Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013. XXX, 755 p. — ISBN 978-0-85709-422-3 (print), ISBN 978-0-85709-730-9 (online), ISBN 978-1-78242-153-5 (two-volume set).Coal is an important fossil fuel resource for many nations due to its large remaining resources, relatively low production and processing cost and potential high energy intensity. Certain issues surround its utilisation, however, including emissions of pollutants and growing concern about climate change. The coal handbook: Towards cleaner production Volume 1 reviews the coal production supply chain from analysis to extraction and distribution. Part one explores coal characterisation and introduces the industrial use of coal as well as coal formation, petrography, reserves, sampling and analysis. Part two moves on to review coal extraction and preparation. Chapters highlight advances in coal mining technology, underground coal gasification, coal sizing, comminution and cleaning, and solid-liquid separation technologies for coal. Further chapters focus on economic factors affecting coal preparation, post-treatment of coal, coal tailings treatment, and the optimisation, simulation and control of coal preparation plants. Finally, part three considers the coal supply chain including supply chain management and coal conveying and handling along the supply chain. Key Features: reviews the coal production supply chain from analysis to extraction and distribution; explores coal characterisation, formation, petrography, reserves, sampling and analysis; examines coal extraction and preparation and highlights advances in coal mining technology, underground coal gas extraction, coal sizing, comminution and cleaning, and solid-liquid separation technologies.ContentsContributor contact details Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy Foreword Preface Professor Peter Fe č koIntroduction and coal characterizationIndustrial uses of coal D. G. Osborne, Xstrata Technology, Australia, and S. K. Gupta, University of New South Wales, Australia Introduction Coal use in the power generation industry Coal use in the steel industry Coal use in the cement industry Coal conversion and other industries In situ gasii cation Conclusion BibliographyCoal formation B.J. Arnold, PrepTech, Inc., USA Introduction Coal formation Coal types Differences in coalii cation history Coal properties and standards for coal classii cation systems Sources of further information and advice Future trends References Coal petrography R. Falcon, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa Introduction Macerals and minerals in coal Lithotypes, microlithotypes and abnormal conditions found in coal The impact of petrographic characteristics on the technological properties of coal Development of modern techniques in coal petrographic analysis Conclusion BibliographyCoal resources and reserves L. P. Thomas, Dargo Associates Ltd, UK Introduction Classii cation of coal resources and reserves Calculation of coal resources and reserves Reporting of coal resources and reserves World coal reserves Future trends ReferencesCoal sampling W. Membrey, ALS Ltd, Australia Introduction Accounting for heterogeneity in coal sampling Other principles of sampling Types of sampling system Sample preparation Future trends Conclusion ReferencesCoal analysis K. Miller, ALS Ltd, Australia Introduction Typical metallurgical (coking) and thermal coal tests Proximate analysis Sulfur Calorii c value Ultimate analysis Carbonate carbon Common thermal coal tests Common coking coal tests Petrographic analysis Further considerations and future trends Appendix: standards for coal quality evaluationCoal extraction and preparationAdvances in coal mining technology L. Lien, United Finance and Management Services, USA Introduction Coal extraction methods Advances in mining technology Systems and information Automation in practice Future trends and conclusions ReferencesUnderground coal gasiﬁ cation S. Lavis, R.Courtney and M. Mostade, Clean Coal Ltd, UK Introduction Lessons learnt from previous trials Impact of new technologies Current trends Conclusion and future trends ReferencesCoal comminution and sizing T. C. Eisele, H. J. Walqui, and S. K. Kawatra, Michigan Technological University, USA Introduction Coal breakers, crushers and sizers Coal sizing: an introduction Coal screening and classii cation Conclusion ReferencesCleaning of coarse and small coal K. P. Galvin and S. M. Iveson, University of Newcastle, Australia Introduction Theory Dense medium separation Wet gravity separation Dry separation Conclusion and future trends Sources of further information and advice ReferencesCleaning of ﬁ ne and ultraﬁ ne coal R. Q. Honaker, University of Kentucky, USA, J. Kohmuench, Eriez Manufacturing, USA, and G. H. Luttrell, Virginia Tech, USA Introduction Fine gravity separators Froth l otation technologies and circuit variations Dry i ne coal separations Future trends ReferencesSurface chemistry fundamentals in ﬁ ne coal processing J. S. Laskowski, University of British Columbia, Canada Surface properties of coal Coal l otation Solid–liquid separation Fine coal handleability Rheology effects in i ne coal processing ReferencesSolid–liquid separation technologies for coal G. Bickert, GBL Process, Australia Introduction Overview of solid–liquid separation (SLS) Pre-treatment Centrifugal SLS Vacuum i ltration Pressure i ltration Thermal drying SLS equipment selection Emerging and future trends Conclusion Sources of further information and advice ReferencesEconomic factors affecting coal preparation: plant design worldwide and case studies illustrating economic impact P. J. Bethell, Arch Coal Inc., USA Introduction Current steam coal circuit design Current metallurgical coal circuit design Case studies Poorly liberated coal Water constrained plants Future trends ReferencesPost-treatment of coal A. Vince, Elsa Consulting Group Pty Ltd, Australia Introduction Estimating required liberation size Milling coal for liberation Chemically treating raw coal for liberation Benei ciation Chemical cleaning Dewatering Drying Separation of clays Other technologies Acknowledgements References Appendix: Nomenclature and abbreviations used Treatment of coal tailings D. Woodruff, FLSmidth, Germany, and L. MacNamara, FLSmidth, UK Introduction Thickening Tailings’ dewatering technologies Water recirculation, discharge and process control Conclusion and future trendsOptimization, simulation and control of coal preparation plants G. H. Luttrell, Virginia Tech, USA Introduction Yield maximization Circuit simulation Industrial case studies Conclusion Future trends ReferencesCoal supply chainSupply chain management for bulk materials in the coal industry D. Osborne, Xstrata Technology, Australia, G. Smith, SolveIT Software Pty Ltd, Australia, and B. Mann, iSAM AG and iSAM Asia Pacii c Pty Ltd, Australia Introduction Implementation approach The raw material value chain Customer-related management aspects Optimisation Future trends ReferencesCoal conveying G. L. James, Calibre Minerva, Australia Introduction to belt conveyor technology Belt selection Design of large conveyor systems Integrated crushing systems ReferencesCoal handling along the supply chain E. Bach, FLSmidth, Australia Introduction Conveying Coal storage Shiploading/unloading and trainloading/unloading Crushing stations Auxiliaries Conclusion BibliographyTransportation by rail and sea in the coal industry G. W. Zonailo, Ausenco Sandwell, Canada Introduction: the coal transportation system Rail car loading Ships and ship loading: fundamental issues Achieving high shiploading rates and safe carriage of cargo Deballasting and transportable moisture limit (TML) Pit-to-port and end-user simulation Optimization of existing facilities Delivery–cycle challenges Trends in cargo shipping Trends in terminal developments Coal port and shipping route projects in planning or progress Conclusion Dedication References Appendix: common shipping terms Index
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2nd edition. — Sacramento, California: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, 1992. — 2161 p.
By Howard L. Hartman
Introduction to Mining
Government Role and lnfluence in Mining
Mineral Prospecting and Exploration
Project and Mining Geology
Mine Evaluation and Investment Analysis
CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2016. — XIV, 535 p. — ISBN-13: 978-1-4822-5218-7 (eBook - PDF).
Coal Production and Processing Technology provides uniquely comprehensive coverage of the latest coal technologies used in everything from mining to greenhouse gas mitigation. Featuring contributions from experts in industry and academia, this book:
Discusses coal geology,...
3rd Edition. — CRC Press, 2013. — 835 p.
The demand for coal use (for electricity generation) and coal products, particularly liquid fuels and chemical feedstocks, is increasing throughout the world. Traditional markets such as North America and Europe are experiencing a steady increase in demand whereas emerging Asian markets, such as India and China, are witnessing a rapid...