Britannica Educational Publishing + Rosen Education Service, 2012, 121 pages, ISBN: 1615304886Energy: Past, Present, and FutureThese titles examine the history, current usage, and future prospects of energy sources. The first book focuses on petroleum, natural gas, and coal. The second discusses solar energy, wind energy, hydropower, geothermal energy, biofuels, nuclear energy, and fuel cells. International measurements are presented with the U.S. equivalents in parentheses. British spelling is seen in words like "centres," "metres," and "odour." The coverage is comprehensive. The densely written texts utilize scientific and technological language that can be difficult, and the lack of diagrams for how hydroelectric or nuclear power plants work is unfortunate. Nonetheless, these fact-packed volumes document the world's reliance on fossil fuels and explore the feasibility of alternate energy technologies.IntroductionCatching Rays Solar energy Solar Heating Solar Power Solar Cells and Solar Panels The Photovoltaic Effect Solar Cell structure and operation Solar panel design Development of solar cellsChasing the Wind Wind energy Wind Power The History of Windmills Wind Turbines Horizontal-Axis machines Vertical-Axis machinesHarnessing water Hydropower Hydroelectric Power The Three Gorges Dam Tidal Power and Wave Power Waterwheels Water Turbines Impulse turbines Reaction turbines Output and speed control Cavitation Turbine selection on the basis specific speed Turbine model testingTapping the Earth Geothermal energy Hot Springs Hot Springs, Arkansas Geysers Geothermal Power Steam Turbines Principal components Blading design Turbine staging Power developmentConverting biomass Biofuels Types of Biofuels The Manufacture of Ethanol Economic and Environmental Considerations New Findings on BiofuelsSplitting the Atom Nuclear energy Nuclear Fission Chain Reaction and Criticality Reactor Control Fissile and Fertile Materials Heat Removal Shielding Critical Concentration and Size Thermal, Intermediate, and Fast Reactors The International Atomic Energy AgencyNuclear reactor design and components Core Fuel types Coolants and moderators Reflector Reactor Control Elements Structural Components Coolant system Containment System Types of Reactors Light-water reactor High-temperature Gas-cooled reactor Liquid-metal reactors CANDU reactor Advanced Gas-cooled reactor Other power reactor typesFuel cells Principles of operation The electrochemical system Designing Fuel Cell systems Types of Fuel Cells Alkaline Fuel cells Phosphoric Acid Fuel cells Molten carbonate Fuel cells Solid oxide Fuel cells Solid polymer electrolyte Fuel cells Proton exchange membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Development of Fuel Cells Conclusion Glossary Bibliography Index
Чтобы скачать этот файл зарегистрируйтесь и/или войдите на сайт используя форму сверху.