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Osborne D. (ed.) The Coal Handbook: Towards Cleaner Production. Vol.1: Coal Production

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Osborne D. (ed.) The Coal Handbook: Towards Cleaner Production. Vol.1: Coal Production
Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013. XXX, 755 p. — ISBN 978-0-85709-422-3 (print), ISBN 978-0-85709-730-9 (online), ISBN 978-1-78242-153-5 (two-volume set).
Coal is an important fossil fuel resource for many nations due to its large remaining resources, relatively low production and processing cost and potential high energy intensity. Certain issues surround its utilisation, however, including emissions of pollutants and growing concern about climate change. The coal handbook: Towards cleaner production Volume 1 reviews the coal production supply chain from analysis to extraction and distribution. Part one explores coal characterisation and introduces the industrial use of coal as well as coal formation, petrography, reserves, sampling and analysis. Part two moves on to review coal extraction and preparation. Chapters highlight advances in coal mining technology, underground coal gasification, coal sizing, comminution and cleaning, and solid-liquid separation technologies for coal. Further chapters focus on economic factors affecting coal preparation, post-treatment of coal, coal tailings treatment, and the optimisation, simulation and control of coal preparation plants. Finally, part three considers the coal supply chain including supply chain management and coal conveying and handling along the supply chain.
Key Features: reviews the coal production supply chain from analysis to extraction and distribution; explores coal characterisation, formation, petrography, reserves, sampling and analysis; examines coal extraction and preparation and highlights advances in coal mining technology, underground coal gas extraction, coal sizing, comminution and cleaning, and solid-liquid separation technologies.
Contents
Contributor contact details
Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
Foreword
Preface
Professor Peter Fe č ko
Introduction and coal characterization
Industrial uses of coal
D. G. Osborne, Xstrata Technology, Australia, and S. K. Gupta, University of New South Wales, Australia
Introduction
Coal use in the power generation industry
Coal use in the steel industry
Coal use in the cement industry
Coal conversion and other industries
In situ gasii cation
Conclusion
Bibliography
Coal formation
B.J. Arnold, PrepTech, Inc., USA
Introduction
Coal formation
Coal types
Differences in coalii cation history
Coal properties and standards for coal classii cation systems
Sources of further information and advice
Future trends
References
Coal petrography
R. Falcon, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
Introduction
Macerals and minerals in coal
Lithotypes, microlithotypes and abnormal conditions found in coal
The impact of petrographic characteristics on the technological properties of coal
Development of modern techniques in coal petrographic analysis
Conclusion
Bibliography
Coal resources and reserves
L. P. Thomas, Dargo Associates Ltd, UK
Introduction
Classii cation of coal resources and reserves
Calculation of coal resources and reserves
Reporting of coal resources and reserves
World coal reserves
Future trends
References
Coal sampling
W. Membrey, ALS Ltd, Australia
Introduction
Accounting for heterogeneity in coal sampling
Other principles of sampling
Types of sampling system
Sample preparation
Future trends
Conclusion
References
Coal analysis
K. Miller, ALS Ltd, Australia
Introduction
Typical metallurgical (coking) and thermal coal tests
Proximate analysis
Sulfur
Calorii c value
Ultimate analysis
Carbonate carbon
Common thermal coal tests
Common coking coal tests
Petrographic analysis
Further considerations and future trends
Appendix: standards for coal quality evaluation
Coal extraction and preparation
Advances in coal mining technology
L. Lien, United Finance and Management Services, USA
Introduction
Coal extraction methods
Advances in mining technology
Systems and information
Automation in practice
Future trends and conclusions
References
Underground coal gasifi cation
S. Lavis, R.Courtney and M. Mostade, Clean Coal Ltd, UK
Introduction
Lessons learnt from previous trials
Impact of new technologies
Current trends
Conclusion and future trends
References
Coal comminution and sizing
T. C. Eisele, H. J. Walqui, and S. K. Kawatra, Michigan
Technological University, USA
Introduction
Coal breakers, crushers and sizers
Coal sizing: an introduction
Coal screening and classii cation
Conclusion
References
Cleaning of coarse and small coal
K. P. Galvin and S. M. Iveson, University of Newcastle, Australia
Introduction
Theory
Dense medium separation
Wet gravity separation
Dry separation
Conclusion and future trends
Sources of further information and advice
References
Cleaning of fi ne and ultrafi ne coal
R. Q. Honaker, University of Kentucky, USA,
J. Kohmuench, Eriez Manufacturing, USA, and G. H. Luttrell, Virginia Tech, USA
Introduction
Fine gravity separators
Froth l otation technologies and circuit variations
Dry i ne coal separations
Future trends
References
Surface chemistry fundamentals in fi ne coal processing
J. S. Laskowski, University of British Columbia, Canada
Surface properties of coal
Coal l otation
Solid–liquid separation
Fine coal handleability
Rheology effects in i ne coal processing
References
Solid–liquid separation technologies for coal
G. Bickert, GBL Process, Australia
Introduction
Overview of solid–liquid separation (SLS)
Pre-treatment
Centrifugal SLS
Vacuum i ltration
Pressure i ltration
Thermal drying
SLS equipment selection
Emerging and future trends
Conclusion
Sources of further information and advice
References
Economic factors affecting coal preparation: plant design worldwide and case studies illustrating
economic impact

P. J. Bethell, Arch Coal Inc., USA
Introduction
Current steam coal circuit design
Current metallurgical coal circuit design
Case studies
Poorly liberated coal
Water constrained plants
Future trends
References
Post-treatment of coal
A. Vince, Elsa Consulting Group Pty Ltd, Australia
Introduction
Estimating required liberation size
Milling coal for liberation
Chemically treating raw coal for liberation
Benei ciation
Chemical cleaning
Dewatering
Drying
Separation of clays
Other technologies
Acknowledgements
References
Appendix: Nomenclature and abbreviations used
Treatment of coal tailings
D. Woodruff, FLSmidth, Germany, and L. MacNamara, FLSmidth, UK
Introduction
Thickening
Tailings’ dewatering technologies
Water recirculation, discharge and process control
Conclusion and future trends
Optimization, simulation and control of coal preparation plants
G. H. Luttrell, Virginia Tech, USA
Introduction
Yield maximization
Circuit simulation
Industrial case studies
Conclusion
Future trends
References
Coal supply chain
Supply chain management for bulk materials in the coal industry
D. Osborne, Xstrata Technology, Australia, G. Smith,
SolveIT Software Pty Ltd, Australia, and B. Mann, iSAM AG and iSAM Asia Pacii c Pty Ltd, Australia
Introduction
Implementation approach
The raw material value chain
Customer-related management aspects
Optimisation
Future trends
References
Coal conveying
G. L. James, Calibre Minerva, Australia
Introduction to belt conveyor technology
Belt selection
Design of large conveyor systems
Integrated crushing systems
References
Coal handling along the supply chain
E. Bach, FLSmidth, Australia
Introduction
Conveying
Coal storage
Shiploading/unloading and trainloading/unloading
Crushing stations
Auxiliaries
Conclusion
Bibliography
Transportation by rail and sea in the coal industry
G. W. Zonailo, Ausenco Sandwell, Canada
Introduction: the coal transportation system
Rail car loading
Ships and ship loading: fundamental issues
Achieving high shiploading rates and safe carriage of cargo
Deballasting and transportable moisture limit (TML)
Pit-to-port and end-user simulation
Optimization of existing facilities
Delivery–cycle challenges
Trends in cargo shipping
Trends in terminal developments
Coal port and shipping route projects in planning or progress
Conclusion
Dedication
References
Appendix: common shipping terms
Index
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