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Maas A., Hooijmaijers H. (eds.) Scientific Research in World War II: What scientists did in the war

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Maas A., Hooijmaijers H. (eds.) Scientific Research in World War II: What scientists did in the war
Routledge, 2009. — 240 p.
This book seeks to explore how scientists across a number of countries managed to cope with the challenging circumstances created by World War II.
No scientist remained unaffected by the outbreak of World War II. As the book shows, there were basically two opposite ways in which the war encroached on the life of a scientific researcher. In some cases, the outbreak of the war led to engagement in research in support of a war-waging country; in the other extreme, it resulted in their marginalisation. The book, starting with the most marginalised scientist and ending with those fully engaged in the war effort, covers the whole spectrum of enormously varying scientific fates.
Distinctive features of the volume include: a focus on the experiences of ‘ordinary’ scientists, rather than on figureheads like Oppenheimer or Otto Hahn; contributions from a range of renowned academics including Mark Walker, an authority in the fi eld of science in World War II; a detailed study of The Netherlands during the German Occupation.
This richly illustrated volume will be of major interest to researchers of the history of science, World War II and Modern History.
Introduction: Ordinary scientists in extraordinary circumstances (by Ad Maas).
The mobilisation of science and science-based technology during the Second World War: A comparative history (by Mark Walker).
To work or not to work in war research? The case of the Italian physicist G. P. S. Occhialini during World War II (by Leonardo Gariboldi).
Scientific research in the Second World War: The case for Bacinol, Dutch penicillin (by Marlene Burns).
Preventing theft: The Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory in wartime (by Dirk van Delft).
Electron microscopy in Second World War Delft (by Marian Fournier).
‘Splendid isolation’? Aviation medicine in World War II (by Alexander von Luenen).
National Socialism, human genetics and eugenics in The Netherlands, 1940–1945 (by Stephen Snelders).
The birth of a modern instrument and its development during World War II: Electron microscopy in Germany from the 1930s to 1945 (by Falk Mueller).
Aerodynamic research at the Nationaal Luchtvaartlaboratorium (NLL) in Amsterdam under German occupation during World War II (by Florian Schmaltz).
Masa Takeuchi and his involvement in the Japanese nuclear weapons research programme (by Masakatsu Yamazaki).
The cyclotron and the war: Construction of the 60-inch cyclotron in Japan (by Keiko Nagase-Reimer).
Forging a new discipline: Reflections on the wartime infrastructure for research and development in feedback control in the US, the UK, Germany and the USSR (by Chris C. Bissell).
British cryptanalysis: The breaking of ‘Fish’ traffic (by J. V. Field).
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