Шпаргалка по грамматике английского языка DOCX
4 курс, НПУ им М П Драгоманова, институт иностранной филологии
The subject of theoretical grammar. Its relation to practical grammar.
The grammatical structure of the English language.
Morphology and syntax as two main parts of grammar.
Language as a structure. Language levels. The notion of isomorphism.
The dichotomy of language and speech.
Systemic relations in language. Syntagmatic relations.
Systemic relations in language. Paradigmatic relations.
Syntax as a part of grammar. Kinds of syntactic theories.
Linguistic units. Dialectal unity of content and expression sides of linguistic units.
Basic syntactic notions. Syntactic units, syntactic relations, syntactic connections.
The morpheme as an elementary meaningful unit and elementary part of the word. Classification of morphemes. Lexical and grammatical morphemes.
The word group theory.
Subordinate word combinations. The notion of hypotaxis.
Coordinate word combinations.
The word as the smallest naming unit and the main unit of morphology. The morphological structure of the word.
Lexical and grammatical aspects of the word. Types of grammatical meaning.
Nominal word combinations. Noun phrases with pre-posed adjuncts.
Grammatical (morphological) categories.
Nominal word combinations. Noun phrases with post-posed adjuncts.
Oppositional analysis. Types of oppositions. Synthetic and analytical forms of words.
Verbal word combinations. Verbs of complete and incomplete predication. Types of verbal complements.
Predication. Primary and secondary predication. Predicative word combinations, predicative complexes. Syntactic process of complication.
Criteria for establishing parts of speech: semantic, formal, functional. Notional, functional and form parts of speech.
Parts of speech. Different approaches to the classification of parts of speech.
The noun as a part of speech. Grammatically relevant classes of nouns. Morphological, semantic and syntactic properties of the noun.
The category of number. Formal and functional features of the category of number. The problem of number in different subclasses of the noun.
The category of case. The evolution of theoretical interpretations of the category of case in English.
The problem of gender in English. Sex distinctions in the system of the noun.
Noun determiners. The article. The problem of the zero article.
General characteristics of the verb as a part of speech. Grammatically relevant subclasses of verbs (transitive/intransitive, terminative/non-terminative).
Syntagmatic properties of verbs.
The category of tense in English. Tense opposition. Absolute and relative meanings of English tense-forms.
The problems of perfect.
The category of aspect. Aspect opposition.
The category of voice. Voice opposition. The number of voices in English.
Sentence – proposition – utterance – speech act.
The simple sentence. Principal, secondary and detached parts of the sentence.
The notion of functional sentence perspective (FSP) and means of its expression.
The utterance. Communicative types of utterances.
Discourse and text. Coherence and cohesion as features of the text.
Basic notions of pragmatic linguistics. The speech act theory. Classifications of speech acts.
Discourse analysis. The Cooperative Principle. Maxims of conversation.
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