Издательство Springer, 2014, -252 pp.Research in the area of visual development has become a multidisciplinary affair. Students who acquire an interest in the field therefore need to understand several different aspects of the subject. The development of acuity measured by psychophysicists is the concern of optometrists and ophthalmologists, and depends on changes in the anatomy of the retina and the physiology of cells in the visual pathway. Scientists working on the cellular, molecular, and biochemical mechanisms lean on anatomical studies, physiology, and psychophysics in designing and interpreting their experiments. Indeed, the laboratories of the leading scientists working on the subject now all use a large variety of techniques in their studies. Because the study of visual development is pursued by workers in many disciplines, from medicine to basic science, I have tried to write this book at a level at which it can be understood by a variety of students: graduate students in neurobiology and psychology, as well as optometry students and ophthalmology residents. The text assumes some knowledge of basic terms such as acuity, but a glossary is provided should the reader find some words that are unfamiliar. The emphasis is on facts and conclusions, rather than on methods and procedures. Many details are left out. However, I hope that the experts will also read the book. The subject has become so wide-ranging that not many people have the time to read literature in all aspects of it. The book is also intended for experts in one area to get a grasp of the basics of the subject in other disciplines that are not their primary discipline. To write a book covering such a wide variety of disciplines, I have had to simplify. The book does not go into controversies in detail. Instead, it provides my summary of what seems to me to be the best evidence. Not everybody will agree with my synthesis. Some experts will read it and be outraged at some of my statements. However, my outrageous statements were intended to be constructive: I hope that they will provoke thought and point the way to more experiments that will carry the field forward.Introduction. Functional Organization of the Visual System. Part I Development of the Visual System. Development of Visual Capabilities. Anatomical Development of the Visual System. Development of Receptive Field Properties. Part II Amblyopia and the Effects of Visual Deprivation. Modifications to the Visual Input That Lead to Nervous System Changes. Known Physiological and Anatomical Changes That Result from Optical and Motor Deficits. What Is Amblyopia? Critical Periods. Treatment of Amblyopia. Part III Mechanisms of Plasticity. Concepts of Plasticity. Plasticity in the Visual Cortex. Visually Induced Myopia and Emmetropization.
Чтобы скачать этот файл зарегистрируйтесь и/или войдите на сайт используя форму сверху.