429 p. ISBN:0849334063
Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing explores the natural gas industry from the wellhead to the marketplace. It compiles information from the open literature, meeting proceedings, and experts to accurately depict the state of gas processing technology today and highlight technologies that could become important in the future.